The origin of Japanese honeybee Apis cerana japonica inferred from mitochondrial DNA.

Accession number;03A0548792
Title;The origin of Japanese honeybee Apis cerana japonica inferred from mitochondrial DNA.
Author;TAKAHASHI JUN'ICHI(Tamagawadai Mitsubachikagakukenkyushisetsu)   YOSHIDA TADAHARU(Tamagawadai Mitsubachikagakukenkyushisetsu)   
Journal Title;Honeybee Science
Journal Code:X0934A
ISSN:0388-2217
VOL.24;NO.2;PAGE.71-76(2003)
Figure&Table&Reference;FIG.6, TBL.1, REF.16
Pub. Country;Japan
Language;Japanese
Abstract;The geographic variation and origin of Japanese honey bees, Apis cerana japonica was studied using sequencing analysis of mitochondrial DNA of a region between tRNA leu and COII genes. We identified 3 haplotypes among the 52 individuals from 14 populations studied whereas there was no genetic variation among all samples in COII region. Although all of 12 Kyushu and Honshu mainland populations of A. cerana japonica have Japan 1 haplotype, 2 new haplotypes were from the remote island populations of Amami-Oshima (Japan 4) and Tsushima (Japan 3), respectively. These new haplotypes are different from reported haplotypes of the A. cerana group, therefore its origin might be the ancient type on widely distributed haplotype Japan 1. These result demonstrated that A. cerana japonica was origin from Korean peninsula by mtDNA analysis. (author abst.)