MARIANO TRIAS

(1868 - 1914)

 

 

Genaral Mariano  Trias  y  Closas ,  one of the  leading patriots and  defenders  of  Cavite  against the Spanish  oppression, was born  on Oct. 12,1868 in  San  Francisco  de  Malabon, now renamed  General Trias , a  town  of  Cavite. He was  the  fifth  of the  nine  children of Don Balbino, a  cabeza  de  barangay  and  justice  of  the peace  during  the Spanish regime who, after his term of  office, become a landowner  farmer. His mother was Gabriela   Closas.

                  

He had primary schooling under the tutorship of Eusebio Chaves and Cipriano Gonzales, both local school teachers. Later, he was sent to Manila and enrolled at San Juan de Letran for his Bachelor of Arts, then to University of Sto. Tomas for his course in Medicine which he was unable to  finish  as  he  returned  home to  help  his parents manage the  farm holdings.

 

Before the revolution in August 1896, he affiliated with the  Katipunan and  was an active  propagandist  of the society in the towns of  Silang and Kawit.In the  election of  the  Katipunan popular  council  which the  Sangguniang Balangay of Mapagtiis organized, he was named fiscal .

 

When two councils of the Katipunan revolutionist came into existence the Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang and the Sangguniang Bayang Magadalo, both factions set up their respective councils of leaders. He became the minister of justice and grace of the Magdiwang group.

 

Assuming the nom-de-guerre Labong(bamboo shoots)he  recruited  troops and  solicited contributions  from rich  Filipinos in Indang and  Alfonso, Cavite , to help  finance  the  cause .

 

On August 31,1896, he had   a group of  Katipuneros in a  surprise attack of  a  Malabon town, following  a threat by  Esteban San  Juan, capitan de  cuadrilleros, to drive  him  and  his  companions  away  from the  carinderia on  Pasong  Kalabaw as they  waited   for  the  food  they  ordered, In  February of 1897 he was promoted  to  lieutenant  general.

 

On  March  22,1897, a   second   assembly  of  Katipunan  leaders from both  factions was  held, this time   at Tejeros, near the  coast, in  the heart of  Magdiwang  territory. This happened while  A guinaldoand the Magdalo  factions were  desperately  trying  to  stop  the  ADVANCES OF THE  Lechambre soldiers. After a stormy debate,  it was  agreed to  set  up a new government,replacing  that  of the katipunan Nine  positions were  to be  filled.  By  secret  ballot, Emilio Aguinaldo[who was  absent, defending Imus against  the foth coming  attack  by  Governor  Lachambre   was  elected president and Mariano  Trias vice  president.  Bonifacio was defeated for both positions.

 

At  the revolutionary assembly convoked  by Aguinaldo in  Naic,Cavite after  Easter  Sunday of 1897,  Trias   was  again  chosen as  vice  president of  the  new  government. On November 1, 1897, the Biac na Bato Republic was established. Emilio Aguinaldo was president and Trias was vice president.

 

After  the  abolition  of  the dictatorial  government and  the establishment  of  the  revolutionary government, he was  appointed on  July15, 1898 as   secretary of  finance and  continued  in  this  office after  the transfer of  seat  of  the  government to Malolos. In the  paterno  cabinet, which  succeeded  the Mabini  cabinet, he held  the position of  secretary of war. After  the revolutionary government  forces  were  practically  dispersed in  Central Luzon,  he was  named  commanding general of  southern  Luzon. He directed guerilla offensive moves in Cavite.

 

He  figured  in a  series of  furious  skirmishes  with the  troops  of   General  Wheaton in  January 1900  when   he  held  the  defense  of  Cavite  until  his  men  where finally dispersed.

 

General Trias set free all the Spanish prisoners under his command in May 1900.

 

Nine days after the capture of Aguinaldo, General Trias, accompanied by Severino delas Alas, former  secretary of   the Interior, Ladislao Diwa  ex- governor  of Cavite, two  colonels, two  lieutenant  colonels     and  a number of  majors, captains,  and    lieutenants, and  some  hundreds of soldiers with  guns,  voluntarily  surrendered  in  Santa    Cruz de  Malabon, Cavite to   General  Baldwin  on  May 13,  1901.

 

With the establishment of the civil government by the Americans, Civil Governor William Howard Taft appointed him the first civil governor of Cavite on June 11,1901 in accordance with Act No.  139.                  

 

He  sailed  to the  United  States  as  member  of  the  honorary board  of  Filipino   commissioners  to the  Lousiana   Purchase  Exposition in 1904. After his term of office.  He engaged in agricultural activities, but this was a brief respite from politics. H e  was  the acting  governor of Cavite  when  he   died  of  appendectomy at  the   Philippine  General  Hospital   on  February  22, 1914. He was buried in Manila. His remains were   transferred to his hometown in   1923.

 

He   was married to Maria Conception Ferrer   by   whom he had eight children. Rafael, Miguel, Concepcion, Soledad, Manuela, Clara, Constancia and Gabriel.

 

 

 

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