UK Defence Statistics 2005
UK Defence Statistics 2005
Glossary & Abbreviations


1SL First Sea Lord.

2SL/CNH Second Sea Lord and Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command. See Chief of Naval Personnel/Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command.

ABRO Army Base Repair Organisation. Became a trading fund in April 2002.

Adjutant General AG performs a similar function to Chief of Naval Personnel for the Army, as well as providing education services to children of all members of the Services on long-term foreign postings.

AFPAA Armed Forces Personnel Administration Agency. Provides pay and personnel administration services for the Armed Forces, including service pensions. War Pensions paid to widows and other dependants are handled by the Veterans Agency (formerly the War Pensions Agency).

AG Adjutant General.

AME Annually Managed Expenditure.

AMP Air Member for Personnel. In full, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief RAF Personnel and Training Command. See Personnel and Training Command.

Annually Managed Expenditure is spending included in Total Managed Expenditure that does not fall within Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL’s). Expenditure in AME is generally less predictable and controllable than expenditure in DEL. See Departmental AME.

APC Army Personnel Centre. The administrative centre for Army personnel records.

Apprentices Entrants from civil life to the other ranks of the Armed Forces who undertake training in particular skilled trades.

Appropriation Accounts report the expenditure outturn on a cash basis for the previous financial year for each vote. Under resource accounting, from 2000-01 they were replaced by Resource Accounts Codes.

Appropriations-in-aid are receipts used to offset expenditure. They generally arise from the provision of repayment services, the sale of surplus goods or of equipment purchased on behalf of the Defence Sales Organisation.

Army Base Repair Organisation became a Trading Fund on 1 April 2002. Its mission is to be the preferred supplier of Fleet Management Services to its Customers. It provides engineering support and fleet management services for land based equipment used by the MOD, ranging from radios to main battle tanks. We cover the whole of the UK from ten strategically located sites and use large numbers of mobile support teams to cover customers in the UK and worldwide. ABRO provide fleet management, complex repair and servicing, and re-manufacture and assembly to the military, the defence industry and other commercial businesses.

Army Reserve See Regular Reserves.

Assets can be either financial or non-financial. Financial assets include monetary gold, bank deposits, IMF Special Drawing Rights. Loans granted bonds, shares, accounts receivable, and the value of the government’s stake in public corporations. Non-financial assets consist of fixed capital (such as buildings and vehicles); stock, land and valuables.

ATRA Army Training and Recruitment Agency.

AWE Atomic Weapons Establishment.

Balance Sheet is a financial statement showing the assets, liabilities, and net worth of a business on a specified date.

Battalion See Regiment.

BFPO British Forces Post Office.

Brigade An Army Brigade is a collection of different Regiments and supporting units that have been grouped together for a specific purpose. A fighting Brigade will traditionally contain Infantry, Cavalry and Artillery Regiments together with many supporting cap badges. The composition of each Brigade will differ depending on its responsibility but could often contain 5,000 soldiers.

Capital consumption is also called depreciation and represents the amount of fixed capital used up each year.

Central TLB The Central TLB has responsibility for the MOD Head Office, covering Defence policy as well as Departmental policy on the equipment programme, resources, finance, personnel and security. However, a significant proportion of Central TLB involves non-Head Office functions. The Central TLB provides a diverse range of corporate services for the MOD as a whole. These include pay, bill payment, consultancy services, accountancy, some training, statistical analysis, central IT systems, public relations, defence exports and policing. The Central TLB’s remit also encompasses the provision of medical services, and our Special Forces.

Chief of Joint Operations With a few exceptions, CJO is responsible for running all military operations from his headquarters (the Permanent Joint Headquarters) in Northwood. Military assets are assigned to CJO only for the duration of the operation. In addition to his operational responsibilities, CJO is responsible for the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus and British forces in Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands.

Chief of the Air Staff Professional head of the Royal Air Force. Currently held by an officer of the rank of Air Chief Marshal.

Chief of the Defence Staff The professional head of the UK Armed Forces and the principal military adviser to the Secretary of State for Defence and the Government.

Chief of the General Staff Professional head of the Army. Currently held by an officer of the rank of General.

Chief of Naval Personnel/Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command is responsible for providing the ‘raw material’ of trained naval officers, sailors and Royal Marines to CINCFLEET, to allow him to meet his commitment to CJO, and to other TLBs. Chief of Naval Personnel deals with recruitment into the Navy and individual training. Bringing individuals together into coherent ships’ crews remains the responsibility of CINCFLEET. This TLB is due to merge with CINCFLEET’s TLB in 2006.

CINCFLEET Commander-in-Chief Fleet.

CINCLAND See Land Command.

CJO Chief of Joint Operations.

CNH Chief of Naval Personnel/Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command.

Commander-in-Chief Fleet is responsible for delivery of warships and trained crews to CJO at agreed readiness states. CINCFLEET maintains an operational command and control capability, in particular for the nuclear deterrent force. The CINCFLEET TLB is due to merge with Chief of Naval Personnel/Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command TLB in 2006.

Commission The terms under which an Officer is recruited to the Armed Forces. Exact terms vary according to Service and specialisation within each Service.

Conflict Prevention Early warning, crisis management, conflict resolution, peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peace-building activity an associated strengthening of international and regional systems and capacity.

Constant prices “at constant prices” indicates a quantity from which the effects of inflation have been removed. The constant prices will refer to a year as the basis for the calculation, e.g. “constant 2001/02 prices”.

Corporate Science Innovation and Technology formerly Corporate Science & Technology, headed by the Chief Scientific Adviser, was formed on 1 April 2004 from a merger of two existing budgetary areas. The prime output of this TLB is the delivery of expert advice and the development of scientific and technological solutions to satisfy the MOD’s needs and problems.

Corps A Corps is a term used to describe a collection of Regiments or small groupings of soldiers that share a common area of specialist expertise. It is an organisation that has been developed to ensure that common practice is generated across all members of the groupings and to ensure that common interests can be catered for efficiently.

Cost of Capital Charge is an annual non-cash charge applied to each department’s budget. It is 6% of the net assets of the department and is used to make departments aware of the full cost of holding assets.

CSIT Corporate Science Innovation and Technology.

Current expenditure on goods and services is the sum of expenditure on pay, and related staff costs, plus spending on goods and services. It is net of receipts from sales. It excludes capital expenditure, but includes expenditure on equipment that can only be used for military purposes since that is counted as current expenditure. It differs from final consumption in that capital consumption is not included.

Current prices See Outturn prices.

DARA Defence Aviation Repair Agency.

DASA Defence Analytical Services Agency. DASA was created in July 1992 and provides National Statistics on Defence and other corporate information, forecasting and planning and consultancy, advice and research services to the MOD.

DBA Defence Bills Agency. Primarily responsible for paying bills submitted to the Ministry of Defence by defence contractors.

DCSA Defence Communications Service Agency. Provides telecommunications and related services to the MOD and is part of the DLO. Not to be confused with the DSCA.

DDA Defence Dental Agency.

DE Defence Estates.

Defence Aviation Repair Agency In 1999, DARA brought together the RAF Maintenance Group Defence Agency (MGDA) and the Naval Aircraft Repair Organisation (NARO). It is the largest Government owned aerospace repair facility within Europe, delivering one-stop-shop aerospace support to the MoD, overseas governments and Industry. DARA became a Trading Agency of the MOD in April 2001.

Defence budget Under Cash Accounting, the amount of money planned to be spent during a financial year. Under RAB, the sum of resources planned to be consumed during a financial year. See Resource budgeting.

Defence Estates became a TLB on 1 April 2005 with the merger of Defence Estates with the Defence Housing Executive. DE is responsible for managing the defence estate and to ensure that it is managed and developed in a sustainable manner, in line with acknowledged best practice and Government policy.

Defence Logistics Organisation The DLO was formed on 1 April 1999 and brought together the logistics support organisations in the Royal Navy, Army and Royal Air Force and Centre staff. It includes a number of Defence Agencies.

Defence Medical Services comprises the Defence Medical Services Department and the three single Service medical directorates.

Defence Medical Services Department owns the Defence Dental Agency and the Defence Medical Training and Education Agency.

Defence Medical Training and Education Agency was created on 1 April 2003 from the former Defence Medical Training Organisation and the training elements of the Defence Secondary Care Agency. It is owned by the Defence Medical Services Department.

Defence Mission The objectives of the Ministry of Defence are to provide the capabilities needed: to ensure the security and defence of the United Kingdom and Overseas Territories, including against terrorism; to support the Government’s foreign policy objectives particularly in promoting international peace and security.

Defence Procurement Agency Responsibility for the procurement of equipment to meet new requirements lies with the DPA, which was launched on 1 April 1999. The DPA was formed from the old Procurement Executive (PE) and is located mainly at Abbey Wood, Bristol. It has been radically re-organised in accordance with the principles underlying the Strategic Defence Review and the Smart Acquisition programme.

Defence Science and Technology Laboratory An agency and trading fund of the MOD created from part of DERA on 2 July 2001. It provides specialist scientific and technical support to the MOD.

DEL Departmental Expenditure Limit.

Departmental Annually Managed Expenditure is spending that is outside the Departmental Expenditure Limit (DEL), but included in departmental budgets. This includes the provision for Armed Forces Pensions and non-cash items such as depreciation, cost of capital charges, and provision. At present, these non-cash items are not subject to the same controls and are included in Annually Managed Expenditure but from 2003/04 they will be included as part of the DEL.

Departmental Expenditure Limits are firm plans for three years for a specific part of a department’s expenditure. In general the DEL will cover all running costs and all programme expenditure except, in certain cases, spending is included in departmental AME because it cannot be reasonably be subject to close control over a three year period. DELs are divided into current and capital budgets.

Depreciation is also termed capital consumption. TME includes public sector expenditure gross of the depreciation of capital assets used to produce non-market services. Public sector net investment deducts an aggregate charge for all depreciation (market and non-market) from gross capital spending.

DERA Defence Evaluation and Research Agency. On 2 July 2001 DERA was split into two parts: QinetiQ, and DSTL.

DGII Defence Geographical and Imagery Intelligence.

DHE Defence Housing Executive.

Direct Entry (DE) Officers Army officers (previously called Mainstream officers) who either come direct from civilian life or from the ranks of the Army, commissioned on completion of the 11 month Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS) Commissioning Course. They will normally be under the age of 29 on entry to RMAS.

DISC Defence Intelligence and Security Centre. Dissolved as an agency on 1 April 2005.

Division An Army Division would traditionally be made up of 3 or 4 Brigades depending on the specific role it is to undertake and is configured in a similar fashion to a Brigade but on a larger scale. 1 (UK) Division and 3 (UK) Division are fighting Divisions whereas 2, 4 and 5 Division are responsible for administrative support of specific geographical areas.

DLO Defence Logistics Organisation provides logistic support to the frontline of all three services.

DMETA Defence Medical Training and Education Agency.

DMS Defence Medical Services.

DMSD Defence Medical Services Department.

DMTO Defence Medical Training Organisation.

DPA Defence Procurement Agency. Responsibility for the procurement of equipment to meet new requirements lies with the Defence Procurement Agency (DPA), located mainly at Abbey Wood, Bristol.

DSA Disposal Sales Agency. Supports and advises on the disposal phase of the through life management of equipment within the Department.

DSCA Defence Secondary Care Agency. Provides hospital and other secondary medical care for members of the Armed Forces. On 1 April 2003, its education functions were transferred to DMETA and its remaining functions to Defence Medical Services. Not to be confused with the DCSA.

DSDA Defence Storage and Distribution Agency. Provides the Armed Forces with storage and distribution services.

DSTL Defence Science and Technology Laboratory.

DTMA Defence Transport and Movements Agency.

DVA Defence Vetting Agency. Responsible for carrying out, and maintaining, national security checks on military and civilian staff employed by the MOD, private sector personnel employed on defence related work, and staff in a number of other government departments.

Estimated prices The prices used in the Estimates presented to Parliament. They are forecasts of the prices expected to pertain when the expenditure occurs.

Ethnic Minority Before new classifications were introduced in the 2001 Census of Population, “Ethnic Minority” was defined as anyone who had classified themselves in any category other than “White”. It is known that some in the “Other” category had white skin colour but had used the category to indicate that they were non-English. One reason that the nationality classification was introduced was so that national as well as ethnic origin or affiliation could be reflected.

Ethnic origin That ethnic grouping to which a person has indicated that they belong. The classifications used were revised for the 2001 Census of Population when a classification of nationality was also collected. These revised definitions were also used to re-survey members of the Armed Forces and the Civil Service in 2001-02.

First Sea Lord Professional head of the Naval Service. Currently held by an officer of the rank of Admiral. Also known as Chief of the Naval Staff.

FTE Full-Time Equivalent.

FTRS Full-Time Reserve Service.

Full-Time Equivalent A measure of the size of the workforce that takes account of the fact that some people work part-time. Prior to 1 April 1995 part-time employees were assumed to work 50 per cent of normal hours, but since then actual hours worked has been used in DASA’s statistics. The average hours worked by part-timers is about 60 per cent of full-time hours. See also Headcount.

Full-Time Reserve Service Those on FTRS fill Service posts on a full-time basis while being a member of one of the reserve services, either as an ex-regular or as a volunteer. In the case of the Army and the Naval Service, these will be posts that would ordinarily have been filled by regular service personnel, in the case of the RAF, FTRS personnel also fill posts designated solely for them.

GCHQ Government Communications Headquarters.

GDP Gross Domestic Product. The sum of all output (or income or expenditure) in the economy, excluding net property income from abroad.

GDP Gross Domestic Product (at market prices) is the value of goods and services produced in the UK. Gross means there is no deduction for capital consumption. Economic data are often quoted as a percentage of GDP to give an indication of trends through time and to make international comparisons easier.

GOCNI General Officer Commanding Northern Ireland. GOCNI is responsible for military aid to the civil power and counter terrorist operations in Northern Ireland. Although it is a joint-Service TLB, GOCNI is mainly staffed by the Army which provides the bulk of the Service personnel committed to Northern Ireland.

Gurkhas are recruited and employed in the British and Indian Armies under the terms of the 1947 Tri-Partite Agreement (TPA) on a broadly comparable basis. This agreement protects the Gurkhas’ status as Nepalese subjects throughout their service. They remain Nepalese citizens but in all other respects are full members of HM Forces. All Gurkhas are discharged in Nepal.

Headcount A measure of the size of the workforce that counts all people equally regardless of their hours of work. See also Full-Time Equivalent.

HQ Headquarters.

Hydrographic Office See UK Hydrographic Office.

Industrial staff Civilian staff paid in certain pay bands often performing manual work.

Intake Those entering the Armed Forces or Civilian workforce. Includes new recruits, re-entrants and transfers from other Forces. If taken over a sufficiently long time, intake figures may include the same individuals more than once, if they were re-entrants.

Land Command Commander-in-Chief Land Command. LAND performs a similar role to CINCFLEET within the context of trained Army formations and equipment.

LEP Locally Entered/Engaged Personnel. Civilian personnel working for one of the Armed Forces or directly for the Ministry of Defence who are recruited at overseas MOD locations normally for work at those locations. Also includes Gurkhas.

Major war vessels Royal Navy vessels of the following types: aircraft carriers, helicopter landing platforms, battleships, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, submarines.

Market Exchange rate is a currency exchange rate determined largely by market forces.

MDP Ministry of Defence Police. The MDP is responsible for providing effective policing of the Defence Estate.

Meteorological Office Provides weather forecasting services in the UK and worldwide.

MGDA RAF Maintenance Group Defence Agency. See DARA.

Minor war vessels Royal Navy vessels of the following types: monitors, minehunters, offshore patrol craft, patrol craft, survey ships, ice patrol ships.

MOD Ministry of Defence.

MSA Medical Supplies Agency, dissolved 1 April 2005.

NAO National Audit Office.

NARO Naval Aircraft Repair Organisation. See DARA.

National Audit Office scrutinises public spending on behalf of Parliament. It is totally independent of Government. It audits the accounts of all government departments and agencies as well as a wide range of other public bodies, and report to Parliament on the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which government bodies have used public money.

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.

NATO Eurofighter Tornado Management Agency is the prime contractor for the Eurofighter Weapon System. The arrangements for the management of the Eurofighter programme were set out in the NATO Charter dated 18 December 1995 in which the international management agencies of the Tornado and Eurofighter programmes were integrated into a single agency, the NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency (NETMA). This NATO agency is essentially a multi-nation HQ project office for these two collaborative projects involving the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain. In the UK, Eurofighter is now called “Typhoon”.

Naval Manning Agency Created on 1 July 1996 and dissolved as an agency 1 April 2004. Its mission was: to ensure that sufficient manpower is available on the trained strength and deployed effectively in peace, transition to war or war.

Naval Service The Royal Navy (including QARNNS) and the Royal Marines together. The role of the Royal Navy is to contribute to a peaceful environment in which the UK’s foreign policy and trade can flourish and in which the security of the UK and her Overseas Territories is assured.

NBSA Naval Bases and Supplies Agency. Now part of the Warship Support Agency.

NCO Non-commissioned officer.

NCR Net cash requirement.

Net Cash Requirement is the amount of actual money that MOD requires from the government in order to fund its activities. The NCR takes account of the movements in working capital levels (debtors, creditors and stocks) while but not non-cash costs.

NETMA NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency .

NMA Naval Manning Agency.

Non-cash items in Annually Managed Expenditure (AME) include various notional transactions such as depreciation and cost of capital that appear in the operating cost statement under RAB and which are recorded in AME for the period of Spending Review 2000, rather than in DEL.

Non-commissioned officer Ratings of Leading Hand and above in the Royal Navy, other ranks of lance corporal and above in the Army and other tanks of corporal and above in the Royal Marines and Royal Air Force.

Non-industrial staff All Civil servants who are not Industrial staff.

NRTA Naval Recruiting and Training Agency.

Nursing Services Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service, Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps, and Princess Mary’s Royal Air Force Nursing Service.

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Officer A member of the Armed Forces holding the Queen’s Commission. Includes ranks from Sub-Lt/2nd Lt/Pilot Officer up to Admiral of the Fleet/Field Marshal/Marshal of the Royal Air Force. Excludes NCO’s.

Officer cadet An entrant from civil life to the officer corps of the Armed Forces.

Operating Cost Statement This is the statement in departmental resource accounts that shows the current income and expenditure on an accrual basis. It is similar to the profit and loss statement on commercial accounts.

Operational Conversion Units are groups of aircraft used for converting aircrew to particular aircraft types.

Operational TLB’s The TLB’s directly responsible for the planning and management of military operations and the delivery of front-line capability. They are CJO, CINCFLEET, STC, LAND and GOCNI. Operational personnel are those working in these TLB’s plus some other small groups.

Other Ranks Members of the Royal Marines, Army and Royal Air Force who are not officers. The equivalent group in the Royal Navy is known as “Ratings”.

Outflow Those leaving the Armed Forces or Civil Service for any reason. Those who rejoin and then leave again will be counted twice if the time period includes both exit dates.

Outturn and estimated outturn describe expenditure actually incurred, or estimated on the basis of actual expenditure to date.

Outturn prices The prices of the period when the expenditure actually occurred; also described as current prices.

Part-time Civil servants working fewer than 37 hours a week (36 hours in London), excluding meal breaks.

Pay and Personnel Agency Provides pay and personnel administration services for MOD’s civilian staff.

PE Procurement Executive. See Defence Procurement Agency.

PES Public Expenditure Survey.

PFI Private Finance initiative.

PJHQ Permanent Joint Headquarters. See Chief of Joint Operations.

PMRAFNS Princess Mary’s Royal Air Force Nursing Service.

PPA Pay and Personnel Agency.

PPO Principal Personnel Officer.

PPP Purchasing Power Parity.

Premature Voluntary Release Those who leave the Armed Forces voluntarily before the end of their agreed engagement or commission period are said to leave on PVR or VR (Voluntary Release).

Princess Mary’s Royal Air Force Nursing Service Provides a range of nursing services to the Royal Air Force. Founded as the RAF Nursing Service, it was given its present name in 1923.

Principal Personnel Officer Each of the three Services has a PPO who manages all personnel within their Service. The three PPO’s are: the Second Sea Lord, the Adjutant General, and the Air Member for Personnel.

Private Finance Initiative A system for providing capital assets for the provision of public services. Typically, the private sector designs, builds and maintains infrastructure and other capital assets and then operates those assets to sell services to the public sector. In most cases, the capital assets are accounted for on the balance sheet of the private sector operator.

Procurement Executive See Defence Procurement Agency. Formed in 1971.

PTC RAF Personnel and Training Command. The TLB of the RAF’s Principal Personnel Officer, the Air Member for Personnel. PTC provides trained personnel to Strike Command and other TLBs.

Purchasing Power Parity A method of measuring the relative purchasing power of different countries’ currencies over the same types of goods and services. Because goods and services may cost more in one country than in another, PPP allows us to make more accurate comparisons of standards of living across countries. PPP estimates use price comparisons of comparable items but since not all items can be matched exactly across countries and time, the estimates are not always “robust”.

PVR Premature Voluntary Release.

QARANC Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps.

QARNNS Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service.

QinetiQ Formerly part of DERA, from 2 July 2001 a limited company, wholly owned by the MOD at the time of going to press. Its staff numbers ceased to be included in DASA’s MOD civilian statistics after July 2001.

Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps Provides a range of nursing services to the Army. Founded in 1902 as Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service, it was merged into the regular Army and renamed QARANC in 1949.

Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service Provides a range of nursing services to the Naval Service. The QARNNS was founded in 1902 and merged with the Royal Navy on 1 April 2000.

R&D Research and Development.

RAB Resource Accounting and Budgeting.

RAF Royal Air Force.

Royal Air Force Personnel and Training Command (RAF PTC) provides trained RAF personnel to Strike Command and other TLBs.

RAFR Royal Air Force Reserve, see Regular Reserves.

Rank Grade within the Military structure - see Table 2.29 for equivalents among the Services.

Rate Naval term for rank when referring to non-officers.

Ratings The designation of Other Ranks in the Royal Navy.

RAuxAF Royal Auxiliary Air Force, see Volunteer Reserves.

Real terms figures are amounts adjusted for the effect of general price inflation relative to a base year, as measured by the GDP market price deflator.

Regiment The Regiment is often considered to be the most important unit in the British Army. It carries the spirit of the people who have gone before and would usually contain approximately 650 soldiers depending on its cap badge and role. Sometimes Infantry Regiments have more than one unit of this size and they should be correctly referred to as a Battalion and be numbered in ascending order. An example being the 1st Battalion of The Parachute Regiment which like the 2nd Battalion and the 3rd Battalion contains an identical structure and number of posts.

Regular Reserves Former members of the UK regular forces who have a liability for service with the Reserve forces. Includes the Royal Fleet Reserve, Army Reserve and Royal Air Force Reserve as well as other individuals liable to recall.

Resource Accounting is the accounting system that will henceforth be used to record expenditure in the departmental accounts instead of cash accounting. It applies generally accepted accounting practice (GAAP) used in private industry and other Government departments to departmental transactions. Spending is measured on an accruals basis.

Resource Budget is the sum of a department’s resource Departmental Expenditure Limit and resource Annually Managed Expenditure. It is the budget for current expenditure on an accruals basis.

Resource budgeting is the budgeting regime adopted for the spending plans set in the 2000 Spending Review. It is derived from resource accounting rules, but there are several differences in treatment between resource accounts and resource budgets. See Introduction to Chapter 1.

RFA Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service.

RFR Royal Fleet Reserve, see Regular Reserves.

RM Royal Marines.

RMR Royal Marines Reserve. Approximately 10% of the RMR are working with the Regular Corps on long term attachments, mostly FTRS. The remainder are Volunteer Reserves.

RN Royal Navy.

RNR Royal Naval Reserve.

Royal Air Force The RAF’s mission is: “To generate air power to meet the Defence Mission”.

Royal Auxiliary Air Force Founded 1924, see Volunteer Reserves.

Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service Constituted in 1905, this is a civilian manned fleet, owned by the Ministry of Defence. Its main task is to supply warships of the Royal Navy at sea with fuel, food, stores and ammunition which they need to remain operational while away from base. It also provides aviation support for the Royal Navy, together with amphibious support and secure sea transport for Army units and their equipment. Its employees are full-time civil servants, but who come under the Naval Discipline Act when deployed to sea under naval command.

Royal Marines Sea-going soldiers who are part of the Naval Service. RM officer ranks were aligned with those of the Army on 1 July 1999.

Royal Naval Reserve Formed in 1859 it was merged with the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve (RNVR) in 1958, and also incorporates the former Women’s Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve (WRNVR) and QARNNS (Reserve). See Volunteer Reserves.

Royal Navy The sea-going defence forces of the UK, including ships, submarines, and Naval aircraft and their personnel, but excluding the Royal Marines and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service (RFA). From 1 April 2000 the Royal Navy incorporated Queen Alexandra’s Royal Naval Nursing Service (QARNNS).

SAS Special Air Service.

SBS Special Boat Service.

SCS Senior Civil Service.

Senior Civil Service The top grades within the Civil Service, that is, Management Levels 1 to 3. Formerly Grades 1 to 5, that is, Permanent Under Secretary to Assistant Secretary.

Senior Non-commissioned officer Senior members of the Ratings/Other Ranks, including Warrant Officer (all classes), Charge Chief Petty Officer, Chief Petty Officer, Colour sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Flight Sergeant/Chief Technician, Petty Officer, Sergeant.

SIC Standard Industrial Classification.

Special Air Service Part of the Special Forces, usually drawn from the Army.

Special Boat Service Part of the Special Forces, usually drawn from the Naval Service.

STANAG NATO Standardisation Agreement. STANAG’s are administered by the NATO Standardisation Agency.

Standard Industrial Classification classifies business establishments and other statistical units by the type of economic activity in which they are engaged.

STC See Strike Command.

Strike Command is the RAF’s operational TLB, providing aircraft and trained aircrews to CJO.

Supply expenditure is expenditure financed by money voted by parliament in the annual Supply Estimates: also termed Voted in Estimates.

TA Territorial Army.

TAVR Territorial Army Volunteer Reserve.

Territorial Army See Volunteer Reserves.

Territorial Army Volunteer Reserve, now the Territorial Army.

TGDA RAF Training Group Defence Agency.

Time Expiry A term used to describe those in the Armed Services who reach the end of their engagement or commission and then leave.

TLB Top Level Budget.

TME Total Managed Expenditure.

Top Level Budget The major organisational grouping of the MOD. There are three types: “Operational”, “Military Support” and “HQ and other support”. Operational TLB’s include, CINCFLEET, GOCNI, LAND COMMAND, STC, and CJO. Military Support TLB’s comprise the PPO’s of the three Services (CNH, AG, and PTC) and the DLO. Other TLB’s include Central, the DPA, Corporate Science Innovation and Technology (new from April 2004) and Defence Estates (new from April 2005), and the Trading Funds (ABRO, DARA, DSTL, the Met Office, and the UK Hydrographic Office).

Total Managed Expenditure is a definition of aggregate public spending derived from notional accounts. It is the consolidated sum of current and capital expenditure of central and local government, and public corporations. TME is the sum of the Departmental Expenditure Limit and Annually Managed Expenditure.

Trading Fund Trading Funds were introduced by the Government under the Trading Funds Act 1973 as a ‘means of financing trading operations of a government department which, hitherto, have been carried out on Vote’. They are self-accounting units that have greater freedom, than other government departments, in managing their own financial and management activities. They are also free to negotiate their own terms and conditions with their staff and for this reason their grading structures do not always match that of the rest of the Ministry, and this is reflected in some of the tables. Examples include ABRO, DARA, DSTL, the Meteorological Office, and the UK Hydrographic Office.

UK Hydrographic Office Responsible for surveying the seas around the UK and other areas to aid navigation.

University cadet An entrant from civil life to the officer corps of the Armed Forces who is accepted into one of the Forces prior to starting a university course. They usually receive some form of financial assistance with their course.

USAF United States Air Force.

VAT Value Added Tax.

Veterans’ Agency Formerly the War Pensions Agency. Responsible for veterans’ affairs, including war and service pensions, service records, military graves, medals and welfare issues.

Voluntary Release See Premature Voluntary Release.

Volunteer Reserves and Auxiliary Forces Civilian volunteers who undertake to give a certain amount of their time to train in support of the Regular Forces. Includes the Royal Naval Reserve, the Royal Marines Reserve, Territorial Army and the Royal Auxiliary Air Force. Does not include Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service (RFA). Some Volunteer Reservists undertake (paid) Full-Time Reserve Service.

Vote was an individual Supply Estimate. Under RAB, from 2001, votes have been replaced by Requests for Resources.

VR Voluntary Release. See Premature Voluntary Release.

War Pensions Agency See Veterans’ Agency.

Women’s Royal Naval Service (“Wrens”) Founded in 1917 it was merged with the Royal Navy in 1991.

WRNS Women’s Royal Naval Service (“Wrens”).

WSA Warship Support Agency, dissolved 1 April 2005.

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