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Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
Picture of Puerto Madero in the Ciudad de Buenos Aires The Autonomous City of Buenos Aires is the Capital of the Nation. It has an autonomous form of government, with own legislation power and jurisdiction and its governor is directly elected by its citizens.
Its area is of 203 km² (79 sq mi) and its population is around 3,000,000 inhabitants.
The Río de La Plata and the Riachuelo are the natural borders of the City on the east and south, respectively. The rest of the metropolitan perimeter is surrounded by Av. General Paz, that bounds the city from north to west. Buenos Aires is connected to the interior of the country and to border countries through a large network of transports which connection points are a port that receives cruisers and ferries, two airports – the international airport: Ministro Pistarini at Ezeiza at 22 km (14 miles) from the Obelisk, and the domestic airport: Jorge Newbery, at 6 km (3.7 miles) from downtown–, railroad tracks, highways, national roads and a passengers terminal station at 1 km from downtown.

Population: 2,970,950
Climate: Mild with maritime influence.
Average temperature: 10º C – 50°F (winter) / 24º C – 77°F (summer).
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Córdoba
City of Córdoba The city of Córdoba was founded on July 6, 1573, by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, by the banks of the Suquía River. It is the capital of the Province of Córdoba and has around 1,300,000 inhabitants, what places it at the second–largest Argentine city, after the city of Buenos Aires.
It has seven universities (among them, one of the oldest ones in the continent: the National University of Córdoba, founded in 1613), that receives students from all over Argentina and South America.
It has multiple cultural and commercial centres and services offering a variety of entertainment and recreation for the whole family.
For being located in the centre of Argentina, its strategic position turns it into a hub of air and terrestrial transportation, both national and international.

Population: 1,267,774.
Climate: Mild.
Average temperature: 8ºC – 46°F (winter) / 25ºC – 77° (summer).
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La Plata
La Plata city, Province of Buenos Aires It is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires. Its foundation was projected in 1880 after the city of Buenos Aires was declared the capital city of the Argentine Republic. The then governor, Dardo Rocha, was in charge of its construction. Its foundational stone was placed on November 19, 1882, during the first presidency of Julio Argentino Roca.
Today it is a modern urban and very well designed and developed city, famous for its square layout, its diagonals, its woods and all squares located at exactly every six blocks from each other.
It was the first Argentine city to have electric street lighting, thanks to a power generator built for that purpose.

Population: 600,000.
Average temperature: 9ºC – 48° (winter) / 21ºC – 70° (summer).
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Mar del Plata
Mar del Plata city, Province of Buenos Aires The City of Mar del Plata is located in the Province of Buenos Aires (District of General Pueyrredón), at 400 km south from the City of Buenos Aires. Due to its landscape of a Pampean steppe and hills sloping down to the Atlantic Ocean it received the name of “the pearl of the Atlantic”. Mar del Plata has an urban centre that, though it concentrates most of the population, it is surrounded by the wild and residential beauty of Sierra de los Padres and the neighbourhoods of San Francisco, Los Ortiz, Loma Alta, Quinta de Peralta Ramos, Félix U. Camet, Chapadmalal, El Boquerón, Las Hermanas and Valle Hermoso, among others. Mar del Plata’s development encouraged by tourism offers the charm of its natural resources, its vast and modern infrastructure and the hospitality of its inhabitants.

Population: 600,000 inhabitants.
Coast: 47 km (30 mi).
Climate: Mild with maritime influence.
Average temperature: 8º C – 46° F (winter) / 20º C – 68º F (summer).
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Mendoza
Mendoza city, Province of Mendoza Mendoza is a beautiful city conformed on a depression that extends at the east of the last hills at the bottom of the Andes Cordillera at 750 meters (2,460 feet) above sea level. It was founded on March 2, 1561 by Captain Pedro del Castillo, when he arrived from the territory of Chile on the then Valley of Huentala, inhabited by the huarpes Indians, who have been submitted by the Inca civilization, from which they inherited the drip irrigation system.
The city is crossed from north to south and from east to west by roads number 40 and 7, respectively. The central urban area occupies around 150 blocks, including the Civic Neighbourhood and the commercial and financial district, visited daily by a floating population that widely surpasses the city’s own population.

Population: 130,000.
Climate: Dry.
Average temperature: 8ºC – 46º F (winter) / 25ºC – 80º F (summer).
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Rosario
Rosario city, Province of Santa Fe Rosario is located in the Province of Santa Fe and has one third of the total population of the province (over 1 million inhabitants). Most are Italian and Spaniard descendents. Labour training is comparable to that of the most developed countries in the world, particularly at technical and professional levels.
Rosario Outskirt is an important regional development center within the Argentine Republic conforming an industrial, commercial and financial centre located in the core of the most important agricultural production region in the country. Rosario is the intersection point of the two major transport corridors that are having full development in connection to the MERCOSUR.
The bi–oceanic corridor connects Rosario to the Pacific Ocean through Córdoba and Cuyo to Valparaíso (Chile). The maritime system of the Paraguay–Paraná Hydro and the Río de La Plata Hydro way connects its port with the Argentine and the Uruguayan coasts and projects it through the ocean to the rest of the world. Rosario is also connected to the center and north of the country through terrestrial routes and has a high potentiality to absorb foreign trade traffic from the country as well as from the MERCOSUR.

Population: 908,163.
Climate: Mild Pampean.
Average temperature: 10ºC – 50º F (winter) / 26ºC – 80º F (summer).
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San Miguel de Tucumán
San Miguel de Tucumán city, Province of Tucumán It is thought that the name Tucumán derives from the quechua Yucuman, that means "place where rivers are born".
The city was founded under the protection of Saint San Miguel Arcángel on May 31, 1565 by Diego de Villarroel, originally at the extreme portion of the Portugués Plateau on the lands of Ibatín, but due to bad water quality and harassment by the calchaquí indigenous population, it was moved to its present location in 1685 at that time named "La Toma", located at the right bank of Salí River.
In 2000 it was declared historical city, both for its architectonic and urban patrimony, and for its outstanding role in our national history. On July 9, 1816, a Congressional meeting held in this city declared the independence from Spain. Such emancipation action took place in the so–called Casa de la Independencia (House of the Independence), widely known as Casa de Tucumán (Tucumán House).
In Tucumán there are the National University of Tucumán (founded in 1914), the National Technological University (founded in 1954), the Northern University Santo Tomás de Aquino and the Lillo Institute, devoted to biological research.

Population: 527,607.
Climate: Warm, sub–tropical with a dry winter season.
Average temperature: 13ºC – 55ºF (winter) / 25ºC – 80ºF (summer).
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San Carlos de Bariloche
San Carlos de Bariloche city, Province of Río Negro This international tourist centre is located at the northwest of the Province of Río Negro, on the southeast bank of the Nahuel Huapi lake, inside the Nahuel Huapi National Park, at 764 meters (2,506 feet) above sea level. The city, in the Patagonian Andes area, is characterised by its mountains, woods, lakes and crystalline rivers as well as for bordering the high Cordillera mountains on the west, some of which are covered by glacier snow most of the year. Skiing is the favourite sport during winter, while rowing, fishing, trekking and adventure trips are preferred in summer.

Population: 274,509.
Climate: Continental cold with a dry season.
Average temperature: 6ºC – 43°F (winter) / 18ºC – 65°F (summer).
18:28 - Sábado 19 de Septiembre de 2009
HOW TO... HOW TO...
know the distance between cities in the country?
You can check the exact distance between cities in the Argentine Republic (expressed in kilometers); the National Direction of Roads and Highways offers this service from its web site.
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ORIGIN OF THE NAME ARGENTINA
The word Argentina comes from the Latin Argentum, that means “silver”.
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