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coccus (kok´әs) pl. coc´ci  a spherical bacterium, usually slightly less than 1 μm in diameter, belonging to the Micrococcaceae family. It is one of the three basic forms of bacteria, the other two being bacillus (rod-shaped) and spirillum (spiral-shaped). A pathogenic coccus can almost always be classified as either a staphylococcus (occurring in clusters), or a streptococcus (occurring in short or long chains). Both staphylococci and streptococci are gram-positivegram-positive and do not form spores.

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