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Hippoglossus hippoglossus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Atlantic halibut
Classification
Actinopterygii | Pleuronectiformes | Pleuronectidae | Pleuronectinae
Synonyms
Common names
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Image of Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Atlantic halibut)
Picture by Flescher, D.
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AquaMaps     Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Main reference
Size / Weight / Age
470 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); 300 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 320.0 kg (Ref. 7251); max. reported age: 50 years (Ref. 173)
Environment
Demersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 50 - 2000 m (Ref. 4705)
Climate / Range
Temperate; 79°N - 36°N, 77°W - 55°E
Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitsbergen, Barents Sea, Iceland and eastern Greenland. Western Atlantic: southwestern Greenland and Labrador in Canada to Virginia in USA (Ref. 7251).
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions
Short description
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 98 - 110; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 73 - 85. Uniformly dark brown or black; young marbled or spotted with paler marks (Ref. 4705).
Biology
    Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)
Adults are benthic but occasionally pelagic (Ref. 4705). Feed mainly on other fishes (cod, haddock, pogge, sand-eels, herring, capelin), but also takes cephalopods, large crustaceans and other bottom-living animals. Batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Utilized fresh, dried or salted, smoked and frozen; can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Growth rate varies according to density, competition and availability of food. Slow growth rate and late onset of sexual maturity, halibut populations can be seriously affected by overfishing (Ref. 35388). Also Ref. 58426.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 57073)
Threat to humans
  Endangered (EN) (A1d)
  Harmless
Human uses
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: experimental; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
More information
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Eggs
Egg development
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Brains
Vision
Tools
Special reports
Download XML
Internet sources
Estimation of some characteristics with mathematical models
Resilience (Ref. 69278)
Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=30; tm=10; K=0.02-0.2; Fec=1,300,000; also Musick et al. 2000 (Ref. 36717))
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high vulnerability (88 of 100)

Entered by Luna, Susan M.
Modified by Luna, Susan M.



FishBase mirror site : US - CGNET
Page last modified by : elaxamana, 05 June 2009

 
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