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Gaol Founders

George Strickland Kingston made his mark in the new colony as a civil engineer, architect and surveyor, and in 1840 was commissioned to design Adelaide's new Gaol.

The plans he drew up were based on the contemporary American radiating model, used on some Gaols in Ireland and England's Pentonville prison.

The first Governor of the Gaol, William Baker Ashton, was born in 1800 and arrived in South Australia in November 1838 with wife, Charlotte and their three children. He accepted the position as Governor of the original gaol - the 'Stone Jug' - on 1 January 1839 and later became the first Governor of the Adelaide Gaol - a position he held until his death in 1854.

Light's Vision - Free Settlement - Gaol Founders - Expensive Business - Capital Punishment - Women and the Gaol - The Times They are a Changing - The Closing Years - A New Purpose