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Daily Thought

You build a dream house.
You start with a dream. The dream becomes a plan. The plan becomes a lot of dirty work. The dirty work becomes a house.
If you are successful, it is the house of your dreams. Dream, plan, dirty work, success. Why is this the fundamental strategy of all human endeavor?
Because it is the story of the universe.
Those who can feel the dream, those who can read the plan, they see we are now at the finishing touches.

—The Rebbe

Reprinted from 365 Meditations of the Rebbe by Tzvi Freeman


Kashmir Print E-mail
Rabbi Marvin Tokayer   
Leaving Afghanistan and Pakistan where the Pathans live, when one goes east, it is the State of Kashmir in northern part of India which is west of Nepal. Kashmir consists of a very wide and beautiful valley, surrounded by tall mountains and I think it is one of the most beautiful places in the world.

Leaving Afghanistan and Pakistan where the Pathans live, when one goes east, it is the State of Kashmir in northern part of India which is west of Nepal. Kashmir consists of a very wide and beautiful valley, surrounded by tall mountains and I think it is one of the most beautiful places in the world.

There are 5 to 7 million people there. Generally speaking, they have clearer complexions and are different from the other citizens of India. An Interesting tradition is passed down among the Kashmir people regarding their ancestry from the Lost Tribes of Israel. This tradition is supported by extensive literature written by both the people of Kashmir and other scholars.

In Kashmir, various places are called with Israeli names, like Har Nevo, Beit Peor, Pisga, Heshubon. These are all the names in the land of the Ten Tribes of Israel. The same thing is true in the names of people, male names, female names, and names of village.

The people in Kashmir perform a feast called Pasca in Spring, when they adjust the difference of days between the lunar calendar and solar calendar and the way of this adjustment is the same as Jewish. Several books are published on this. The Udu language which is used in Kashmir includes many words of Hebrew.

Most of the people of Kashmir are Muslims. In spite of it, they are sympathetic towards Jews and Israel. It is evident that their origin has also led to their interest in the people of Israel.

The history of the Kashmiris is shrouded in mystery as is the history of other people in that region. Most Kashmir researchers are of the opinion that many inhabitants of Kashmir are descendants of the Lost Tribes who were exiled in 722 BCE. They wandered along the Silk Road into the countries of the East, Persia and Afghanistan until they reached the Kashmir valley and settled there.

Others say the wanderings began approximately 300 years later. The wanderers settled in Kashmir, kept their traditions until they were forced to convert to Islam when the spread of Islam reached the valley. The priest Kitro in his book, the General History of the Mughal Empire, said that the Kashmir people are the descendants of the Israelites. The traveling Arab historian El Bironi in the 12th century wrote, "In the past, permission to enter Kashmir was given only to Jews."

The priest Monstrat said that in the time of Vasco da Gama in the 15th century, "all the inhabitants of this area who have been living here since ancient times can trace their ancestry, according to their race and customs, to the ancient Israelites. Their features, their general physical appearance, their clothing, their ways of conducting business, all show that they are similar to the ancient Israelites."

Names like Israelites in Kashmir

Recently Mr. Ikbal Chapri, the owner of a houseboat called Haifa (the same name as a big city in Israel) in Srinagar, Kashmir, has written about this topic in the local newspapers.

His article was about the names of the tribes and places of Kashmir which are exactly Hebrew. I have a copy of two pages of the list. For example, one of the tribes of Kashmir is called Asheriya which is Asher, the tribe of Dand is Dan, Gadha is Gad, Lavi is Levi. The Tribe of Shaul is the Hebrew name of King Saul. Musa is Moses, Suliamanish is Solomon. And you also have the tribe of Israel, the tribe of Abri which is the tribe of Hebrew, and the tribe of Kahana which is the word for Jewish priest.

There are also 50-75 names of places in Kashmir which are in fact the Hebrew names that ancient Israelites were very familiar with. There is a place called Samaryah which is Samaria. Mamre is Mamre, Pishgah is Pisgah, Nabudaal is Mt. Nevo, Bushan is Bashan, Gilgit is Gilgal, Heshba is Heshbon, Amunah is Amon, Gochan is Goshen, Median-pura is Midian, and Guzana is Gozan which is a place name in Assyria and the very place where the Ten Tribes of Israel were deported.

The name Israel is very common among them as it is among the Pathans, and this name is never used among the Muslims. They also light a candle for the Sabbath, have sidelocks, beards, and emblem or design of the Shield of David.

In an area which is on the border of Pakistan, called Yusmarg (Handwara), there lives a group which to this very day calls itself B'nei Israel meaning children of Israel. Many of the inhabitants of Kashmir say that this is the ancient name of all the people of Kashmir.

In Kashmir there is a strange tradition of a small community next to the Wallar Link who point out the grave of Moses. There is yet another tradition in connection with King Solomon according to which even King Solomon reached the Kashmir Valley and through his wisdom aided the people of Kashmir by successfully regulating the Jalum river. This tradition is also connected to a place called Solomon's throne which is situated above the capital of Kashmir, Srinagar. Isn't it strange and fascinating that there are historical and even folkloristic tales of ancient Israeli heroes in these strange and exotic places?

These also resemble legends in Japan. There is the grave of Moses in Mt. Houdatsu, Ishikawa prefecture, and a legend says that many secret treasures of Solomon are kept in Mt. Tsurugi in Shikoku, Japan.

The two primary historians of Kashmir, Mulla Nadiri, who wrote The History of Kashmir and Mulla Ahmad who wrote Events of Kashmir have established without a trace of doubt that the origins of the Kashmiri people are to be found in the people of Israel.

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Kashmir Museum
written by zeevveez , June 10, 2007

In the open-air gallery of the S.P.S. Museum, Srinagar, Kashmir, there is a stone slab for exhibition, 85-cm. square. This stone slab carries an engraving showing a six-cornered star in a circle, with a small circle in the center. Every wing of the star is 25 cm. in length. This figure is of two interlaced equilateral triangles, which is the Star of David, a Jewish symbol. Such symbols, engraved on stones, are found in different parts of the valley, and are used as a pranali stand for lingam
See: Bleazby. G.B; List of Coins & Medals in the S.P.S. Museum, Srinagar, Kashmir, pp. 1-3
Source: THE FIFTH GOSPEL by Professor Fida M. Hassnain and Rabbi Dahan Levi

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written by SACHIN , September 17, 2007

Dear Marvin, I am a Kashmiri Pandit.Altough Kashmiri People might have israeli origins and I myself am big admirer of the State Of Israel, I am surprised how you can not even mention Kashmir recorded Brahminical and buddhist history written down by the 11th century historian Kalhan.
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written by Rohit , November 05, 2007

Marvin is talking about the history of Kashmir before Koshur people (i.e. Kashmiri people) lost their Jewish faith. It is quite possible that Jews and Hindus lived together for sometime, and this theory is supported by Hindu scriptures like Bhavishya Maha Puran. Islamic persecution probably forced them to adopt other religions, like Islam or Hinduism. If you think about it, Kashmiri Pandits have more parallels with Jews, than Kashmiri Muslims.
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Semitization of India
written by Nand Lal , March 28, 2008

India is an Aryan land.Once Islam made inroads into India Semitic names started to appear with Islam in India. Islam is a Semitic religion like Judaism and Islamic names are similar to Jewish names. Example Abtaham (Ibrahim), etc. So what is the mystery the Jews and Arabs are children of Abraham and have common names.With Islam these names were picked up by new converts. India is an Aryan land. Hindus donot use Semitic names but Aryan names.
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written by Aditya , April 14, 2008

There is no such thing as an Aryan race. That concept has been proven wrong. Essentially, if you speak an Indo-European language, then you can call yourself an Aryan, but the theory of an "Aryan race" has been proven wrong.


Kashmiris are mostly homogeneous ethnic group. Most Kashmiri Muslims have Hindu ancestry. They both share the same last names, although they may be spelled differently. For example Kashmiri Hindus use the last name Bhat, and Kashmiri Muslims spell it as Butt. Except for Kashmiri Muslims with Persian ancestry.


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written by MAGRAY , July 03, 2008

Magray is a Martial Kashmiri tribe of Rajput origin. Magray sprung from Kashtri-un-Nassal Rajput. Kashtri-un-Nassal Rajput are one of the four classes of Hindus. Kashtri were people of ruling class having responsibility for the defence of the state. Ladhay Magray was the forefather of Magray tribe. Magres accepted Islam at the hand of Syed Ali Hamdani in thirteenth Century. The first person who entered in Kashmir and settled there belonged to Magray tribe thus making Magray tribe, the founders of Kashmir. Magray tribe ruled over Kashmir for seven hundred years. They invited Mughals to enter Kashmir in order to end disturbances in the valley. However, subsequently Mughals were defeated and pushed back by the Magray tribe. Magray tribe is settled all over the world with majority in Kashmir Valley. In spite of being SARDARS of the time, people of Magray tribe felt proud to be called as MAGRAY.
1.Magray Village - District Bagh
2. Magray City - Kuttan, Neelum valley, Muzaffarabad
3.Magray Hills - Kanchikot, Rawalakot
4. Magray Abad - Rawalakot
5. Magray Gali - Lipa Valley, Muzaffarabad
6. Magray Abad - Attmaqam,Kel road,Neelum Valley
7. Magray Village - Motarin, khaigala, Rawalakot
8.Kharl Magrayan - District Bagh
9. Sardari Magrayan - Neelum Valley Muzaffarabad
10. Magray village marchkot - Abbaspur
11. Bandian Magray - Abbaspur
Magray is an ancient word, Magray means, "The Martials", "The Warriors", "Military and war like people". Magray is also spelled as Magrey, Magre and Magri, but the correct spelling is Magray. The plural of Magray is Magres.

All the historical books on Kashmir contain material on Magray tribe and their role in the history of Kashmir. Few of the historical Books are mentioned here for reference.
1. Magray in the Eyes of History - By Sajid Latif Magray
2. Magray A Warrior Kashmiri Tribe - By Abdul Qayyum
3. Valley of Kashmir - By Sir Walter Lirance
4. mperial Gazettier of India - Govt of India
5. Tribes and Castes of Kashmir - By Muhammad Din Folk
6. Castes and Tribes of Poonch - By Muhammad Din Folk
7. History of Kasmir - - By Khawaja Azamey
8. History of Kashmir - By Muhammad Hassan
9. History Kabeer Kashmir - By Ibne Kabeer
10. Raj Tarangi - By Pandit Kahla
11. Tareekh-e-Kashmir - By Professors Nazir Ahmed Tashna
12. Kashmir in the Era of Muslim empires - By Ghulam Hassan Khoyami
13. Tareekh-e- Malkan - By Dr Sadiq Malik
14. Jalwa-e-Kashmir - By Dr Sabir Afaqi
15.Baharistan-e-Shahi - A Chronocle Mediaeval of Kashmir
16.Magray- The Martials and Warriors of Kashmir - By Sajiad Latif Magray
17.Tareekh-e-Kashmir,Islamia - By Dr Sabir Afaqi
18.Tareekh-e-Azmi - By M.Azam
19. Tribal geography of India Jamu and Kashmir - By M. Bashir Magray
20.A New history of India and Pakistan - By Qayyum Abdul

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written by Romila Dhawan , July 04, 2008

How can you change this?

Kashmir's Contribution to Indian Culture
by Dr. ( Mrs. ) Bimla K. Munshi
Some scholars in the Centre of Central Asian Studies of Kashmir University are probing in the direction of establishing the thesis that First man appeared in the Kashmir Valley. This has reference also to the Burzahom excavation and the remains of the so called pit-dwellers found there. All scientists agree that the earliest Homo Erectus named as Ramapithecus Panjabicus appeared in the Northern parts of India situated just south of Kashmir. In my opinion, all these facts point to the inescapable conclusion that Kashmir is the original home of the Aryans and that Aryan and Vedic Culture spread out to other parts of the country from Kashmir Valley itself. We should not forget that there was a time when Gandhar Pradesh ( present Afganistan and N. W. F. P. of Pakistan ) included Kashmir also. There are certain symbols and sacred things of Hinduism which were and are, found in Kashmir only. I mean to say that Kashmir Valley is the only place where all of them are found. Some of them are: Srichakra Fish ( Sacred as Matsyavatora and worshipped here even now ) Lotus ( connected with Brahma, Vishnu and Lakshmi ) Bhoorjva ( Bhoj-Patra on which ancient scriptures were etched ), Devadaru Tree, Kesar, Kustoori, Snow, The Snow white God Shiv ( Him-Rund-Endu-Karpur-Varna ), Mountains, Water, Nag and Sarp, (not only in Humun form ), Som ( it is being proved now that it was found in the mountains of Kashmir towards Sharada teerth ), Kesar Dhatura ( Used in Shiv Worship) and Kasturi these all have an essential place in our ancient traditions and also in present religious rituals.
The boat of Manu, when it was floundering in the floods of the Khand-Pralaya had found its final resting ground at a place called Manoravsarpan, which is situated in the Pakistan occupied Kashmir. Manu was the Adi Purush from whom sprang the modern human race and Kashmir was the place where the first human of the present civilisation originated.

The seals of the Sindh-Valley Civilisation have been deciphered and it has now been proved that they contain the picture of the Aryan God Shiv in Makhanasan Mudra. Foreign scholars have been trying to squeeze the Vedic, Ramayan and Mahabharat periods between 1500 B.C., (when Sindh Valley Civilisation was destroyed) to 600 B. C., to prove that the movement of Aryans had been from the west to the east, the time of Buddha ( 600 B. C. ) a historically confirmed fact. If the Sindh Valley civilisation is a vedic civilisation and/or it was destroyed earlier than 1500 B. C. then the movement of Aryans will be proved to have been from the East (from India ) to the west ( to Iran and other parts of Europe ). The creation of Vedas, their reduction into writing and the spread of their oral tradition, the spread of Aryan Culture to the eastern parts of India, the time-lag between the Vedic and Ramayana period, the Ramayan and Mahabharat periods, the Mahabharat and Buddha periods and the gradual evolution (or degeneration) of the Vedic language into Sanskrit, and of Sanskrit into Pali could not have taken place during only 900 years ( between 1500 B. C. to 600 B. C. ). Thus, when it has been proved that the Sindh Valley Civilisation is post Vedic ( not pre-vedic as some foreign scholars have been trying to project ), the movement of the Aryans had surely been from the east to the west and their original home was Kashmir. It is a different matter that more than 80% of the people of the Aryan stock in Asia are now muslims and they inhabit the areas of Kashmir, Pakistan, Afganistan and Iran.

There is another point of importance. The Jews who migrated from the city of Or to their present country of Israel in about 4000 B. C. have a mention of this movement in their scriptures but nowhere in the Vedas is a mention that the Aryan had come from anywhere outside India.

The Kashmiri language which is the only Apabhransha ( degenerate form ) of the Vedic language ( not of Sanskrit ) also proves that the original home of the Aryans was this sacred valley of Kashmir of noble traditions.

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Votes: +6

Bagels called Telworu
written by Bhat , December 06, 2008

I was amazed to find Bagels (With Sesame dressing) in North America their origin has been claimed to be European but in Kashmir we have been making Bagels since several centuries and the Bagel of Kashmir are a lot better tasting than the Bagels in the West.I did not know this had a jewish origin till a few days ago also I want to know.I was also amazed by the Haloween festival this is so similar to a festival in Srinagar city about 30 years ago where children would go from house to house and get candies, I do not know the origins of Haloween is it Jewish too. Also I met a Jewish boy at work and if he walks on a Srinagar street nobody will be able to tell the difference. This is really incredible.The History of Human civilization and mass migration is very amazing.
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written by maj gen aps chauhan (rtd) , January 15, 2009

Observations attributing evidence to Jewish legacy in Kashmir are somewhat misleading and mis interpreted.Kashmir has an Aryan and not a Semetic
heritage.There is a possibility of Islamic names being misconstrued as Hebrew .Admittedly Islam made deep inroads
which have left a Semetic
stamp. As for the Star of David this symbol has more of an astronomical significance and may be found both in Hindu and Hebrew traditions.Afterall there was considerable borrowing from us by Arabs including the numerical system and zero.

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