List of United States state legislatures

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State legislature compositions after the November 2008 elections.      Democratic majorities in both chambers      Republican majorities in both chambers      Split      Nebraskan non-partisan unicameral legislature
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Each state in the United States has a legislative branch as part of its form of civil government. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. Forty-nine (49) state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, State Assembly, House of Delegates or House of Representatives) and an upper house (Senate). The Nebraska Legislature is the lone unicameral body.

The exact names, dates, term limits (if any), term lengths, electoral districts, and other details are at the discretion of the individual states. The following shows the state, names, membership, parties and terms of each state's legislature.

Contents

[edit] Party summary

As of January 2009, the party composition of the legislatures is[1]:

27 Democratic-controlled Legislatures
14 Republican-controlled Legislatures
8 Split Legislatures
1 Officially nonpartisan (Nebraska)
50 Total

"Split" means that either the two chambers have different majority parties (e.g., Democratic Senate and Republican lower house), that one chamber is evenly split between parties, or that a coalition or "hung" chamber has occurred.

In several states, the party that controls the state legislature may not be the one that usually wins the state in presidential elections. Also note that due to politics, a party with a numerical majority in a chamber may be forced to share power with other parties due to informal coalitions, or outright cede power due to divisions.

The table below shows total state government control, which means the governor and the chamber majorities are all of the same party.

17 Democratic-controlled governments
9 Republican-controlled governments
5 Democratic Governor/Republican-controlled Legislature
10 Republican Governor/Democratic-controlled Legislature
6 Democratic Governor/Split Legislature
2 Republican Governor/Split Legislature
1 Officially nonpartisan (Nebraska)
50 Total

[edit] Vital statistics

[edit] State legislatures

State Name Lower House Upper House
Name Party
strengths
Term
(Years)
Name Party
strengths
Term
(Years)
Alabama Legislature House of Representatives D 61-44 4 Senate D 21-13 1 Ind. 4
Alaska Legislature House of Representatives R 22-18 2 Senate Coal. 15-4
1 Vacant
4
Arizona Legislature House of Representatives R 35-25 2 Senate R 18-12 2
Arkansas General Assembly House of Representatives D 72-28 2 Senate D 27-8 4
California State Legislature Assembly D 51-29 2 Senate D 26-14 4
Colorado General Assembly House of Representatives D 38-27 2 Senate D 20-15 4
Connecticut General Assembly House of Representatives D 114-37 2 Senate D 24-12 2
Delaware General Assembly House of Representatives D 24-16
1 Vacant
2 Senate D 15-6 4
Florida Legislature House of Representatives R 76-44 2 Senate R 26-14 4
Georgia General Assembly House of Representatives R 105-74 1 Ind. 2 Senate R 34-22 2
Hawaii Legislature House of Representatives D 45-6 2 Senate D 23-2 4
Idaho Legislature House of Representatives R 52-18 2 Senate R 28-7 2
Illinois General Assembly House of Representatives D 70-48 2 Senate D 37-22 2 or 4
Indiana General Assembly House of Representatives D 52-47 1 Ind. 2 Senate R 33-17 4
Iowa General Assembly House of Representatives D 56-44 2 Senate D 31-19 4
Kansas Legislature House of Representatives R 77-48 2 Senate R 31-9 4
Kentucky General Assembly House of Representatives D 65-35 2 Senate R 22-15
1 Ind.
4
Louisiana State Legislature House of Representatives D 52-50
3 Ind.
4 Senate D 22-15
2 Ind.
4
Maine Legislature House of Representatives D 94-55
1 Ind.
2 Senate D 20-15 2
Maryland General Assembly House of Delegates D 104-36
1 Ind.
4 Senate D 33-14 4
Massachusetts General Court House of Representatives D 143-16
1 Ind.
2 Senate D 35-5 2
Michigan Legislature House of Representatives D 67-43 2 Senate R 21-17 4
Minnesota Legislature House of Representatives DFL 87-47 2 Senate DFL 46-21 4, 4, 2
Mississippi Legislature House of Representatives D 74-48 4 Senate D 27-25 4
Missouri General Assembly House of Representatives R 89-74 2 Senate R 23-11 4
Montana State Legislature House of Representatives D 51-49 2 Senate R 27-23 4
Nebraska Legislature Unicameral and non-partisan (49) 4
Nevada Legislature Assembly D 28-14 2 Senate D 12-9 4
New Hampshire General Court House of Representatives D 225-175 2 Senate D 14-10 2
New Jersey Legislature General Assembly D 48-32 2 Senate D 23-17 2, 4, 4
New Mexico Legislature House of Representatives D 45-25 2 Senate D 27-15 4
New York Legislature Assembly D 109-41 2 Senate D 32-30 2
North Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives D 68-52 2 Senate D 30-20 2
North Dakota Legislative Assembly House of Representatives R 58-36 4 Senate R 26-21 4
Ohio General Assembly House of Representatives D 53-46 2 Senate R 21-12 4
Oklahoma Legislature House of Representatives R 61-40 2 Senate R 26-22 4
Oregon Legislative Assembly House of Representatives D 36-24 2 State Senate D 18-12 4
Pennsylvania General Assembly House of Representatives D 104-99 2 Senate R 30-20 4
Rhode Island General Assembly House of Representatives D 69-6 2 Senate D 33-4
1 Ind
2
South Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives R 71-53 2 Senate R 27-19 4
South Dakota State Legislature House of Representatives R 46-24 2 Senate R 20-14
1 Ind.
2
Tennessee General Assembly House of Representatives Tie 49-49 1 Ind. 2 Senate R 19-14 4
Texas Legislature House of Representatives R 76-74 2 Senate R 19-12 4
Utah State Legislature House of Representatives R 53-22 2 Senate R 21-8 4
Vermont General Assembly House of Representatives D 95-48
5 P 2 Ind.
2 Senate D 23-7 2
Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates R 52-44
2 Ind.
2 Senate D 21-19 4
Washington State Legislature House of Representatives D 64-34 2 Senate D 31-18 4
West Virginia Legislature House of Delegates D 79-21 2 Senate D 28-6 4
Wisconsin Legislature Assembly D 52-46
1 Ind.
2 Senate D 18-15 4
Wyoming State Legislature House of Representatives R 41-18 2 Senate R 23-7 4

[edit] Washington, D.C.

Jurisdiction Name Type Party
Strengths|
Name Party
Strengths
Term
(Years)
Name Party
Strengths
Term
(Years)
District of Columbia Council Unicameral D 11
2 Ind.
4

[edit] Territorial legislatures

State Name Lower House Upper House
Name Party
Strengths
Term
(Years)
Name Party
Strengths
Term
(Years)
American Samoa Fono House of Representatives non-partisan (20) 2 Senate non-partisan (18) 4
Guam Legislature Unicameral D 8-7 2
Northern Mariana Islands Legislature House of Representatives R 12-1
Cov. 4-3 Ind.
2 Senate Coal. 6-3 4
Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly House of Representatives NPP 36-17 PDP 4 Senate NPP 22-9 PDP 4
U. S. Virgin Islands Legislature Unicameral D 9-4 ICM
2 Ind.
2

[edit] Map key

Color Name Abbreviation Notes
      Democratic Party D Major national party; has state-level parties in each state
      Republican Party R Major national party; has state-level parties in each state
      Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party DFL Minnesota affiliate of the Democratic Party
      North Dakota Democratic-NPL Party D-NPL North Dakota affiliate of the Democratic Party
[None] Governing Coalition Coal. A coalition of the Democratic and Republican Parties in power in the Alaska Senate or
a coalition of the Covenant, Democratic, and Independents in power in the Northern Mariana Islands Senate.
      Constitution Party C National third party; has representation in Montana
      Vermont Progressive Party P State-level third party operating only in Vermont
      Covenant Party Cov. Territorial-level third party operating only in Northern Mariana Islands
      New Progressive Party NPP Territorial-level third party operating only in Puerto Rico
      Popular Democratic Party PDP Territorial-level third party operating only in Puerto Rico
      Puerto Rican Independence Party PIP Territorial-level third party operating only in Puerto Rico
      Independent Citizens Movement ICM Territorial-level third party operating only in the U.S. Virgin Islands
[None] Independent Ind. People who were elected without a party backing or people who left their party while in office
[None] Vacant Vac. Resignations, disqualifications, impeachments, expulsions and deaths

[edit] Notes

  • All 9 of the Democrats and 6 of the Republicans in the Alaska Senate form a governing coalition with the remaining 5 Republicans in opposition.[2][3]
  • The two nonvoting members of the Maine House of Representatives, elected by the Penobscot Nation and the Passamaquoddy Tribe respectively, are not counted in the above table, as they are not counted in similar tabulations in State Government web sites.

[edit] Legislative websites

Below are links and URLs to all 50 state legislature websites. For most states the only place where the full text of the statutes are available online is the state legislature's website.

State name Abbr URL (without http://)
Alabama AL www.legislature.state.al.us
Alaska AK w3.legis.state.ak.us
Arizona AZ www.azleg.state.az.us
Arkansas AR www.arkleg.state.ar.us
California CA www.legislature.ca.gov
Colorado CO www.leg.state.co.us
Connecticut CT www.cga.ct.gov
Delaware DE www.legis.state.de.us
Florida FL www.leg.state.fl.us
Georgia GA www.legis.state.ga.us
Hawaii HI www.capitol.hawaii.gov
Idaho ID www.legislature.idaho.gov
Illinois IL www.ilga.gov
Indiana IN www.state.in.us/legislative
Iowa IA www.legis.state.ia.us
Kansas KS www.kslegislature.org
Kentucky KY www.lrc.state.ky.us
Louisiana LA www.legis.state.la.us
Maine ME janus.state.me.us/legis/
Maryland MD mlis.state.md.us
Massachusetts MA www.mass.gov/legis/
Michigan MI www.legislature.mi.gov
Minnesota MN www.leg.state.mn.us
Mississippi MS www.ls.state.ms.us
Missouri MO www.moga.state.mo.us
Montana MT leg.state.mt.us
Nebraska NE www.leg.ne.gov
Nevada NV www.leg.state.nv.us
New Hampshire   NH gencourt.state.nh.us
New Jersey NJ www.njleg.state.nj.us
New Mexico NM legis.state.nm.us
New York NY State Senate: www.senate.state.ny.us
State Assembly: assembly.state.ny.us
North Carolina NC www.ncleg.net
North Dakota ND www.legis.nd.gov
Ohio OH www.legislature.state.oh.us/
Oklahoma OK www.lsb.state.ok.us
Oregon OR www.leg.state.or.us
Pennsylvania PA www.legis.state.pa.us
Puerto Rico PR State Senate: www.senadopr.us
Rhode Island RI www.rilin.state.ri.us
South Carolina SC www.scstatehouse.net
South Dakota SD legis.state.sd.us
Tennessee TN www.legislature.state.tn.us
Texas TX www.capitol.state.tx.us
Utah UT www.le.state.ut.us
Vermont VT www.leg.state.vt.us
Virginia VA legis.state.va.us
Washington WA leg.wa.gov/legislature
West Virginia WV www.legis.state.wv.us
Wisconsin WI www.legis.state.wi.us
Wyoming WY legisweb.state.wy.us

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

[edit] Notes

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