THE



HISTORY



of



CLARK COUNTY,



OHIO







CONTAINING





A History of the County; its Cities, Towns, etc.; General and Local

Statistics; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men;

History of the Northwest Territory; History of Ohio;

Map of Clark County; Constitution of the

United States, Miscellaneous Matters,

etc., etc.







ILLUSTRATED







CHICAGO:



W. H. BEERS & CO.



1881.



SPRINGFIELD, CLARK COUNTY, OHIO



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CONTENTS.



PART III.



HISTORY OF CLARK COUNTY.

FILE ONE

214-290

FILE TWO

290-333

FILE THREE

333-424

Introduction

213

The Battle of Piqua

214

The Siege of the Old Indian Townof Piqua, August 8. 1780

214

Notes of the Battle of Piqua

218

Tecumseh and Piqua

220

Indian Occupancy

221

The Shawnee Indians

223

Extinction of the Indian Title

233

Original Land Surveys

234

Extent and Boundary

237

The Erection of Clark County

238

Physical Features

239

Miscellaneous Statistics for the year ending June 1, 1880

243

Mounds, Relics, Etc

243

Log Cabin Song

247

The Homes and Hearths of the Pioneers

247

The Ax

253

The First White Man

253

John Paul

254

County Buildings

260

County Officials

263

Representatives to Congress

263

Representatives to State Legislature

263

County Commissioners

263

County Auditors

264

County Treasurers

264

County Recorders

264

County Sheriffs

267

County Coroners

267

County Surveyors

267

Clerks of Court

268

Prosecuting Attorneys

268

Probate Judges

268

County Infirmary

268

Children's Rome

269

Sketch of the Bench and Bar of Clark County

270

The Bench

270

The Bar

273

The National Road

280

New Boston

283

Anti-Slavery Sentiments

284

John E. Layton and the Greene County Rescue Case of 1857

287

The Military History of Clark County

290

Training-Day Period

291

The Mexican War

293

County Military Committee

297

Provost Marshal's Department from 1863 to 1866

297

Aid Societies

299

Clark County's Ex-Soldiers

301

Biographical Sketch of Gen. George Rogers CLark

333

The Spelling of the name Clark

337

Simon Kenton

339

John Humphreys

342

David Lowry, Jr

342

Jonathan Donne1

343

Israel Ludlow

343

Sketch of Clark County Agricultural Society

344

Officers of Clark County Agricultural Society, from 1840 to 1881, except Managers

348

The Clark County Medical Society

348

Clark County Bible Society

351

Clark County Sabbath School Union

359

The Grange in Clark County

360

The Mad River Valley Pioneer and Historical Association

360

Clark-Shawnee Centennial

367

The History of Short-Horn and other Cattle

398

Table of Distances from Springfield, Ohio, to several Important Cities of the United States

414

Population of Clark County

414

Table of Distances in Clark County

419

Decennial Appraisement of Real Property, Clark County

420

Valuation of Real Property in Towns and Villages

421



PART IV.

HISTORY OF THE CITY OF SPRINGFIELD.

CITY OF SPRINGFIELD

425-523

CITY OF SPRINGFIELD

523-601

La Ohonda

425

THE FIRST SETTLEMENT

426

James Demint, the Founder of Springfield

426

Original Plat of Springfield

429

Beauty of Location

430

First Commercial Enterprise

431

Character of Demint

431

Griffith Foo's Arrival

432

The First Tavern

433

Picnic to Yellow Springs

433

Improvements, Mills, etc

433

Dayton & Springfield Road

434

The City in 1804

434

The Early Settlers of Springfield

435

Robert Rennick

435

Jonah Baldwin

436

Walter Smallwood

436

Rev. Saul Henkle

439

John Ambler

440

Cooper, Ludlow

440

Pearson Spinning

440

Granny Icenbarger

441

Joel Walker

442

Little Daddy Vicory

442

James Wallace

443

Doctor Needham

443

Elijah Beardsley

443

Maddox Fisher

444

Ira Paige

444

James Johnson

445

Major Christie

445

Steady Growth of the Village

446

The First School

449

First Church Building

449

A Seat of Justice

450

Treaty with the Indiana

450

The First Brick House

452

Additional Church Edifices

453

Volunteers for Harrison

453

Smith's Academy

454

Springfield as a County Seat

454

"Old Virginia" and "Sleepy Hollow

455

A Relic of the Mound Builders

455

A Temperance Organization

456

Werden's Tavern

456

The First Census

459

Bible Societies

459

Public Buildings

460

Lighting the Streets

461

Springfield a Town

461

The Paper Mill

461

The First Mayor

462

A Daily Mail

464

Societies

464

The Market House

465

A Visit from Henry Clay

465

The First Book Store-Nichols

465

The Cholera

466

Fire

470

Political Excitement

470

Springfield a City

473

Manufacturing Interests

474

Celebration of. the Laying of the Atlantic Cable

475

Springfield in the War

476

Assassination of Lincoln

480

Reception to Returned Soldiers

481

Return of Peace

481

Unprecedented Commercial Activity

481

The Hard Times

483

The Womens' Crusade

483

The Centennial Celebration

486

Mill Run Improvement

486

The Fine Arts

489

Frankenstein Family

493

S. Jerome Uhl

496

Present Prospects

496

Churches

500

Education

523

The Springfield High School

530

Wittenberg College

534

Industrial Interests

540

The Printing Press

559

Springfield Public Library

569

Y. M. C. A.

570

Secret Societies

572

Fire Department

582

Police Department

585

The Telegraph

585

Street Railways

586

Railroads

591

Banks

593

Home for Aged Women

595

The Old Graveyard

595

Greenmount Cemetery

595

Fein Cliff Cemetery

596

The Pioneer Dead

597

Officers and Tax Levy

598

PART V.

TOWNSHIP HISTORIES.


SPRINGFIELD TOWNSHIP

605

HARMONY TOWNSHIP

635

PLEASANT TOWNSHIP

658

MOOREFIELD TOWNSHIP

673

GERMAN TOWNSHIP

679

PIKE TOWNSHIP

693

BETHEL TOWNSHIP

704

MAD RIVER TOWNSHIP

719

GREEN TOWNSHIP

735

MADISON TOWNSHIP

746

PART VI.

BIOGRAPHICAL. SKETCHES.



Springfield Township File One

779-895

Springfield Township File Two

895-954

Harmony Township

954

Pleasant Township

971

Moorefield Township

981

German Township

997

Pike Township

1011

Bethel Township

1026

Mad River Township

1039

Green Township

1048

Madison Township

1059

Business

1079-1085

PORTRAITS.

Gen. George Rogers Clark

Front

David Lowry (deceased)

115

George Croft (deceased)

133

John T. Stewart (deceased)

151

James Foley (deceased)

169

Rev. Henry Williams

187

Thomas Mills (deceased)

205

John Ludlow

212

J. S. Christie

225

J.S. Halsey (deceased)

235

J. L. Torbert (deceased)

245

William White

255

J. S. Goods

265

J. Warren Keifer

275

George Spence

285

William Foos

295

Samuel Barnett (deceased)

305

John H. Thomas

315

James Leffel (deceased)

325

E. G. Dial

335

A. Dunlap

345

C. Thompson (deceased)

356

George W. Hastings

365

F. Holford

366

S. Jerome Uhl

375

J. S. Crowell

386

T. J. Kirkpatrick

386

Judson Redmond

395

Ross Mitchell

405

James P. Leffel

416

Mrs. Elizabeth Leffel (deceased)

417

E. V. Van Norman

427

Anthony Byrd

437

Samuel Wolf

447

Thomas V. Crabill

457

Harrison Rice

467

William Perrin

477

George Brain

487

Isaac C. Wood

497

Lewis Skillings (deceased)

507

Frederick Kobelanz (deceased)

517

William Coffey.

527

Lemuel Hunter

537

Nathan Neer

547

Milton R. Hunter

557

Andrew Nicholson (deceased)

567

Henry Oxtoby

577

W. D. Baird

589

Mrs. Sarah M. Baird (deceased)

588

Michael Wilson, Sr. (deceased)

599

William Troxell

609

John Thorpe (deceased)

620

Mrs. Elizabeth Thorpe (deceased)

621

L. W. Haughey

631

E. E. T. Collins

641

R. B. McCollum

651

William Comrie

661

William Davisson

671

David T. Colvin

681

Presley Jones

691

Reuben Shellabarger

701

W. B. Jenkins

711

J. W. Hanes

721

James Anderson

731

W. Brand Todd

741

Abraham Kitchen

753

Mrs. Matilda Kitchen

752

E. H. Keifer.

763

I. N. Kitchen

773

Robert Tindall

783

A. C. McLaughlin

793

Jesse Mead

803

H. Senseman

813

J. J. Scarff

823

Horatio Banes (deceased)

833

Jeremiah Yeazell (deceased)

843

Charles M. Clark

853

James Clark

863

John A. Marguart

875

Mary J. Marquart

874

R. Rector (deceased)

885

Eliza J. Richards

887

Joseph L. Richards

897