Pomo / Karuk / Wintu

In this page, placenames from these languages from Califronia: Pomo, Karuk and Wintu.
 
Check the Native American sub-index.

Orri honetan, Kaliforniako honako hizkuntza hauek ditugu zerrendatuak: Delaware,

Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea

Céemyaac ík vúra isyâat,
imsírihraavis,
náyaavheesik!
Ninivássi vúra vitkiniyâac ta,
kóova tu'áxxaska,
tóoxxúriha.
Spring salmon,
shine upriver quickly
hurry to me!
My back has become like a mountain ridge
so thin,
so hungry!
Udaberriko izokin hori,
zatoz azkar ibaian gora
erdu nigana!
bizkarra mendizerra bailitzan baitut,
argalegi,
eta gose!

from a Karuk prayer, traditionally used to end stories.

Karuk otoitza batetik, ipuinak amaitzeko erabiltzen zen formula.



Karuk

The Karuk are the native inhabitants of banks of Klamath River, in northern California. They number some 4.000 people today, but only 126 elderly speakers (1990 census): there is no living speech community any longer. Culturally similar to the Yurok living downriver, but linguistically separate. Their language was classed in the Hokan family, but that is a doubtful grouping. Formerly called Karok, the name comes from the term Karúk, upriver, as that is their territory in Klamath River. In the native language, they called themselves Karúk Va-araar, 'upriver people', and their language was Karúk Vahi, 'upriver language'. Names written in current practical Karuk script.

->

 

Karúk Vahi

Karuk herria Klamath ibaiko ibarretako jatorrizko biztanleak dira, iparraldeko Kalifornian. 4.000 inguru dira egun, baina soilik 126 hiztun zahar 1990eko erroldan: hizkuntz komunitate bizirik ez da gelditzen jada. Kulturaz ibaian behera bizi den Yurok herritik gertu, baina hizkuntzak ez du zerikisirik. Karukera Hokar familian sailkatu izan da, baina talde hori oso zalantzazkoa da. Lehen beren izena Karok idazten zen. Termino hori Karúk hitzetik dator, "ibaian gora", hori baita beren lurraldea Klamath ibaian. Beren hizkuntzan, beren herria Karúk Va-araar zen eta hizkuntza Karúk Vahi.

 


Mapetan, ingelesez / Map name in English

Karuk

Bluff Creek

Iníinac

Camp Creek

Tisánnik

Chenoch Creek

Cinac'íssiip

Happy Camp

Azizúfvuunupma

Irving Creek

Xavrámniik

Karuk territory [upriver country]

Karúk Veezívzaaneen

Klamath Falls

Kahyúras

Klamath River

Iskees

Long Pond

Uknamxánnahic

Offield Mountain

Ikxariyá-ttuuysip

Orleans

Panámniik

Presidio Bar

Pasirú'uuvree

Requa

Zuffip

Sandy Bar Creek

Íinpiit

Slate Creek

Isrámmaan

Stanshow Creek

Aftáram

Stony Flat

Asanamkara

Sugar Loaf

Sak'íripirak

Teneyck Creek

Ássipak

Teo Creek

Tíhyurakam

Ullathorne Creek

Tûuyvuk

Wingate Creek

Eepákkunih

Yurok territory [downriver country]

Yurúk Veezívzaaneen



Wintu

The Wintu or Wintun lived in North-Central California, in an area around Clear Lake and Colusa. There are nowadays some 1,000 Wintu, but the language is virtually dead: only 10 speakers in the 1990 census. Their language was classed in the Penutian family, but that is a doubtful grouping. Wintu had some dialects called Patwin and Nomlaki, sometimes listed as separate languages.

Wintu

Wintu herria Kaliforniako erdialde-iparraldean bizi zen, Clear Lake inguruan. Mila inguru dira egun, baina soilik 10 hiztun geratzen ziren 1990eko erroldan. Hizkuntza hau Penutiar familian sailkatu izan da, baina talde hori oso zalantzazkoa da. Wintuerak bazituen zenbait dialekto, hala nola Patwin eta Nomlaki, batzuetan hizkuntza desberdintzat joak.


Mapetan / Map Name

Wintu

Bollibokka

Boloy-baqi

Chatterdowen

Chati-dawin-chikalas

Elterpom

'Eltipom

McCloud River

Winnemem Way-walket

Mount Shasta

Bulyum-pui-yuk

Nosoni Creek

Hawma-lay

Winnibully

Wenem-buli

Wittiwaket

Wayti-waqat

Ycatapom

Way-kidi-pom

Ydalpom

Way-dal-pom



Pomo

The Pomo people lived in California, north of San Francisco bay. There were several distinct groups, speaking different varieties or languages, which some linguists included into the Hokan family (a doubtful grouping). The most distinct division was that of the Kashaya or Southwestern Pomo. Of these varieties, it seems that all are virtually extinct, except Central Pomo or Qulanapo who may have 165 speakers according to the census of 1990. The ethnic Pomo number around 1,000 people.
 
Our table lists placenames in Eastern Pomo. Spellings based on phonetic script.

Pomo

Pomo indiarrak Kalifornian bizi ziren, San Francisco badiatik iparraldera. Talde desberdinak ziren, bakoitza bere mintzairarekin, batzuen arabera hizkuntza desberdinak, baina denak elkarrengandik hurbil (hizkuntzalariek Hokar familian kokatu izan dituzte hizkuntzok, elkarketa zalantzazko bat eginez). Talde desberdinena Kashaya edo hegomendebaldeko Pomoak ziren. Mintzaira haietarik, denak hil dira jada, salbu eta Erdialdeko Pomo edo Qulanapo mintzaira (165 hiztun 1990ean). Pomo talde etnikoan mila lagun inguru daude gaur.
 
Gure zerrendako izenak ekialdeko Pomoerazkoak dira. Ortografia idazkera fonetikotik egoktua dago.

Ingelesez / English

Ekialdeko Pomoera / Eastern Pomo

Big Valley

Yoqaqo

Cache Creek

Nawikh / Sho

Hopland

Soqowa

Mendocino County

Kuhulala

Middletown

Kunula-Qaqoy

Mission

Qulanapo

Pinoletown

Bo

Sulphur Bank

Xawina

Upper Lake

Xo-Khayaw

Walsh Landing

Chihtonaw



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Kaliforniako hizkuntzak, kolonizazioa baino lehen
Languages of California, before colonizers came

Pomo herriaren kokapena Kalifornian
Location of the Pomo peoples in California

Amerikako ipar-mendebaldeko kostaldeko hizkuntzak, Karuk herria dagoen tokitik iparralderantz, bakoitzari geratzen zaion bizi-esperantza ere markatua dago (handia)
Languages of the northwest coast of America, just north of the Karuk, and their prospects of disparition (big)


Main page

Table index

Looking for info

Links / Loturak

Your comments

Sarrera orrira

Taulen aurkibidea

New! / Zer berri?

Alphabet Street

Bisitarien iritzia

Zure iritziak, zuzenketak, gehikuntzak
Your comments, corrections, additions

->

geonative@geocities.com


GeoCities© GeoNative [http://geonative.home.ml.org]
Maintained by
Luistxo Fernandez and hosted by GeoCities
Get your own
Free Home Page

1