South Atlantic Blockading Squadron

The Civil War

1861-1865

USS Wabash (Flagship of Squadron under Rear-Admiral Du Pont)

Brief history of service


The South Atlantic Blockade Squadron was responsible for all naval operations on the east coast encompassing South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Their area of influence was not only as a blockading fleet offshore but also as an active arm to bring the war into the heart of the Confederacy via the river systems.

Brief history of the Squadon's Service

1861
Sept 18Captain S. F. Du Pont assumes command of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron
Oct. 16Squadron leaves Sandy Hook, New York for Hampton Roads, Va.
Oct. 28The fleet's twenty-five coal ships depart for Hilton Head, S.C. escorted by the U.S. ship Vandalia
Oct. 29The fleet of 50 vessels, with army transports, depart for Charleston, S.C

Nov. 1 - 6Fleet in transit from Hampton Roads, Va. to Charleston, S.C.

Nov. 1Chartered steamer Governor sinks, battalion of marines saved by the U.S. ship Sabine
Nov. 1Transport Peerless sinks, U.S. ship Mohican saves all 26 souls
Nov. 2Storm off Cape Hatteras disperses fleet
Nov. 3Fleet ships regain their sailing positions.
Nov. 6Fleet lies off Hilton Head, Port Royal Harbor, S.C.

Nov. 6After a 4 hour engagement the Forts of Walker and Beauregard fall to Union hands
Nov. 9Occupation Beaufort, S.C.
Nov. 15Capture of the British schooner Mabel by the U.S. ship Dale, Port Royal Harbor, S.C.
Nov. 24Occupation of Tybee Island, Ga.
Nov. 28Reconnaissance of St. Helena Sound, S.C. and tributaries
Nov. 30Capture of the schooner E. J. Waterman by the U.S. ship Savannah near Savannah, Ga.
Dec. 1Capture of the sloop Lida by U.S. ship Seminole off St. Simon's Sound, Ga.
Dec. 5-6Reconaissance of Wassaw Sound, Ga.
Dec. 5-9Reconaissance of St Helena Sound and Ashepoo and Coosaw Rivers S.C.
Dec. 12Capture of the ship Admiral by U.S. ship Alabama south of Tybee Island, Ga.
Dec. 17-21Reconnaissance on the North and South Edisto Rivers, S.C.
Dec. 24-29Reconnaissance on the North Edisto River
1862
Jan. 1Skirmish at Coosaw River, S.C.
Jan. 17-Feb. 18Reconnaissance of the Wright's and Mud Rivers S.C.
Jan. 26-28Reconnaissance of the Wilmington Narrows, Ga..
Feb. 5Capture of the schooner Mars by the U. S. ship Keystone State near Fernandina, Fla.
Feb. 18Capture of the ship Emily St. Pierre off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 23-28Reconnaissance on the North Edisto River, S.C.
Feb. 25Capture of the British schooner Arrow by the U.S. ship Bienville off St. John's, Fla.
Feb. 26Capture of the schooner Alert by the U.S. ship Bienville off St. John's, Fla.
Feb. 27Capture of the schooner Julia by the U.S. armed bark Restless off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 29Capture of the schooner Lydia and Marie by U.S. armed bark Restless off Charleston, S.C.
Mar. 4Occupation of Fernandina, Fla. and St. Mary's, Ga.
Mar. 8Occupation of Brunswick, Ga.
Mar. 9Occupation of St. Augustine, Fla.
Mar. 12Capture of the British schooner Fair Play by the U.S. bark Gem of the Sea near Georgetown, S.C.
Mar. 17-20Operations in St. Simon's Sound, Ga.
Mar. 21-22Operations against Mosquito Inlet (New Smyrna), Fla.
Apr. 3Capture of the British sloop Coquette by the U.S. ship Susquehanna off Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 3Capture of the schooner British Empire by the U.S. ship Isaac Smith off St. Augustine, Fla.
Apr. 10-11Bombardment of Fort Pulaski, Ga.
Apr. 16-May 3Operations on the St. John's River Fla.
Apr. 18Engagement at Seabrook Island, Ga.
Apr. 19Capture of the schooner Wave by the U.S. pilot boat G. W. Blunt near Georgetown, S.C.
Apr. 19Capture of the schooner Glide by the U.S. gunboat Huron off Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 25Capture of the schooner Success by the U.S. ship Keystone State near Georgetown, S.C.
Apr. 26Capture of the schooner Belle by the U.S. ship Uncas off Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 26Capture of the schooner Active by the U.S. ship Flambeau near Stono Inlet, S.C.
Apr. 29Expedition up the South Edisto River, S.C.
May 6Capture of the schooner General C. C. Pinckney by the U.S. gunboat Ottawa off Charleston, S.C.
May 8Capture of the schooner Sarah by the U.S. ship Alabama off Charleston, S.C.
May 10Capture of the schooner Mary Teresa by the U.S. ship Unadilla off Charleston, S.C.
May 11Capture of the U.S. ship Sumpter's boat crew by pickets at Fort Jackson, Savannah, Ga.
May 13Confederate steamer Planter turned over to the blockade outside Charleston, S.C.
May 21-25Operations in Winyah Bay, S.C.
May 28Capture of the British steamer Cambria by the U.S. gunboat Huron off Charleston, S.C.
May 28Capture of the steamer Patras by the U.S. ship Bienville off Charleston, S.C.
May 29Capture of the steamer Miramon by the U.S. ship Keystone State off Charleston, S.C.
May 29Capture of three schooners Providence, Rebecca, and La Criolla by the U.S. ship Bienville off Charleston, S.C.
Jun. 13Attack upon Hutchinson's Island, S.C.
Jun. 14-16Cooperation of gunboats with the army on Stono River, S.C.
Jun. 21Engagement at Simmon's Bluff, S.C.
Jun. 27Capture of the schooner Morning Star by the U.S. ship Bienville off Wilmington, S.C.
Jul. 7Capture of the steamer Emilie by the U.S. armed bark Restless and Flag in Bull's Bay, S.C.
Aug. 2Operations on the Santee River, S.C.
Aug. 4Capture of the schooner Aquilla by the U.S. gunboat Huron off Charleston, S.C.
Aug. 4Capture of the British steamer Lodona by the U.S. ship Unadilla in Ossabaw Sound, Ga.
Aug. 14-15Reconnaissance on the Black River, S.C.
Aug. 22Capture of the British schooner Fanny by the U.S. ship Keystone State near St. Simon's Sound, Ga.
Sep. 4Capture of the British bark Fannie Laurie by the U.S. ship Shepherd Knapp off the South Edisto Inlet, S.C.
Oct. 14Capture of the British steamer Ouachita by the U.S. ship Memphis off Charleston, S.C.
Oct. 21-23Epedition to destroy railroad bridge at Pocotaligo, S.C.
Oct. 24Capture of the British steamer Scotia by the U.S. armed bark Restless Bull's Bay, S.C.
Oct. 27Capture of the British steamer Anglia by the U.S. armed bark Flag Bull's Bay, S.C.
Oct. 30Reconnaissance of the Folly River, S.C.
Nov. 4Capture of the Confederate pilot boat Wave by the U.S. ship E. B. Hale Nassau River, S.C.
Nov. 20Capture of the schooner Annie Dees by the U.S. ship Seneca off Charleston, S.C.
1863
Jan. 4Capture of the sloop Mercury by the U.S. ship Powhatan off Charleston, S.C.
Jan. 18Destruction of the steamer Tropic by the U.S. steamer Quaker City off Charleston, S.C.
Jan. 21Capture of the schooner Etiwan by the U.S. ship Ottawa off Charleston, S.C.
Jan. 27Engagement at Fort McAllister, Ga.
Jan. 29Capture of the steamer Princess Royal by the U.S. gunboat Unadilla off Charleston, S.C.
Jan. 30U.S. ship Isaac Smith captured on the Stono River, S.C.
Feb. 28Destruction of the Confederate steamer Nashville by the U.S. ship Montauk on the Great Ogeechee, Ga.
Mar. 3Engagement at Fort McAllister, Ga.
Mar. 7Destruction of the British steamer Queen of the Waves by the U.S. ship Conemaugh off Charleston, S.C.
Mar. 9Capture of the schooner Lightning by the U.S. ship Bienville off Charleston, S.C.
Mar. 19Destruction of the British steamer Georgiana by the U.S. ship Wisahickon off Charleston, S.C.
Mar. 23Capture of the sloop Aurelia by the U.S. ship Arizona off Mosquito Inlet, Fla.
Mar. 28Capture of the British steamer Aries by the U.S. ship Stetin in Bull's Bay, S.C.
Mar. 29Capture of the schooner Nellie by the U.S. ship South Carolina off Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 18Capture of the steamer St. Johns by the U.S. ship Stetin off Cape Romain, S.C.
Apr. 19Capture of three vessels a bark, sloop Neptune, and schooner Simpson by the U.S. ship Housatonic off Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 23Capture of a sloop by the U.S. ship Cimarron in Wassaw Sound, S.C.
May 8Capture of the steamer Cherokee by the U.S. ship Canadaigua off Charleston, S.C.
May 8Capture of the schooner Amelia and sinking by the U.S. armed bark Flag off Charleston, S.C.
May 12Engagement at Murrell's Inlet, S.C.
May 13Capture of the British schooner Wonder by the U.S. ship Daffodil off Port Royal Harbor, S.C.
May 15Capture of the sloop Secesh by the U.S. ship Canadaigua off Charleston, S.C.
May 16Capture of the sloop C. Routereau by the U.S. ship Powhatan off Charleston, S.C.
May 29Capture of the schooner Evening Star by the U.S. ship Cimarron in Wassaw Sound, Ga.
Jun. 4Destruction of Bluffton, S.C.
Jun. 17Capture of the C. S. ram Atlanta by the U.S. ship Weehawken, Nahant, and Cimarron on the Wilmington River, S.C.
Jun. 19Capture of the schooner Emma by the U.S. mortar schooner Para off Mosquito Inlet, Fla.
Jul. 5Rear-Admiral Du Pont is relieved by Rear-Admiral Dahlgren
Jul. 10-11Joint attack upon Morris Island and Fort Wagner, S.C.
Jul. 16Engagement at Grimball's Landing, S.C.
Jul. 18Bombardment of Fort Wagner, S.C.
Jul. 24Bombardment of Fort Wagner, S.C.
Aug. 5U.S. ship Wabash losses launch and its crew to the C.S.S. Juno off Morris Island, S.C.
Aug. 16U.S. ship Pawnee losses launch and its crew to a torpedo in Stono River, Ga.
Aug. 17-23Bombardments of Forts Sumter, Gregg, and Wagner, S.C.
Aug. 21Attempted destruction of U.S. ship New Ironsides off Charleston, S.C.
Aug. 23Night attack of Fort Sumter S.C.
Sep. 8-9Boat attack upon Fort Sumter, S.C.
Oct. 13Capture of the schooner Mary by the U.S. bark Braziliera off St. Simon's Sound, Ga.
Oct. 20U.S. schooner T. A. Ward losses boat and crew near Murrell's Inlet, S.C.
Oct. 26-Nov. 10Joint bombardment on Fort Sumter, S.C.
Nov. 16Bombardment of Fort Moultrie at Cummings Point, S.C.
Dec. 5U. S. brig Perry losses boat and crew near Murrell's Inlet, S.C.
Dec. 6The sinking of the U.S. ship Weehawken off Charleston, S.C.
Dec. 8British schooner Antoinette ran ashore by the U.S. bark Braziliera on Cumberland Island, Ga.
Dec. 12Loss of U.S. coal bark Alice Provost in Port Royal Harbor, S.C.
Dec. 25Attack upon U.S. ship Marblehead by Confederate batteries on Stono River, Ga.
Dec. 29-Jan. 1Expedition into Murrell's Inlet in retaliation to the loss of the U.S. ship Perry boat crewon the Dec. 5th
1864
Feb. 1Capture of a sloop by the U.S. ship Braziliera off Brunswick, Ga.
Feb. 2Destruction of the schooner Presto offshore of Fort Moultrie, S.C.
Feb. 17Sinking of the U. S. ship Housatonic by the C.S.S. Hunley off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 27Commodore S.C. Rowan, commanding U.S. ship New Ironsides temporarily takes command of squadron
Apr. 23Rear-Admiral Dahlgren re-assumes command of the squadron
May 23 U.S. steamer Columbine is captured on the St. John's River, Fla.
May 25-27Joint expedition up the Ashepoo and South Edisto Rivers, S.C.
Jun. 3U.S. ship Water Witch is captured by Confederate forces in Ossabaw Sound, Ga.
Jun. 26Capture of the sloop Sarah Mary by the U.S. schooner Norfolk Packet off Mosquito Inlet, Fla.
Jun. 27Capture of the sloop Julia by the U.S. ship Nipsic off Sapelo Sound, Ga.
Jul 1-9Naval demonstration in Stono River, S.C.
Jul. 8Capture of the steamer Ida by the U.S. ship Sonoma Sapelo Sound, Ga.
Jul. 30Destruction of salt works in the vicinity of Black River, Ga.
Aug. 1Capture of the sloop Racer by the U.S. schooner Hope off Bull's Bay, S.C.
Aug. 1-4Expedition to McIntosh Courthouse, Ga.
Aug. 16-18Boat expedition to South Newport, Ga.
Aug. 23-25Boat expedition down the Turtle River, Ga.
Oct. 22Capture of the British steamer Flora off Fort Moultrie, S.C.
Nov. 5Destruction of a sloop by the U.S. ship Patapsco near Fort Moultrie, S.C.
Nov. 25-Dec 30Expedition to cut railroad near Pocotaligo, S.C.
Nov. 27Destruction of the British steamer Beatrice Port Royal Harbor, S.C.
Dec. 20Expedition in Altamaha River, Ga.
Dec. 21Occupation of Savannah, Ga.
Dec. 22Boat crew from U. S. ship Dai Ching in Charleston, S.C.
Dec. 23Capture of the steamer Julia by the U.S. ship Acacia off Alligator Creek, S.C.
Dec. 31Boat crew from the U.S. Wabash captured in Charleston, S.C.
1865
Jan. 15Sinking of the U.S. ship Patapsco by torpedo in Charleston, S.C.
Jan. 26Capture of the schooner Coquette by the U.S. ship Dai Ching near Port Royal Harbor, S.C.
Jan. 26Loss of the U.S. ship Dai Ching in Combahee River, S.C.
Feb. 18Capture of the steamer Celt by the U.S. ironclad Catskill off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 18Capture of the steamer Deer by the U.S. ship Canonicus off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 18Capture of the steamer Syren by the U.S. ship Gladiolus off Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 22Naval operations in Bull's Bay and the evacuation of Charleston, S.C.
Feb. 25Battery White and Georgetown, S.C. occupied by U.S. forces
Feb. 25Capture of the sloop Elvira by the U.S. ship Chenango near Charleston, S.C.
Mar. 1Sinking of the U.S. ship Harvest Moon by torpedo in Winyah Bay, S.C.
Mar. 2Surrender of the steamer Amazon to the squadron off Savannah, Ga.
Mar. 28Operations on the Cooper River, S.C.
Apr. 24Occupation of Charleston, S.C.
Apr. 28-May 3Operations to capture C.S. President Jeff Davis
May 23Seizure of the British brig Sarah M. Newhall by the U.S. ship Azalea on the Savannah River, Ga.
Jun. 8Loss of steam launch #3 of the U.S. ship Philadelphia on St. Helena shoals, Charleston, S.C.
Jun. 17Rear-Admiral Dahlgren relinquishes command to Rear-Admiral Radford
USS Philadelphia (Flagship of Squadron under Rear-Admiral Dahlgren)


All Dispatches were copied from "The War of Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (1880-1901)"


Re-enacting Unit's recruiter
Home

1