Caesar Lambertinus, a native from Trani, pursued an ecclesiastical career there that led him to the archepiscopate in 1505. In 1509, he transferred to the episcopal see of Isola. He resigned this office in 1548.

TEXTS: De iure patronatus (ca. 1520), Early Printed Editions: Venice 1572; Lyons 1579; Frankfurt 1581; Tractatus varii de iure patronatus (Venice 1584, 1607).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 363.





Cajetan (Thomas de Vio), born in 1469, entered the Dominican order when he was sixteen and studied theology at Naples and Padua. He received the doctorate already nine years later and began to teach at Padua and Brescia. Since 1500, he lived as the proctor of his order at the curia in Rome, until he moved up to the generalate in 1508. He held this position until his elevation to the cardinalate, in 1517. By that time, he was one of the leading church politicians and antagonist of Luther at the imperial diet at Augsburg in 1518. Although less pronounced than Luther, he was himself a critic of much of the scholastic learning as it had developed during the late Middle Ages. In his Summula peccatorum (1525), for example, Cajetan (from Gaeta, his hometown) sharply opposed the older confessional works as overburdened with learned digressions and allegations. In fact, Cajetan's work marked the terminal point in the production of confessional Summae, which were gradually rendered obsolete once the Tridentine legislation on confessional matters took hold. Cajetan died in 1534.

TEXTS: 1. Summula peccatorum, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1525; Venice 1525, 1584, Paris 1526, 1530; Lyons 1529, 1539, 1550, 1565, 1581.

2. De cambiis, Early Printed Edition: Antwerp 1612, II.7.

3. De usura, Early Printed Editions: Antwerp 1612, II.8, III.7

4. De validitate matrimonii a iuvene post religionis ingressum et egressum contracti and other treatises on marriage, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1542; Antwerp 1612.

LITERATURE: R. Chabanne, `Thomas de Vio, Caietanus', DDC 7 (1965) 1249; M. Laurent, `Cajétan', DHGE 11 (1949) 248-52; P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 105-06. Schulte, QL II 352-54. A. Schweigmann, `De meritis Caietani in iure canonico', Angelicum 11 (1934) 533-88.





Caspar Calderinus junior, grandson of Johannes Calderinus, was doctor decretorum at Bologna around 1416. He left several consilia which were transmitted with those of his teacher, Petrus de Ancharano.

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1490, n. 12, 17, 27, 137; and, together with Petrus de Ancharano, n. 97, 217.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 264 n.2.





Caspar Calderinus senior, son of the more famous Johannes, was born in 1345 at Bologna, where he appeared among the doctors by 1365, was soon professor and involved in municipal politics. He died in 1399. Some of his consilia survive along with those of his father.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1491.

2. Repetitiones, Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes materiasque sane frequentiores (Venice 1587) IV, fol. 439.

A. in cap. Nostro postulasti de pen et remiss. (X 5.38.15), MANUSCRIPTS: Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. 79; Munich, Clm 5199.

B. in cap. Ex literis de vita et honestate clericorum (X 3.1.16), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. (Fantuzzi 12).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 264-65.





Celsus Maffeus, a canon regular from Verona, composed several treatises touching matters of canon law.

TEXTS: 1. Monumentum compendiosum pro confessionibus, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1478, 1491; Venice 1498.

2. Defensiones regularium contra monachos, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1487, 1499.

3. Dissuasoria ne christiani principes ecclesiasticos census usurpent, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1494.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 368.





Cicco Abbate taught the decretales at Naples from at least 1478 to 1480.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 82 n.134.





Clement V, Pope 1305-1314 (Bertrand de Got) himself a jurist who had studied at Orleans and Bologna, was the principal author of the decretals included in the Clementines or Constitutiones Clementini V, which were promulgated as an official collection of papal decretals by his successor, Johannes XXII, in 1317. Clement V presided over the Council of Vienne (1311) and oversaw the liquidation of the order of the Templars.

TEXTS: (see Clementines)

LITERATURE: A. Paravicini Bagliani, `Clemente V, papa', DBI 26 (1982) 202-15. Schulte, QL II 45-50.







Clemente Sanchez de Valderas, born around 1370, studied law at Salamanca since 1392. He wrote several canonistic works, most notably a Spanish confessional treatise which appeared on the papal index of prohibited books in 1559.

TEXTS: 1. Tratado sobre la penitencia (Sacramental), Early Printed Editions: Sevilla, 1470?, 1477, 1478, 1496, 1544; Toulouse 1477-80; Lérida 1495 (in Catalan); Lisbon 1502 (in Portuguese); Logroño 1504; Burgos 1516; Toledo 1527; Braga 1539 (in Portuguese).

2. Libellus de horis dicendis, MANUSCRIPT; Burgo de Osma, Cab. 59, fol. 132ra-175va.

3. Compendium censurae, MANUSCRIPTS: Burgo de Osma, Cab. 59, fol. 2ra-128vb; Valladolid, Univ. 147, fol. 1ra-91ra.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 243; idem, `Nuevas obras de Clemente Sánchez, arcediano de Valderas', Revista española de teologia34 (1974) 69-89; idem, `La canonística ibérica medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano III', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 360-62.





Clementines (Constitutiones Clementi V, Liber Clementinarum) the official collection of papal decretals named for Pope Clement V, who directed that the compilation be made, though it was only promulgated definitively by his successor, John XXII, in 1317. The Clementines contains 106 decretals and canons that had been issued after Liber sextus (1298). The core of the Clementinesconsists of thirty-eight constitutions of the Council of Vienne (1311-12). Clement promulgated the Clementines in 1314, but he died before the collection could be circulated. After a two year vacancy, Clement's successor, John XXII, undertook a review of the text which took more than a year; John modified and corrected the text and added his own promulgation letter, Quoniam nulla. Just how much John changed the Clementines is a matter of considerable debate. Unlike the former codifications of Gregory IX (1234) and Boniface VIII (1298), however, Pope John XXII's promulgation bull did not claim to invalidate the more recent legislation of Boniface VIII (d. 1303) and Clement V that had not been included. The Clementines was the last official compilation of decretals for the medieval schools of canon law. It included the important decretals Saepe contingitwhich completely reformed the canon law system of summary procedure, Romani principes and Pastoralis cura which repudiated the claims of the Emperor Henry VII to universal jurisdiction and to be able to cite Robert of Naples for rebellion outside of his own territory.

Substantial commentaries were written on the Clementines by the canonists, Alberico di Metz, Baldus de Ubaldis, Benedictus Capra, Bernardus Maynardi, Bonifacius Ammannati, Egidius de Bellamera, Franciscus Zabarella, Giovanni Antonio Carafa, Guilelmus de Monte Laudano, Jesselin de Cassagnes, Johannes Andreae, Johannes Calderinus, Johannes de Imola, Johannes de Lignano, Lapus Tactus, Mattheus Romanus, Nicolaus de Tudeschis, Petrus de Ancharano, Petrus de Andlau, Petrus Bertrandus, Simone de Borsano, and Stephanus Hugonetti.

EDITION: E. Friedberg, Corpus iuris canonici II (Leipzig 1881) 1125-1200. MANUSCRIPTS:Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania Coll. Libr. MS 7; Munich, Clm 3872, fol. 1r-24r; Clm 3877, fol. 3r-59v; Clm 6347, fol. 1r-50r; Clm 6566, fol. 122r-192v; Clm 7469, fol. 1r-80r; Clm 9656, fol. 1r-58v; Clm 14655, fol. 1r-51v; Clm 19508, fol. 1r-30v; Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2o MS 253, fol. 1r-172v; Universitätsbibl. 2o MS 290, fol. 1r-23v; New Haven, Yale Univ. Beinecke Libr. MS J C28 no.1 (18), fol. 1r-52v; MS J C28 no.2 (33), fol. 2r-39r; MS Marston 155, fol. 1r-22r; New York, Columbia Univ. MS Smith Western 18, fol. 1r-88v; Hispanic Society of America MS B 2565, fol. 59r-81v; Pierpont Morgan Libr. MS 902. For a complete list of Manuscripts, see the two articles by Tarrant, ZRG Kan. Abt. 70 and 71.

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `Commentators on the Clementines according to Johannes Calderinus', BMCL 10 (1980) 62-65. Stephan Kuttner, `The date of the constitution "Saepe", the Vatican manuscripts and the Roman edition of the Clementines', Studi e Testi (=Melanges Eugène Tisserant 4) (1964) 427-52, and `Retractationes' to this article in idem, Medieval Councils, decretals, and collections of canon law (Variorum 1980). F. Soetermeer, `The origin of MS d'Ablaing 14 and the transmissio of the Clementines to the universities', TRG 54 (1986) 101-12. J. Tarrant, `The Clementine decrees on the Beguines: conciliar and papal versions', AHP 12 (1974) 300-08; idem, `The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part I: Admont to München', ZRG Kan. Abt. 70 (1984) 67-133; idem, `The manuscripts of the Constitutiones Clementinae, part II: Napoli to Zwettl', ZRG Kan. Abt. 71 (1985) 76-146.





Conrad von Ebrach, a Cistercian, studied and taught theology first at Paris, later at Prague and finally in Vienna, where he died around 1399.

TEXT: 1. Tractatus de censibus, MANUSCRIPTS: Wolfenbüttel, Herzog Aug. Bibl. 42.2 Aug., fol. 9ra-17rb; 83.5 Aug., fol. 50-56.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 435.





Conrad Lagus (d. 1546), was the author of a methodical treatise on both laws that offered a break-away from the scholastic fashion of teaching law by favoring a more systematic and analytical approach.

TEXT: 1. Iuris utriusque traditio methodica, Early Printed Editions: Frankfurt 1543.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 368-69.





Conrad Summenhart, born in 1465 at Calw on the Rhine, studied theology at Paris. Later on, he taught at Tübingen until his death in 1511.

TEXTS: 1. De contractibus, Early Printed Editions: Haguenau 1500 (Hain 15179); Haguenau 1517.

2. De decimis, Early Printed Editions: Strasbourg 1490; Haguenau 1497 (Hain 15176-77).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 454-55. W. Trusen, ZRG Kan. Abt. 57 (1971) 119-120.





Conrad Thus studied law at Prague in 1391 and was later professor of canon law at Erfurt (ca. 1406-1411) and Leipzig (1411-12).

LITERATURE: J. John, `The university career of Bishop Stephen Bodeker (1384-1459) of Brandenburg with the text of his repetition on the judge and his conscience', Studium generale. Studies offered to Astrik L. Gabriel, ed. L. Domonkos - R. Schneider (Notre Dame, Ind. 1967) 133-34. T. Muther, `Die Juristen der Universität Erfurt im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert', Zeitschrift fúr Rechtsgeschichte 9 (1870) 56-57; idem, Zur Geschichte der Rechtswissenschaft und der Universitäten in Deutschland (Jena 1876) 211-13.





Constitutiones Clementis V (see Clementines)





Constitutiones Ioannis Pape XXII (see John XXII, Pope)





Conte Alvarotti, son of Alvarotto and a Paduan, was teaching canon law in his native city around 1472, while there is evidence that he taught civil law there in 1475 and 1490. He is also known as an editor of Pietro del Monte's Repertorium utriusque iuris, printed in Padua, 1480 (Hain 11589).

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343, 348, 352.





Correctores (of the Editio Romana). By the mid-sixteenth century, humanists were applying their skills to the canon law. One of the first to do this was Charles Dumoulin, whose edition of the Decretum was first printed in 1555. Responding to these private efforts, Pope Pius V set up a comission to produce an edition of Gratian's Decretum according to the highest humanist standards (1560). These were the correctores, at first including eight cardinals and twelve doctors of law. Eventually, their number increased to thirty-five by 1580. In 1580, the work of the commission received papal approval from Pius V's successor, Gregory XIII. The correctores examined manuscripts of the Decretum as well as its sources. The Editio Romana, which was printed in 1582, was made the official version for the ecclesiastical courts. The use of versions such as Dumoulin's were specifically prohibited, but they continued to be used.

LITERATURE: H.G. Troje, Graeca leguntur (Cologne - Vienna 1971).





Cosma Contarini (Contarenus, Cantarenus), born in (Venice, c. 1410, studied law at Padua and obtained the doctorate in canon law in 1434, in civil law in 1441. It seems that ten years before his first degree C. was already giving lectures in canon law at Padua. By 1438, he was certainly teaching canon law as a professor at the University, and he continued to do so until at least 1460. According to same sources, he may have abandoned teaching not until 1477. Since 1448, Cosma also acted as the vicar of the bishop of Padua.

TEXTS: 1. Super quibusdam titulis lib. III, IV, V Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 97

2. Repetitio in c. Qualiter et quando, tit. de accusationibus (X. 5.1.17/24), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6524

3. Repetitio, MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 5357

4. Consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Bibl. Classense 450; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV, VII; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. V 2 [2324]; Early Printed Edition: B. Ziletti, ed. Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum tam ex veteribus quam ex iunioribus celeberrimis iurisconsultis collectorum I (Venice 1560) n. 75.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 183-84.





Cristoforo Alessandri (de Alexandris), a Paduan, was teaching in his native city (perhaps in 1468?) either civil or canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 348, 354.





Cusano/Cusanus (see Nicolaus Cusanus)





Daniele "de Bealdis" (?) was teaching canon law at the University of Padua in 1442.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.





Decius (see Philipus Decius)





Diego Alfonso de Benavente, a son of Juan Alfonso, taught canon law at Salamanca during the last decade of the 15th century.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 422.





Diego Gómez de Zamora was professor of canon law at Salamanca from 1447-1484. He was one of the leading representatives of the University during those years.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio de indulgentiis, MANUSCRIPT: Madrid, BN lat. 12915, fol. 322ra-343rb (fragmentary).

2. De filiis succedendis in maioricatu, MANUSCRIPT: Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 12-17, fol. 178va-181rb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `Los canonistas de la Universidad de Salamanca en los siglos xiv-xv', REDC 17 (1962) 175-90; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 422, 5 (1976) 363-65; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 245.





Dietrich von Bocksdorf (see Theodoricus von Bocksdorf)





Dionisio Franceschi (de Franciscis) (?), a Venetian, was teaching canon law at the University of Padua in 1483-84, and already earlier, in 1477, either civil or canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 324, 348





Dionysius Ryckel (de Leeuwis), a Carthusian monk at Roermond (Belgium) and friend of Nicholas of Cusa, wrote several treatises bearing on canon law. He died in 1471.

TEXTS: 1. De officio archidiaconorum

2. De officio legati

3. De regimine prelatorum

4. De vita et regimine curatorum

5. De officio mercatorum

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 369.





Domenico Can (Canis) was teaching on the Decretum at the University of Padua in 1478.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328.





Dominicus de Dominicis, a Venetian, became bishop of Torcello in 1448, then of Brescia (1464), where he died in 1478. His treatises deal with conciliar theories of papal primacy.

TEXTS: 1. De reformatoribus Romanae curiae

2. De cardinalium electione et legitima creatione

3. De potestate papae et cardinalium

4. De concilio et ipsius potestate ac pontificis

5. De episcopali dignitate

6. An papa ligetur vinculis sui iuramenti et decretis

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 305-06.





Dominicus Jacobatius (de Jacobatiis), born in Rome, served as an advocate at the curia since 1485. He became auditor of the Roman Rota in 1493, later bishop of Lucera, and finally cardinal (1517). He died in 1527.

TEXTS: 1. De computatione dotis in legitimam

2. Tractatus de concilio,  PRINTED EDITIONS: Rome 1538; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 13, fol. 190rb-398vb; Paris 1672.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 342-43.





Dominicus de Sancto Geminiano, born in Florence, studied at Bologna where he was a student and disciple of Antonius de Butrio. D. then served as the vicar of the bishop of Modena and attended the council of Pisa in 1409, before he began teaching law at Bologna. In his later years, he became an auditor of the apostolic camera. D. also went to the council of Basel. He died at Bologna sometime before 1436.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in libros decretalium et sextum, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1520, 1579. MANUSCRIPT: Freiburg, Universitätsbibl. 236 (on X 2).

2. Lectura super sextum decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1476 (on VI 1-2), 1477 (on VI 3-5), 1485 (on VI 1-2); Speyer s.a. (on VI 3-5; Hain 7530)

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 161; Munich, Clm 6607.

3. Summula et divisiones decretalium sive synopsis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1578.

4. Repetitiones, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Felin. ?

5. Super distinctionibus decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Felin. ?

6. Consilia sive responsa, Early Printed Editions: Milan 1491 (with those of others); Lyons 1533, 1568; Venice 1550.

7. Commentaria in Decretum, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1504.

LITERATURE: Roberto Naz, `Dominique de San Geminiano', DDC 4 (1949) 1410. Schulte, QL II 294-96.





`Dum summam henrici fratribus legerem' is the incipit of an anonymous collection of casus to the Lectura on Liber extra by Henricus minor. The same author further wrote an Apparatus to the work, inc. `Fecit deus duo luminaria'.

MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 171; Göttweig, Stiftsbibl. 118; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 165; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 102 (now lost?).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 244 n.3.





Dumoulin wrote Additiones to the Extravagantes Johannis XXII and the Extravagantes communes, as they had been included in the edition of the entire Corpus iuris canonici by Jean Chappuis (Paris 1503). Dumoulin's additional comments were published in another print of the Corpus which appeared in 1559.

TEXT: Additiones, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1559.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 63.





Durandus Campanus (de Champagne), Franciscan and Confessor of the Queen of France, composed a confessional manual (ca. 1340) which borrowed much from the works of two of his predecessors, Johannes of Erfurt and Johannes of Freiburg.

TEXT: Summa collectionum (or Directorium), MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3264, lat. 16891; Pavia 336.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 27 (1906) 70-78. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 55. J. Sbaralea, Supplementum ad scriptores trium ordinum S. Francisci I (Rome 1908) 239. Schulte, QL II 430.





Durandus de S. Porciano (born ca.1270/75), a Domincan better known as professor of theology and controversialist (since 1307), wrote also a treatise on marriage touching legal aspects. He became bishop of Limoux (1317), then Meaux (1326), and died in 1334.

TEXTS (juristic only): Votum de dissolubilitate matrimonii non consummati per susceptionem ordinis sacri, MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Univ. Alessandrina 79, fol. 41-43.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 346.





Egidius de Bellamera (Gilles Bellemère) (d.1407). Promoted doctor in utroque iure by Simon de Borsano. Taught law at Avignon and also in Italy. In 1374 Gregorius XI named A. Auditor litterarum contradictarum, a position he held until 1382. He was made bishop of Lavaur in 1383, and of Le Puy in 1390; in 1392 he was transferred to Avignon by pope Clemens VII. A. participated in diplomatic missions to the French court in 1394 and 1397. He died in Avignon.

TEXTS: 1. Praelectiones in decretalium libros

Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1548-49.

2. In Clementinas

3. Tractatus permutationum beneficiorum ecclesiasticorum

Louvain s.l. (Hain 2756); Lyon 1522.

4. Decisiones Rotae

Early Printed Editions: Rome 1474 (Hain 6045); Venice 1496 (Hain 6052); Nuremberg 1496; Lyons 1508, 1529; Venice 1633.

5. Responsa sive Consilia

Early Printed Edition: Venice 1579, 1591.

6. Commentary on the Regulae iuris

7. Tractatus super titulo de foro competenti libri sexti

Early Printed Edition: Venice 1579, 1591.

LITERATURE: R.Aubert, `Gilles Bellemère', DHGE 20 (1984) 1359. R. Chabaner, `Reflexions sur la condition canonique de la femme d'apres l'oeuvre de Gilles Bellemère', Bull. des Facultés catholiques de Lyon 76 (1954) 5-16. H. Gilles, `Gilles Bellemère et le tribunal de la Rote à la fin du XIVe siecle', M.É.Fr.R. 67 (1955) 281-319; idem, `Gilles Bellemère, canoniste', HLF 40 (Paris 1974) 253. Schulte, QL II 274-75. A.Lambert, `Bellemère, Gilles [Aiscelin] de', DDC 2 (1937) 296-97.





Egidius (Gil) Alvarez de Albornoz was born on Concha (1295), studied at Tolosa and was then promoted to the archbishopric of Toledo under King Alfonso XI. Upon the latter's death he joined Pope Clement VI in Avignon, who made him cardinal in 1350. He was papal legate to Italy during the 1350's and 1360's, in an attempt to reorganize the papal states. The importance of his legateship is underlined by the Constitutiones Aegidiane he promulgated for the papal patrimony in 1357/63. He died at Viterbo in 1367. He is also said to have composed comments on canon law, but they rather belong to his relative, Fernando.

LITERATURE: J. Beneyto Pérez, El cardenal Albornoz, canciller de Castilla y caudillo de Italia(Madrid 1950). P. Colliva, `Angelo degli Ubaldi e le "Constitutiones Aegidianae",' Archivio giuridico 184 (1973) 103-20. A. García y García, `La Canonística Ibérica Medieval posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias Eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 424-25. E. Magnin, `Albornoz', DDC 1 (1935) 363. Schulte, QL II 270.





Egidius Carlerius (Carlier), fl. ca. 1435, was professor at Paris and wrote canonico-theological consultationes.

TEXT: 1. Casuum consultationes, Early Printed Edition: Brussels 1478-79 (Hain 4513).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 363-64.





Egidius Madalbertus (Aegidiolus Cremonensis), from Cremona, appears as a doctor of canon law at Padua since 1307, whence he transferred to Bologna in 1311. In 1318 he received the bishopric of Cremona, but resigned in 1327. He died in 1332.

TEXTS:1. Disputationes

2. Quaestiones

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 196.





Élie Regnier (see Hélie Regnier)





Engelbertus Cultificis (Messemaker) was a Dominican born near Zutphen (Holland), ca.1420. He studied theology at the convent at Erfurt and later taught at Zutphen (1465-66). He died in Nijmegen (1490/91). His writings reveal an interest in legal matters.

TEXTS: 1. Epistula declaratoria iurium et priviliegiorum, Early Printed Editions: Nijmegen 1479, Louvain 1480, etc. (GW 7846-50); Paris 1507; Delft 1508.

2. Epistula de simonia vitanda in receptione novitiorum

Early Printed Editions: Nijmegen 1479, Louvain 1480, etc. (GW 7846-50); Paris 1507; Delft 1508.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 1 (Rome 1970) 367-68.





Engelhardus Kunhofer, a priest from Schwabach (Southern Germany), composed a confessional treatise based on the ten commandments.

TEXT: 1. Confessionale, Early Printed Edition: s.a., s.l. (Hain 9801).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.





Enrico da Alano, (see Henricus de Alano)





Eusebius Conradus, a native from Milan and canon regular at the Lateran church, wrote treatises dealing with questions related to his order.

TEXTS: 1. De dignitate canonicorum regularium, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1481 (Hain 5639)

2. De praestantia clericorum regularium prae monachia, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1500 (Hain 5640)

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 369.





Extravagantes Communes, a collection of seventy-four decretals dating from 1295-1483. This collection was made by Johannes Chappuis. He completed an early version including only seventy decretals in 1500, and the final version with four additional decretals in 1503. Chappuis included the Extravagantes communes with his Corpus iuris canonici. This work did not circulate widely until it was included in the Editio Romana of 1582. This collection includes Boniface VIII's famous decretal, Unam sanctam.





Extravagantes Johannis XXII (see John XXII, Pope)





Fabio Massimo da Sant'Urbano, a Paduan, was teaching at Padua either civil or canon law in 1420. He had obtained his doctorate in civil law by 1407 and that in utroque iure not much later. Between 1412 and 1446, he appears among the doctoral examiners of the University. He was also deeply involved in the administrative matters of his native city.

TEXTS:

1. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IX.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 344.





Fantino Dandolo, a Venetian, obtained the doctorate in utroque iure in 1401. In 1438, F. was teaching canon law at Padua. From 1445 to 1448, he was bishop of Creta and from 1448 to 1459 bishop of Padua.

TEXTS: 1. De beneficiis

2. Compendium fisci

3. Compendium de sacramento ecclesiae

4. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. VII.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352. G. Bonfiglio Dosio, `I bresciani Emigli laureati a Padova nel'400', Quaderni per la storia dell'Università di Padova 8 (1975) 73-91. D. Cortese, `Francesco della Rovere e le "Orationes" sull'Immacolata del vescovo di Padova Fantino Dandolo', Regnum hominis et Regnum Dei II (Acta quarti congressus Scotistici internationalis, Patavii, 24-29 septembris 1976), ed. C. Bérubé (Rome 1978) 61-78. L. Gargan, `Giovanni Conversini e la cultura letteraria a Treviso nella seconda metà del Trecento', Italia medioevale e umanistica 8 (1965) 85-159 at 131-32 and 138-39.





`Fecit Deus duo luminaria', an anonymous apparatus on the Lectura super quinque libris decretalium of Henricus minor (de Barben, de Magdeburg, de Merseburg), was composed by an author who also wrote casus to the same work.

MANUSCRIPTS: Prague, Kap K.4.16; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1002, 1004, 1006, 1007; Königsberg, Universitätsbibl. 99-101 (lost?); Munich, Clm 9658.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 244 n.2





Federico Capodilista, born at Padua, ca. 1410, obtained the doctorate in Roman law in 1434, in canon law in 1438. Between 1443 and 1462 he was intermittently teaching canon law at the University of Padua. F. was also involved in the administrative life of his native city as lawyer, consultant, and judge. He died before 1466.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in c. Saepe, de verborum significatione (Clem. 5.11.2)

MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 6573, fol. 109r-119r.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bartholomaei Caepollae consilia criminalia (Venice 1555) n. 53; Alexandri de Nevo Consilia (Venice 1560) n. 72.

MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6573; Ravenna, Bibl. Classense, 485, vol. IV; Venezia, Bibl. Naz. Marc. lat. V.2; Vatican City, Vat. Reg. lat. 377.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 188-89.





Federicus Petruccius de Senis taught canon law at Siena (c.1322-26) and Perugia (c.1333-1343), where Baldus was among his students. The date of his death is uncertain.

TEXTS: 1. De permutationibus beneficiorum, Early Printed Editions: Pavia 1478 (Hain 12849); Venice 1496 (Hain 2237); Milan 1506; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 15.1, fol. 187ra-190rb.

2. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472, 1479, Siena 1488; Venice 1490, 1498 (Hain 12842-46); Rome 1547; Venice 1576; MANUSCRIPTS: Wroclaw, Univ. II.F.53; Prague, Kap. J.72; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. f.72; Toledo, Cabildo MS 28-5.

LITERATURE: Mario Ascheri, I consilia dei giuristi medievali (Siena 1982) 22 n.39, 24 n.42. Antonio García y García, 'Un manoscritto de los "Consilia" de Federico Petrucci de Sienna', Studi Senesi 100 (1988) Supplemento II 566-79. Guido Kisch, Consilia (Basel/Stuttgart 1970) 71. Schulte, QL II 237-38.





Felinus Sandeus, born in Felina near Reggio in 1444, taught canon law at Ferrara from 1466 to 1474, and at Pisa since 1474. He received the doctorate in both laws in 1467. In 1486, F. became an auditor of the Rota. he received the bishoprics of Penna and Atri in 1495, then of Lucca in 1499. He died at Rome, in 1503, and left a magnificent library which still forms part of the episcopal library of Lucca.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super varios titulos libri I, II, IV, V decretalium, Early Printed Editions: Hain 14281-84; Venice 1489-1497 (Hain 14280); Basel 1567; A. Super prooemio decretalium et tit. de const. (X 1-1.1), Early Printed Editions: Hain 14285-93. B. De except. et prescript. et sententiis (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14294-99; C. De rescriptis et nonnullis aliis (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14300-06; D. De off. et pot. iud. del. (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14307-08; E. De probationibus (X: Early Printed Editions: Hain 14309-24; F. De litis contestatione (X: Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1484.

2. Tractatus quomodo puniatur conatus, Early Printed Editions: Hain 14294-99.

3. Sermo de indulgentia, Early Printed Edition: Hain 14325.

4. Repetitio in cap. I et II tit. de sponsal., Early Printed Edition: Bologna 1498.

5. Epitome de regno Sicilie, Early Printed Edition: s.l. 1495.

6. Consilia , Early Printed Edition: Venice 1582)

7. Concordantia iuris ciuilis et canonici, MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Felin.

LITERATURE: G. Arrighi, Felino Sandei (1444-1503) Canonista e Umanista (Accademia Lucchese di scienze lettore e arti, Studi e Testi 23: Lucca 1987). N.Hilling, `Felinus Sandeus, Auditor der Rota', AKKR 84 (1904) 94-106. R.Naz, `Felinus Sandeus', DDC 5 (1953) 827-28. Schulte, QL II 350-52.





Ferdinandus Cordubensis was a papal subdeacon under Sixtus IV and wrote on several aspects of papal power. He died in 1486.

TEXTS: 1. De iure medios exigendi fructus quos vulgo annatas dicunt et de Romani pontificis in tenporalibus auctoritate, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1480, 1490.

2. An liceat Pontifici Maximo eiusque Cardineo Collegio beneficiorum vacantium medios fructus exigere

3. De pontificii pallii mysterio, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5739.

4. De hereticis et dampnatis

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 424; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 234. Schulte, QL II 369-70.





Fernando Álvarez de Albornoz, a relative of Cardinal Albornoz, was one of the founding members of the Colegio de España

at Bologna. He lectured there on the Decretum from 1363-69, and left comments in his own hand. He later became archbishop of Lisbon (1369) and Sevilla (1371).

TEXT: Glosses on the Decretum, MANUSCRIPTS: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 281, fol. 296vb; Toledo, Bibl. del Cab. 4-2, fol. 1ra-vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 423-24; idem, `El decretista Fernando Alvarez Albornoz y la fundación del Colegio de España', Studia Albornotiana 12 (Bologna 1972) 131-65; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 227-28.





Filippo Carafa, born into a noble Napoletan familay, c. 1340, studied law at Bologna under Giovanni da Legnano. By 1372, he was a doctor of both laws and archdeacon of Bologna. He lectured on the Clementines and the Liber sextus sometime during the 1370's, until he was elevated to the Bolognese bishopric by Pope Urban VI in 1378. As a firm supporter, together with Giovanni da Legnano, of the Roman papacy, F. also received a cardinalate the same year. He died in 1389.

LITERATURE: A. Strnad, `Carafa, Filippo', DBI 19 (1976) 545-47.





Florianus Dolfi figures as the examiner of Augustinus Beroius, who received his doctorate in canon law at Bologna in 1503.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 355.





Florianus a Sancto Pedro (Sampieri), a Bolognese doctor, promoted Antonio Roselli to the doctorate in 1407 and is known as the author of several consilia. He was one of the representatives of the University at the council of Pisa (1409).

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1550 (together with those of Johannes Calderinus).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 252 n.26, 280, 303 n.1.





Fortunatus de Perusio (Fortunato Coppoli) was born at Perugia, c.1430, and studied both laws there. In 1455, he was about to marry, but preferred to enter the Franciscan order in a sudden spiritual conversion. He became the founder of a bank giving loans for non-monetary pledges, called Monte dei poveri, at Perugia. He then went on to establish similar institutions all over Italy, which he promoted through sermons, disputations and an extensive consilium (1469/73). Some of them survive in writing and reveal his legal formation. He died in 1477.

TEXTS: 1. Consilium de monte pietatis, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1498

MANUSCRIPT: Cortona, Bibl. commun. 249, fol. 39r-45v.

2. Circa materiam ludi, MANUSCRIPTS: Assisi, Bibl. commun. 629, fol. 335v-39v; Assisi, Bibl. francesc. 13, fol. 234v-37r, and 30, fol. 125v-27v; Foligno, Bibl. commun. A.10.1.16, fol. 125v-27v; Modena, Bibl. Est. lat. a.V.9.8, fol. 363r.

3. De decimis, de usuris, de emptione, MANUSCRIPT: Assisi, Bibl. commun. 629, fol. 339v-40v.

4. Glosses on the Summa Pisanella, MANUSCRIPT: Naples, Bibl. naz. V.H.33, passim.

LITERATURE: M. Ciardini, Un "consilium" per il Monte di pietà di Firenze (1473) (Florence 1905) 20-21. A. Ghinato, `Un propagatore dei Monti di Pietà del `400', Rivista di storia della chiesa in Italia 10 (1956) 193-211. S. Maiarelli - U. Nicolini, Il Monte dei poveri di Perugia. Periodo delle origini (1462-74) (Perugia 1962). U. Nicolini, `Coppoli, Fortunato', DBI 28 (1983) 670-75. L. Wadding, Scriptores trium ordinum fratrum minorum (Rome 1908) 254.





Francesco Alvarotti, a Paduan, obtained his doctorate in Roman law by 1425 and in canon law by 1440. He studied under Raffaele Fulgosio and Raffaele Raimondi. From 1458 to 1460 he taught canon law at the University of Padua. He practised law in his city and served as vicar of the patriarch of Aquileia, then of the bishop of Padua. F. died in 1460.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: I. Ziletti, Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales I (Venice 1572) n. 74, MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 450, Class. 485, vol. IV, V, X; Venice, Marc. lat. V 2 [2324].

2. Oratio pro Michaele Donato doctoris laurea in utroque iure insignito, MANUSCRIPT: Padua, Bibl. Antoniana 687.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328. M. Blason Berton, `Una famiglia di giuristi padovani: Pietro, Giacomo e Francesco Alvarotti (Speroni) e la loro biblioteca di diritto (1460)', Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 53 (1964) 95-150. V. Lazzarini, `L'avvocato dei carcerati poveri a Padova nel Quattrocento', Atti e memorie della r. Accademia di scienze, lettere ed arti in Padova 26 (1910) 247-63; reprint in V. Lazzarini, Proprietà e feudi, offizi, garzoni, carcerati in antiche leggi veneziane (Rome 1960) 77-87.





Francesco degli Atti, born at Todi at studied the canon law until the doctorate. He was elected bishop of Corfu in 1348, but translated to Chiusi the same year. There he composed his only known canonical treatise, dealing with his, the episcopal share of the tithes. He later transferred to Cassino (1353) and Florence (1355). In 1357, he finally moved to the papal court at Avignon, after Pope Innocent VI had made him cardinal. He died in 1361.

TEXT: De quarta canonica, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 1225, fol. 102r-104v, lat. 4569, fol. 17r-20v.

LITERATURE: Anon., `Atti, Francesco degli', DBI 4 (1962) 545-46.





Francesco Argenta, born in Cremona, he obtained his doctorate in 1507. In 1507-1508, he was teaching canon law at Padua.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 326.





Francesco Barozzi (Barocius, Barochius) was teaching canon law at the University of Padua ca. 1440-53, where Antonio Roselli soon joined him as a colleague of Antonio Roselli. In 1464, he appears as Decreti interpres, an activity he carried out until 1466, when F. was named bishop of Treviso. He died in Rome in 1471.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 194. A. Sottili, `L'Università italiana e la diffusione dell'Umanesimo nei paesi tedeschi', Humanistica Lovaniensia 20 (1971) 5-21.





Francesco Brevio (Brevius), a Venetian, was teaching canon law at Padua in 1475/80. He was appointed judge of the Roman Rota by Pope Sixtus IV in 1482, despite the grave moral accusations brought forth against him by his colleagues. After vigorously pursuing the episcopal dignity and several aborted attempts, he finally became bishop of Ceneda in 1498. He died in 1508.

TEXTS: Pastorales conciones

2. Morales quaestiones ex iure canonico.

3. De auctoritate pontificis

4. In librum VI decretalium

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 241, 324, 355. Schulte, QL II 298 n.18 (reads `Brentius'). R. Zapperi, `Brevio, Francesco', DBI 14 (1972) 205-07.





Francesco Capodilista (iunior), son of Giovanni Francesco Capodilista, was born at Padua around 1405, where he studied and became a doctor of Roman law in 1430. He apparently taught there from 1433-40, when he left Padua for political reasons. During his absence, he must have acquired a doctorate in canon law, because upon his return, in 1442, he is occasionally addressed in this capacity and may have taught the discipline. His works, however, all deal with civilian matters. He died c. 1462/63.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 194-99.





Francescus de Arceriis, bishop of Squillace (15th c.), wrote a treatise on faith which  contains canonistic elements.

TEXT: Tractatus de fide catholica, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus (Lyons 1549), 1 fol. 7v-14r; Tractatus universi iuris XIV (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 2r-7v; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 97va-111rb.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, 'Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia  (Catania 1985) 1.87.





Francesco Fazi, archpriest of Salmaza, became a doctor of canon law at Padua in 1501 and later taught there, from 1503 to his death in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 337.





Francesco Malchiostro da Parma, born at Parma c. 1465, received his doctorate at Pisa, 1490/91, and continued to teach there until 1498, when he assumed a teaching position in canon law at Padua (1499-1501). He taught again there in 1507, now a member of the college of Paduan jurists, but died suddenly in the same year.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 199.





Francesco Piazza (see Franciscus de Platea).





Francesco Porcellini, born at Padua around 1405, became doctor of both laws in 1429, and taught civil law at the University until 1462. Then he transferred to Ferrara to teach until 1466. A note from 1474 mentions him as dead. None of his works deals predominantly with canon law, nor do we have any precise notice about an assignment to lecture on canon law.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 200-203.





Francesco Rossi (De Rubeis), from Padua, taught canon law there in 1483.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343.





Francesco Vercellese, from Padua, taught canon law there for some time as an extraordinary lecturer. There is also evidence of his activities as a lawyer at Padua from 1466-69.

TEXT: Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Siena, Archivio dell'Università, MS senza signatura.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 203-04.





Francisco de Roda (fl. 1457) was doctor of canon law and offical of the bishop of Lérida.

TEXTS: Allegationes, MANUSCRIPT: Seo de Urgel, Bibl. del Cab. 2098, fol. 1r-2r.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967)424; idem, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 169.





Franciscus de Accoltis, born at Arezzo about 1418, spent his life as a wandering scholar of great renown with a high income. He taught law at Bologna (1440-45), Ferrara (1448-54, 1457-61), Siena (1454, 1466-79), and Pisa (1479-84), where he died in 1485/86. He served Francesco Sforza at Milan between 1461 and 1466 and wrote consilia upon various requests, among which one against the excomunication of Lorenzo de Medici and Florence after the attempt on Lorenzo's life in 1478.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super decretalibus, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1481 (on X.2; Hain 40); Pescia 1486 (on De accus. inquis. et denunt.; Hain 46); Milan 1495 (on De accus. inquis. et denunt.; Hain 47); Pavia 1496 (on X.2; Hain 41).

2. Consilia seu responsa iuris, Early Printed Editions: Pisa 1482, 1483; Milan 1483; Pavia 1493; Venice 1499 (Hain 36-40).

LITERATURE: C. Corso, `Francesco Accolti d'Arezzo lettore di diritto nello studio di Siena', Bulletino senese di storia patria 72-73 (1955-56) 22-78. Schulte, QL II 333-34.





Franciscus de Barellis co-authored a treatise on usury together with Bartolus de Novaria. According to its explicit, he was doctor of both laws at Padua at an uncertain date (14th c.?).

TEXT: Tractatus de usuris (on X 5.19.6), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. N.9.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.





Franciscus Barochius (see Francesco Barozzi).





Franciscus Coscius, from Siena, taught canon law at Siena and Pisa and died in 1556.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.





Franciscus de Horta wrote consilia that were published with those of Johannes Calderinus.

TEXTS: Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1550.

LITERTAURE: Schulte, QL II 252 n.26.





Franciscus de Platea (Fra Francesco Piazza), born at Bologna, entered the order of the Friars in 1424. Later he became doctor of both laws and preached the crusade against the Turks. He died in 1460.

TEXTS: 1. Opus sive tabula sive tractatus restitutionum, usurarum et excomunicatioum, Early Printed Editions: s.l., s.a.; Venice 1472, 1474, 1477; Padua 1473; Cologne 1474; Paris 1476; Speyer 1489 (Hain 14034-41); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 347rb-363ra.

2. De actu matrimoniali

LITERATURE: see C. Piana, Il beato Marco da Bologna [1479] e il suo conuento di S. Paolo in monte nel Quattrocento (Bologna 1973). Schulte, QL II 446.





Franciscus de Tigrinis, is mentioned as the teacher of Petrus de Ubaldis at Pisa, ca. 1370.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 277.





Franciscus Zabarella, born at Padua in 1360, studied at Bologna under Laurentius de Pinu, Andrea da San Gerolamo and Johannes de Legnano. He took the examinations in canon law there in 1382 and moved to Florence, where he received the doctorate utriusque iuris in 1385. In 1391, Zabarella moved back to Padua to teach law until 1410. His most important student was Panormitanus. Zabarella was made archpriest at the cathedral of Padua in 1398 and bishop of Florence in 1410. In 1411, F. was elevated to the cardinalate by the antipope John XXIII, despite the fact that he never seems to have advanced beyond minor orders. Zabarella was one of the most important advocates of the conciliar movement and played a prominent role during the council of Constance. He died there in 1417 from an outbreak of plague, amid rumors of his impending election to the Papacy. When hearing of his death, the Emperor Sigismund is said to have declared, `Hodie mortuus est papa'. He was buried in the cathedral of Padua.

Zabarella wrote an extensive commentary on the Clementines and a shorter one on the decretales. He also wrote a number of repetitiones and consilia. One part of his commentary on the decretales consisted of a treatise on the Schism which mustered legal arguments in favor of the Council. Zabarella is perhaps best remembered as the canonist who crafted this legal basis for conciliar authority.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria in Decretales, A. in primum librum (X 1): Early Printed Editions: final version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1518, 1557-58. MANUSCRIPTS: Padua, Bibl. Capit. C.22 and D.12; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2254-55; B. in secundum librum (X 2): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517-18.

MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Padua, Bibl. Capit. D.13 and B.5; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2256, lat. 2257; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 5019; C. in tertium librum (X 3): Early Printed Editions: final version: Venice 1502, 1518, 1602; Lyons 1557-58, MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale II.1429 (final version?); Padua Bibl. Capit. D.13 and D.16. D. in quartum librum (X 4): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58, MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Padua, Bibl. Capitolare, D 14; Graz, Universitätsbibl., 728; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 1053; Ottobeuren, Bibl. der Abtei O.56; Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl. 2; Sankt Gallen, Stiftsbibl. 741; Vatican City, Vat. Ross. lat. 564; Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV 36 (2507); Venice, Bibl. Nazionale Marciana, lat. IV 31 (2647); Toledo, Bibl. del Cabildo, 16-12; E. in quintum librum (X 5): Early Printed Editions: first version: Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58.

MANUSCRIPTS: final version: Seitenstetten, Stiftsbibl., 2; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2258; Venice, Bibl. Naz. lat. IV 32 [2648]; lat. IV 33 [2432]; F. in primam partem decretalium: MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis-und Studienbibl. XV.9.

2. Repetitiones in decretales

A. in c. Licet, tit. de electione (X 1.6.6; see Tractatus de scismatibus)

B. in c. Perpendimus, tit. de sent. excomm. (X 5.39.23), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1499 (Hain 16261); Venice 1502, 1602; Lyons 1517, 1557-58; MANUSCRIPTS: Graz, Univbibl. 1294; Nürnberg, Stadtbibl. Cent. VI.7; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5925, fol. 50ra-65rb.

3. Lectura in Ut animarum, de constitutionibus (VI. 1.2.2), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587, Cologne 1618) V, fols. 43-45v.

4. Lectura in constitutiones Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: Naples [no date]; Rome 1477; Venice 1481; 1487; 1498; 1499; Torino 1492; Lyons 1498:(Hain 16250-57).

5. Tractatus de schismatibus authoritate imperatoris tollendis (De unione ecclesie)

Early Printed Edition: first version: see editions of consilia, n. 150; final version (under the title Repetitio in c. Licet, tit. de elect. (X 1.6.6): Strasbourg 1545, 1609; in Villa Sanvicentina 1607; s.l. 1608; also in the commentaria in primum librum decretalium (X 1); S. Schard (ed.), De iurisdictione, autoritate et praeminentia imperiali (Basel 1566, 1587) 688-711; S. Schard, Syntagma tractatuum de imperiali iurisdictione (Strasbourg 1609) 235-47; Theodoricus a Niem, Historie sui temporis (Strasbourg 1609, 1629) 535-70; S. Schard (ed.), Sylloge historico-politico-ecclesiastico (Strasbourg 1618) 235.

6. Consilia (Early Printed Editions: Pescia 1490, 1495; Milan 1496 Hain 16258-60). R. Creytens, Archivum fratrum praedicatorum 22 (1952) 346-80; MANUSCRIPTS: Escorial, d.II.7; Florence, Bibl. Naz. Magliab. XXIX 172; Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. III, V, VII; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10962; Vat. lat. 11605.

7. De horis canonicis; Early Printed Edition: V. O. Ludwig (1910) 139-178.

8. De modo studendi in iure, Early Printed Edition: D. Girgensohn, in preparation

9. Quaestiones, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a. (Hain 16262).

10. Tractatus? MANUSCRIPT: Genoa, Bibl. della Congregazione dei missionari urbani 55.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 204-08. R. Creytens O. P.,`Un "consilium" de François Zabarella et de Jacques de Piemont relativ aux observances dominicaines', Archivum fratrum predicatorum 22 (1952) 346-80. D. Girgensohn, Francesco Zabarella aus Padua. Gelehrsamkeit und Politik zur Zeit des großen abendländischen Schismas (Veröffentlichungen des Max-Plank-Institus für Geschichte) in preparation. August Kneer, Kardinal Zabarella. Ein Betrag zur Geschichte des grossen abendländischen Schismas (Münster 1891). Stephan Kuttner, `Francesco Zabarella's Commentary on the Decretals: note on the editions and the Vatican Manuscripts', BMCL 16 (1986) 97-101. V. O. Ludwig, `Ein neuaufgefundener Traktat Franz Zabarellas "De horis canonicis",' Jahrbuch des Stiftes Klosterneuburg 3 (1910) 139-78. D. Maffei, `Un magistrato del Quattrocento, Pier Filippo Martorelli da Spoleto, e l'edizione principe della "Lectura clementinarum" di Francesco Zabarella', SG 13 (1967) 110-28. Friedrich Merzbacher, `Die ekklesiologische Konzeption des Kardinals Francesco Zabarella (1360-1417)', Festschrift Karl Pirec, ed. A. Haidacher, H. E. Mayer (Innsbruck 1966) 279-87. Thomas Morrissey, `The Art of Teaching Law: The manuscripts of a Tract by Franciscus Zabarella (1360-1417)', BMCL 4 (1974) 78-79; idem, `Cardinal Zabarella on Papal and Episcopal Authority', Proceedings of the Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance Conference 1 (Villanova 1976) 39-52; idem, `The decree "Haec Sancta" and Cardinal Zabarella: His Role in its Formulation and Interpretation', AHC 10 (1978) 145-76; idem, `Franciscus Zabarella (1360-1417)', Reform and Authority in the Medieval and Reformation Church, G. F. Lytle, ed. (Washington D.C. 1981) 37-54; idem, `The sun and moon image: A late medieval critic', The Jurist 42 (1982) 170-79; idem, `The Call for Unity at the Council of Constance: Sermons and Adresses of Cardinal Zabarella, 1415-1417', Church History 53 (1984) 307-18. A. Piaia, `La fondazione filosofica della teoria conciliare in Francesco Zabarella' in Scienza e filosofia all'Università di Padova nel Quattrocento, A. Poppi ed. (Padova 1983) 431-61. T. Sartore, `Un discorso inedito di Francesco Zabarella a Bonifacio IX sull'autorità del papa', Rivista di storia della Chiesa in Italia 20 (1966) 375-88. Schulte, QL II 283-85. Brian Tierney, Foundations of the Conciliar Theory (Cambridge 1955) 220-237. Walter Ullmann, The Origins of the Great Schism (London 1948) Appendix: `Cardinal Zabarella and His Position in the Conciliar Movement' 191-237. Antonio Zardo, `Francesco Zabarella a Firenze (il Cardinale Fiorentino)', Archivio Storico Italiano series 5, vol. 22 (1898) 1-22. Gasparo Zonta, Francesco Zabarella (1360-1417) (Padova 1915).





Frater Jacobus (see Jacobus canonicus in monte S. Johannis)





Gabriel Capodilista, a Paduan and son of the civilian Johannes Franciscus, became professor of canon law at Padua at the beginning of the 14th c., then archbishop of Aix and cardinal under Pope Clement V (1305-14). His canonistic works, if any, seem to be lost.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 231.





Galliano (da Angarano?), taught canon law at Padua in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 336.





Galvanus Becchini (see Galvanus de Bettino).





Galvanus de Bettino (de Bononia, Becchini)l, born c.1335, received his doctorate in canon law at Padua in 1361. He taught there at least for the years 1365-68. He was the first to hold the chair in canon law at Fünfkirchen (Pécs)  Hungary in 1371. He returned to Bologna in 1374, where he lectured, with the exception of an interlude at Padua (c.1379-82), until his death, before 1395.

TEXTS: Contrarietates glossarum iuris canonici, MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. 173; Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol. 133va-151va; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2638, fol. 234ra-44ra; Vat. Ross. lat. 727, fol. 228ra-244ra.

2. Casus qui iudicis arbitrio relinquitur, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol.  125ra-133va; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 651; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2660, fol. 100-106; Vat. lat. 1683, fol. 228-43.

3. Tractatus de differentiis legum et canonum, MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Harvard Law School, 189, fol. 151va-154ra;   Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10726, fol. 484v-488r.  PRINTED EDITIONS: sine loco, sine anno (Hain 7452); Venice 1491 (Hain 15061, together with the Summa of Goffredus Tranensis); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584) Vol. 1, fol. 189ra-190rb

LITERATURE: H.Claude, 'Galvanus de Bettino', DDC 5 (1953) 931-33. Thomas Izbicki, 'Problems of Attribution in the Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584)', Studi Senesi 92 3rd series 29 (1981) 479-93. J.Portemer, Récherches sur les 'differentiae iuris ciuilis et canonici' au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Thèse de droit, 1: Paris 1946) 79-84. Schulte, QL II 286-89.





Galvanus de Bononia (see Galvanus de Bettino).



Garsias Hispanus appears in the list of graduates of the canon law at Bologna in 1393. He is mentioned as a teacher in Bolognese documents until 1420-21. His consilia further indicate that the civilian, Bartholomaeus de Saliceto, was among his teachers.

TEXT: 1. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: Escorial, MS d.ii.7, fol. 104v-05v, 234rv, 319r-21r, 378v-79r, 473r-76r, 527rv, 540rv.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 366-69.





Gaspar de Perusio (de Rossi), from Perugia, was a Benedictine abbot, before he was made Bishop of Frigento in 1424. He died in 1455.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de beneficiorum reservationibus, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 15.1,  fol. 244ra-248vb; MANUSCRIPT: Lucca, Bibl. Felin. ?

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.





Gaspare Calderini iunior, the son of the homonymous canonist, was a pupil of Petrus de Ancharano and Franciscus Ramponi at Bologna. Together with Petrus he edited a collection of consilia (Venice 1490), some of which bear his name.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: Venice 1490, n.12, 17, 27, 97, 217, 237; Pavia 1496, n.12, 17, 28, 98, 216, 236; MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 11605, fol. 142.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, `Calderini, Gaspare', DBI 16 (1973) 605-06. E. Steffenhagen, `G. Calderinus der Jüngere und ein Original-Manuskript seiner Consilien', ZRG 10 (1872) 293-96.





Gaspare Calderini senior, born at Bologna in 1345, was a son of the famous canonist Giovanni Calderini. He had obtained his doctorate in canon law by 1365 and began teaching in his home town. Besides writing many consilia and academic texts, he often participated in diplomatic missions as a Bolognese envoy. He died in 1399.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1472; Milan 1491, 1511; Venice 1497, 1582; Lyons 1550; MANUSCRIPTS: Escorial, Bibl. reale D.II.7; Lucca, Bibl. cap. Fel. 365 and 408; Ravenna, Bibl. Class. 485; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marc. Lat. CL.V.2; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 10776, fol. 1r-11v

2. Repetitiones

A. Liber remissorius in iure canonum (on X 5.38.15), Early Printed Edition: Venice 1496.

B. others, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1587.

MANUSCRIPTS: Barcelona, ACA Ripoll 66, fol. 181; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye.79; Munich, Clm 5199, fol. 225.

3. Lectura in primo libro decretalium (X 1), Early Printed Edition: Venice 1581.

LITERATURE: H. J. Becker, `Calderini, Gaspare', DBI 16 (1973) 605-06. Schulte, QL II 264-65.





Gauthier le Gras: a Hospitaller who was doctor decretorum at Paris and Dean of the canon law faculty in 1389. In 1392 G. became proctor general for the order at Avignon. Later, he became Prior in the convent of Rhodes.

TEXTS:

LITERATURE: Anthony Lutrell, `Fourteenth century hospitaller lawyers', Traditio 21 (1965) 449-56.





Genzellinus (see Jesselin de Cassagnes).





Gerardus Carrara, an Augustinian friar from Bergamo, became bishop of Savona in 1342 and died in 1356. There survives a treatise of his which is based on a section of Liber sextus.

TEXT: 1. In Sextum decretalium de religiosis domibus (VI), MANUSCRIPTS:

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 560.





Ioannes Monachus (de Kina or Zinna?), a Cistercian monk, wrote a legal treatise that in large part derives from the Libellus fugitivus of Nepos de Monte Albano. The use of Liber sextus suggest a date of composition not much after 1298, at any rate before the appearance of the Clementines in 1317.

TEXT: 1. De defensorium iuris, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 3.2,  fol. 122rb-128va; MANUSCRIPTS: Erfurt, Stadtbibl. 69; Munich, Clm 5313, fol. 278-92, and   8785; Prague, Univ. knihovna III.B.21, fol. 90-117; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4139, fol. 275-291.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 314-16.





Gerardus de Poshilaco

TEXT: 1. Repertorium iuris civilis et canonici, MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4607; lat. 4608.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 370.





Gerardus de Senis, an Augustinian friar from Siena, wrote several legal tracts. He died around 1336.

TEXTS: 1. De prescriptione et usucapione (Rome, Bibl. Angelica MS 625, fol. 219-29.

2. De usuris montibus pietatis, MANUSCRIPT: Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4151.

3. Ad Clem., tit. de hereticis (Clem.)

4. Questio

LITERATURE: R. Aubert, `Gérard de Sienne', DHGE 20 (19xx) 799-801. G. Fransen, `De analogia legis apud canonistas', Periodica de re morali et canonica liturgica 66 (1977) 541-42. Schulte, QL II 204-05.





Gerolamo, prior of Santa Maria di Porciglia at Padua, taught the Decretum at the University around 1480.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 329.





Gerolamo Barbarano (Barbaro?), from Vicenza, lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1498-99.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.





Gerolamo Barbaro, from Vicenza. lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1473. He may be identical with G. Barbarano.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328.





Gerolamo Giusti taught either canon or civil law at Padua

between 1498 and 1509.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 350, 356.





Gerolamo Sfondrati, from Cremona, taught canon law at Padua in 1505-06, after receiving his doctorate in canon law in 1504.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.





Gerolamo Zanettini (d. 1493). Born in Bologna from a noble family. H. became a doctor of both laws in 1457. He taught canon law there from 1458-69, civil law from 1469-71. Took up canon law again in 1472. In 1473, H. moved to Pisa where he taught until 1478. Then he returned to Bologna where he taught canon law until his death in 1493.

TEXTS: 1. Contrarietates seu diuersitates inter ius ciuile et canonicum Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1490 (Hain 16274); Tractatus illlustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum I (Venice 1584), fol. 197-208.

2. Casus conscientiales positi in rep. c. primi de accusat. Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1490 (Hain 16274)

3. De foro conscientiae et contentioso, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus illlustrium in utraque tum pontificii tum caesarei iuris facultate iurisconsultorum III.1 (Venice 1584), fol. 383-405.

4. Disputationes, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1499 (Hain 16275)

5. Consilium, EDITION: C. Mesini, Apollinaris 39 (1966) 134-57; MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, AS Riform. dello Studio, provv., decreti, notizie (no number).

LITERATURE: C. Mesini, `Consilium di Gerolamo Zanettini (m.1493) su la preceenza tra l'archidiacono et il rettore dell università di Bologna', Apollinaris 39 (1966) 119-57. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église(Paris 1946) 101-107. Schulte, QL II 335.







Giacomo Alvarotti (iunior), born at Padua in 1482, taught canon law there from 1506 to 1509, then transferred to Ferrara where he died in 1549.

TEXT: Tractatus de dignitatibus ecclesiasticis, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Kap. N.46.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325. M. Blason Berton, `Una famiglia di giuristi padovani: Pietro, Giacomo e Francesco Alvarotti (Speroni) e la loro biblioteca di diritto (1460), Bollettino del Museo civico di Padova 53 (1964) 95-150. Schulte, QL II 375.





Giacomo Leone, from Padua, taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1468. Perhaps he is identical with a teacher of the same name who lectured on canon law at Padua in 1500-01.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 342, 348, 354.





Giacomo Leonessa, a canon from Padua, taught canon and civil law there from at least 1464 until his death in 1472.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 215.





(Beato) Giacomo della Marca, from Naples, is the author of a fifteenth-century confessional treatise.

TEXT: 1. Regula confitendi peccata, Early Printed Editions: Naples 1490; Hain 10748.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 85 n.145.





Jacobus de  Zochis (Zocchus) studied canon law in his home town, Ferrara, where he received his doctorate. He then transferred to Bologna to teach for four years, 1425-29. For the following accademic year, 1429-30, he moved on to Padua. There he continued to lecture on canon law, with some interruptions, until his death in 1457. He was further active as a judge and author of consilia.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura in Decretales (X), A. in primum librum (X 1), MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis- und Studienbibl. XV 70; B. in tit. de constitutionibus (X 1.2), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 231, fol. 123-43; C. in c. Cognoscente, tit. de const. (X 1.2.1), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6524; D. in c. Pastoralis, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.14), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 203v-206r; E. in c. Constitutus, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.19), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 206r-207v; F. in c. Super literis, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.20), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 207v-210r; G. in c. Ab excommunicato, tit. de rescriptis (X 1.3.41), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6524; H. in c. Bonae memoriae, tit. de postul. praelat. (X 1.5.4), Early Printed Edition: Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 220r-222v; I. in secundam partem libri primi (X 1), MANUSCRIPT: Munich, Clm 8785; K. in primam partem libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 99; L. in secundam partem libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Dillingen, Kreis- und Studienbibl. XV 71; M. in quibusdam titulis libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna 108; N. in posteriores titulos libri secundi (X 2), MANUSCRIPT: Ravenna, Class. 451; O. in librum IV (X 4), MANUSCRIPTS: Berlin, Deutsche Staatsbibl. Magdeburg 10; Munich, Clm 6457; Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

2. Repetitio in c. Omnis, tit. de poen et rem. (X 5.38.12)

Early Printed Editions: Padua 1472 (Hain 16288); Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587) II, fol. 402r-433r.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum(Venice 1560) vol.I, n.69; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum ad causas criminales(Venice 1572) vol.I, n.81, 4. Tractatus de arbore consanguinitatis et affinitatis; MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8; 5. Tractatus de differentiis casuum fori contentiosi et conscientiae, MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

6. Tractatus de ieiuniis, Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyon 1549) XV, fol. 430v-432r; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), 14, fol. 159vb-162rb; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 6573; Padua, Bibl. Univ. n. provv. 275; Perugia, S. Pietro CM 57; Ravenna, Class. 450; Class. 485, vol. IV, V, VII, IX, X; Venezia, Bibl. Marc. lat. V 2.

7. Tractatus de pactis (X 1.35), MANUSCRIPT: Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8.

8. Tractatus de poen. et rem. (X 5.38)

Lyons, Bibl. Munic. 387; Munich, Clm 833; Clm 3808; Clm 6572; Clm 6948; Prague, Univ. knihovna XIII.E.8; Regensburg. Bibl. des Kollegiatstifts 10.5.15; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 4036.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 216-21. L. Montobbio, `I quattro codici di Giacomo Zocchi', Benedictina 10 (1956) 49-60. Schulte, QL II 327-28.





Ioannes Francescus de Pavinis (Franciscus Patavinus) received his doctorate in canon law at Padua in 1445 and was teaching there since c. 1448. G. was called to Rome by Pope Paul II (1464-71) and named an auditor of the Rota, a position which he held through the reigns of Sixtus IV and Innocent VIII until his death in 1484..

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus visitationum episcoporum, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1475 (Hain 12528); Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 178va-213vb

2. Tractatus de officio et potestate capituli sede uacante Early Printed Editions: Venice 1476, 1496 (Hain 12560); Rome 1481 (Hain 12529); Paris 1512, 1516, 1532; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XV, fol. 165v-189v; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 13,  fol. 407v-431r.

3. Additiones ad tres extravagantes Johannis XXII cum commento domini Guilhelmi de Monte Lauduno, Early Printed Editions: Lyons, s.l.n.d. (Hain 9385); Rome 1475 (Hain 12528).

4. Collectio decisionum Rotae Early Printed Editions: Rome 1477 (Hain 6046); Pavia (Hain 6050).

5. Decisionum extractum a quodam libro quem Thomasus Fastoli compilavit editio, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1483; Ticini 1485-86; Venice 1492, 1496 (twice).

6. Interpretamenta in extravagantes viginti Johannis XXII, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1514, 1524, 1532, 1584; Lyons 1519, 1671.

7. Commentaria in extravagantes communes, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1584.

8. Commentum extravag. comm. Vas electionis, sub tit. de censibus (Extravag. comm. 3.10.1), Early Printed Editions: Rome 1475 (Hain 12528), 1514; Lyons 1671.

9. De visitationibus sive Baculus pastoralis, Early Printed Editions: Rome 1475; Paris 1512, 1516; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XIV, fol. 115r-148r; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 14, fol. 178v-213v.

10. Regularum cancellariae reelaboratio, Early Printed Edition: Lyons 1671.

11. Tractatus iuridici (?), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Barb. lat. 1287.

12. Votum contra Iudeos Tridentinos, Early Printed Edition: Rome 1478 (Hain 9934, 12573).

13. Consilia, MANUSCRIPT: El Escorial, d.II.6.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 326-27; A. Bertola, `Francois de Pavinis', DDC 5 (1953) 899-901. Schulte, QL II 331-33.





Gimignano Inghirami, born at Prato in 1370, studied law at Bologna under Gaspare Calderini, Antonio da Butrio and Petrus de Ancharano, to receive the doctorate in 1398. Since 1399, he serves in the ecclesiastical administration, first as a vicar of the bishop of Pistoia, then soon at the papal curia. He acted as a papal representative at important political missions. Besides his own legal repertory and a collection of court decisions, he left, at his death in 1460, a whole library of books on canon law.

TEXTS: 1. Repertorium per rubricas Decretalium, MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Laur. Aedil. 69-74.

2. Decisiones, consilia, MANUSCRIPTS: Prato, Roncioniana 29-30, 338-39.

LITERATURE: C. Guasti, `Ricordanze di messer Gimignano Inghirami concernenti la storia ecclesiastica e civile dal 1378 al 1452', Archivio storico italiano 1 (1888) 20-68. D. Maffei, `La biblioteca di Gimignano Inghirami', Proceedings Strasbourg (MIC C-4; Vatican City 1971) 217-36.





Giorgio Cavallini, from Padua, was appointed to lecture there on the Liber sextus and the Clementines in 1509, but never did because of the suspension of teaching due to the outbreak of war between Venice and the League.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 344.





Giorgio Nata, from Asti, lectured on the decretals at Ferrara, c. 1467-74, where he was a colleague of Felino Sandeo.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 350.





Giorgio Priuli, a Venetian, taught canon law at Padua from c. 1467 to 1472.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 354.





Giovanni (see also Johannes)





Giovanni d'Anania, from Anagni, studied both laws at Bologna and received the doctorate in 1423. Then he began teaching there. In 1443, he abandoned his professorial chair, however, to embark on a political career. His wife had died in the same year, and he also became a cleric, holding several offices as a canon at the cathedral of Bologna, since 1448 as the archdeacon. He died in 1457.

TEXTS: 1. Commentaria super V libro Decretalium (X 5), Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1479, 1497; Milan 1492, 1497 (Hain 938-41); Lyons 1546, 1553.

2. Commentaria super Sexto decretalium (VI), Early Printed Editions: Milan 1492 (Hain 942); Lyons 1546, 1553.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Bologna 1481 (ed. Lodovio Bolognini), 1496 (Hain 936); Milan 1491, 1496; Venice 1496, 1575, 1576.

4. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna ?

5. Disputatio in materia alienationis feudi, Early Printed Editions: Basel 1564; Selectae quaestiones juris variae (Cologne 1570) 460; also in Martinus de Carratti di Lodi, Opera feudorum(Frankfurt 1581).

6. Allegatio de salario et stipendio ac obligatione et promissione domini

MANUSCRIPT: Bologna, Coll. di Spagna ?

7. Tractatus de iubileo, Early Printed Editions: s.l, s.a. (Hain 943-44).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 320-22.





Ioannes Andreae, from Treviso, held a chair in canon law at Padua in 1432.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 351.





Ioannes Jacobus de Canibus, born at Padua, c. 1425, became doctor on both laws there around 1451. He taught predominantly canon law at Padua from at least 1448 until 1483. Curiously, he left various writings on civil law, but it is difficult to ascertain of his teaching of the Corpus iuris civilis. Giovanni died at his hometown in 1494.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Decretalibus (X), MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Universitätsbibl. 2.249.

2. Commentarium super tit. de iniuriis et dampno dato (or De represaliis; X 5.36)

Early Printed Editions: s.l., s.a. (Hain 4329); Padua 1472-73; Pavia 1479; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) XVII, fol. 16v-20v; Selecti tractatus iuris vere aurei .. in materia assecurationis (Cologne 1569: also Venice 1580) 434-46; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 12, fol. 275ra-279rb; Corpus tractatuum de pignoribus et hypothecis (Frankfurt 1586) 584-86; De mercatura decisionibus et tractatus varii (Lyons 1592) 837-49.

3. Breviarium Decretalium Gregorii IX, MANUSCRIPT: Naples, Bibl. Naz. I.H.50.

4. Consilia, Early Printed Edition: I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I(Venice 1572) n.19-20; MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IV, V; Venice, Bibl. Marc. lat. V.2.

5. De executione ultimarum voluntatum; Early Printed Editions: Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) VII, fol. 84r-92v; Selecti tractatus iuris vere aurei de successione (Venice 1570) 383-407; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 8.1, fol. 185va-194vb; Selecti tractatus de successionibus(Cologne 1590) 818-925.

6. De modo studendi in utroque iure, Early Printed Editions: Padua 1476, 1485; Pavia 1484; Brno 1488; Berlin 1889 (ed. G. Pescatore).

7. De tabellionibus, Early Printed Editions: Padua 1482; Bologna 1482; Venioce 1556; Lyons 1559.

LITERATURE: C. Dionisotti, `Filologia umanistica e testi giuridici fra Quattro e Cinquecento', La critica del testo (Florence 1971) 194-204. A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 259-63. R. Ricciardi, `Cani (Cane, Canis, a Canibus, de Canibus), Giovanni Iacopo', DBI 18 (1976) 74-76. G. Tournoy, `Francesco Diedo, Venetian humanist and politician of the Quattrocento', Humanistica Lovaniensia 19 (1970) 201-19.





Giovanni Antonio Carafa, born c. 1407/08 at Naples, abandoned his former status as a cleric around 1439, when he was already doctor legum and taught at the University. While during his early life he was mostly active as a civilian, he later turned to canon law which he taught at Naples from at least 1468 and perhaps as long as until his death in 1486.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitiones in Decretales

A. in cap. Veniens (X 5.1.15), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fols. 53ra-78ra.

2. Repetitiones in Sextum

A. Repetitio in VI 5.12.4 (De restitutionibus), MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fols. 1ra-52va; Vat. Barb. lat. 1493, fol. 84ra-96ra (fragmentary).

3. Repetitiones in Clementinas

A. Repetitio in Clem. 5.8.1

MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 129ra-146va.

4. De symonia, Early Printed Edition: Hain 4499 (cf. E. Cortese [1985] 83 n.140), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 5922, fol. 111ra-128va

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 51-54, 81-87. F. Petrucci, DBI 19.564.





Giovanni Citaro taught the decretals at Naples from at least 1478 to 1480.

LITERATURE: E. Cortese, `Sulla scienza giuridica a Napoli tra Quattro e Cinquecento', Scuole diritto e società nel mezzogiorno medievale d'Italia I (Catania 1985) 82 n.134.





Giovanni Garzo, a Venetian, lectured on canon law at Padua, 1438-54.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 352.





Giovanni Nicoletti da Imola, (see Johannes de Imola)





Giovanni Battista della Legge, a Venetian, taught canon law at Padua from c. 1466-72, when he became a candidate for the bishopric of Torcello.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 328, 354.





Giovanni Manfredi taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1445.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.





(Giovanni) Battista del Monte taught canon or civil law at Padua in 1502-03.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 335.





(Giovanni) Francesco Mussato taught canon law at Padua in 1488.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 355.





Giovanni Antonio Panteo, a known humanist from Verona, taught canon law at Padua around 1478.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 355.





Giovanni Francesco Pasqualigo, from Venice, taught canon law at Padua from 1468-70.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 324.





Giovanni Francesco Pavini (see Gian Francesco Pavini)





Giovanni Battista Roselli, a cousin of Antonio Roselli, was born at Arezzo around 1430. He studied law at Padua from at least 1446 and became doctor of both laws c. 1452, when he joined the college of judges and began teaching canon law. From 1458 to 1464, for example, he was in chrage of the `schola Sexti', but in the following years his assignments rather concentrated on civil law. He returned to the teaching of canon law only in the 1480's. He held often changing posts after that, partly because of ill health, partly because he apparently did not think of leaving Padua and therefore could not exert pressure on the University to offer him permanent posts. He died in 1510.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum (Venice 1560) vol.I, n.90; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum in causis criminalibus (Venice 1571) vol. II, n.34; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum matrimonialium .. volumen I (Venice 1572) n.54; Pro Monte Pietatis consilia (Venice 1495-97) fol. 34r.

MANUSCRIPTS: Ravenna, Class. 485, vol. IV, V; Venice, Bibl. Naz. Marc. lat. V.2.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 247-50.





Giovanni Antonio Sacco taught canon law at Padua in 1486-87.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 246.





(Giovanni) Battista da Sanbiagio, born at Padova c. 1425, became doctor of law around 1458 and began teaching civil law in 1459. His work indicates an unusual interest in feudal law, and he may have been one of the first lecturers on the discipline at the University of Padua at some time during the 1470's. His first chair in canon law he did not obtain until the early 1480's, whereupon he transferred to Brescia to join the staff of the podestà. There he died in 1492.

TEXTS: 1. Repetitio in primam rubricam Decreti De iure naturae et constitutionis

Early Printed Editions: Venice 1481, 1498; Repetiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes(Venice 1587; Cologne 1618) I, fol. 2v-12r.

2. De contradictionum iuris canonici cum iure civili

Early Printed Editions: Venice 1477, 1478, Pavia 1498; Volumen tractatuum ex variis iuris interpretibus collectorum (Lyons 1549) I, fol. 155r-59v; Tractatus universi iuris (Venice 1584), Vol. 1, fol. 185ra-189ra; MANUSCRIPTS: Munich, Clm 28249.

3. Consilia, Early Printed Editions: Venice 1477; Pavia 1498; I. Ziletti (ed.), Responsiones ad causas ultimarum voluntatum (Venice 1581) vol. I, n. 146-48; vol. II, n. 34, 36-37, 101, 107; I. Ziletti (ed.), Criminalium consiliorum atque responsorum (Venice 1562) vol.II, n.76-77; I. Ziletti (ed.), Consiliorum seu responsorum in causis criminalibus (Venice 1571) vol. II, n.44.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 251-54. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici' au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) 95-100.





Giovanni da San Giorgio (see Johannes de S. Georgio)





Giovanni Speraindio, a Sicilian, taught at Padua, 1505-06, after receiving degrees in civil and canon law in 1505.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325, 337.





Giovanni Battista da Thiene, from Vicenza, taught canon law at Padua in 1502.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 343.





Giovanni Ubaldini may have lectured on the Decretum at Padua in 1480, and can perhaps be identified with the abbot of San Daniel. LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 329.





Giovanni Ubaldini, abbot of Santa Maria di Praglia, taught canon law at Padua during the first decade of the 15th century.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 350.





Giovanni Ungaro (Ioannes Kakas Budensis) taught canon law at Padua in 1500-01 and received a degree in 1511.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 330.





Giovanni Vercellese was a teacher of canon law at Padua in 1454.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 353.





Giuliano Cesarini, born in Rome in 1398, studied law at Perugia, Bologna and Padua, where he obtained the doctorate in utroque iure and lectured for a while. He then pursued an ecclesiastical career as an auditor of the Rota (1422) and papal legate on numerous missions, which soon led him to the cardinalate (1426). He died during the battle of Varna in 1444.

LITERATURE: A. Belloni, Professori giuristi 350. B. Becker, Giuliano Cesarini (Münster 1935). G. Christianson, `Cesarini: The Conciliar cardinal. The Basel Years, 1431-38' (St. Ottilien 1979). J. Gill, `Cardinal Giuliano Cesarini (+1444)', in idem, Personalities of the Council of Florence(Oxford 1964) 95-103. F. Santovito, `Il cardinale Giuliano Cesarini (1398-1444)', Nicolaus 7 (1979) 187-92. A. Strnad - K. Walsh, `Cesarini, Giuliano'. DBI 24 (1980) 188-195.





Giulio Alberteschi, born in Rome, was a teacher of canon law at Padua while he was receiving degrees in both laws, 1506 and 1507. LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325.





Goffredo lectured on canon law at Padua in 1500-01.

LITERATURE: Belloni, Professori giuristi 325.





Gonzalo García de Villadiego (see Gundisalvo de Villadiego)





Gotschalcus Hollen, an Augustinian friar at Osnabrück, wrote on the Ten Commandments and died in 1481.

TEXT: Praeceptorium divinae legis, Early Printed Edition: s.l., s.a.; Cologne 1481 (Hain 8765-66).

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 451.





Gregorio Bencivicenni, professor of canon law at Florence in 1350. At least one consilium written by G. survives.

TEXTS: Consilium (see Guido Boucianni)

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, `Analecta consiliare manoscritta (1285-1354)', BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94.





Guido de Baysio (the Archdeacon) was born c.1246-1256 in Baiso, near Modena. He studied canon law under Guido de Suzzara and Giovanni d'Anguissola at Reggio, where he received the doctorate in canon law. He then moved to Bologna and taught, first privately, from 1283 until 1301, before he finally obtained a chair in canon law from the city. Besides, he received support and privileges from the Papal curia and was involved in curial politics since 1295. In 1296 he was named Archdeacon of the Church of Bologna. In 1304, G. was made a papal chaplain and auditor of the court of Audientia litterarum contradictarum, so that he moved to Avignon with the papal court in 1305. While his most important student was Johannes Andreae, the canonistic work securing him fame was the Rosarium, an enormous commentary on Gratian's Decretum which he completed in 1300. Guido included a mass of material from earlier canonists such as Huguccio, Laurentius, and Vincentius which were not included in the Glossa ordinaria of Johannes Teutonicus as revised by Bartholomeus Brixiensis. He also composed an apparatus on the Liber Sextus. Guido died in 1313.

TEXTS: Rosarium Decretorum, MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 360; Arras, Bibl. Munic. 49 and 475; Autun, Bibl. Munic. 21; Darmstadt 348; Erlangen, Universitätsbibl. 127 and 135; Frankfurt, Stadtbibl. 36; New Haven, Yale University MS 338 fol. 1r-211v; Prague, Mus. M.19; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 450; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2067. Early Printed Editions: Venice 1480; Strasbourg 1472; Rome 1477; [no location] 1481; [no location] 1495 (Hain 2715-2719).

2. Apparatus (Lectura) super Sexto, Early Printed Edition: Milan 1490 (Hain 2710).

MANUSCRIPTS: A. including the gloss on `Clericis laicos' (1304-06): Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1393; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2546; Vat. Urb. lat. 176; Vat. Barb. lat. 1455; B. omitting gloss on `Clericis laicos' (after 1206): Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1452; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2565; Vat. Borgh. 40; Vat. Borgh. lat. 233; Vat. Borgh. lat. 234; Vat. Borgh. lat. 259.

C. undetermined: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 374, 375, and 377; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 319, 324 (with decretal text), 328, and 356; Grenoble, Bibl. Munic. 54; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. fol. membr. 44; 46; 48; Lucca, Bibl. Capit. Felin. 144, fol. 43r-201r; Munich, Clm 3888; Paris, B.N. lat. 4054, fol. 1r-158v; 4055, fol. 2r-131v; 8029, 11719; Rouen, Bibl. munic. E.12 (752), fol. 1r-142r; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 437 (with decretal text); Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2103 and 2104.

3. Tractatus super haeresi, Early Printed Edition: G. Mansi, Sacrorum conciliorum...amplissima collectio XXV (Venice 1782) 417-426.

MANUSCRIPT: Florence, Bibl. Laur. Plut. XX.39.

4. Constitutiones super observancia audienciae contradictarum Early Printed Edition: J. Teige, Beiträge zur Geschichte der Audientia Contradictarum I (Prag 1897).

MANUSCRIPTS: Vatican City, Vat. Pal. lat. 685, fol. 42v-43v; Vat. lat. 3986, fol. 2v-3v.

5. Quaestiones, MANUSCRIPTS: Bamberg, Staatsbibl. P. II. 23; Darmstadt 853.

A. Quaestio disputata per dominum Guidone Abaysii decretorum doctorem sub mcclxxxv die viii decembris MANUSCRIPT: Rome, Bibl. Casanatense MS 224, fol. 2-2v.

LITERATURE: R. Aubert, `Guy de Baisio', DHGE 22 (1989) 1255. F. Gillmann, `Guido de Baysio und Johannes de Anguissola', AKKR 104 (1924) 54-55. Thomas M. Izbicki, `Guido de Baysio's unedited gloss on "Clericis laicos",' BMCL 13 (1983) 62-67. Filippo Liotta, `Appunti per una biografia del canonista Guido da Baisio arcidiacono di Bologna', Studi senesi 76 (1964) 7-52. F. Liotta, `Baisio (Abaisi, Abaisio, Abaisius)', DBI 5 (1963) 293-97. Schulte, QL II 186-90.





Guido of Belvisio, from Bologna, taught canon law there, was advocate at the court of the podestàin 1298 and died before 1313.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus contrarietatum et diuersitatum inter iuris canonicum et ciuile, MANUSCRIPTS: According to J. Portemer (1946), no MS of the treatise survives.

LITERATURE: M. Caravale, `Belvisi (Balvisio). Guido', DBI 8 (1966) 96-97. Charles Lefebvre, `Gui de Belvisio', DDC 5 (1953) 1008. J. Portemer, Recherches sur les `Differentiae iuris civilis et canonici au temps du droit classique de l'Église (Paris 1946) Schulte, QL II 191.





Guido Boucianni, taught canon law at the University of Florence in 1350. A consilium of his survives at the Archivo di stato at Florence.

TEXTS: Consilium (together with consilia Lapus de Sancto Miniato, Matteo di Narni, and Gregorio Bencivenni) Florence AS S.Domenico in Maglio.

LITERATURE: M. Ascheri, `Analecta manoscritta consiliare', BMCL 15 (1985) 61-94.





Guido de Leonico appears as decretorum doctor and university teacher in a document from 1326, preserved in the episcopal archives at Padua.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 256 n.8.





Guido de Monte Roterio (also Rochen, Rocherii, Richori, Richory) is known as the author of a manual for the secular clergy, including the treatment of confessional matters. The work was completed in 1330/33 at Terruel (Aragón) and is preceded by a dedicatory letter to the bishop of Valencia. Nothing else is known about G's life, although the success of his work outside of Spain was enormous. The Staatsbibliothek in Munich alone preserves 31 copies.

TEXT: Manipulus curatorum, Early Printed Editions: Hain 1827, 8157-8215.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 241; idem, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de historia de las ciencias ecclesiasticas en España 5 (Salamanca 1976) 369-72. H. Santiago Otero, `Guido de Monte Roterio. Manuscritos de sus obras en la Staatsbibliothek de Munich', Revista Española de Teología 30 (1970) 391-405; idem, `Guido de Monte Roterio y el "Manipulus curatorum",' Proceedings Berkeley (MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 259-65. Schulte, QL II 429-30.





Guido Papa (Guipape), from Lyons, studied law at Montpellier, Pavia, and Torino, before he moved to Grenoble to become an advocate, in 1430. As a member of the provincial goverment (since 1444), he collected the decisions of the council, later parliament (after 1453) of the Dauphiné. His political career was finished, however, when the king charged him with illoyal behavior (1461). He nevertheless stayed at Grenoble for the rest of his life (d.1487), working on several legal treatises.

TEXTS: 1. Consilia

2. Singularia

3. tractatus de appellationibus:

4. Tractatus de rescriptis:

LITERATURE: L. Chabrand, Étude sur Gui Pape (1404?-1477) (Thèse, Univ. de Paris Fac. de droit: Paris 1912). G. Letonnellier, `Gui Pape', DDC 5 (1953) 1009-11. Schulte, QL II 370.





Guido Terreni, born around 1260, joined the Carmelites in 1290 and taught theology at Paris until 1318, when he was made general of his order. One of the great supporters of Pope John XXII and his policies, he became bishop of Majorca (1321) and Elne (1332), but spent much of his time at the papal curia at Avignon, where he died in 1342. He left a number of canonistic works such as the Expositorium Decreti, which offered a resume of Gratian's text for the use of theologians.

TEXTS: 1. Epistolae ad Iohannem utrum invocantes dominum sint haeretici, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. 348.

2. Expositorium Decreti, MANUSCRIPTS: Paris, B.N. lat. 3914; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1453.

LITERATURE: P. Fournier, `Gui Terré (Guido Terreni), théologien', HLF 36 (1927) 432-73. A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425. Thomas Izbicki, `The ecclesiology of Guido Terreni' (Ph.D. Diss. Cornell 1978); idem, `Infallibility and the erring pope: Guido Terreni and Johannes de Turrecremata', Law, church and society: essays in honor of Stephan Kuttner, K.Pennington and R.Sommerville, eds. (Philadelphia 1977) 97-105. J. Melsen, Guido Terreni (1260?-1342) jurista (Rome 1939). Roberto Naz, `Gui Terré ou Guido Terreni ou Gui de Perpignan', DDC 5 (1953) 1011-12. Schulte, QL II 230. Thomas Turley, `Infallibilists in the curia of Pope John XXII', Journal of Medieval History 1 (1975) 71-102; idem, `Guido Terreni and the Decretum', BMCL 8 (1978) 29-34.





Guillelmus Bont, member of the arts faculty at Paris, transferred in 1427 to the newly established University at Louvain, to be the first to receive the chair in canon law. He died there in 1454.

TEXT: 1. Lectura ad librum II Decretalium (X 2), MANUSCRIPTS: Brussels, Bibl. Royale 5268, 5269, fol. 1-140, and 5435.

2. Tractatus de usuris et emtione redituum vitalium et perpetuorum, Early Printed Editions: s.a., s.l. (Hain 3643); Tractatus universi iuris VII (Venice 1584) fol. 74.

LITERATURE: R. Naz, `Guillaume Bont', DDC 5 (1953) 1012-13. Schulte, QL II 451.





Guillelmus Durantis the younger (+ 1328)

TEXTS: Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi

LITERATURE: C. Fasolt, The manuscripts and editions of William Durant the younger's "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' AHC 10 (1978) 290-309; idem, `Die Erforschung von Wilhelm Durants d.j. "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' AHC 12 (1980) 205-28; idem, `A new view of William Durant the younger's "Tractatus de modo generalis concilii celebrandi",' Traditio 37 (1981) 291-324; idem, `At the crossroads of law and politics: William Durant the Younger's "Treatise" on councils', BMCL 18 (1988) 42-52.





Guillelmus Hugonis, archdeacon of Metz, wrote a treatise, commissioned at Arras in 1435, on the Treaty of Troyes (1420) in order to prove that Phillip, Duke of Burgundy, was not bound by its provisions which made the English king the successor of Charles VI to the French throne.

TEXTS: Allegationes in tractatu pacis fiendo apud Atrebatum, MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 2085, fol. 227va-30ra.

LITERATURE: Thomas Izbicki, `The canonists and the treaty of Troyes', Proceedings Salamanca(MIC C-6; Vatican City 1980) 432-34.





Guillelmus de Mandagato studied canon law at Bologna under Bérengar de Frédol and obtained a doctorate in 1275. By 1286, G. was serving in the Roman curia as an apostolic notary. He became a papal chaplain in 1291. In 1295, Boniface VIII appointed him to the archbishopric of Embrun, as well as to the commission drafting the Liber sextus (1296). G. briefly transferred to the see of Aix (1311-12), until he was made cardinal bishop of Palestrina in. G. died in December of 1321. G. was one of the editors of the Liber Sextus, wrote a tract on elections and drafted the statutes for the abbey of Montmajour. He was thought to have written a Summa on the Liber Extra, but this has recently been discounted.

TEXTS: 1. Tractatus de electionibus (cum glossis) (titled `Expositio'

Early Printed Editions: Paris 1506, 1523; Cologne 1573; Tractatus tractatuum (Venice 1584) vol. XV.1, fol. 407; MANUSCRIPTS: Autun, Bibl. Munic. 96; Bamberg, Staatsbibl. P.II.23, fol. 130-63 (cum glossis), P.III.12; Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 43, fol. 91r-124v (cum glossis); Berlin, Staatsbibl. lat. fol. 276, fol. 147-79 (cum glossis); Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 277 (cum glossis); Erfurt, Wissenschafliche Allgemeinbibl. CA 2o 144, fol. 1r-25r; Erlangen, Univsitätsbibl. 164; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 151r-170v; Halle, Universitätsbibl. Ye. fol. 50; Klosterneuburg, Stiftsbibl. 96; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 190-92; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 975; Munich, Clm 4111; Clm 9539; Paris, B.N. lat. 4055, fol. 183-202r; lat. 8926; lat. 14328, fol. 13ra-24vb (cum glossis); lat. 15415; Prague, Mus. M.17, fol. 133; Reims, Bibl. munic. 769, fol. 1r-18r; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 379; 831 (item 6); 1172; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2210; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. Mp. th. f.55.

2. see Liber sextus

3. Statutes for the abbey of Montmajour

LITERATURE: M. Betram, `Kirchenrechtliche Vorlesungen aus Orleans', Francia 2 91974) 216-17. G. Mollat, `Guillaume de Mandagout', DDC 5 (1953) 1077-78; idem, `Guillaume de Mandagout', DHGE 22.129-30 (1988) 951-52. Schulte, QL II 183-85. Paul Violet, `Guillaume de Mandagout canoniste', HLF 34 (1915) 1-61.





Guilelmus de Monte Laudano (Guilelmus de Monte Lauduno, Guillaume de Montlauzun), from Quercy, joined the Cluniac order and studied at Paris, where he obtained the doctorate in canon law. Until at least 1314, he was then professor at the University of Toulouse. It is uncertain where he spent the following years, during which he completed most of his canonistic works. Besides commentaries on the more recent decretal collections, they included the Sacramentale, a manual intended to guide canonists through the intricacies of theological sacramental doctrine. In 1321, Pope John XXII made him abbot of Montierneuf (Poitiers). For the rest of his life, he was involved in administrative matters, often on behalf of the papacy. Guilelmus died in 1343.

TEXTS: 1. Lectura super Sextum, Early Printed Edition: Toulouse 1524 with additions by Blaise Auriol>.

2. Apparatus in Clementinas, Early Printed Editions: partially in the Corpus iuris canonici (Rome 1475) (Hain 11595); Rouen 1512 (in part). MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl. Munic. 392, fol. 1r-102v; Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripoll 43, fol. 1r-49r; Cambridge, Gonville and Caius Coll. 269 (=502), fol. 56r-127r; 311 (=709), fol. 1-88v; Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 65, fol. 65r-132r; Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Libr. of G.L.T. Brudnell D.7.6, fol. 241r-312r; Halle, Universitäts- und Landesbibl. Ye 57, 2o, fol. 1r-129; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. O.viii.5, fol. 147r-212v; P.vi.7, fol. 61r-139r; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 379, item 7 (incomplete); London, Brit. Libr. Royal 11.C.xi, fol. 121r-178r; Naples, Bib. Naz. xii.A.7, fol. 1r-68r; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. b.20/1-2, fol. 241r-325v; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 70, fol. 85r-135v; Oxford, Exeter Coll. 17, fol. 1r-61r; Oxford, New Coll. Libr. 180, fol. 38r--; 183, fol. 2r-179r (combined apparatus with that of Johannes Andreae); Paris, B.N. lat 4101, fol. 83r-159r (incomplete); lat. 14331, fol. 79r-115v; lat. 16902, fol. 166r-223v; Paris, Bibl. St. Geneviève 338, fol. 1r-182v; Prague, Univ. knihovna IV.D.3, Part 2 fol. 1r-180r; Reims, Bibl. Munic. 743, fol. 123r-216v; 769, fol. 57r-108v; Rouen, Bibl. Munic. E.12, fol. 260r-299v; Sainte-Claude, Bibl. Munic. 11, fol. 141-212 (incomplete); Saint-Omer, Bibl. nubic. 458, fol. 96v-156r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 122, fol. 17r-144; Valenciennes, Bibl. munic. 270, fol. 45r-100; Vatican City, Vat. Ross. 565, fol. 1r-64r; Sainte-Claude, Bibl. munic. 11, pp. 141-212 (incomplete); Saint-Omer, Bibl. munic. 458, fol. 96v-156r; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 122, fol. 17r-144; Valenciennes, Bibl. munic. 270, fol. 45r-100; Vat. Ross. 565, fol. 1r-64r; Vat. lat. 1397, fol. 69r-130r; Worcester, Chapter Libr. F.168, fol. 86r-end.

3. Apostilla ad Clementinas (1.2.3) MANUSCRIPT: Barcelona, Archivo de la Corona de Aragón, Ripol. 43, fol. 55v.

4. Repetitiones in universas fere iuris canonici partes (Venice 1587; Cologne 1618), vol. VI (in part), MANUSCRIPTS: Angers, Bibl.. Munic. 380; Bamberg P. III 3 and 19; Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 461; Laon, Bibl. Munic. 379 and 386; Paris, B.N. lat. 16902; Prague, Univ. knihovna IV D. 3l; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 440, 441, and 458.

3. Commentaria super tres extravagantes Ioannis XXII, suscepti regiminis, Execrabilis, and Sedes apostolica. This is usually found at the end of Guillelmus's Apparatus in Clementinas, thus folio references often indicate only the endpoint of the work.

Early printed edition: Rome 1475 <with additions by Franciscus de Pavanis>; (Hain 11595); by P. Chappuis (Paris 1500); MANUSCRIPTS: Cambridge, Peterhouse Coll. 65, fol. -132r; Deene Park (Corby, Northamptonshire, England), Libr. of G.L.T. Brudenell, xviii.a.2 (XXC.7), fol. 312r-325v; Frankfurt am Main, Stadt- und Universitätsbibl. Barth. 13, fol. 140r-148v; Fulda, Landesbibl. D.15; Halle, Universitäts- und Landesbibl. Ye. 57, 2o, fol. 129-149; Hereford, Cathed. Libr. P.vi.7, fol. 139r-152v; Oxford, Bodleian Libr. lat. misc. 6.20/1-2, fol. -325; Oxford, Corpus Christi Coll. 70, fol. -135v; Oxford, Exeter Coll. 17, fol. -61r; Oxford, New Coll. 180, fol. -130v; Paris, B.N. lat. 4116; 14331, fol. -115v; 16902, fol. -223v; Reims, Bibl. munic. 743, fol. -216v; Salisbury, Cathed. Libr. 31, fol. 142v-149r; Vatican City, Vat. lat. 1397, fol. -130r.

4. Sacramentale, MANUSCRIPTS: Chartres, Bibl. Munic. 189 and 316; Magdeburg, Gymn. 101, and 206; Munich, Clm 3061; Clm 3822; Clm 3876; Prague, Univ. knihovna V.B.17, fol. 224-297; Prague, Kap. N.11; Trier, Stadtbibl. 911; Troyes, Bibl. Munic. 1260.

5. Commentary on the constitution Summi magistri and others by Pope Benedict XII.

MANUSCRIPT: Paris, B.N. lat. 4121; LITERATURE: P. Fournier `Guillaume de Montlauzun, canoniste', HLF 35 (1921) 467-503. Guillaume Mollat, `Guillaume de Montelauzun', DDC 5 (1953) 1078-1079; idem, `Guillaume de Montlauzun', DHGE 22.192-30 (1988) 970. Schulte, QL II 197-99.





Guillelmus Parisiensis, a Dominican, was the confessor of King Philip of France from 1305 and the chief investigator in Philip's campaign against the French Templar's from 1307 onwards. At an earlier stage of his career, G had studied at Paris, probably theology. A repertory of the Decretum and Liber extra, called Tabula iuris (before 1298), originates from that period. G. died around 1314.

TEXTS: Tabula super Decretales et Decreta, MANUSCRIPTS: Bonn, Universitätsbibl. 792, fol. 82ra-132vb; Brugge, Stadsbibl.372, fol. 229ra-255rb; Florence, Laur. S. Croce Plut.1 sin.7, fol. 30ra-119rb; Kraków, Jag. 2131, fol. 1-150v; Leipzig, Universitätsbibl. 930, fol. 182-235; Lüneburg, Jur. E.28; Madrid, BN 478, fol. 1-130v; Munich, Clm 7544, fol. 1-57vb; Padua, Univ. 2175; Paris, B.N. lat. 13667, fol. 1-140v; Vatican City, Vat. Borgh. lat. 276, fol. 1-67vb; Venice, Bibl. Marc. iv.62, fol. 1-138; Vienna, ÖNB lat. 2194, fol. 33-85, lat. 2225, fol. 1-84v; Würzburg, Universitätsbibl. M.p.th.o.17, fol. 1-170vb.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 130-32. R. Naz, `Guillaume de Paris', DDC 5 (1953) 1079-80.





Guillaume de Cayeux, a Dominican, was prior of St. Joseph at Paris, 1286-96, and later head of the order for the French province (1296-1302 and 1306-9). He composed a confessional Summawhich is an abridgement of the work of Johannes of Freiburg. This abbreviation he also published rearranged in alphabetical order.

TEXTS: 1. Summa abbreviata, MANUSCRIPTS: Aberdeen, Univ. 108, fol. 1-171; Arras, Bibl. munic.356; Bayeux, Chapter 39; Brussels, Bibl. Roy. 2486, fol. 1-209v; Cambrai, Bibl. Munic. 1231; Clermont Ferrand, Bibl. Munic. 100, fol. 1-138v; Milan, Ambros. H.207, fol. 3ra-176vb; Paris, B.N. lat. 3727A; lat. 17493; Pavia, Univ. Aldini 8; St. Omer, Bibl. Munic. 313; St. Florian, Stiftsbibl. xi.143; Tarragona 79, fol. 16-205; Zagreb, Nac. MR 114, fol. 4-145v,

2. Summa abbreviata secundum ordinem alphabeti, MANUSCRIPTS: Klagenfurt, Perg. 16, fol. 1-154v; Klosterneuburg 1125, fol. 9-147; Munich, Clm 8019, fol. 1ra-185vb; Clm 8020, fol. 2-168v; Clm 18747, fol. 1-260vb.

LITERATURE: J. Dietterle, `Die "Summae confessorum (sive de casibus conscientiae)" von ihren Anfängen an bis Silvester Prierias', ZKG 26 (1905) 59-63. T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 94-95. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 48. Schulte, QL II 425.





Guillaume Durand (see Guilelmus Durantis)





Guillelmus de Sasay (Saziaco), from Poitiers, was a Dominican at the convent of Fontenay-le-Comte (fl. saec. xiv).

TEXT: Tabula Decreti, MANUSCRIPT: Koblenz, Staatsarchiv 701/202, fol. 4-25v.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 162.





Guillermo de Cartagena, magister and archdeacon of Cartagena, composed a treatise on the canonical hours (early 14th century?). Nothing else appears to be known about him.

TEXT: De horis canonicis, MANUSCRIPT: Sevilla, Bibl. del Cab. 5-5-27, fol. 89ra-98vb.

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425-26; idem, `Notas sobre la canonistica iberica de los siglos XIII-XV', SG 9 (1966) 162.





Guitto de Octavinis de Aretio taught canon law at Pisa. In this capacity, he edited a collection of Franciscus de Accoltis's consilia, which first appeared at Pisa in 1482.

LITERATURE: Schulte, QL II 334 n.10.





Gundisalvo de Villadiego, from Burgos, studied both laws at Salamanca. After obtaining his doctorate, he taught canon law at Toledo from 1476 onwards. He later became auditor of the Roman Rota and was appointed to the bishopric of Oviedo, but died before he could assume the office.

TEXTS: 1. De haereticis et de irregularitate, Early Printed Editions: Salamanca 1496, 1519, 1589.

2. De origine iuris et potestate S.R.E. cardinalium, Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XIII.2 (Venice 1584), MANUSCRIPT: Vatican City, Vat. lat. 3183.

3. De legato; Early Printed Edition: Tractatus universi iuris XI.2 (Venice 1584), fol. 258rb-82vb.

4. Summula de irregularitatibus, MANUSCRIPTS:

5. Repetitiones

A. in cap. Quoniam omne (X 2.26.20)

B. in cap. Constitutus (X 1.41.8)

C. in cap. Pervenit (X 3.17.4)

D. Tractatus monete (on X 2.24.18)

LITERATURE: A. García y García, `La canonística ibérica posterior al Decreto de Graciano (I)', Repertorio de Historia de las Ciencias eclesiasticas en España 1 (Salamanca 1967) 425; idem, `La canonística española posclasica', SG 19 (1976) 245. L. García Arias, `La doctrina diplomática expuesta por Gonzalo de Villadiego en su "Tractatus de legato",' Cuadernos de Historia diplomática 3 (1956) 275-310. S. García Cruzado, Gonzalo García de Villadiego, canonista salmantino del siglo XV (Rome - Madrid 1967). Schulte, QL II 406-07.





Guy de Toulouse (fl. early 14th c.) produced a partial, vulgar version of the Summa of Johannes of Freiburg that was particularly designed for the use of merchants (Incipit: Universis mercatoribus Tolosanis). The subjects of just price and usury figure prominently in the treatise. It was later translated into Latin.

TEXT: 1. Summa, Early Printed Edition: a) French text: Provins 1496 (Hain 7378; an abridged version); MANUSCRIPTS (of the Latin version): Berlin, Staatsbibl. theol. lat. 370, fol. 115-22; Cambridge, GC 122, fol. 1-19; Oxford, Lincoln Coll.81, fol. 33-41; Paris, B.N. lat. 10689, fol. 27v-36ra.

LITERATURE: T. Kaeppeli, Scriptores ordinis praedicatorum medii aevi 2 (Rome 1975) 74-75. P. Michaud-Quantin, Sommes de casuistique et manuels de confession au moyen âge (Louvain - Lille - Montreal 1962) 48.