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2007/2008 Human Development Report

Uganda
HDI Rank - 154
ExcelCountry Factsheet

01. Human development index
Human development index value, 20050.505
Life expectancy at birth, annual estimates (years), 200549.7
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200566.8
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education (%), 200563.01
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 20051,4542
Life expectancy index0.412
Education index0.655
GDP index0.447
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank- 2
1a. Basic indicators for other UN member states
Life expectancy at birth, annual estimates (years), 2000-0549.7
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200566.8
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education (%), 200563.0
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 20051,454
Population, total (thousands), 200428,947
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 2000-056.7
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 2005136
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 2004..
HIV prevalence (% aged 15-49), 20056.7 [5.7–7.6]
Population undernourished (% of total population), 2002/0419
Population using an improved water source (%), 200460
02. Human development index trends
Human development index (trends), 1975..
Human development index (trends), 1980..
Human development index (trends), 19850.420
Human development index (trends), 19900.434
Human development index (trends), 19950.433
Human development index (trends), 20000.480
Human development index (trends), 20050.505
03. Human and income poverty: developing countries
Human poverty index (HPI-1) rank72
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) value (%)34.7
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 (% of cohort), 2000-0538.5
Adult illiteracy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200533.2
Population not using an improved water source (%), 200440
Children underweight for age (% under age 5), 1996-200523
Population living below $1 a day (%), 1990-2005..
Population living below $2 a day (%), 1990-2005..
Population living below the national poverty line (%), 1990-200437.73
HPI-1 rank minus income poverty rank..
04. Human and income poverty: OECD countries, Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS
Human poverty index (HPI-2) rank..
Human poverty index (HPI-2) value (%)..
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 (% of cohort), 2000-0559.3
Population lacking functional literacy skills (% aged 16-65), 1994-2003..
Long-term unemployment (% of labour force), 2006..
Population living below 50% of median income (%), 2000-2004..3
Population living below $11 a day (1994 PPP US$), 1994-95..
Population living below $4 a day (1990 PPP US$), 2000-04..3
HPI-2 rank minus income poverty rank..
05. Demographic trends
Population, total (millions), 197510.9
Population, total (millions), 200528.9
Population, total (millions), 201540.0
Population, annual growth rate (%), 1975-20053.3
Population, annual growth rate (%), 2005-153.2
Population, urban (% of total population), 19757.0
Population, urban (% of total population), 200512.6
Population, urban (% of total population), 201514.5
Population under age 15 (% of total population), 200549.4
Population under age 15 (% of total population), 201548.0
Population aged 65 and older (% of total population), 20052.5
Population aged 65 and older (% of total population), 20152.3
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 1970-757.1
Fertility rate, total (births per woman), 2000-056.7
06. Commitment to health: resources, access and services
Public expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20042.5
Private expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20045.1
Health expenditure per capita (PPP US$), 2004135
One-year-olds fully immunized against tuberculosis (%), 200592
One-year-olds fully immunized against measles (%), 200586
Children with diarrhoea receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding (% under age 5), 1998-200529
Contraceptive prevalence rate (% of married women aged 15-49), 1997-200520
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%), 1997-200539
Physicians (per 100,000 people), 2000-0483
07. Water, sanitation and nutritional status
Population using improved sanitation (%), 199042
Population using improved sanitation (%), 200443
Population using an improved water source (%), 199044
Population using an improved water source (%), 200460
Population undernourished (% of total population), 1990-92243
Population undernourished (% of total population), 2002-0419
Children under weight for age (% under age 5), 1996-200523
Children under height for age (% under age 5), 1996-2005453
Infants with low birthweight (%), 1998-200512
08. Inequalities in maternal and child health
Survey year for inequality data in table 82000-01
Births attended by skilled health personnel, poorest 20% (%)20
Births attended by skilled health personnel, richest 20% (%)77
One-year-olds fully immunized, poorest 20% (%)27
One-year-olds fully immunized, richest 20% (%)43
Children under height for age, poorest 20% (% children under age 5)43
Children under height for age, richest 20% (% children under age 5)25
Infant mortality rate, poorest 20% (per 1,000 live births)106
Infant mortality rate, richest 20% (per 1,000 live births)60
Under-five mortality rate, poorest 20% (per 1,000 live births)192
Under-five mortality rate, richest 20% (per 1,000 live births)106
09. Leading global health crises and risks
HIV prevalence (% aged 15-49), 20056.7 [5.7–7.6]
Condom use at last high-risk sex, women (% aged 15-24), 1999-200553
Condom use at last high-risk sex, men (% aged 15-24), 1999-200555
Children under age 5 using insecticide-treated bednets (%), 1999-20050
Children under age 5 with fever treated with antimalarial drugs (%), 1999-2005..
Tuberculosis cases, prevalence (per 100,000 people), 2005559
Tuberculosis cases detected under DOTS (%), 200545
Tuberculosis cases cured under DOTS (%), 200370
Prevalence of smoking, women (% of adults), 2002-0434
Prevalence of smoking, men (% of adults), 2002-04254
10. Survival: progress and setbacks
Life expectancy at birth, quinquennial estimates (years), 1970-7551.0
Life expectancy at birth, quinquennial estimates (years), 2000-0547.8
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 1970100
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 200579
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 1970170
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), 2005136
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, female (% of cohort), 2000-0536.6
Probability at birth of surviving to age 65, male (% of cohort), 2000-0533.6
Maternal mortality ratio, reported (per 100,000 live births), 1990-2004510
Maternal mortality ratio, adjusted (per 100,000 live births), 20005503
11. Commitment to education: public spending
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 19911.5
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 2002-055.25
Public expenditure on education (% of total government expenditure), 199111.5
Public expenditure on education (% of total government expenditure), 2002-0518.35
Current public expenditure on education, pre-primary and primary (as % of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, pre-primary and primary (as % of all levels), 2002-05625
Current public expenditure on education, secondary (% of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, secondary (% of all levels), 2002-05245
Current public expenditure on education, tertiary (% of all levels), 1991..
Current public expenditure on education, tertiary (% of all levels), 2002-05125
12. Literacy and enrolment
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1985-199556.1
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and older), 1995-200566.8
Youth literacy rate (% aged 15-24), 1985-199569.8
Youth literacy rate (% aged 15-24), 1995-200576.6
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 1991..
Net primary enrolment rate (%), 2005..
Net secondary enrolment rate (%), 1991..
Net secondary enrolment rate (%), 2005156
Children reaching grade 5 (% of grade 1 students), 199136
Children reaching grade 5 (% of grade 1 students), 2004496
Tertiary students in science, engineering, manufacturing and construction (% of tertiary students), 1999-200510
13. Technology: diffusion and creation
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people), 19902
Telephone mainlines (per 1,000 people), 20053
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people), 19900
Cellular subscribers (per 1,000 people), 200553
Internet users (per 1,000 people), 19900
Internet users (per 1,000 people), 200517
Patents granted to residents (per million peole), 2005..
Receipts of royalties and license fees (US$ per person), 20050.3
Research and development expenditure (% of GDP), 2000-20050.810898517158929
Researchers in R&D (per million people), 1990-2005..
14. Economic performance
GDP (current US$ billions), 20058.7
GDP, PPP (current international $ billions), 200541.97
GDP per capita (US$), 2005303
GDP per capita, PPP (2005 international $), 20051,4547
GDP per capita, annual growth rate (%), 1975-20052.48
GDP per capita, annual growth rate (%), 1990-20053.2
GDP per capita, highest value (2005 PPP US$), 1975-20051,4548
GDP per capita, year of highest value2005
Consumer price index, average annual change in (%), 1990-20057.1
Consumer price index, average annual change in (%), 2004-058.2
15. Inequality in income or expenditure
Survey Year20029
Share of income or consumption, poorest 10% (%)2.3
Share of income or consumption, poorest 20% (%)5.7
Share of income or consumption, richest 20% (%)52.5
Share of income or consumption, richest 10% (%)37.7
Inequality measures, ratio of richest 10% to poorest 10%16.6
Inequality measures, ratio of richest 20% to poorest 20%9.2
Gini index45.7
16. Structure of trade
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP), 199019
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP), 200527
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP), 19907
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP), 200513
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports), 1990..
Primary exports (% of merchandise exports), 200583
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports), 1990..
Manufactured exports (% of merchandise exports), 200517
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports), 1990..
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports), 200514.0
Terms of trade (2000=100), 2004-200588
17. OECD-DAC country expenditures on aid
Official development assistance, net disbursed (US$ millions), 2005..
Official development assistance, net disbursed (% of GNI), 1990..
Official development assistance, net disbursed (% of GNI), 2005..
Official development assistance per capita of donor country (2005 US$), 1990..
Official development assistance per capita of donor country (2005 US$), 2005..
Official development assistance to least developed countries (% of total), 1990..
Official development assistance to least developed countries (% of total), 2005..
Official development assistance to basic social services (% of total allocable by sector), 1996-1997..
Official development assistance to basic social services (% of total allocable by sector), 2004-2005..
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total), 1990..
Untied bilateral ODA (% of total), 2005..
18. Flows of aid, private capital and debt
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (US$ millions), 20051,198.0
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) per capita (US$), 200541.6
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (% of GDP), 199015.4
Official development assistance received (net disbursements) (% of GDP), 200513.7
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 1990- 0.1
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP), 20052.9
Private flows, other (% of GDP), 19900.4
Private flows, other (% of GDP), 20050.1
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 19903.4
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 20052.0
Debt service, total (% of exports of goods, services and net income from abroad), 199081.4
Debt service, total (% of exports of goods, services and net income from abroad), 20059.2
19. Priorities in public spending
Public expenditure on health (% of GDP), 20042.5
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 19911.5
Public expenditure on education (% of GDP), 2002-055.210
Military expenditure (% of GDP), 19903.1
Military expenditure (% of GDP), 20052.3
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 19903.4
Debt service, total (% of GDP), 20052.0
20. Unemployment in OECD countries
Unemployed people (thousands), 2006..
Unemployment rate Total (% of labour force), 2006..
Unemployment rate, average annual (% of labour force), 1996-2006..
Unemployment rate Female (% of male rate), 2006..
Youth unemployment rate, total (% of labour force aged 15-24), 2006..
Youth unemployment rate (female rate as % of male rate), 2006..
Long-term unemployment, women (% of total unemployment), 2006..
Long-term unemployment, men (% of total unemployment), 2006..
21. Unemployment and informal sector work in non-OECD countries
Unemployed people (thousands), 1996-2005346
Unemployment rate Total (% of labour force), 1996-20053.2
Unemployment rate (female rate as % of male rate), 1996-2005156
Employment, total (thousands), 1996-20059,257
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment), 1996-200569
Employment in industry (% of total employment), 1996-20058
Employment in services (% of total employment), 1996-200522
Survey year, 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, both sexes (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, female (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
Employment in non-agricultural informal sector, male (% of non-agricultural employment), 1990-2004..
22. Energy and the environment
Electricity consumption per capita (kilowatt-hours), 20046311
Electricity consumption per capita (% change), 1990-20040.6
Electrification rate (%)9
Population without electricity (millions)24.6
GDP per unit of energy use (2000 PPP US$ per kg of oil equivalent), 2004..
GDP per unit of energy use (% change), 1990-2004..
Forest area (% total land), 200518.4
Forest area (thousand sq km), 200536.3
Forest area change from 1990-2005 (thousand sq km), 1990-2005- 13.0
Forest area, average annual change (%), 1990-2005- 1.8
23. Energy sources
Total primary energy supply (TPES) (Mt of oil equivalent), 1990..
Total primary energy supply (TPES) (Mt of oil equivalent), 2005..
Coal (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Coal (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Oil (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Oil (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Gas (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Gas (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Hydro, solar, wind and geothermal power (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Hydro, solar, wind and geothermal power (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Biomass and waste (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Biomass and waste (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
Nuclear power (% of total primary energy supply), 1990..
Nuclear power (% of total primary energy supply), 2005..
24. Carbon dioxide emissions and stocks
CO2 emissions, total (Mt CO2), 19900.8
CO2 emissions, total (Mt CO2), 20041.8
CO2 emissions, average annual change in (%), 1990-20048.9
CO2 emissions (% of world total), 1990(.)
CO2 emissions (% of world total), 2004(.)
CO2 emissions per capita (tonnes), 1990(.)
CO2 emissions per capita (tonnes), 20040.1
Carbon intensity of energy (kt CO2 per kt of oil equivalent), 1990..
Carbon intensity of energy (kt CO2 per kt of oil equivalent), 2004..
Carbon intensity of growth ( kt CO2 per million 2000 PPP US$), 19900.06
Carbon intensity of growth ( kt CO2 per million 2000 PPP US$), 20040.05
CO2 emissions/sequestration from forests (Mt CO2 per year), 1990-200512.1
Carbon stocks in forests (living biomass) (Mt C), 2005138.2
25. Status of major international environmental treaties
Status of environmental treaties - Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (year of ratification/signature)2001
Status of environmental treaties - Framework Convention on Climate Change (year of ratification/signature)1993
Status of environmental treaties - Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (year of ratification/signature)2002
Status of environmental treaties - Convention on Biological Diversity (year of ratification/signature)1993
Status of environmental treaties - Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer (year of ratification/signature), 19881988
Status of environmental treaties - Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the Ozone Layer (year of ratification/signature)1988
Status of environmental treaties - Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (year of ratification/signature), 20012004
Status of environmental treaties - UN Law of the Sea (year of ratification/signature)1990
Status of environmental treaties - UN Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (year of ratification/signature)1997
26. Refugees and armaments
Internally displaced people (thousands), 2006..
Refugees by country of asylum (thousands), 2006272
Refugees by country of origin (thousands), 200622
Conventional arms transfers, imports (1990 US$ millions), 19960
Conventional arms transfers, imports (1990 US$ millions), 20060
Conventional arms transfers, exports (1990 US$ millions), 2006..
Conventional arms transfers, exports (% of world total), 2002-06..
Armed forces (thousands), 200745
Armed forces, index (1985=100), 2007225
27. Crime and justice
Homicides (per 100,000 people), 2000-20047.4
Prison population total, 200726126
Prison population (per 100,000 people), 200795
Prison population (% female), 20073
Year in which countries have partially or completely abolished the death penalty..3
28. Gender-related development index
Gender-related development index (GDI) rank, 2005131
Gender-related development index (GDI) value, 20050.501
Life expectancy at birth, female (years), 200550.2
Life expectancy at birth, male (years), 200549.1
Adult literacy rate, female (% aged 15 and older), 200557.7
Adult literacy rate, male (% aged 15 and older), 200576.8
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education, female (%) , 200562
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education, male (%) , 200564
Estimated earned income, female (PPP US$), 20051,19912
Estimated earned income, male (PPP US$), 20051,70812
HDI rank minus GDI rank, 20052
29. Gender empowerment measure
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) rank..
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) value..
Seats in parliament (% held by women)29.8
Legislators, senior officials and managers (% female), 1999-2005..
Professional and technical workers (% female), 1994-2005..
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income0.70
30. Gender inequality in education
Adult literacy rate, female (% aged 15 and older) , 200557.7
Adult literacy rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 20050.75
Youth literacy rate, female (% aged 15-24), 200571.2
Youth literacy rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 20050.86
Net primary enrolment rate, female (%), 2005..
Net primary enrolment rate (ratio of female rate to male rate), 2005..
Gross primary enrolment ratio, female (%), 2005119
Gross primary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio)1.00
Gross secondary enrolment ratio, female (%), 20051713
Gross secondary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio), 20050.8113
Gross tertiary enrolment ratio, female (%), 2005314
Gross tertiary enrolment ratio (ratio of female ratio to male ratio), 20050.6214
31. Gender inequality in economic activity
Economic activity rate, female (% aged 15 and older), 200579.7
Economic activity index (1990=100), female (aged 15 and older), 200599
Economic activity rate (female rate as % of male rate, aged 15 and older), 200592
Employment in agriculture, female (% of total female employment), 1995-200577
Employment in agriculture, male (% of total male employment), 1995-200460
Employment in industry, female (% of total female employment), 1995-20035
Employment in industry, male (% of total male employment), 1995-200311
Employment in services, female (% of total female employment), 1995-200317
Employment in services, male (% of total male employment), 1995-200328
Contributing family workers, women (% of total), 1995-2005..
Contributing family workers, men (% of total), 1995-2004..
33. Women’s political participation
Year women received right to vote1962
Year women received right to stand for election1962
Year first woman elected (E) or appointed (A) to parliament1962 A
Women in government at ministerial level (as % of total), 200523.4
Seats in lower house or single house (% held by women), 199012.2
Seats in lower house or single house (% held by women), 200729.8
Seats in upper house or senate (% held by women), 2007NA
34. Status of major international human rights instruments
Status of human rights instruments: International convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (year of ratification/signature), 19481995
Status of human rights instruments: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (year of ratification/signature), 19651980
Status of human rights instruments: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (year of ratification/signature), 19661995
Status of human rights instruments: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (year of ratification/signature), 19661987
Status of human rights instruments: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (year of ratification/signature), 19791985
Status of human rights instruments: Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (year of ratification/signature), 19841986
Status of human rights instruments: Convention on the Rights of the Child (year of ratification/signature), 19891990
35. Status of fundamental labour rights conventions
Status of labour rights conventions: Freedom of association and collective bargaining - Convention 87 (year of ratification/signature)2005
Status of labour rights conventions: Freedom of association and collective bargaining - Convention 98 (year of ratification/signature)1963
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of forced and compulsory labour - Convention 29 (year of ratification/signature)1963
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of forced and compulsory labour - Convention 105 (year of ratification/signature)1963
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation - Convention 100 (year of ratification/signature)2005
Status of labour rights conventions: Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation - Convention 111 (year of ratification/signature)2005
Status of labour rights conventions: Abolition of child labour - Convention 138 (year of ratification/signature)2003
Status of labour rights conventions: Abolition of child labour - Convention 182 (year of ratification/signature)2001

Notes:
1 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
2 - World Bank estimate based on regression.
3 -
4 - Data refer to a period other than that specified.
5 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
6 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
7 - World Bank estimates based on regression.
8 - Data refer to a period shorter than that specified.
9 - Data refer to expenditure shares by percentiles of population, ranked by per capita expenditure.
10 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
11 - Data are estimates produced by the UN Statistics Division.
12 - No wage data are available. For the purposes of calculating the estimated female and male earned income, a value of 0.75 was used for the ratio of the female nonagricultural wage to the male nonagricultural wage.
13 - National or UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
14 - Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.

Symbols :
.. Data not available
(.) Greater (or less) than zero but small enough to be rounded off to zero at the displayed number of decimal points
<Less than
-Not applicable
TTotal