Magnitude 7.3 - VANUATU
2009 October 07 23:13:49 UTC
|Depth||33.3 km (20.7 miles)|
|Distances||275 km (170 miles) S of Lata, Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Isl.|
280 km (175 miles) NNW of Luganville, Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu
810 km (500 miles) ESE of HONIARA, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
2100 km (1310 miles) NE of BRISBANE, Queensland, Australia
|Location Uncertainty||horizontal +/- 15.1 km (9.4 miles); depth +/- 2.5 km (1.6 miles)|
|Parameters||NST=215, Nph=218, Dmin=>999 km, Rmss=1.59 sec, Gp= 22°,|
M-type=teleseismic moment magnitude (Mw), Version=7
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WP 7.1 (GS).
The Torres Islands, Vanuatu earthquake of October 7, 2009, 23:13 UTC occurred on or near the plate boundary between the Australia and Pacific plates. In the region of the earthquake, the Australia plate moves to the east-northeast with respect to the Pacific plate at a velocity of about 91 mm/year. The Australia plate thrusts under the Pacific plate at the New Hebrides trench and dips to the east-northeast. The October 7 earthquakes location, depth, and focal mechanism are consistent with the earthquake having occurred as thrust-faulting associated with subduction along the Australia-Pacific plate boundary.
The earthquake of October 7, 2009, 23:13 UTC occurred about 15 km southeast of, and 1 hour after, a larger earthquake of the same date, 22:03 UTC. A second event of a similar size to the first occurred at 22:18 UTC, 60 km to the north of the first event. All three events are likely related; while the first two similarly sized events may be considered a earthquake doublet, preliminary analysis suggests the October 7, 2009, 23:13 UTC is likely a large aftershock of the previous events.
The Vanuatu region experiences a very high level of earthquake activity, with over a dozen events of magnitude 7 and larger having been recorded since the early decades of the twentieth century. The subducting Australia plate is seismically active to depths of about 350 km beneath the islands.
Recent large earthquakes near the October 7 event include two larger events 60 and 45 minutes earlier, a M 7.2 earthquake in 2007 and a M 7.3 earthquake in 1999.
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The earthquake locations and magnitudes cited in these NOAA tsunami bulletins are very preliminary and may be superceded by USGS locations and magnitudes computed using more extensive data sets.
Scientific & Technical Information
- Preliminary Earthquake Report
- U.S. Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center:
World Data Center for Seismology, Denver