|| Getting around
by Tirdâd Gorgâni
|Penjikent (or Panjikent)
is a small town, on the banks of the Zeravshan river, western
Many of archaeologists of the world aspire to Panjakent, one of the centers of ancient civilization, a major sogdian city was founded in the 5th century.
In the central Zarafshan valley, the town of ancient Panjikent was the capital of Panch and its rulers.
Panjekent was one of the socio-political, economical and cultural dynamics of the powerfull and progressive Samanid state .
Penjikent is situated 65 km east of Samarqand , in Tajikistan. See map
|| Facts at
|| a Glance
Population: c. 50,000
Language: Persian (Tajik)
Transportation: Daily buses from Khojand and in summer even to Dushanbe.
Accomodation: Hotel Penjikent, ulitsa Mirnaya 22 (town center)
Tour operator:Mountain Travel and Central Asia Tours
Geolog Village, Penjikent
Tel.: +992 (3475) 53134, +992 (3475) 55088
Fax: +992 (3475) 53134
Road Map: Click here.
| What to
ancient Penjikent , (some 1.5 km from the
modern town of Penjikent) a major Sogdian town
arose in the 5th century A.D.
*History museum in the town.
*Rudaki historical-ethnographic museum in the town.
|*Panjikent-Khojand route is a
fantastic scenic route through the high
mountains, climbing in places to over 3500 meters.
*Sarazm, some 20 kilometres from Penjikent, is one of the most ancient settlements of Central Asia, aged more than 5000 years, dating from the Bronze Age.
* The Town of Aini
*Strange lakes of Muragazor
South of Penjikent lie the Muragazor Lakes, a system of seven lakes of differing colours that change as the light changes.
* Samarqand (Samarkand) is the major cultural and industrial center of Tajik people, situated only 65 km west of Penjikent (now in Uzbekistan). A majestic and beautiful city, Samarkand is the city of legends .The city is situated in the blossoming Zerafshan Valley. Samarkand is part of a region that historically was known as Sogdia, and whose ethnically Iranian (Tajik) merchants for centuries seem to have played a key role in the commerce along the Silk Road.
||For alpine climbing, high level walking
tours and lakeland scenery the Fansky Gory (Fann mountains) in the
North West of the country, just a couple of hours from both Penjikent
and Dushanbe. This is a favorite place for trekking and climbing.
was a small but rich town of the Soghdians, an
Iranian people among the most important peoples of pre-Islamic
Central Asia. The ethnic and territorial name
occurs in historical sources as early as in Iranian
times (6th century B.C.). In their heartland, the Zarafshan
valley, they founded several city-states, as well as colonies
along the ancient Silk Routes from Eastern Europe (Crimea) to the
|In the central Zarafshan valley, the town
of ancient Panjikent (Soghdian: Panchekanth) was the capital of Panch
and its rulers. The town probably arose in the 5th century A.D. Its
citizens were well established businessmen and landowners. In A.D. 722,
Arabian forces besieged and took the town. The last ruler Devashtich
fled into the upper Zarafshan regions where he was captured and
sentenced to death shortly after. For some 50 years, ancient Panjikent
stayed a living place under the new rulership, but towards the end of
the 8th century the place was given up and never resettled again.
Therefore, quite a lot of urban remains, architecture and works of art
from the last urban phases could await the spades of the archaeologists.
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