Toolkit To End Violence Against Women, from the National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women and the Violence Against Women Office Home
Chapter Navagation Chapter 1. Strengthening Community-Based Services and Advocacy for Victims Chapter 2. Improving the Health and Mental Health Care Systems' Responses to Violence Against Women Chapter 3. Enhancing the Response of the Justice System: Civil Remedies Chapter 4. Enhancing the Response of the Justice System: Criminal Remedies Chapter 5. Additional Justice System Responses Chapter 6. Promoting Women's Economic Security Chapter 7. Promoting Safety and Nonviolence on College and University Campuses Chapter 8. Promoting Safety and Nonviolence in the Workplace Chapter 9. Intervention and Prevention for Children and Youth Chapter 10. Educating and Mobilizing the Public About Violence Against Women Chapter 11. Engaging the Media, Advertising, and Entertainment Industries Chapter 12. Engaging Religious, Spiritual, and Faith-Based Groups and Organizations Chapter 13. Promoting Healthy, Nonviolent Attitudes and Behaviors Through Sports Chapter 14. Nation to Nation: Promoting the Safety of Native Women Chapter 15. The Role of the U.S. Military in Preventing and Responding to Violence Against Women Chapter 16. The United States Within the International Community—Responding to Trafficking in Persons

  Chapter 3. Enhancing the Response of the Justice System: Civil Remedies
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What Civil Justice Practitioners Can Do To Make a Difference

Full Chapter

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  • Increase victim access to competent counsel.
  • Design a civil legal system that is responsive to violence against women.
  • Adopt custody codes that articulate "safety first" as the controlling legal principle in custody and visitation cases involving domestic or sexual violence or stalking.
  • Promote the recovery and future safety and well-being of victims of sexual assault, dating and domestic violence, and stalking.
  • Develop and implement statewide and tribal protocols for law enforcement, prosecution, courts, and state registries.
  • Consider making violation of criminal protection orders related to violence against women a crime.
  • Exempt victims of sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking from mediation or other alternative dispute resolution processes.
  • Ensure that decisions reached in marital dissolution, child custody, and other family law proceedings for cases involving domestic violence or child abuse adequately safeguard victims and their children.
  • Change statutes, processes, and policies as needed to prevent victims from bearing the primary burden of the economic losses suffered from male violence against women.
  • Be aware of the risks of mediation in cases involving domestic violence.


Contact information for agencies and organizations that can help you provide services, support, and protection.