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Launch Vehicle

Last updated: October 12, 2005


 

Chinese Launch Vehicle Overview

Models: 20
Total launches: 98
Orbited launches: 89
Successful launches: 85
Failed launches: 9
Partial failed launches: 4
Commercial launches: 22
Payload launched: 109
GEO payload: 27
SSO payload: 14

 


Long March Family

 

Chinese Launch Vehicles (Long March and Kaituozhe)

 

Chinese Launcher Specification

Model Configuration Length/
Diameter
(m)
Mass/
Thrust
(t/kN)
Capacity
(kg)
Flights/
fails
CZ-1 1: YF-2 (NA27S/UDMH)
2: YF-3 (NA27S/UDMH)
3: FG-02 (Solid:PS)
29.86
2.25
81.6
1020
LEO 300 2/0
CZ-1D 1: YF-2A (NA27S/UDMH)
2: 2xYF-40 (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: FG-36 (?)(Solid:HTPB)
28.22
2.25
81.1
1101
LEO 930 0/0
FB-1 1: FY-21 (N2O4/UDMH)
2: FY-23 (N
2O4/UDMH)
32.57
3.35
  192
2746
LEO 1500 8/4
CZ-2 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24 (N
2O4/UDMH)
31.17
3.35
190
2786
LEO 1800 4/1
CZ-2C 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24 (N
2O4/UDMH)
31.17
3.35
192
2786
LEO 2400 11/0
CZ-2C/SD 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24D (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: FG-47 (Solid:HTPB)
39.93
3.35
213
2962
LEO 2800 7/0
CZ-2C/SM 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)?
2: YF-24D (N
2O4/UDMH)?
3: FG-?
40
3.35
214
2962?
  2/0
CZ-2C/2 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)?
2: YF-24D (N
2O4/UDMH)?
40
3.35
210
2962?
LEO 2500 2/0
CZ-2C/3 1: YF-21 (N2O4/UDMH)?
2: YF-24D (N
2O4/UDMH)?
41.95
3.35
245
2962?
LEO 3900 2/0
CZ-2D 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24F (N
2O4/UDMH)
38.3
3.35
232
2962
LEO 3100 4/0
CZ-2D/2 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)?
2: YF-24F (N
2O4/UDMH)?
40?
3.35
?
2962
LEO ? 3/0
CZ-2E 0: 4xYF-20B (N2O4/UDMH)
1: YF-21B (N
2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24B (N
2O4/UDMH)
49.7
3.35
462
5923
LEO 9200
GTO 3500
(EPKM)
7/2
CZ-2F 0: 4x? (N2O4/UDMH)
1: ? (N
2O4/UDMH)
2: ? (N
2O4/UDMH)

58.34
3.35 (4.2)

480
5923

LEO 8000

6/0

CZ-3 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24D (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-73 (N
2O4/LH2)
43.8
3.35
202
2962
LEO 5000
GTO 1400
13/3
CZ-3A 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24B (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-75 (LOX/LH2)
52.3
3.35
241
2962
GTO 2500 9/0
CZ-3B 0: 4xYF-20B (N2O4/UDMH)
1: YF-21B (N
2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24B (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-75 (LOX/LH2)
54.84
3.35
425.5
5924
GTO 5000 6/1
CZ-3C 0: 2xYF-20B (N2O4/UDMH)
1: YF-21B (N
2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24B (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-75 (LOX/LH2)
54.84
3.35
345
4442
GTO 3700 0/0
CZ-4A 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24F (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-40 (N
2O4/UDMH)
41.9
3.35
249
2962
SSO 1650 2/0
CZ-4B 1: YF-21B (N2O4/UDMH)
2: YF-24B (N
2O4/UDMH)
3: YF-40 (N
2O4/UDMH)
44.1
3.35
254
2971
GTO 1500
SSO 2200
8/0
KT-1 1:? (solid)
2:? (solid)
3:? (solid)
4:? (solid)
13.6
1.4
19.3/? LEO 100
SSO 50
2/2
YF-2 = 2xYF-1; YF-21 = 4xYF-20; YF-21B = 4xYF-20B;
YF-24 = YF-22+YF-23; YF-24B = YF-22B+YF-23B
NA27S: Nitric Acid 27S; UDMH: Unsymmetrical Di-Methyl Hydrazine

 

Chinese Launch Log

#1 #2 #3 Date Time
(UT)
ID Model Site Payload Comment
1 1 1 04/24/1970 13:35 70034 CZ-1 Jiuquan DFH-1  
2 2 2 03/03/1971 12:04 71018 CZ-1 Jiuquan SJ-1  
3 1 1 09/18/1973     FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW ?  
4 2 2 07/14/1974     FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW ? 2nd stage engine lost thrust
5 3 1 11/05/1974     CZ-2 Jiuquan FSW ?  
6 3 3 07/26/1975 13:28 75070 FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW-1  
7 4 2 11/26/1975 03:29 75111 CZ-2 Jiuquan FSW-1  
8 4 4 12/16/1975 09:19 75119 FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW-2  
9 5 5 08/30/1976 11:53 76087 FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW-3  
10 5 3 12/07/1976 03:46 76116 CZ-2 Jiuquan FSW-2  
11 6 6 11/10/1976     FB-1 Jiuquan JSSW ?  
12 6 4 01/26/1978 04:57 78011 CZ-2 Jiuquan FSW-3  
13 7 7 07/27/1979     FB-1 Jiuquan SJ ?  
14 8 8 09/19/1981 21:32 81093 FB-1 Jiuquan SJ-2, SJ-2A, SJ-2B  
15 7 1 09/09/1982 07:18 82090 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-4  
16 8 2 08/19/1983 06:00 83086 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-5  
17 9 1 01/29/1984 12:25 84008 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-0 3rd Stage early shutdown
18 10 2 04/08/1984 11:20 84035 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-1  
19 11 3 09/12/1984 05:43 84098 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-6  
20 12 4 10/21/1985 05:04 85096 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-7  
21 13 3 02/01/1986 12:37 86010 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-2  
22 14 5 10/06/1986 05:40 86076 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-8  
23 15 6 08/05/1987 06:37 87067 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-9  
24 16 7 09/09/1987 07:15 87075 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-10  
25 17 4 03/071988 12:41 88014 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-3  
26 18 8 08/05/1988 07:28 88067 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-11  
27 19 1 09/06/1988 20:30 88080 CZ-4A Taiyuan FY-1A  
28 20 5 12/22/1988 12:40 88111 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-4  
29 21 6 02/04/1990 12:28 90011 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-5  
30 22 7 04/07/1990 12:28 90030 CZ-3 Xichang Asiasat-1 First commercial launch
31 23 1 07/16/1990 00:40 90059 CZ-2E Xichang Optus Model, Badr-A  
32 24 2 09/03/1990 00:57 90081 CZ-4A Taiyuan FY-1B, DQ-1A, DQ-1B  
33 25 9 10/05/1990 06:14 90089 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-12  
34 26 8 12/28/1991 12:00 91088 CZ-3 Xichang DFH-2-6 3rd Stage early shutdown
35 27 1 08/09/1992 08:00 92051 CZ-2D Jiuquan FSW-13  
36 28 2 08/13/1992 23:00 92054 CZ-2E Xichang Optus-B1  
37 29 10 10/06/1992 06:20 92064 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-14, Freja  
38 30 3 12/21/1992 11:21 92090 CZ-2E Xichang Optus-B2 payload fairing collapsed
39 31 11 10/08/1993 08:00 93063 CZ-2C Jiuquan FSW-15  
40 32 1 02/08/1994 08:30 94010 CZ-3A Xichang SJ-4, KF-1  
41 33 2 07/03/1994 08:00 94037 CZ-2D Jiuquan FSW-16  
42 34 9 07/21/1994 10:55 94043 CZ-3 Xichang Apstar-1  
43 35 4 08/27/1994 23:10 94055 CZ-2E Xichang Optus-B3  
44 36 2 11/29/1994 17:02 94080 CZ-3A Xichang DFH-3-1  
45 37 5 01/25/1995 19:26   CZ-2E Xichang Apstar-2 destroyed due to wind shear
46 38 6 11/28/1995 11:30 95064 CZ-2E Xichang Asiastar-2  
47 39 7 12/28/1995 11:50 95073 CZ-2E Xichang Echostar-1  
48 40 1 02/14/1996 19:01   CZ-3B Xichang Intelsat-708 attitude control lost
49 41 10 07/03/1996 10:47 96039 CZ-3 Xichang Apstar-1A  
50 42 11 08/18/1996 10:27 96048 CZ-3 Xichang Chinasat-7 3rd Stage early shutdown
51 43 3 10/20/1996 07:20 96059 CZ-2D Jiuquan FSW-17  
52 44 3 05/11/1997 16:17 97021 CZ-3A Xichang DFH-3-2  
53 45 12 06/10/1997 12:01 97029 CZ-3 Xichang FY-2A  
54 46 2 08/19/1997 17:50 97042 CZ-3B Xichang Agila-2  
55 47 1 09/01/1997 14:00 97048 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium MFS-1, MFS-2  
56 48 3 10/16/1997 19:13 97062 CZ-3B Xichang Apstar-2R  
57 49 2 12/08/1997 07:16 97077 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-42, Iridium-44  
58 50 3 03/25/1998 17:01 98018 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-51, Iridium-61  
59 51 4 05/01/1998 21:16 98026 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-69, Iridium-71 ?
60 52 4 05/30/1998 10:00 98033 CZ-3B Xichang ChinaStar-1  
61 53 5 07/18/1998 09:20 98044 CZ-3B Xichang Sinosat-1  
62 54 5 08/19/1998 23:01 98048 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-3, Iridium-76  
63 55 6 12/19/1998 11:30 98074 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-11A, Iridium-20A  
64 56 1 05/10/1999 01:33 99025 CZ-4B Taiyuan FY-1C, SJ-5  
65 57 7 06/11/1999 17:15 99032 CZ-2C/SD Taiyuan Iridium-14A, Iridium-21A  
66 58 2 10/14/1999 03:16 99057 CZ-4B Taiyuan ZY-1A, SACI-1  
67 59 1 11/19/1999 22:30 99061 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-1  
68 60 4 01/25/2000 16:45 00003 CZ-3A Xichang ZX-22  
69 61 13 06/25/2000 11:50 00032 CZ-3 Xichang FY-2B  
70 62 3 09/01/2000 03:25 00050 CZ-4B Taiyuan ZY-2A  
71 63 5 10/30/2000 16:02 00069 CZ-3A Xichang BD-1A  
72 64 6 12/20/2000 16:20 00082 CZ-3A Xichang BD-1B  
73 65 2 01/09/2001 17:00 01001 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-2  
74 66 3 03/25/2002 14:15 02014 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-3  
75 67 4 05/15/2002 01:50 02024 CZ-4B Taiyuan FY-1D, HY-1A  
76 1 1 09/15/2002 10:00?   KT-1 Taiyuan PS-1 2nd stage failure?
77 68 5 10/27/2002 03:17 02049 CZ-4B Taiyuan ZY-2B  
78 69 4 12/29/2002 16:40 02061 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-4  
79 70 7 05/14/2003 16:34 03021 CZ-3A Xichang BD-1C  
80 2 2 09/16/2003 6:30?    KT-1 Taiyuan PS-2 4th stage failure?
81 71 5 10/15/2003 01:00 03045 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-5 First manned flight
82 72 6 10/21/2003 03:16 03049 CZ-4B Taiyuan ZY-1B, CX-1  
83 73 1 11/03/2003 07:20 03051 CZ-2D/2 Jiuquan FSW-18  
84 74 8 11/14/2003 16:01 03052 CZ-3A Xichang ZX-20  
85 75 1 12/29/2003 19:06 03061 CZ-2C/SM Xichang TC-1  
86 76 1 04/18/2004 15:59 04012 CZ-2C/2 Xichang Shiyan-1
Naxing-1 (Nanosat-1)
 
87 77 2 07/25/2004 23:05 04029 CZ-2C/SM Taiyuan TC-2  
88 78 1 08/29/2004 07:50 04033 CZ-2C/3 Jiuquan FSW-19  
89 79 7 09/08/2004 23:14 04035 CZ-4B Taiyuan SJ-6A
SJ-6B
 
90 80 2 09/27/2004 08:00 04039 CZ-2D/2 Jiuquan FSW-20  
91 81 9 10/19/2004 01:20 04042 CZ-3A Xichang FY-2C  
92 82 8 11/06/2004 08:10 04044 CZ-4B Taiyuan ZY-2C  
93 83 2 11/18/2004 10:45 04046 CZ-2C/2 Xichang Shiyan-2  
94 84 6 04/12/2005 12:00 05012 CZ-3B Xichang Apstar 6  
95 86 3 07/05/2005 22:40 05024 CZ-2D/2 Jiuquan SJ-7  
96 87 2 08/02/2005 07:30 05027 CZ-2C/3 Jiuquan FSW-21  
97 88 4 08/29/2005 08:45 05033 CZ-2D/2 Jiuquan FSW-22  
98 89 6 10/12/2005 01:00 05033 CZ-2F Jiuquan SZ-6  
#1: all launches
#2: launches of specific family
(CZ, FB or KT)
#3: launches of specific model

Note:
1. Red : Failure or partial failure
2. Last digit in CZ-2C/2, CZ-2C/3, CZ-2D/2 and CZ-4B/2 designators is unofficial and refers to "block n".

CZ: Chang Zheng (Long March)
FB: Feng Bao (Storm)
KT: Kaituozhe (Pioneer)
DFH: Dong Fang Hong (Red is East)
SJ: Shi Jian (Practice)
FY: Feng Yun (Wind and Cloud)
DQ: Da Qi (Atmosphere)
FSW: Fanhui Shi Weixing (Recoverable Satellite)
JSSW: Ji Shu Shiyan Weixing (Technical Test Satellite)

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