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Site started: 16 December, 1998 Update: 16 December, 2002
Baden 15 km S of Vienna. Baden remains famous for its sulfur springs, a meeting place for high society from Vienna 100 years ago. While the city today caters more to the middle class, it remains a plush spa with casino.
Villa Mercedes In 1881, Emil Jellinek, son of a Leipzig rabbi and eventual financier of early Daimler cars, left Tetuan, North Africa to take over a French insurance company office in Vienna. Jellinek had grown wealthy dealing with North African imports, mostly tobacco which is grown along the Algerian coast, and had also met his wife, nee Rachel Goggman, in Oran, Africa where she was born on 29 April, 1854. Rachel gave birth to Mercédès Adrienne Manuela Romana in Baden (or Vienna, according to Guy Jellinek) on 16 September, 1889. Jellinek named his villa, which was on Wienerstrasse near some vineyards, after Mercedes and, as Austrian consul to France, bought another villa in Nice where he often wintered. Around 1909, Jellinek enlarged the villa so that it had 50 rooms, 8 bathrooms and 23 toilettes by the time the Russians showed up in 1945.
Jellinek, shown above at Villa Mercedes, became even wealthier after buying some Alpine Montan AG stocks ( which Camillo Castiglioni, who owned BMW, would acquire in 1921) which took off, allowing a new wing to be added to Villa Mercedes. Rachel Jellinek, who once threw her husband across the room, died of cancer in 1893, the same year Emil’s father died. His mother, Rosalie, died in Baden on 2 August, 1892. Emil had three children from his first marriage: Adolf, Fernand (both born in Algiers) and Mercedes; four from his second: Didier (1900-1984), Guy, René and Andrée (Maja). His second wife was Anais Engler, whom he married in 1899. In 1914, when Austria attempted to make their citizen Jellinek pay taxes for properties in Paris and Nice, Jellinek decided to move. "I shall transfer the villa to my children...Baden, which bores me terribly, where I cannot sleep and which is detrimental to my health! I shall send my family to the Semmering or to Ischl. And I shall go from Nice to the sanatorium of Dr. von dapper in Kissingen." While Emil stayed in Bad Kissingen, his family headed for the Semmering, returning after Austro-Hungary declared war on 28 July, 1914 after which they dared not speak French outside the house. Jellinek and the family went to Meran in late 1914, then to Geneva where they stayed until Emil died in 1918. Anais Jellinek was given a Czech passport as the French courts ruled on her nationality after the Austro-Hungarian empire was broken up. Mercedes Jellinek lived in Vienna much of her life, marrying there twice, in 1909 and 1914. Mercedes Weigl (Jellinek) died in Vienna on 23 February, 1929 and lies in Vienna’s Zentralfriedhof. Emile and Rachel Jellinek are buried in Nice, France while Anaise Jellinek, Emil’s second wife died in Neully, France in 1941. After the Russians destroyed the villa in 1945, save for the garage and two apartments, the land was broken up and sold. A Mercedes garage and gas station was on part of the lot in the 1960s. In the 1990s, the garage wing of the villa was restored.
Aachen Auto Collection Gut-Hand Handerweg 71. 350 year old farm with such cars as a 1936 Horch, 1935 Daimler, 1926 Protos and 1933 Rohr.
Kurhaus Herbert von Karajan, conductor of Berlin's Philharmonic Orchestra until his death in 1989, debuted at Aachen's Kurhaus, also the site of a battle between US 1st Division and SS troops in 1944. Karajan enjoyed fast planes, boats and cars, including those from Daimler Benz.
Affalterbach 4 km NE of Ludwigsburg, NW of Stuttgart. Home of AMG, modifier of Mercedes Benz cars. Started in 1967 by Hans-Werner Aufrecht who is due to sell 51% interest to Daimler Benz in January, 1999. The firm, Mercedes-AMG GmbH, will remain in Affalterbach.
Aschaffenburg 40 km E of Frankfurt Collection Rosso Bianco Obernauer Straße 125, 4 km from Autobahn exit Aschaffenburg West. Museum of over 200 cars including the world's largest collection of Alfa Romeo race cars, the world's largest collection of MacLaren, Les and Zagato cars and the largest Ferrari collection in Europe. There are also Porsches, a 1950 Daimler Special Sports, 1956 Mercedes 300 SL and 1955 300 SLS, a 1929 Bugatti type 43 and a 1938 Lancia Astura MM built for Mussolini's son. Open year round except Mondays, 10 to 6. Entrance fee: 10 DM. The photo below is the front hood intake of a 1955 Mercedes 300 SLS.
Augsburg Rumpler - Werken AG Edmund Rumpler, a Jew born in Vienna on 4 January, 1872, studied machine construction at the Technical College in Vienna (1890-95) then worked in auto construction, first at Nesselsdorf (Bohemia, 1897) then at Adler in Frankfurt (1904) until 1906 when he opened an engineering office in Berlin (1906) and became involved in aircraft contruction in 1908. In 1910 he built Igo Etrich’s Taube under liscense as the Rumpler-Taube, a bat-winged monoplane. During WWI, he built aircraft in Augsburg. In 1921, he built the first streamlined automobiel the Rumpler Tropfenauto (Teardrop Car) which led to the 100 mph Benz Grand Prix Tropfenrennwagen (RH Benz - RH for Rennwagen Heckmotor - see photo below) which finished 4th at the 1923 Grand Priz at Monza. Inflation wiped out his company by 1926 and he died on 7 September, 1940 at Neu Tollow, whereever that is. Rumpler's factory may have have actually been in Gablingen, a village just north of Augsburg - I am still trying to nail that down.
Springergasschen E of Cathedral. Rudolf Diesel, born Paris on March 18, 1858, lived on Springergasschen while building his Diesel engine at Augsburg's M.A.N. factory. Financed by M.A.N. and Krupp, Diesel survived his invention when it exploded into life in 1892. Five years later, Krupp built the first production diesel motor in Essen. A model of the motor is displayed in Munich's Deutschen Museum. Though Diesel grew wealthy from his invention, he drowned (probable suicide) in the English Channel on 29 September, 1913.
Göppingen In 261 AD, Alamannia tribes forced Roman troops out of this site 50 km east of Stuttgart. They named Göppingen after their chief, Geppo. Göppingen received moderate bomb damage in March, 1945 before surrendering to US troops on 20 April, 1945.
Böhringer Werkzeugmaschinen GmbH Stuttgarter Straße 50. Albert Friedrich, director of aviation motor development at Daimler-Benz, designed the UNIMOG at Erhard & Sons in Schwäbish Gmünd before moving production to this factory in the fall of 1946. Started in 1844, Böhringer manufactured tools but was unable to continue that line after WW II due to Allied restrictions. Böhringer received early UNIMOG contracts though Daimler’s Dr. Haspel, a friend of BMW’s Popp, considered going to Allach or Milbertshofen just after WW II when BMW was producing little.
Cooke Barracks During WW II, Cooke barracks and airfield was used to train Luftwaffe pilots.
Märklin Factory/Museum Holzheimerstraße. Göppingen is the home of Märklin, manufacturers of high quality model trains, a favorite hobby of Hermann Göring. The Märklin museum displays the first HO set (1889), models, including Mercedes cars, and working train sets.
Ladenburg 10 km E of Mannheim. Benz Factory In Roman times, Ladenburg was the capital of this part of Germany, now dominated by Mannheim and Heidelberg. About 2000 years later, in 1906, Carl Benz left Mannheim where he had invented the automobile, and opened an auto parts design firm, C. Benz Sohne, in Ladenburg. C. Benz Sohne built a few cars, including four cylinder 10/22 PS and 14/42 PS models here. Benz retired in 1912, leaving the company to his sons, Eugen and Richard.
Benz House/Museum Dr.-Carl-Benz-Platz 2. Karl and Bertha Benz lived here after moving from Mannheim in 1906. Their Ladenburg house was much larger than the narrow row house where they invented the automobile in early 1886.
Friedhof / Cemetery Karl (or Carl) Benz are buried in this flat but well kept, as is usual in Germany, cemetery outside of the village. A rectangular stone with a bronze relief in front of an urn containing the ashes of Richard Benz is surrounded by a curved stone pergola. The inscription beneath the bronze reads:
Wörth Across the Rhine from Karlsruhe. Site of Daimler Benz (Mercedes) truck factory in 1998 when the plant built three models of heavy trucks: the Actros (16 - 40 tons), the Atego (7.5-27 tons) and the Atego heavy. Production was about 350 trucks a day in late 1998 with customers in Europe, the Near East (Russia , Turkey, Israel, Libanon, etc.) and Africa.
Copyright 1998 Dennis A. Burnsidedburnside@attbi.com