The World at War

Current Conflicts

Algeria Insurgency 1992 -->
AngolaCabinda 1975 -->
BurmaInsurgency 1950 -->
China Senkaku Islands 1968 -->
China Spratly Islands 1988 -->
Congo (Zaire) Congo War1998-->
Georgia Civil War1991-->
India Assam 1985 -->
India Kashmir 1970s-->
India Naxalite Uprising 1967 -->
Indonesia Aceh1986 -->
Indonesia Kalimantan1983 -->
IndonesiaMaluku1999 -
Indonesia Papua / West Irian 1963 -->
IsraelAl-Aqsa Intifada2000 -->
IsraelLebanon2006 -->
Ivory CoastCivil War 2002 -->
Korea Korean War1953 -->
Laos Hmong Insurgency2000 -->
MoldovaTransdniester 1991-->
Namibia Caprivi Strip 1966-->
NepalMaoists1996 -->
NigeriaCivil Disturbances 1997 -
PakistanBaluchistan2004 -
Palestine Civil War 2007-->
Peru Shining Path1970s-->
Philippines Moro Uprising 1970s-->
Russia Chechen Uprising 1992 -->
Somalia Civil War 1991-->
Spain Basque Uprising 1970s-->
Sri Lanka Tamil Separatists 1983 -->
Sudan Darfur 1983 -->
ThailandIslamic Rebels2001 -->
TurkeyKurdistan1984 -->
Uganda Civil Conflict 1980 -->
United StatesAfghanistan 1980 -->
United StatesDjibouti2001 -->
United StatesIraq 1990 -->
United StatesPhilippines 1898 -->
UzbekistanCivil Disturbances2005 -->
YemenSheik al-Houti2004 -->

"Perpetual peace is no empty idea, but a practical thing which, through its gradual solution, is coming always nearer its final realization..."

The United Nations defines "major wars" as military conflicts inflicting 1,000 battlefield deaths per year. In 1965, there were 10 major wars under way. The new millennium began with much of the world consumed in armed conflict or cultivating an uncertain peace. As of mid-2005, there were eight Major Wars under way [down from 15 at the end of 2003], with as many as two dozen "lesser" conflicts ongoing with varrying degrees of intensity.

Most of these are civil or "intrastate" wars, fueled as much by racial, ethnic, or religious animosities as by ideological fervor. Most victims are civilians, a feature that distinguishes modern conflicts. During World War I, civilians made up fewer than 5 percent of all casualties. Today, 75 percent or more of those killed or wounded in wars are non-combatants.

Africa, to a greater extent than any other continent, is afflicted by war. Africa has been marred by more than 20 major civil wars since 1960. Rwanda, Somalia, Angola, Sudan, Liberia, and Burundi are among those countries that have recently suffered serious armed conflict.

War has caused untold economic and social damage to the countries of Africa. Food production is impossible in conflict areas, and famine often results. Widespread conflict has condemned many of Africa's children to lives of misery and, in certain cases, has threatened the existence of traditional African cultures.

Conflict prevention, mediation, humanitarian intervention and demobilization are among the tools needed to underwrite the success of development assistance programs. Nutrition and education programs, for example, cannot succeed in a nation at war. Billions of dollars of development assistance have been virtually wasted in war-ravaged countries such as Liberia, Somalia, and Sudan.


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