Brown-backed Dove Leptotila battyiLike all members of its genus, the Brown-backed is a terrestrial dove of forest and woodland. It is closely related to the Gray-headed Dove (L. plumbiceps), and they have been treated as geographic races of that species. The Brown-backed Dove has an overall brighter coloration: chestnut back, more pinkish breast and brownish gray cheeks. The Brown-backed is found in the forested areas on the southern part of the Azuero peninsula, and has two races: L.b. battyi found only in Coiba Island and L. b. malae on the mainland. They live and feed on the ground, usually alone, but sometimes in pairs or in small flocks. When flushed they often fly to a low perch in the undergrowth. Often they stand motionless, which makes them difficult to see in the shadowed forest floor.

Azuero Parakeet Pyrrhura eisenmanniThe Azuero Parakeet was discovered in 1979 by Francisco Delgado and named after Panama's most distinguished native ornithologist, Eugene Eisenmann of the American Museum of Natural History. It was originally believed to be a subspecies of the South American Painted Parakeet (P. picta), and until recently its specific status remained uncertain. It is more common on the humid forests of the Southwestern Azuero Peninsula, like Cerro Hoya National Park, but it's also been reported from the potreros around Cañas, Los Santos.

Veraguan Mango Antrhracothorax veraguensisThis hummingbird prefers pastures and stream edges in open areas, where it can get cover in the low trees, and has been found on the Pacific slope from Chiriquí to Coclé, with two specimens and recent sightings in the former Canal Zone. The male is metallic green above with a bright green breast turning blue on the throat. The female is similar above but has a snowy white breast with a broad greenish-blue stripe on its center. Both have purplish-brown tails, the female's tipped with white. The Veraguan Mango was previously treated as a subspecies of the widely distributed Green-breasted Mango (A. prevostii), but is treated as a different species in the sixth supplement to the sixth edition of the A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds.

Escudo Hummingbird Amazilia handleyiThis species, restricted to tiny Escudo de Veraguas Island off the Caribbean coast of Veraguas, was until recently considered as a subspecies of the more widely distributed Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (A. tzacatl). Escudo Hummingbirds are larger, and generally darker, than Rufous-taileds, which are not found on the island.

Glow-throated Hummingbird Selasphorus ardensThis small hummingbird resembles other members of its genus in its straight, short bill. The male is greenish above, the chest is white and the vent is grayish speckled with green. Its gorget varies from bright reddish-pink to violet-red. The female's throat is light buff speckled with brown and the vent is whitish, buffy on the flanks and vent. The Glow-throated Hummingbird is found on clearings and forest edges on the highlands of Veraguas and Eastern Chiriquí.

Coiba Spinetail Cranioleuca dissitaThis ovenbird closely resembles the Rusty-backed Spinetail (C. vulpina) of South America. It is russet-brown on the back with a white troat and grayish vent.The sides of the head are brownish and it has narrow buff superciliaries. The Coiba Spinetail is found only on Coiba Island, where it is fairly common inside the forest. They are mainly arboreal and prefer dense tangles of vines and leaves where it forages singly or in pairs, climbing through the denser cover rather than over the more open branches

Beautiful Treerunner Margarornis bellulusThis very rare furnariid is found on the forested highlands of Darién. Its back is plain brown, with rufous on the wings and tail. It has cream-colored superciliaries, eye-ring and stripes on the cheeks. The throat is whitish and the brown breast is speckled with pale-yellow spots edged with black. The Beautiful Treerunner resembles the Pearled Treerunner (M. squamiger) of the Northern Andes, but is a duller redish-brown above and has smaller spots on the breast. It forages at all levels, climbing the trunks and branches like a Woodcreeper. It is found alone or with mixed flocks with other furnariids or warblers.

Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus
Along with the Rufous-winged Woodpecker (P. simplex) of western Panama, the Stripe-cheeked was treated as a subspecies of the South American White-throated Woodpecker (P. leucolaemus), but the sixth supplement to the sixth edition of the AOU Checklist of North American Birds treats them as three different species. The Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker is similar to the Rufous-winged, but its throat is barred and has a white streak on the side of the head. The crown, nape and malar stripe are bright red in the male, and the breast is speckled with white. It is usually found alone or in pairs, working quietly over the trunks of trees in dense forest in the foothills of Eastern Panama.

Yellow-green Tyrannulet Phylloscartes flavovirensThis small flycatcher is found only in the forest canopy on the central and eastern parts of the isthmus. It is olive above and yellowish below, with broad white eye-rings. It is found singly or with mixed flocks of warblers and other small flycatchers. It perches very horizontally with its tail cocked, and sometimes flicks up one wing at a time, or droops both of them.

Green-naped Tanager Tangara fucosaThis tanager is found on on forest and forest edges in the higlands of Darién. It resembles the Spangle-cheeked Tanager (T. dowii) of the western highlands but the spot on the nape is green, and the spangles on the cheeks and breast are edged in blue. Like other Tanagers, the Green-naped is mainly frugivorous and often forages with mixed flocks.

Pirre Bush-Tanager Chlorospingus inornatusLike other Bush-Tanagers, this is a bird of the highland forests, and is found only in eastern Darién. It is quite small, its head is dark gray and the rest of the upperparts are dark olive. It is greenish yellow below, brighter on the breast. The color of the iris ranges from cream white to pale yellow, and are very conspicuous. The Pirre Bush-Tanager is a very active bird of the canopy, and often forages with mixed flocks with other fruit-eating species.

Yellow-green Finch Pselliophorus luteoviridisThis finch is found on forest edges in the highlands of Eastern Chiriquí and Veraguas. It is olive overall, more yellowish on the breast, with black head, wings and tail. The bright yellow thighs are very conspicuous. It closely resembles the Yellow-thighed Finch (P. tibialis) found on the highlands of Western Chiriquí.

Back to Endemic Bird Areas - Back to the Xenornis

1