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2007/2008 Human Development Report

Papua New Guinea
HDI Rank - 145
ExcelCountry Factsheet

01. Human development index
Human development index value, 20050.530
Life expectancy at birth, annual estimates (years), 200556.9
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200557.3
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education (%), 200540.712
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 20052,5633
Life expectancy index0.532
Education index0.518
GDP index0.541
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank- 19
1a. Basic indicators for other UN member states
Life expectancy at birth, annual estimates (years), 2000-0556.9
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200557.3
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education (%), 200540.7
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 20052,563
Population, total (thousands), 20046,070
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 2000-054.3
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 200574
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 2004..
HIV prevalence (% aged 15-49), 20051.8 [0.9–4.4]
Population undernourished (% of total population), 2002/04..
Population using an improved water source (%), 200439
02. Human development index trends
Human development index (trends), 19750.431
Human development index (trends), 19800.462
Human development index (trends), 19850.481
Human development index (trends), 19900.495
Human development index (trends), 19950.532
Human development index (trends), 20000.544
Human development index (trends), 20050.530
03. Human and income poverty: developing countries
Human poverty index (HPI-1) rank90
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) value (%)40.3
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 (% of cohort), 2000-0520.7
Adult illiteracy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200542.7
Population not using an improved water source (%), 200461
Children underweight for age (% under age 5), 1996-20053545
Population living below $1 a day (%), 1990-2005..
Population living below $2 a day (%), 1990-2005..
Population living below the national poverty line (%), 1990-200437.56
HPI-1 rank minus income poverty rank..
04. Human and income poverty: OECD countries, Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS
Human poverty index (HPI-2) rank..
Human poverty index (HPI-2) value (%)..
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 (% of cohort), 2000-0543.5
Population lacking functional literacy skills (% aged 16-65), 1994-2003..
Long-term unemployment (% of labour force), 2006..
Population living below 50% of median income (%), 2000-2004..6
Population living below $11 a day (1994 PPP US$), 1994-95..
Population living below $4 a day (1990 PPP US$), 2000-04..6
HPI-2 rank minus income poverty rank..
05. Demographic trends
Population, total (millions), 19752.9
Population, total (millions), 20056.1
Population, total (millions), 20157.3
Population, annual growth rate (%), 1975-20052.5
Population, annual growth rate (%), 2005-151.9
Population, urban (% of total population), 197511.9
Population, urban (% of total population), 200513.4
Population, urban (% of total population), 201515.0
Population under age 15 (% of total population), 200540.6
Population under age 15 (% of total population), 201535.8
Population aged 65 and older (% of total population), 20052.4
Population aged 65 and older (% of total population), 20152.7
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 1970-756.1
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 2000-054.3
06. Commitment to health: resources, access and services
Public expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20043.0
Private expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20040.6
Health expenditure per capita (PPP US$), 2004147
One-year-olds fully immunized against tuberculosis (%), 200573
One-year-olds fully immunized against measles (%), 200560
Children with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding (% under age 5), 1998-2005..
Contraceptive prevalence rate (% of married women aged 15-49), 1997-2005267
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%), 1997-200541
Physicians (per 100,000 people), 2000-0456
07. Water, sanitation and nutritional status
Population using improved sanitation (%), 199044
Population using improved sanitation (%), 200444
Population using an improved water source (%), 199039
Population using an improved water source (%), 200439
Population undernourished (% of total population), 1990-92..6
Population undernourished (% of total population), 2002-04..
Children under weight for age (% under age 5), 1996-20053589
Children under height for age (% under age 5), 1996-2005446
Infants with low birthweight (%), 1998-2005118
08. Inequalities in maternal and child health
Survey year for inequality data in table 8..
Births attended by skilled health personnel, poorest 20% (%)..
Births attended by skilled health personnel, richest 20% (%)..
One-year-olds fully immunized, poorest 20% (%)..
One-year-olds fully immunized, richest 20% (%)..
Children under height for age, poorest 20% (% children under age 5)..
Children under height for age, richest 20% (% children under age 5)..
Infant mortality rate, poorest 20% (per 1,000 live births)..
Infant mortality rate, richest 20% (per 1,000 live births)..
Under-five mortality rate, poorest 20% (per 1,000 live births)..
Under-five mortality rate, richest 20% (per 1,000 live births)..
09. Leading global health crises and risks
HIV prevalence (% aged 15-49), 20051.8 [0.9–4.4]
Condom use at last high-risk sex, women (% aged 15-24), 1999-2005..
Condom use at last high-risk sex, men (% aged 15-24), 1999-2005..
Children under age 5 using insecticide-treated bednets (%), 1999-2005..
Children under age 5 with fever treated with antimalarial drugs (%), 1999-2005..
Tuberculosis cases, prevalence (per 100,000 people), 2005475
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS (%), 200521
Tuberculosis cases cured under DOTS (%), 200365
Prevalence of smoking, women (% of adults), 2002-04..6
Prevalence of smoking, men (% of adults), 2002-04..6
10. Survival: progress and setbacks
Life expectancy at birth, quinquennial estimates (years), 1970-7544.7
Life expectancy at birth, quinquennial estimates (years), 2000-0556.7
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 1970110
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 200555
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 1970158
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 200574
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, female (% of cohort), 2000-0554.3
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, male (% of cohort), 2000-0540.3
Maternal mortality ratio, reported (per 100,000 live births), 1990-200437010
Maternal mortality ratio, adjusted (per 100,000 live births), 20004706
11. Commitment to education: public spending
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 1991..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 2002-05..
Public expenditure on education (% of total government expenditure), 1991..
Public expenditure on education (% of total government expenditure), 2002-05..
Current public expenditure on education, pre-primary and primary (as % of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, pre-primary and primary (as % of all levels), 2002-05..
Current public expenditure on education, secondary (% of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, secondary (% of all levels), 2002-05..
Current public expenditure on education, tertiary (% of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, tertiary (% of all levels), 2002-05..
12. Literacy and enrolment
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1985-1995..
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200557.3
Youth literacy rate (% aged 15-24), 1985-1995..
Youth literacy rate (% aged 15-24), 1995-200566.7
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 1991..
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 2005..
Net secondary enrolment rate (%), 1991..
Net secondary enrolment rate (%), 2005..
Children reaching grade 5 (% of grade 1 students), 199169
Children reaching grade 5 (% of grade 1 students), 2004681112
Tertiary students in science, engineering, manufacturing and construction (% of tertiary students), 1999-2005..
13. Technology: diffusion and creation
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people), 19907
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people), 20051113
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people), 19900
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people), 20054
Internet users (per 1,000 people), 19900
Internet users (per 1,000 people), 200523
Patents granted to residents (per million peole), 2005..
Receipts of royalties and license fees (US$ per person), 2005..
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP), 2000-2005..
Researchers in R&D (per million people), 1990-2005..
14. Economic performance
GDP (current US$ billions), 20054.9
GDP, PPP (current international $ billions), 200515.114
GDP per capita (US$), 2005840
GDP per capita, PPP (2005 international $), 20052,56314
GDP per capita, annual growth rate (%), 1975-20050.5
GDP per capita, annual growth rate (%), 1990-20050.2
GDP per capita, highest value (2005 PPP US$), 1975-20052,986
GDP per capita, year of highest value1994
Consumer price index, average annual change in (%), 1990-200510.1
Consumer price index, average annual change in (%), 2004-051.7
15. Inequality in income or expenditure
Survey Year199615
Share of income or consumption, poorest 10% (%)1.7
Share of income or consumption, poorest 20% (%)4.5
Share of income or consumption, richest 20% (%)56.5
Share of income or consumption, richest 10% (%)40.5
Inequality measures, ratio of richest 10% to poorest 10%23.8
Inequality measures, ratio of richest 20% to poorest 20%12.6
Gini index50.9
16. Structure of trade
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP), 199049
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP), 20055416
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP), 199041
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP), 20054516
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports), 199089
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports), 20059416
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports), 199010
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports), 2005616
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports), 1990..
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports), 200539.416
Terms of trade (2000=100), 2004-2005..
17. OECD-DAC country expenditures on aid
Official development assistance, net disbursed (US$ millions), 2005..
Official development assistance, net disbursed (% of GNI), 1990..
Official development assistance, net disbursed (% of GNI), 2005..
Official development assistance per capita of donor country (2005 US$), 1990..
Official development assistance per capita of donor country (2005 US$), 2005..
Official development assistance to least developed countries (% of total), 1990..
Official development assistance to least developed countries (% of total), 2005..
Official development assistance to basic social services (% of total allocable by sector), 1996-1997..
Official development assistance to basic social services (% of total allocable by sector), 2004-2005..
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total), 1990..
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total), 2005..
18. Flows of aid, private capital and debt
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (US$ millions), 2005266.1
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) per capita (US$), 200545.2
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (% of GDP), 199012.8
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (% of GDP), 20055.4
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 19904.8
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 20050.7
Private flows, other (% of GDP), 19901.5
Private flows, other (% of GDP), 2005- 3.3
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 199017.2
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 20057.9
Debt service, total (% of exports of goods, services and net income from abroad), 199037.2
Debt service, total (% of exports of goods, services and net income from abroad), 200510.7
19. Priorities in public spending
Public expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20043.0
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 1991..
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 2002-05..
Military expenditure (% of GDP), 19902.1
Military expenditure (% of GDP), 20050.6
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 199017.2
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 20057.9
20. Unemployment in OECD countries
Unemployed people (thousands), 2006..
Unemployment rate Total (% of labour force), 2006..
Unemployment rate, average annual (% of labour force), 1996-2006..
Unemployment rate Female (% of male rate), 2006..
Youth unemployment rate, total (% of labour force aged 15-24), 2006..
Youth unemployment rate (female rate as % of male rate), 2006..
Long-term unemployment, women (% of total unemployment), 2006..
Long-term unemployment, men (% of total unemployment), 2006..
21. Unemployment and informal sector work in non-OECD countries
Unemployed people (thousands), 1996-200569
Unemployment rate Total (% of labour force), 1996-20052.8
Unemployment rate (female rate as % of male rate), 1996-200530
Employment, total (thousands), 1996-20052,345
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment), 1996-200572
Employment in industry (% of total employment), 1996-20054
Employment in services (% of total employment), 1996-200523
Survey year, 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, both sexes (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, female (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, male (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
22. Energy and the environment
Electricity consumption per capita (kilowatt-hours), 200462017
Electricity consumption per capita (% change), 1990-20040.3
Electrification rate (%)..
Population without electricity (millions)..
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP US$ per kg of oil equivalent), 2004..
GDP per unit of energy use (% change), 1990-2004..
Forest area (% total land), 200565.0
Forest area (thousand sq km), 2005294.4
Forest area change from 1990-2005 (thousand sq km), 1990-2005- 20.9
Forest area, average annual change (%), 1990-2005- 0.4
23. Energy sources
Total primary energy supply (TPES) (Mt of oil equivalent), 1990..
Total primary energy supply (TPES) (Mt of oil equivalent), 2005..
Coal (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Coal (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Oil (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Oil (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Gas (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Gas (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Hydro, solar, wind and geothermal power (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Hydro, solar, wind and geothermal power (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Biomass and waste (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Biomass and waste (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Nuclear power (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Nuclear power (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
24. Carbon dioxide emissions and stocks
CO2 emissions, total (Mt CO2), 19902.4
CO2 emissions, total (Mt CO2), 20042.4
CO2 emissions, average annual change in (%), 1990-20040.1
CO2 emissions (% of world total), 1990(.)
CO2 emissions (% of world total), 2004(.)
CO2 emissions per capita (tonnes), 19900.7
CO2 emissions per capita (tonnes), 20040.4
Carbon intensity of energy (kt CO2 per kt of oil equivalent), 1990..
Carbon intensity of energy (kt CO2 per kt of oil equivalent), 2004..
Carbon intensity of growth ( kt CO2 per million 2000 PPP US$), 19900.31
Carbon intensity of growth ( kt CO2 per million 2000 PPP US$), 20040.19
CO2 emissions/sequestration from forests (Mt CO2 per year), 1990-2005..
Carbon stocks in forests (living biomass) (Mt C), 2005..
25. Status of major international environmental treaties
Status of environmental treaties - Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (year of ratification/signature)2005
Status of environmental treaties - Framework Convention on Climate Change (year of ratification/signature)1993
Status of environmental treaties - Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (year of ratification/signature)2002
Status of environmental treaties - Convention on Biological Diversity (year of ratification/signature)1993
Status of environmental treaties - Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer (year of ratification/signature), 19881992
Status of environmental treaties - Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer (year of ratification/signature)1992
Status of environmental treaties - Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (year of ratification/signature), 20012003
Status of environmental treaties - UN Law of the Sea (year of ratification/signature)1997
Status of environmental treaties - UN Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (year of ratification/signature)2000
26. Refugees and armaments
Internally displaced people (thousands), 2006..
Refugees by country of asylum (thousands), 200610
Refugees by country of origin (thousands), 2006(.)
Conventional arms transfers, imports (1990 US$ millions), 19960
Conventional arms transfers, imports (1990 US$ millions), 20060
Conventional arms transfers, exports (1990 US$ millions), 2006..
Conventional arms transfers, exports (% of world total), 2002-06..
Armed forces (thousands), 20073
Armed forces, index (1985=100), 200794
27. Crime and justice
Homicides (per 100,000 people), 2000-20049.1
Prison population total, 20074056
Prison population (per 100,000 people), 200769
Prison population (% female), 20075
Year in which countries have partially or completely abolished the death penalty19506
28. Gender-related development index
Gender-related development index (GDI) rank, 2005123
Gender-related development index (GDI) value, 20050.529
Life expectancy at birth, female (years), 200560.1
Life expectancy at birth, male (years), 200554.3
Adult literacy rate, female (% aged 15 and older), 200550.9
Adult literacy rate, male (% aged 15 and older), 200563.4
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education, female (%) , 20053818
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education, male (%) , 20054318
Estimated earned income, female (PPP US$), 20052,14019
Estimated earned income, male (PPP US$), 20052,96019
HDI rank minus GDI rank, 20053
29. Gender empowerment measure
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) rank..
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) value..
Seats in parliament (% held by women)0.9
Legislators, senior officials and managers (% female), 1999-2005..
Professional and technical workers (% female), 1994-2005..
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income0.72
30. Gender inequality in education
Adult literacy rate, female (% aged 15 and older) , 200550.9
Adult literacy rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 20050.80
Youth literacy rate, female (% aged 15-24), 200564.1
Youth literacy rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 20050.93
Net primary enrolment rate, female (%), 2005..
Net primary enrolment rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 2005..
Gross primary enrolment ratio, female (%), 2005702021
Gross primary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio)0.882021
Gross secondary enrolment ratio, female (%), 2005232021
Gross secondary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio), 20050.792021
Gross tertiary enrolment ratio, female (%), 2005..
Gross tertiary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio), 2005..
31. Gender inequality in economic activity
Economic activity rate, female (% aged 15 and older), 200571.8
Economic activity index (1990=100), female (aged 15 and older), 2005101
Economic activity rate (female rate as % of male rate, aged 15 and older), 200596
Employment in agriculture, female (% of total female employment), 1995-2005..
Employment in agriculture, male (% of total male employment), 1995-2004..
Employment in industry, female (% of total female employment), 1995-2003..
Employment in industry, male (% of total male employment), 1995-2003..
Employment in services, female (% of total female employment), 1995-2003..
Employment in services, male (% of total male employment), 1995-2003..
Contributing family workers, women (% of total), 1995-2005..
Contributing family workers, men (% of total), 1995-2004..
33. Women’s political participation
Year women received right to vote1964
Year women received right to stand for election1963
Year first woman elected (E) or appointed (A) to parliament1977 E
Women in government at ministerial level (as % of total), 2005..
Seats in lower house or single house (% held by women), 19900
Seats in lower house or single house (% held by women), 20070.9
Seats in upper house or senate (% held by women), 2007NA
34. Status of major international human rights instruments
Status of human rights instruments: International convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (year of ratification/signature), 19481982
Status of human rights instruments: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (year of ratification/signature), 19651982
Status of human rights instruments: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (year of ratification/signature), 1966..
Status of human rights instruments: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (year of ratification/signature), 1966..
Status of human rights instruments: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (year of ratification/signature), 19791995
Status of human rights instruments: Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (year of ratification/signature), 1984..
Status of human rights instruments: Convention on the Rights of the Child (year of ratification/signature), 19891993
35. Status of fundamental labour rights conventions
Status of labour rights conventions: Freedom of association and collective bargaining - Convention 87 (year of ratification/signature)2000
Status of labour rights conventions: Freedom of association and collective bargaining - Convention 98 (year of ratification/signature)1976
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of forced and compulsory labour - Convention 29 (year of ratification/signature)1976
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of forced and compulsory labour - Convention 105 (year of ratification/signature)1976
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation - Convention 100 (year of ratification/signature)2000
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation - Convention 111 (year of ratification/signature)2000
Status of labour rights conventions: Abolition of child labour - Convention 138 (year of ratification/signature)2000
Status of labour rights conventions: Abolition of child labour - Convention 182 (year of ratification/signature)2000

Notes:
1 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
2 - Data refer to a year other than that specified.
3 - World Bank estimate based on regression.
4 - Data refer to a year or period other than that specified, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
5 - UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). 2005. State of the World's Children 2006. New York.
6 -
7 - Data refer to a year or period other than that specified, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
8 - Data refer to a year or period other than that specified, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
9 - UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund). 2005. State of the World's Children 2006. New York.
10 - Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
11 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
12 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
13 - Data refer to 2004.
14 - World Bank estimates based on regression.
15 - Data refer to expenditure shares by percentiles of population, ranked by per capita expenditure.
16 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified; from 2000 onwards.
17 - Data are estimates produced by the UN Statistics Division.
18 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
19 - No wage data are available. For the purposes of calculating the estimated female and male earned income, a value of 0.75 was used for the ratio of the female nonagricultural wage to the male nonagricultural wage.
20 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
21 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.

Symbols :
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
<Less than
-Not applicable
TTotal