Who’s Who In Chess
By Bill Wall
Aagaard, Jacob (1973- )
Jacob Aagaard was
Schmied – Aagaard,
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.c4 e6 4.Bg5 dxc4 5.Qa4+ Nbd7 6.Qxc4 c5 7.Nc3 a6 8.a4 cxd4 9.Nxd4? (9.Qxd4) Ne5 0-1
Aaltio, Erkki (1935- )
Chess master from
Aaron, Manuel (Dec 30, 1935 - )
Aaron - Suer,
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.c4 Bg7 4.Nc3 O-O 5.e4 d6 6.Be2 c5 7.d5 Na6 8.O-O Nc7 9.h3 a6 10.a4 Rb8 11.Bf4 Nd7 12.Re1 Ne5 13.Nxe5 Bxe5 14.Bxe5 dxe5 15.Bg4 f5 16.exf5 gxf5 17.Bh5 Qd6 18.Qe2 e4 19.f3 b5 20.axb5 axb5 21.fxe4 fxe4 22.Qxe4 b4 23.Nd1 e6 24.dxe6 Bxe6 25.Ra7 Bf5 26.Qe7 Qd4+? (26...Qxe7) 27.Kh1 Ne8?? (27...Rbc8) 28.Bf7+ (28...Kh8 29.Qxf8 mate; 28...Kg7 29.Bxe8+ Kg8 30.Re5 wins) 1-0
Aarseth, Sverre Johannes (Jul 20, 1934 - )
Chess master from
Aarseth - Rittner, 6th World Correspondence Championship 1971
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.Qg4 Ne7 6.dxc5 Nbc6 7.Nf3 d4 8.Bb5 Qa5 9.Bxc6+ bxc6 10.Qxg7 (10.Qxd4) 10...Rg8 11.Qxh7 Ba6 12.Ng5 Bxc3+ 13.Kd1 O-O-O 14.Nxf7 d3! (15.Nxd8 Qa4 16.b3 Qg4+ 17.f3 Qxg2 18.cxd3 Qxh1+ 19.Kc2 Rg2+ 20.Kxc3 Nd5+ 21.Kd4 Qg1+ 22.Ke4 Re2+ 23.Be3 Qxe3 mate) 0-1
Abarca Aguirre, Manuel (1965- )
Awarded the FIDE master title in 1986. He represented
Abasheev, Denis (1977- )
International Master from
Abbasov, Farid (1979- )
Abbott, Hedley ( 1904-1979)
New Zeland champion in 1936-1937.
Abbott, Joseph William (1840-1923)
English chess problemist. In 1887, he wrote 121 Chess Problems.
Abdelnabbi, Imed (1963- )
Domingos – Abdelnabbi, Abuja 2003
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.c4 e6 4.Nc3 c5 5.e3 Nc6 6.a3 a6 7.Bd3 dxc4 8.Bxc4 b5 9.Bd3 Bb7 10.O-O Rc8 11.dxc5 Bxc5 12.Qe2 Qc7 13.Ne4 Ne5 14.Nxf6+ gxf6 15.Nxe5 Qxe5 16.f3 Rg8 17.Kh1 Bd6 18.f4? (18.g3) Rxg2! 0-1
Abdulaziz, Mahmoud (1972- )
Abdulaziz – Talal Abas, Beruit 2001
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.g3 g6 3.Bg2 Bg7 4.O-O O-O 5.d3 d5 6.Nbd2 c5 7.c4 Nc6 8.a3 b6 9.Rb1 Bb7 10.b4 cxb4 11.axb4 dxc4 12.Nxc4 Nd4 13.Nxd4 Bxg2 14.Ne6 Qd5? (14…exf6) 15.Nf4 1-0
Abdulla, Al-Rakib (1980- )
Abdurahmanovic, Fadil (Aug 24, 1939 - )
Bosnian chess problemist and Grandmaster for Chess Compositions (1992). His best work is in the field of helpmates.
Abel, Lajos (1944- )
Abela de la Torre, Aurelio (1843-1892)
Chess composer from
Chess master and Intrrnational
Arbiter (1986) from
Chess master from
Abergel, Thal (Oc 13, 1982 - )
Abhyankar-Gokhale, Anupama (1969- )
Chess master from
Abilmazhinov, Dauren (1986- )
Abkin, V. A. ( -1940)
Polish chess master
who played in
Abolianin, Arthur (Jul 25, 1966 - )
Van Leeuwen – Abolianin, Gent 2003
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.Nc3 Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Nxc6 bxc6 8.e5 Ng8 9.Bd4 f6 10.f4 Nh6 11.exf6 exf6 12.Bc4 d5 13.Qe2+ Kf7 14.O-O-O Bg4 0-1
Abonyi, Istvan (Aug 18, 1886 – Jun 5, 1942)
Abonyi – Hromadka,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Nd4 5.Ba4 c6 6.O-O Bc5 7.Nxe5 d6 8.Nd3 Bg4 9.Qe1 Nf3+ 10.gxf3 Bxf3 11.e5 O-O 12.exd6 Ng4 13.Qe7 Bxd6 0-1
Abou El Zein, Eid Mahmoud (1952- )
Abrahams, Gerald (Apr 15, 1907 – Mar 15, 1980)
British lawyer (barrister), chess master and chess author. His eight chess books include Teach Yourself Chess (1948), The Chess Mind (1952), Handbook of Chess (1960), Technique in Chess (1961), Test Your Chess (1963), Pan Book of Chess (1966), Not Only Chess (1974), and Brilliancies in Chess (1977). He introduced the Abrahams variation (also called the Noteboom variation) of the Queen’s Gambit Declined (1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.Nf3 dxc4 5.a4 Bb4 6.e3 b5 7.Bd2 a5) in 1925 (Allcock-Abrahams, England 1925). In 1933 he finished in 3rd place in the British Championship. In 1946, he defeated Viaschelav Ragozin (who later became the second World Correspondence Champion) in the Anglo-Soviet radio match, winning one game and drawing one game. He tied for 3rd at the Nottingham Major Open in 1936.
Unknown - Abrahams,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c6 4.e4 Bb4 5.Bd3 e5 6.dxe5 dxe4 7.Bxe4 Bxc3+ 8.bxc3 Qxd1+ 9.Kxd1 Be6 10.Rb1 Na6 11.Rxb7? (11.Be3) 11...O-O-O+! (12.Kc2 Kxb7 wins) 0-1.
Abrahamyan, Tatev (Jan 13, 1988 - )
Woman’s International Master (WIM) who was born in
Abramavicius, Leonardas (Leonhard) ( -1960)
Abramian, Suren (1910- )
Abramov, Boris (1941- )
International Master from
Abramov, Lev (1911- )
Abramovic, Bosko (Feb 14, 1951 - )
Serbia/Montenegro Grandmaster (1984). He won at
Abramovic – Chiburdanidze,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bb7 7.c3 g6 8.d4 exd4 9.e5 Ne4 10.Re1 Nc5 11.cxd4 Nxb3 12.Qxb3 Nb4 13.Nc3 Nd3 14.Ne4 Bxe4 15.Bg5 Be7 16.Bxe7 Qxe7 17.Rxe4 1-0
Abramson, Moesei ( -1977)
Russian master. In 1967, he was awarded the International Master for Correspondence Chess title. He took 6th place in the 5th World Correspondence Chess Championship.
Abreu, Aryam (1978- )
Abreu – Van Riemsdijk, Columbia 2001
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.f4 b5 7.e5 b4 8.Qf3 Ra7 9.exf6 bxc3 10.Qxc3 gxf6 11.Be3 Rc7 12.Qd2 Nd7 13.Be2 Bb7 14.Ne6 Qc8 15.Nxc7+ Qxc7 16.O-O Rg8 17.Bf3 f5 18.Bd4 d5 19.Rae1 e6 20.Bh5 Qc6 21.Rxe6+ Qxe6 22.Re1 Kd8 23.Rxe6 fxe6 24.Bf7 1-0
Abreu, Jorge (1958- )
Abroshin, Mikhail (1923- )
Acers, Jude Frazer (Apr 6, 1944 - )
Jude Acers was born in
Steers - Acers,
1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.d4 Nxd5 4.c4 Nb4 5.Qa4+ N8c6 6.a3 Na6! 7.d5 Nc5 8.Qb5 b6 9.dxc6 a5 10.b4 Ba6 11.bxc5 Bxb5 12.cxb5 Qd4 (13.Ra2 Qe4+ 14.Ne2 Qxb1) 0-1
FIDE master and former champion of
Acevedo – Fischer,
1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 c5 3. c3 g6 4. g3 b6 5. Bg2 Bb7 6. O-O Bg7 7. Nbd2 O-O 8. Re1 d5 9. Ne5 Nc6 10. Ndf3 Rc8 11. Nxc6 Bxc6 12. Bh3 Bd7 13. Bf1 Bc6 14. Ne5 Bb7 15. a4 Ne4 16. f3 Nd6 17. e3 Qc7 18. a5 f6 19. axb6 axb6 20. Nd3 e5 21. Nf2 e4 22. f4 Ra8 23. Bd2 Rxa1 24. Qxa1 Ra8 25. Qb1 Qc6 26. b3 Ba6 27. Qb2 Bxf1 28. Rxf1 c4 29. b4 Qa4 30. Rb1 Bf8 31. Kf1 Nb5 32. Ke2 f5 33. Nd1 Kf7 34. Nf2 Qa2 35. Nd1 Ke6 36. Qxa2 Rxa2 37. Rb2 Ra1 38. Be1 Kd7 39. Bd2 Kc6 40. Be1 Na3 41. Kd2 Kb5 42. Bf2 Ka4 43. Be1 Be7 44. Bf2 Nb5 45. Kc2 Ka3 46. Rb1 Ra2+ 47. Rb2 Nxc3 48. Kxc3 Ra1 0-1
FIDE master from
Acosta, Alejandro (1959- )
International Master from
Peter Acs (pronounced “oks”) is a Hungarian Grandmaster
(1998) and the 2001 World Junior Chess Champion. His highest rating has been 2606. He has represented
Van Wely – Acs, Netherlands 2002
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5 6.cxd5 exd5 7.Ne2 Re8 8.O-O Bd6 9.a3 Ng4 10.h3 Nh2 11.Re1 Nf3+ 12.gxf3 Qg5+ 13.Kh1 Qh4 14.Nf4 Bxh3 15.Ncxd5 Re6 16.Nxe6 Bf5+ 17.Kg1 Qh2+ 18.Kf1 Bg3 0-1
Acs – Donchenko, Tel Aviv 2001
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be3 Ng4 7.Bg5 h6 8.Bh4 g5 9.Bg3 Bg7 10.Be2 h5 11.Nf5 Bxf5 12.exf5 Qa5 13.O-O Bxc3 14.bxc3 f6 15.Rb1 Nc6 16.Rxb7 Rd8 17.Qd3 h4 18.Qc4 Nge5 19.Bxe5 Nxe5 20.Qe6 Nd7 21.Bc4 1-0
Adabashev, Mark (1908-1954)
Adam, Edmund (1894-1958)
The last German Open correspondence champion. He spent
Adams, Edward (1878-1972)
In 1934, he won the New York State Chess Championship.
Adams, Faneuil (Jul 20, 1923 –Mar 22, 1999)
Former President (1990-1999) of the American Chess Foundation (Chess-in-the-Schools), former director and treasurer of the Manhattan Chess Club, and former member of the US Chess Federation Policy Board (FIDE delegate). He was a former senior executive of Mobil Corporation for 28 years and multi-millionaire. He was a direct descendant of a brother of President John Adams and direct descendant of Samuel Adams. He died of a brain tumor.
Adams, John Quincy (Jul 11, 1767 – Feb 23, 1848)
6th President of the
Adams, Michael (1971- )
Highest rated 13 year old ever, rated 2405 in 1986. In 1988 he was the only winner in a 10-board satellite simultaneous exhibition with Kasparov. He won the 76th British Championship in 1989 at age 17, the youngest ever. In 1989, he became at Grandmaster at 17. In 1997, he tied for 1st in the British Championship with Matthew Sadler. In 1997 he lost to Anand in the semi-finals of the FIDE World Chess Championship. In 1998 he had an Elo rating of 2715 and was the 5th strongest player in the world. In 2002 he was rated 2757 and was the 4th strongest player in the world (behind Kasparov, Kramnik, and Anand). Three times he has reached the semi-finals of the FIDE World Chess Championship. In June, 2005, while ranked 7 in the world, he lost a chess match with the Hydra chess program, losing 5 games and drawing one game. His highest rating is 2732.
Wickert - M. Adams, Islington 1992
1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 Ne4 3.Bf4 c5 4.d5 Qb6 5.Nd2 Qxb2 6.Ngf3? (6.Nxe4 Qxb4+ 7.c3) 6...Nc3 7.Nc4? (7.Qc1 Qxc1+ 8.Rxc1 Bxa2) 7... Nxd1 (8.Nxb2 Nxb2) 0-1
Ziemann – M. Adams,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.Re1 Ng5 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.Rxe5+ Ne6 8.Ng5 Bd6 9.Qh5 g6 10.Nxf7 Kxf7 11.Qf3+ Qf6 12.Re3 Qf6 13.Qe4 Bf5 0-1
Weaver Warren Adams was born on
Weinstock - W.
1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bb4 6.Bg5 h6 7.Bh4 d6 8.e3 Qe7 9.Be2 g5 10.Nxc6 bxc6 11.Bg3 Ne4 12.Qd4 O-O 13.O-O Nxc3 14.bxc3 Bc5 15.Qd3 f5 16.Rae1 Kh8 17.Bd1 Ba6 18.Bb3 Rae8 19.Kh1? (19.Qxf5) 19...f4 (20.exf4 Qxe1) 0-1
W. Adams – Santasiere, Baltimore (49th US Open) 1948
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 c6 4.d4 Bb4 5.dxe5 Nxe4 6.Qd4 d5 7.exd6 O-O 8.Bf4 Re8 9.Ne2 Bc5 10.Bxf7+ Kf8 11.Qc4 b5 12.Qb3 Bxf2+ 13.Kf1 Nc5 14.Qa3 Nba6 15.b4 Kxf7 16.Kxf2 Ne4+ 17.Nxe4 Rxe4 18.Qf3 Qe8 19.Be5 1-0
Adamski, Andrzej (1939- )
Polish International Master (1980).
Adamski, Jan (1943- )
Polish International Master (1976). Polish Champion in 1982. He represented
Adamski – J. Christiansen, Copenhagen 2000
1. Nf3 f5 2. g3 Nf6 3. Bg2 e6 4. O-O Be7 5. c4 O-O 6. Nc3 d6 7. d4 Qe8 8.b3 Nc6 9. d5 exd5 10. cxd5 Ne5 11. Nd4 Qh5 12. f4 Neg4 13. h3 Nh6 14. Qd3 Ne4 15. g4 fxg4 16. Bxe4 gxh3 17. Bxh7+ Kh8 18. Kh1 Bh4 19. Qg6 1-0
FIDE master from
Adamson, Henry Anthony (1871-1941)
English chess problemist. He contributed chess problems to the Chess Amateur and to Fairy Chess Review.
Addison, William Grady (1933-2008)
Considered the best Go player among chess masters. He was born in
Addison - Kostro,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Ne2 d5 6.a3 Be7 7.cxd5 Nxd5 8.e4 Nxc3 9.Nxc3 c5 10.d5 exd5 11.Nxd5 Nc6 12.Bc4 Bd6 13.O-O Qh4 14.f4 Bg4 15.Qd3 Nd4 16.Rf2 Rae8 17.Be3 Rxe4? (17...b5) 18.Qxe4 Bf5 19.g3 (19...Bxe4 20.gxh4) 1-0
Ader Haussman, Walter (1913- )
He was born on
Aderito, Pedro (1976- )
International Master from
Adianto, Utut (1965- )
First Indonesian Grandmaster (1986) and best chess player in
Adianto - Neamtu,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 Nf6 4.e5 Nd5 5.Bxc4 Nb6 6.Bb3 Bf5 7.Nc3 e6 8.Nge2 Nc6 9.a3 Be7 10.O-O O-O 11.h3 h6 12.Ba2 Qd7 13.Be3 Rad8 14.Qc1 Na5 15.Bxh6 gxh6 16.Qxh6 Rfe8 (16...Nac4) 17.Ng3 Bf8 18.Qg5+ Bg6 19.Nce4 Bg7 20.Nf6+ Bxf6 21.exf6 Qxd4?? (21...Qd6) 22.Rad1 (22...Qa4 or 22...Qxd1, 23.Qh6 and 24.Qg7 mate) 1-0
Adla, Diego Gustavo (1968- )
International Master from
Adler, Victor (Viktor) (1947- )
Adly, Ahmed (1987- )
The first Egyptian Grandmaster (2005), and the youngest-ever
Adorjan, Andras (1950- )
Hungarian chess grandmaster who took 2nd place, behind
Anatoly Karpov, at the 1969 World Junior Championship in
Spassov – Adorjan,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 d6 4.Nf3 g6 5.g3 Bg7 6.Bg2 b5 7.cxb5 a6 8.bxa6 Qa5+ 9.Nc3 Ne4 10.Qc2? Nxc3 11.Bd2 Qa4! (12.Qxa4 Nxa4) 0-1
Adorjan - Zsinka,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.Nc3 cxd4 5.Nxd4 b6 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bf4 e5 8.Bg5 Be7? (8...Bb7) 9.Bxf6 gxf6 10.Qd5 Nc6 11.Qxc6+ Bd7 12.Nc7+ (12...Kf8 13.Qxa8 Qxa8 14.Nxa8) 1-0
Adrian, Claude (1963- )
International Master from
International Master from
Adzic, Slobadan (1958- )
FIDE master. He is a
professional journalist living in
Afek, Yochanan (1952- )
International Master from
Afifi, Assem (1947- )
Egyptian International Master. He played in the 1985 Tunis International and took 16th place. He played in the 1990 Manila Interzonal and tied for 60th-63rd place.
Agababean, Naira (1951- )
Woman Grandmaster from Moldava. She is a former Armenian woman chess
champion. Her daughter is Woman
Grandmaster Almira Skripchenko, who married
Grandmaster Joel Lautier of
Agdamus, Jose Luis (1938- )
Chess master rated around 2300. He was born in
Agdestein, Simen (1967- )
Agdestein - Quinteros, Tessaloniki Olympiad 1984
1.d4 d6 2.Nf3 g6 3.c4 Bg7 4.g3 Nf6 5.Bg2 O-O 6.O-O Nc6 7.Nc3 Bg4 8.d5 Na5 9.Nd2 c5 10.h3 Bd7 11.Rb1 e5 12.a3 b6 13.e4 Ne8 14.b4 Nb7 15.Nb3 f5 16.exf5 gxf5 17.bxc5 Nxc5 18.Nxc5 dxc5 19.d6 e4 20.Nd5 Be6 21Bf4 Nxd6? (21...Kh8) 22.Bxd6 (22...Qxd6 23.Nf6+ and 24.Qxd6) 1-0
Ageeva, Lidia (1907- )
Winner of the 1933 and 1934
Ageichenko, Genadi (1941- )
Aginian, Nelli (1981- )
Nelli Aginian was born on
Agnel, Hyacinth R. (1799-1871)
He was a professor (taught French) and Colonel at the U.S.
Military Academy at
Greek Grandmaster. In 1987 and 1988, he took 2nd in the World Under-18 Championship.
Agopov, Mikael (1978- )
Agrest, Evgenij (1966- )
Grandmaster now living in
Agrest, Svetlana (1966- )
Woman IM from
Aguado, Jose Sanz (1907-1969)
Spanish chess champion in 1943.
Chess master from
Agur, Eliezar (1949- )
Chess master from
Agusto, Obafunmilayo (1961- )
FIDE master from
Agzamov, Georgy (George) Tadzhiyevich (1954-1986)
Agzamov - Gulko,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bf4 Bg7 5.e3 c5 6.dxc5 Qa5 7.Rc1 Ne4 8.cxd5 Nxc3 9.Qd2 Qxa2 10.bxc3 Qa5 11.Bc4 Nd7 12.Nf3 Nxc5 13.Be5 O-O 14.O-O f6 15.Ra1 Qd8 16.Bc7 Qd7 17.d6+ e6 18.Nd4 Qf7 19.Ra5 b6 20.Rxc5 bxc5 21.Nb3 Qd7 22.Qd3 Rd8? (22...Qc6) 23.Qe4 (23...Bb7 24.Qxb7 Rab8 25.Bxe6+ Qxe6 26.Bxb8) 1-0
Ahlander, Bjorn (1963- )
Ahlhausen, Carl (1835-1892)
Librarian of the
Ahlheim, Karl-Heinz (1933-1996)
German chess composer.
He died on
Ahmad, Aziz (1981- )
International Master from
Ahman, Ernst (1915-1981)
1948 Swedish co-champion.
Ahman, Harry (1912-1992)
Swedish master. In 1959 and 1961, he won the Swedish correspondence chess championship. In 1979, he was awared the Internationl Master for Correspondence Chess title.
Ahmed, Esam (1964-2003)
Arab Champion in 1996.
In 2003, he won the Egyptian Championship. He died of cerebral malaria after being
bitton by a mosquito in
Ahues, Carl Oscar (1883-1968)
German International Master (1950). German champion in 1929. He was winning blitz chess tournaments in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.Nc3 d6 5.d4 Bd7 6.O-O exd4 7.Nxd4 Be7 8.Nde2 O-O 9.Ng3 Kh8 10.b3 Qe8 11.Bb2 Bd8 12.f4 Ne7 13.e5 Ng4 14.Bxd7 Qxd7 15.Nce4 Ne3 16.Qh5 Qg4 17.Rf3 N7f5 18.Qxg4 1-0
Ahues, Herbert (1922- )
Son of Carl Ahues. In 1989 he became a Grandmaster for Chess Compositions.
C. Ahues –
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.Nc3 d6 5.d4 Bd7 6.O-O exd4 7.Nxd4 Be7 8.Nde2 O-O 9.Ng3 Kh8 10.b3 Qe8 11.Bb2 Bd8 12.f4 Ne7 13.e5 Ng4 14.Bxd7 Qxd7 15.Nce4 Ne3 16.Qh5 Qg4 17.Rf3 N7f5 18.Qxg4 1-0
Aitken, James Macrae (1908-1983)
Scottish player who won the Scottish chess championship 10
times (1935, 1952, 1953, 1955-1958, 1960, 1961, and 1965). He was also
Aitken - Hunter,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Bb4 5.O-O Nge7 6.d4 exd4 7.Nxd4 d5? (7...O-O) 8.exd5 Qxd5 9.Nxc6 Qxd1 10.Nxb4+ Bd7 11.Rxd1 (11...Bxa4 12.Nc3) 1-0
Akerblom, Axel (1904-1980)
Swedish chess problemist. In 1956, he was awared the title of Internationl Judge of Chess Composition. In 1967, he was awarded the title of International Master of Ches Composition.
Akesson, Joel (1980- )
Spanish IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2360.
Akesson, Ralf (1961- )
Swedish Grandmaster. He was European Junior Champion in 1980-81. He was Swedish Champion in 1985. His has been rated as high as 2535.
Akhmadeev, Vadim (1956- )
Russian IM. His FIDE rating is 2436.
Akhmetov, Artiom (1976- )
Russian IM. He is a journalist for a Russian children’s and youth chess site. His rating is 2468.
Akhmilovskaya, Elena Bronisklavovna (1957- )
Woman Grandmaster (1977) from
Akhmilovskaya - Dahl,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nf3 e6 4.e3 f5 5.g4 fxg4 6.Ne5 Nf6 7.Nc3 Nbd7 8.Nxg4 Nxg4 9.Qxg4 Nf6 10.Qg5 Bd7 11.Bd2 Qe7 12.O-O-O O-O-O 13.f3 c5 14.Be1 cxd4 15.exd4 h6 (15...Bc6) 16.Qe5 Qd6 17.Bg3 Bc6 18.Bh3 dxc4? (18...Kd7) 19.Qa5 (19...Qd7 20.Bxe6 Qxe6 21.Qc7 mate) 1-0
Akhsharumova, Anna Markovna (1957- )
Woman Grandmaster who finished first in the 1976 Soviet
Women's Championship. Her husband, Boris
Gulko, tied for first in the 1977 Soviet Men's Championship. By all rights, she should have won the 1983
Soviet Women's title played in
1.e4 g6 2.Nc3 Bg7 3.g3 c5 4.Bg2 Nc6 5.d3 d6 6.Nge2 e6 7.O-O Nge7 8.Be3 Nd4 9.Nf4 O-O 10.Qd2 Rb8 11.Nd1 b6 12.c3 Ba6 13.Nh5 gxh5 14.cxd4 cxd4 15.Bg5 f6 16.Bh4 Ng6 17.Qe2 Kh8 18.Qxh5 Bxd3 19.Re1 Nxh4 20.Qxh4 f5 21.Qh3 e5 22.f3 (22.exf5) 22...fxe4 23.fxe4 Qf6 24.Rc1 Rb7 25.Bf1 Bh6 (26.Rc6 Be3+ 27.Nxe3 Qf2+; 26.Bxd3 Bxc1 27.Rf1 Qg7; 26.Rc8 Bd2) 0-1
Akimov, Ivan (1982- )
Russian IM. His rating is 2287.
Akins, Claude (1926-1993)
Movie and television actor (Sheriff Lobo) and chess enthusiast. He taught Dean Martin how to play chess. He played chess and won several games against John Wayne.
International Master from
Akobia, Yuri (Iuri)(1937- )
Chess composer from
Akobian, Varuzhan (1983- )
International Grandmaster (2004), born in
Armenian grandmaster (1991) who won the World Under-16
Championship in 1986 at the age of 14 won the World Under-18 Championship at 16
and was World Junior Champion in 1991.
He tied for 1st at the U.S. Open in 1991. In 1999 he played without a single loss in
the FIDE knockout world championship at
Steinbacher - Akopian,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e3 Bg7 6.Bc4 Nxc3 7.bxc3 c5 8.Qf3 O-O 9.Ne2 Qc7 10.Bd5 Nd7 11.Bb3 Nf6 12.e4 cxd4 13.cxd4 Bg4 14.Qg3 Qa5+ 15.Bd2? (15.Qc3) 15...Qxd2+ (16.Kxd2 Nxe4+ and 17...Nxg3) 0-1
Akselrod, Vladislav (1972- )
The first great Arabic chess champion and author. He lived during the reign (847-861) of Caliph Mutawakkil. Al-adli’s chess book (now lost) contained chess problems, endgames and openings.
al-Lajlaj (the Stammerer)
First person to analyze and publish works on the openings in 910. He was a pupil of as-Suli, the strongest player of the 10th century. His analysis was carried down from Arabic to Persian to Sanskrit to Turkish to 16th century Italian.
Al-Modiahki, Mohamad (1974- )
First Grandmaster from
Moorish poet-king who reigned over
Abbasid Caliph of
Al-Zendani, Zendan (1982- )
International Master from
Aladdin (Ala’Addin, As Tabrizi)
The strongest chess player at the end of the 14th
century. He was also known as Ali
Shatrangi (Ali the Chess player). He
could successfully give odds to all other leading players. He was Chinese and a lawyer from
Alaikov, Venelin (1933-2007)
Alapin, Semyon Zinovievich (1856-1923)
Russian chess master and openings analyst. He was born in
Alapin - Marshall, Ostende 1905
1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.d3 Nf6 5.dxe4 Nxe4 6.Nf3 Bc5 7.Qe2 f5 8.Nc3 Bf2+ 9.Kd1 O-O 10.Bd2 Nxc3+ 11.Bxc3 Qxd5+ 12.Kc1 Rd8? (12...Bc5) 13.b4 Bb6 14.Qe7 (threatening 15.Qxg7 mate) 14...Qd7 15.Bc4+ Kh8 16.Bxg7 mate 1-0
Russian International Master (1950) and honorary Grandmaster
(1983). He had been the city champion of
Alatortsev - Mazel,
1.d4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.g3 Nf6 4.Bg2 Bd6 5.O-O O-O 6.c4 c6 7.Nbd2 Nbd7 8.Qc2 Re8 9.Rd1 e5 10.cxd5 cxd5 11.dxe5 Nxe5 12.Nxe5 Rxe5 13.Nf3 Bf5 14.Qb3 Re7 15.Bg5 Be4 16.Bxf6 gxf6 17.Nd4 Bc5 18.e3 Rc8 (18...Qb6) 19.Bxe4 dxe4 20.Nc6 bxc6 21.Rxd8+ Rxd8 22.Rc1 (22...Rd5 23.Qa4) 1-0
Alavkin, Arseny (1969- )
Russian IM. His Elo rating is 2507.
Albero, Roman Toran (1931-2005)
Spanish International Master (1954). Spanish Champion in 1951 and 1953. He was a FIDE Deputy President and President of the Spanish Chess Federation from 1984 to 1997.
Albin, Adolf (1848-1920)
Romanian chess master (born in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.O-O Nf6 5.c3 O-O 6.d4 exd4 7.cxd4 Bb6 8.d5 Ne7 (8...Na5) 9.e5 Ne8 10.d6 cxd6 11.exd6 Ng6 12.Bg5 Nf6 13.Nc3 h6 14.Qd3 hxg5? (14...Kh8) 15.Qxg6! Nh7 16.Nd5 fxg6?? 17.Ne7+ Kh8 18.Nxg6 mate 1-0
Albulet-Pogorevici, Maria (1932-2005)
Alburt, Lev Osipovich (1945- )
Russian Grandmaster (1977) from
Norquist - Alburt, Chicago 1989
1.e4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.e5 Nfd7 4.Nxd5 Nxe5 5.Ne3 Nbc6 6.c3 Nd3+ 7.Bxd3 Qxd3 8.Qe2 Qxe2+ 9.Nxe2 e5 10.f4 Bc5 11.Nd5 Bd6 12.fxe5 Nxe5 13.d4 Nd3+ 14.Kf1 O-O 15.Nef4? (15.Bf4) 15...Nxc1 (16.Rxc1 c6, winning one of the knights) 0-1
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5 4.cxb5 a6 5.e3 g6 6.Nc3 Bg7 7.a4 O-O 8.Nf3 Bb7 9.Be2 b6 10.dxe6 fxe6 11.Qd6 axb5 12.Bxb5 Ne4 13.Nxe4 Bxe4 14.O-O Rf5 15.Rd1 Qf6 16.Nd2 Rd5? 17.Nxe4 1-0
International Master from
Aldrete Lobo, Jorge (1940- )
FIDE master from
Alekhina, Natalia ( 1954)
In 1984, she was awarded the Woman International Master
title. She now is a Woman
Grandmaster. She is married to GM Sergey
Archipov. In 1997, she won the
Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)
Winner of the first Soviet Chess Championship (1920) and the
only man to die while holding the world chess championship. He learned chess from his older brother
Alexei (1888-1939). He studied law at
the Sorbonne but failed to get his doctorate as he claimed. He was sometimes called
"Ale-and-Wine" because of his drinking habits. He married four times to women 20 to 30 years
older than he. One of his wives was
dubbed "Philidor's Widow." He
was a prisoner of war like all the other chess contestants at an international
Alekhine - De Cassio, Blindfold Simultaneous Exhibition,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Bc5 3.Bc4 Ne7 4.d3 Nbc6 5.Qh5 O-O 6.Bg5 Qe8 7.Nf3 Ng6 8.Nd5 Bb6 9.Nf6+! (9...gxf6 10.Bxf6, threatening 11.Qh6 and 12.Qg7 mate) 1-0
Alekhine - Vasic, Banja Lika 1931
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd3 Bxc3+ 5.bxc3 h6 6.Ba3 Nd7 7.Qe2 dxe4 8.Bxe4 Ngf6 9.Bd3 b6?? (9...c5) 10.Qxe6+! fxe6 11.Bg6 mate 1-0
Alexander Alekhine’s fourth wife. She was born Grace Wishard on
Aleksandrov, Aleksej (1973)
Alekseev, Evgeny (1985- )
Russian Grandmaster (2002). He won the Russian Junior Championship twice. His Elo rating is 2640.
Aleksic, Nenad (1958- )
International master from
Aleksieva-Collas, Silvia (1974- )
Woman GM born in
Aleman Dovo, Miguel (1906-1979)
In 1939, he won the championship of
Aleshnia, Valery (1939- )
Russian IM of Correspondence. He lives in
Alexander, Conel Hugh O'Donel (1909-1974)
Alexander - E. Brown,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.Nc3 Na5 10.Bg5 Ne7 11.Nd5 f6 12.Bxf6 gxf6 13.Nxf6+ Kf8 14.Ng5 Nxc4 15.Qh5 Ng6?? (15...Kg7) 16.Qh6+ (16...Ke7 17.Qg7 mate) 1-0
Alexandre, Aaron (1766-1850)
Author of Encyclopedie des Echecs, the first book
containing the collection of all opening variations then known. Published in 1837, he introduced the
algebraic notation and the castling symbols O-O and O-O-O. The rules of the
game were published in four languages in this book. He also wrote Collection des Plus Beux
Problems d’Echecs (The Beauties of Chess) in 1846, the first large
compilation of chess problems and endgames, containing over 2,000 chess
problems and solutions. He was a Jewish
Alexandrescu, Gheorghe-Gica (1906- )
In 1951, he was joint
Woman Grandmaster (1976) from Soviet
Alexandrova, Olga (1978- )
Men’s IM and Woman GM from the
Alexeev (Alekseev), Evgeny (1985- )
Alexikov, Alexander (1963- )
IM from the
Alfonsi, Petrus (1062-1120)
Physician of Alfonso VI (1030-1109) and author of the Disciplina
Clericalis (Clerks Instruction). He included chess as one of the seven
knightly accomplishments to be mastered. The other tasks included riding, swimming,
archery, boxing, hawking, and verse writing.
Alfonsi was born Moses Sephardi in
Ali, Essam Ahmed (1964-2003)
Essam Ahmed Ali was born on
Allan, Denis (1944- )
FIDE master (1987) from
Allen, George (1808-1876)
The grandnephew of Ethan Allen, who wrote The Life of
Philidor, Musician and Chess-Player, in 1858 and had it published in
Allerhand, Philipp (1899- )
Allgaier, Johann (1763-1823)
Author of the first chess book published in German, Neue
theoretisch-praktische Anweisung zum Schachspiel. It was published in
Almasi, Istvan (1973- )
Hungarian IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2451.
Hungarian Grandmaster (1993) at the age of 17. He has won the Hungarian championship five
times. In 2000 he was ranked #23 in the
world. In 1993, he won the World Junior
Championship. In 2005, he became the
first grandmaster to lose to a computer program in Chess960 (random chess),
when he lost an exhibition match to Shredder in
Almeyra, Jorge Sanchez (1968- )
Aloni, Izak (1905-1985)
Izak Aloni (born Itzchak Schaechter) was Israeli champion in 1945, 1961, and 1965.
Alonso, Francisco Javier Sanz (1952- )
Spanish International Master (1977). Spanish Champion in 1973.
Alster, Ladislav (1927- )
Czech champion in 1956.
Alterman, Boris (1970- )
Israeli Grandmaster (1992). His FIDE rating is 2562. He is an advisor to the Deep Junior chess program.
Altounian, Levon (1975- )
IM from the
Altrichter, Ulrich (1938- )
Altshuler, Roman (1919- )
Alvarez, Joh (1981- )
IM from Venzuela.
Alvarez Ibarra, Rafael (1961- )
Spanish master. In 1986, he was awarded the International Master title.
Correspondence GM from
Alzate, Dario (1955- )
IM (1984) from
Parisian amateur who frequently played 1.Nh3 in the 1930s. 1.Nh3 is sometimes called the Amar or Paris Opening.
Ambroz, Jan (1954- )
Czech International Master (1980). Czech Champion in 1980.
Amonatov, Farrukh (1978- )
GM from Tajikstan. His FIDE rating is 2588.
Amos, Bruce (1946- )
Canadian master from
Woman Grandmaster from
Anagnostopoulos, Dimitrios (1970- )
Anand, Viswanathan (1969- )
Indian Grandmaster (1988) who won the World Junior
Championship in 1987. In 1995 he played
Kasparov for the world PCA championship in
Micalizzi - Anand,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bg5 Bd7 7.Qd2 a6 8.f4 b5 9.Bxf6 gxf6 10.f5 (10.Be2) 10...h5 11.Be2 h4 12.O-O Bh6 13.Qd3 Qb6 14.Rad1 Qxd4+ (15.Qxd4 Nxd4 16.Rxd4 Be3+ 17.Kh1 Bxd4) 0-1
Ivanchuk – Anand, Reggio Emilia 1988
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 d6 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.d4 d5 6.Bd3 Be7 7.O-O Nc6 8.Re1 Bg4 9.c3 f5 10.Qb3 Qd6 11.Nfd2 O-O-O 12.f3 Bh4 13.Rd1 Bh3 14.Qc2 Qg6 15.Nb3 Rhf8 16.Na3 Rde8 17.Kh1 Nf2+ 18.Rxf2 Bxg2+! 0-1
Anastasian, Ashot (1964- )
Andersen, Borge (1934- )
Danish International Master (1964). Danish Champion in 1958, 1967, 1968, and 1973.
Andersen, Erik (1904-1938)
Won the Danish Championship 12 times, including 8 times in a row. He was Nordic Champion in 1930.
Andersen – Censer,
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.Bf4 c5 4.e3 Qb6 5.Qc1 Nc6 6.c3 Be7 7.Nbd2 d5 8.Bd3 O-O 9.h3 Bd7 10.O-O Rac8 11.Re1 cxd4 12.exd4 a6 13.Re3 Rfd8 14.Bc2 Qa7 15.Qd1 b5 16.Ne5 Be8 17.Rg3 Bf8 18.Bg5 Qe7 19.Ng4 Kh8 20.Nxf6 gxf6 21.Qh5 1-0
Anderson, Frank Ross (1928-1980)
Three-time Canadian Champion (1953, 1955, 1958) from
Anderson - Weaver Adams,
1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 3.Nf3 b6 4.c3 Bb7 5.Bd3 e6 6.Bf4 Ne7 7.Nbd2 d5 8.Qe2 a6 9.h4 h5 10.Ne5 Nd7 11.O-O-O c5 12.exd5 exd5 13.Rde1 cxd4? (13...Nxe5) 14.Nxf7! Kxf7 15.Qe6+ Kf8 16.Bd6 (or 16.Bxg6 Nxg6 17.Bd6+ Be7 18.Bxe7+ wins) 16...Ne5 17.Rxe5! (17...Bxe5 18.Bxg6 threatening 19.Qf7 mate) 1-0
Anderson, Gerald Frank (1893-1983)
British chess problemist, International Judge of Composition (1960), and International Master of Composition (1975). He was the last person to play Alexander Alekhine. He worked in the British Foreign Office.
Anderson, Renard W. (1956- )
FIDE master from
Anderson, Terry (1947- )
Former Associated Press correspondent that was held hostage for six years by Lebanese extremists. He credits chess with helping him survive the ordeal. He was held hostage from March 16, 1985 to December 4, 1991. He built chess sets out of aluminum foil before they allowed him to have a regular chess set.
Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)
Winner of the first international chess tournament (
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 Nf6 5.Bxc6 dxc6 6.O-O Bg4 7.h3 h5 8.hxg4 hxg4 9.Nxe5 g3 10.d4 Nxe4 11.Qg4? (11.fxg3) 11...Bxd4 12.Qxe4?? (12.Nd3) 12...Bxf2+ (13.Rxf2 Qd1+ 14.Rf1 Rh1+ 15.Kxh1 Qxf1 mate) 0-1
1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Nxe5 Bd6 5.Bc4 Bxe5 6.fxe5 Qd4 7.Qe2 Qxe5 8.d4 Qxd4 9.Nc3 Nf6 10.Be3 Qd8 11.O-O h6 12.Bc5 Nbd7 13.Qxe4+! 1-0
Andersson, Ulf (1951- )
Swedish Grandmaster (1972) who is the all-time drawing master. Against top-level opposition, he has drawn 74% of his games, winning 10%, and losing 16%. In 1984 he was the 5th highest rated player in the world. In 1996 he set a world record of playing 310 chessboards simultaneously, winning 268, drawing 40, and losing 2 games in 15 hours and 23 minutes. It is estimated he walked over 7 miles during this exhibition. In 1996 he became a Grandmaster is correspondence chess and is currently the highest rated correspondence player in the world. He was the first person to beat Karpov after Karpov became world champion in 1975.
Anderssen - Portisch,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bb5+ Nc6 4.O-O Bd7 5.Re1 Nf6 6.c3 a6 7.Bf1 e5 8.h3 h6 9.d4 Qc7 10.a4 g6 11.Na3 Bg7 12.dxc5 dxc5 13.Nc4 Rb8 14.b4 cxb4 15.cxb4 Be6 16.Nd6+ Ke7 17.Ba3 Ne8 18.Nxb7 Qxb7 (18...Rxb7) 19.b5+ Kf6 20.bxc6 Qc7 21.Nxe5 (21...Qxe5 22.Qf3+ Bf5 23.exf5 and if 23...Qxf5 24.Be7 mate) 1-0
Anderton, David (1941- )
Lawyer and international director of the British Chess Federation. Former President of the BCF.
Andonov, Bogomil (1959- )
IM (1986) from
Andreev, Eduard (1980- )
Andreeva, Nalaliya (1980- )
Woman IM from
Andreikan, Dmitry (1990- )
Andres Mendez, Miguel (1952)
Andrianov, Nikolay (1961- )
IM (1988) from
IM from Serbia/Montenegro. His highest FIDE rating is 2411.
Andriasian, Siranush (1986)
Woman IM (2005) from
Andruet, Gilles (1958-1995)
French IM (1982) and former French champion. He was murdered in
Angantysson, Haukur (1948- )
Icelandic International Master (1981). He was Icelandic Champion in 1976.
Angelov, Kosta (1946)
Winner of the 1887 British amateur championship.
Anic, Darko (1957- )
French GM. His highest FIDE rating is 2499.
Anikaev, Yuri (1948- )
Russian IM (1975).
Anka, Emil (1969- )
Hungarian GM. His highest FIDE rating is 2477.
Annaberdiev, Meilis (1985- )
Annageldyev, Orazly (1960- )
Ansell, Simon (1975- )
Anson, Jane (1959- )
In 1974, she won the girls’ under 18 British Chess
Federation Championship. In 1982, she
Antal, Gergely (1985- )
Anthony, Edwyn (1843-1932)
Founder (along with Lord Randolph Churchill) and President
Antic, Dejan (1968- )
GM from Serbia/Montenegro. His highest FIDE rating is 2518.
Anton, Aurel (1928- )
International Master of Correspondence Chess (1980) from
Antoniewski, Rafal (1980- )
Antonio, Rogelio (1962- )
Second GM (1990) from the
Bulgarian IM (1980).
He was born in
Antonsen, Mikkel (1973- )
Danish IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2404.
Antoshin, Vladimir Sergeyevich (1929- )
Russian Grandmaster (1964) and technical designer. He has played in 5
Hamann – Antoshin,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nb5 d6 6.Bf4 e5 7.Be3 a6 8.N5c3 Nf6 9.Be2 Be7 10.O-O O-O 11.Nd2 b5 12.a4 b4 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.exd5 Na5 15.f4 exf4 16.Bxf4 Bf5 17.Kh1 Bg6 18.Nf3 Bf6 19.Ra2 Bxc2 20.Qxc2 b3 0-1
1.d4 f5 2.c4 Nf6 3.Nc3 d6 4.g3 c6 5.Bg2 Qc7 6.Nf3 e5 7.dxe5 dxe5 8.O-O Bb4 9.Qb3 Na6 10.e4 fxe4 11.Ng5 Bxc3 12.Qxc3 Bf5 13.Re1 Nc5 14.b4 Nd3 15.Re2 O-O 16.Nxe4 Nxe4 17.Bxe4 Bxe4 (17...Qxd3) 18.Rxe4 Nxf2 19.Rxe5 Rad8 20.c5 (20.Bb2) 20...Qf7 21.Bg5 Rd3 (22.Qc2 Qf3, threatening 23...Qh1 mate) 0-1
Antunac, Goran (1945- )
Croatian IM (1975).
He was born in
Antunes, Antonio (1962- )
Apicella, Manuel (1970- )
Appel, Izaak (1905-1941)
Polish master. He won the Lodz City Chess Championship in 1934. He participated in several Polish championships.
Appel, Ralf (1971- )
German IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2513.
Apscheneek, Fritzis (Franz Apsenieks) (1894-1941)
Latvian master. In
1924, he took 2nd place in the World Amateur Championship in
Araiza Munoz, Jose Joaquin (1900-1971)
Won the Mexican Chess Championship 15 times in a row, from 1924 to 1949. He was a Lt. Colonel in the Mexican Army.
Soto Larrea -
1.Nf3 d5 2.c4 c6 3.e3 e6 4.b3 Bd6 5.Bb2 Nf6 6.d3 Nbd7 7.Nbd2 e5 8.cxd5 cxd5 9.g3 O-O 10.Bg2 Nc5 11.Bf1 Bf5 12.e4 dxe4 13.dxe4 Nxe4 14.Nxe4 Bxe4 15.Be2 Qa5+ 16.Kf1 Rad8 17.Kg2? (17.Qe1) 17...Bc7 18.Qc1 Nd3 19.Qc3 Nxb2 20.Qxb2 Rd2 21.b4 Rxb2 22.bxa5 Rxe2 0-1
Arakhamia-Grant, Ketevan (1968- )
Georgian Woman Grandmaster.
In 1986, she was the World Women’s Under 16 Champion. She won the 1995 Women’s Interzonal at
Chess master from
Arapovic, Vitomir (1951- )
International Master from
International master from
Arbakov, Valentin (1952- )
Russian Grandmaster. He was joint Moscow Champion in 1981. He is one of the strongest blitz players in the world.
Psakhis – Arbakov,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5 4.Nf3 g6 5.cxb5 a6 6.Qc2 Bg7 7.e4 O-O 8.Nc3 Bb7 9.Bf4 d6 10.Bc4 axb5 11.Nxb5 Nbd7 12.O-O Nb6 13.Be2 Nxe4 14.Qxe4 Ra4 15.Nfd4 Bxd4 16.Nxd4 Rxd4 17.Qf3 Nxd5 18.Bh6 Qa8 19.Qg3 Re8 20.b3 Ba6 21.Rfe1 Bxe2 22.Rxe2 Qa6 23.Rae1 Qxe2 0-1
Arbues, Pedro de (1441-1484)
An Dominican member of the Spanish Inquisition, living in Aragon, who ordered victims of persecutions to stand in as figures in a game of living chess played by two blind monks. Each time they captured a piece, they condemned someone to death, usually by burning them alive. Arbues was assassinated in the Saragossa Cathedral in 1484. He was made a saint in 1867.
Arbunic Castro, Giovanna (1964)
Woman International Master from
Ardaman, Miles (1963- )
FIDE master. He won
the Florida State Championship in 1986 and 1987. He was
Ardiansyah, Herman (Haji) (1951- )
Indonesian Grandmaster (1986). He tied for 1st place at
IM (1996) from
Cuban Grandmaster who won the 1986 World Junior Chess Championship. He became the 2nd Cuban, after Capablanca, to hold a world chess crown.
Areshchenko, Alexander (1986- )
Ukrainian GM. His FIDE rating is 2670. In 2000, he won the World Under-14 Championship. In 2005, he won the 74th Ukrainian Championship.
Arias Santana, Mauricio (1977- )
International Master from
Arizmendi-Martinez, Julien Luis (1976- )
Spanish GM (2004). His highest FIDE rating is 2534.
English Grandmaster. His FIDE rating is 2521. He was once married to WIM Susan Walker, who later married GM Bogdan Lalic.
Arkhangelsky, Boris (1931- )
Arkhipov, Sergey (1954- )
Russian Grandmaster (1992). His FIDE rating is 2505.
Westerinen – Arkhipov,
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nc3 Qh4+ 4.Ke2 Ne7 5.Nf3 Qh5 6.d4 g5 7.Kf2 d6 8.Be2 Bg7 9.Nb5 Na6 10.c3 g4 11.Ne1 Bh6 12.Kg1 Rg8 13.h3 f3 14.hxg4 f2+ 0-1
Arlamowski, Edward (1909-1979)
Doctor of Law, who took part in several Polish chess championships.
Arlandi, Ennio (1966- )
Italian IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2456.
Arlauskas, Romanas (Jun 11, 1917 - )
Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess (1965). He finished 3rd in the 4th
World Correspondence Championship (1962-1965).
He tied for first place in the 1943 Lithuanian chess championship. He moved from
1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.d4 g6 4.Qb3 dxc4 5.Qxc4 Bg7 6.e4 O-O 7.Nf3 b6 8.Bf4 c5 9.dxc5 Ba6 10.Nb5 bxc5 11.Rd1 Qa5+ 12.b4 Qxb5 13.Qxb5 Bxb5 14.Bxb5 Nxe4 15.Rd3 cxb4 16.O-O Nc3 17.Bc4 Ne2+ 0-1
Armas, Jorge (Nov 11, 1959 - )
Cuban IM (1979). He
was born in
Armas, Julius (April 26, 1955 - )
French International Master. His highest FIDE rating is 2397.
Arnason, Jon Loftur (Nov 13, 1960 - )
Icelandic grandmaster (1986). He was winner of the first World Championship
for juniors under 17, in 1977 (ahead of Jay Whitehead and Kasparov). He won the championship of
Arnlind, Eric Alfons (March 14, 1922 - 1998)
In 1959, he received the title of International
Correspondence Master. In 1961, he took
2nd in the Swedish Championship.
In 1968, he received the title of International Correspondence
Grandmaster. From 1955 to 1985, he was
considered among the five strongest correspondence players in the world. In the 2nd World Corr.
Championship (1956-1959), he took 6th place. In the 8th World Corr.
Championship (1975-1980), he took 6th-10th place. He was born in
Arnold, Lothar (Jan 10, 1959- )
German International Master.
Grandmaster (2001) from
Aronin, Lev (1920-1982)
Soviet International Master (1950). He played in eight Soviet championships, taking 2nd in the 18th USSR Championship in 1950. He won the Moscow Championship in 1965. His occupation was a meteorologist.
Aronin – Kantorovich,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 g6 3.c3 b6 4.d4 Bb7 5.Bc4 d5 6.exd5 Bxd5 7.Qa4+ Bc6 8.Ne5 1-0
Aronoff, Irene (1961- )
Woman FIDE Master and strong correspondence chess player.
Aronson, Eva (1908- )
In 1967, she took
place in the World Women’s Championship Candidates tournament in
Aroshidze, Levan (1985- )
IM from the
Arribas, Maritza (1971- )
Woman GM from
Arsovic, Goran (1967- )
Arsovic, Zoran (1967- )
Arteaga, Eldis Cobo (1929- )
Cuban International Master (1967). Cuban Champion in 1950.
Arulaid, Alexander (1924- )
Estonian Champion in 1948, 1955, and 1964.
Arutunian, Davit (1984- )
IM from the
Arzumanian,Georgy (1980- )
Asanov, Bolat (1961- )
Ascher, Jacob (1841-1912)
Canadian Chess Champion in 1878 and 1883. He was a chess columnist for the New Dominion Monthly.
Aseev, Konstantin (1960-2004)
Russian Grandmaster. He was Leningrad Champion in 1985. His peak FIDE rating was 2591. He was the chess trainer for Maya Chiburdanidze, Nana Aleksandria, Andrei Kharlov, and Evgeny Alekseev. He played in four USSR Championships.
Woman International Master (1965) from
Icelandic Champion in 1931, 1933, 1934, 1944, 1945, and 1946.
Ashley, Maurice (1966- )
In 1993, he became the first African-American International
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 O-O 5.Nf3 c5 6.a3 Bxc3+ 7.Qxc3 cxd4 8.Qxd4 Nc6 9.Qh4 d5 10.b4 dxc4 11.Qxc4 e5 12.Bb2 Be6 13.Qh4 Qd5 14.Qg5 Qb3 15.Rb1 Rfd8 16.g3 (16.Qe3) 16...Nxb4 17.axb4 Ne4 18.Nd2 (18.Qxe5 Qxb4+) 18...Nxd2 19.Qxe5 f6 (20.Qc3 Nxb1) 0-1
Asmundsson, Ingvar (1934- )
Icelandic Champion in 1979.
Champion of Persia in 847 after defeating al-Aldi in the presence of the caliph Matawakkil. He wrote a book of chess problems of which two survive today.
Turkish player who defeated al-Mawardi, the resident master of the caliph al_Muktafi, to become the champion of the known world in the 10th century. His superiority was recognized up to Renaissance times.
Asztalos, Lajos (1889-1956)
Hungarian player and International Master (1950). He won the Hungarian championship in 1913. He was a professor of philosophy (PhD) and a journalist. From 1951 to 1956 he served as President of the Hungarian Chess Federation.
Atabek, Fasil (1923)
International Master for Correspondence Chess (1968) from
12th and last Inca emperor of
Atalik, Suat (1964- )
First and only Turkish Grandmaster (1994). His FIDE rating is 2561.
Atanasov, Petko (1948- )
Atiashev, Peter (1918- )
In 1955, he won the
Atkins, Henry Ernest (Aug 20, 1872 – Jan 31, 1955)
British schoolmaster and mathematics teacher who won the
British Championship 9 times out of 11 appearances, 7 times in a row
(1905-1911, 1924, and 1925). Only
Penrose has won it more often (10 times).
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 c5 4.e3 Bg4 5.Bxc4 e6 6.Qa4+ Nd7 7.Ne5 Bf5?? (7...Nf6) 8.Nxd7 (8...Qxd7 9.Bb5) 1-0
George Atwood was born in 1746. He was an English mathematician and lecturer
Czech International Master (1976). Czech Champion in 1965.
Chess author who helped write Bobby Fischer Teaches Cbess. He also wrote The Genesis of Power Chess.
Ault, Robin (1941-1994)
Robin Ault was born in
Averbakh, Yuri (1922- )
Endgame expert and grandmaster (1952). He was the Soviet Chess Federation president
from 1972 to 1977. His daughter married
Grandmaster Mark Taimanov. He was the
editor of the principal Soviet chess magazine, Schachmatny v SSSR. He played in the USSR Championship 15 times
between 1949 and 1969. In 1954 he won
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 dxc4 5.Bg5 Bb4 6.e4 c5 7.Bxc4 cxd4 8.Nxd4 Qc7 9.Qb3 Bxc3+ 10.Qxc3 Nxe4 11.Nb5 Qc5 12.Qxg7 Rf8 13.Bh6 Qxf2+? (13...Nd7) 14.Kd1 Nd7 15.Re1 Nef6 16.Bxe6 Qxb2 17.Rc1 (17...Qxb5 18.Bc4+) 1-0
Averby, Rune (1922)
1973 Swedish correspondence chess champion.
Averkin, Orest (1944- )
Aveskulov, Valery (1986 - )
Grandmaster from the
Avrukh, Boris (1978- )
Axt, Helga (1937- )
Master (1961) from
Azmaiparashvili, Zurab (1960- )
Grandmaster (1988) from Soviet
Stangl - Azmaiparashvili,
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.Bg5 Bg7 4.c3 c5 5.dxc5 Ne4 6.Be3 O-O 7.Bd4 d5 8.cxd6 Qxd6 9.Nbd2 Nf6 10.e4 Qc7 11.Be2 Nc6 12.O-O Rd8 13.Qb1 Bh6 14.Nc4 Nh5 15.Be3 Nf4 16.Bxf4 Bxf4 17.Ne3 Be6 18.Bc4 Bxc4 19.Nxc4 b5 20.Na3 Ne5 21.Nxb5? (21.Nxe5) 21...Nxf3+ 22.gxf3 Qd7 (23.Nd4 Qh3 24.Rd1 Bxh2+ 25.Kh1 Bg3+ 26.Kg1 Qh2+ 27.Kf1 Qxf2 mate) 1-0
Babula, Vlastimil (1973- )
Grandmaster from the
Baburin, Alexander (1967 - )
Russian player who moved to
Stefansson - Baburin,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 a6 4.a4 Nf6 5.e3 Bg4 6.Bxc4 e6 7.h3 Bh5 8.Nc3 Nc6 9.O-O Bb4 10.g4 Bg6 11.Nh4 Bxc3 12.bxc3 Ne4 13.Nxg6 hxg6 14.Kg2 Qh4 15.Qf3 O-O-O 16.Rh1 f5 17.Bxe6+ Kb8 18.gxf5 Rh5 19.Qf4 Rg5+ 20.Kf3?? (20.Kf1) 20...Qxf2+ 21.Kxe4 Qc2+ (22.Kf3 Qg2 mate) 0-1
Bachmann, Ludwig (1856-1937)
German author and chronicler of chess. He worked for the Bavarian railway. In his spare time, he collected information on chess events and put them in yearbooks (Schach-Juhrbuch), from 1891 to 1930. His nickname was the ‘Chess Herodotus’. He was the first person to issue a yearbook on chess.
Bachtiar, Arovah (1934)
Bacrot, Etienne (1983- )
Youngest FIDE master at age 10. He won the World under 12
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 b6 3.Nf3 Bb7 4.g3 g6 5.Bg2 Bg7 6.O-O O-O 7.d5 b5 8.Qb3 Qc8 9.Qxb5 c6 10.dxc6 Bxc6 11.Qa5 Qb7 12.Nc3 Na6 13.Rd1 Rfc8 14.Rb1 Nc5? (14...d6) 15.Qxc5 Ne4 16.Nxe4 Bxe4 17.Qxe7 Re8 18.Qd6 Bxb1 19.Nd2 Qb8 20.Nxb1 Rxe2 21.Qd5 (21...Re8 22.Qxa8 Qxa8 23.Rxa8 Rxd7) 1-0
Baczynskyj, Boris (1945- )
FIDE master (1982)
Bagby, Charles (1903-1975)
Chess master and
Russian Grandmaster (1978) who competed in nine Soviet
championships between 1960 and 1978. His
best result was 4th place in 1960. He
became a Grandmaster in 1978 at the age of 42.
In 1998 he won the 8th World Senior Chess Championship, held in
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 e5 4.Nf3 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bc5 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Qa4+ Nbd7 8.Nc3 O-O 9.Qxc4 Ng4 10.Qe2 Nxe3 11.Qxe3 Nf6 12.Rd1 Ng4 13.Qd2 Qf6 14.f3 (14.Na4) 14...Rd8 15.Nd5 Rxd5! 16.exd5 Qe5+ 17.Be2 Ne3 18.Kf2 Nf5 (19.f4 Qxd5 and 20...Bxd4) 0-1
Bagley, Clarence (1843-1932)
First chess champion of
Bain, Mary Weiser (1904-1972)
1937 challenger to the World’s Women Championship (she was
Baird, David Graham (1854- )
Charter member of the chess club that eventually evolved in
the Manhattan Chess Club. In 1880, he
tied for 2nd place in the minor section of the 5th
American Chess Congress in
Baird, Edith Helen (1859-1924)
She was born Winter Wood. She was the most famous female chess composer. She published her problems using the name “Mrs. W.J. Baird. She composed over 2,000 problems. In 1902, she wrote 700 Chess Problems.
Baird, John Washington (1852- )
Charter member of the chess club that eventually evolved in
the Manhattan Chess Club. In 1889, he
participated in the 6th American Congress in
Bakcsi, Gyorgy (1933- )
Hungarian Grandmaster for Chess Composition (1980).
Baker, Philip ( -1932)
Irish chess champion in 1924, 1927, 1928, and 1929.
Former FIDE General Secretary from 1972 to 1982. When Florencio Campomanes was elected FIDE President, she resigned. She was appointed Honorary Member of FIDE by its general assembly.
Bakulin, Nikolac (1926- )
Balanel, Ion (1926- )
Romanian International Master (1954). Romanian Champion in 1950, 1953, 1955, and 1958.
Balashov, Yuri (1949- )
Russian Grandmaster (1973) from
1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 3.Nc3 d6 4.Nf3 Bg4 5.Be2 Nc6 6.Be3 e5 7.d5 Nce7 8.Ng5 Bd7 9.f4 exf4 10.Bxf4 h6 11.Nf3 g5 12.Be3 Ng6 13.Bd4 Nf6 14.e5 dxe5 15.Nxe5 Nxe5 16.Bxe5 O-O 17.O-O Ne4?? (17...Ne8) 18.Bxg7 (18...Kxg7 19.Nxe4; 18...Nxc3 19.Bxc3) 1-0
Balcarek, Wiktor (1915- )
Polish Champion in 1950.
Balcerowski, Witold (1935- )
Polish Champion in 1962 and 1965.
Balinas, Rosendo (1941-1998)
Philippine lawyer and Grandmaster (1976) who was
Krause - Balinas,
1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.d4 e4 5.Ng5 Bb4 6.d5 Na5 7.Qa4 Qe7 8.a3 Bxc3+ 9.bxc3 b6 10.Nh3 Qc5 11.Qb4 Nxc4 12.e3 Ba6 13.a4 (13.Qxc5) 13...Nxd5 14.Qxc5 bxc5 15.Bd2 Rb8 16.Ng5 f5 17.f3 h6 18.fxe3 Ndxe3 (19.Bxe3 Nxe3 20.Bxa6 Nc2+) 0-1
Balla, Zoltan von (1883-1945)
First official Hungarian chess champion (
Von Balla – Ritzen, 1914
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.O-O Nge7 5.c3 f5 6.d4 Bb6 7.d5 fxe4 8.Ng5 Nb8 9.Ne6 1-0
Balogh, Csaba (1987- )
Balogh, Janos (1892-1980)
Romanian Champion in 1930. Correspondence International Master (1953).
Bana Bhatta (595-655)
One of the foremost poets of
Banas, Jan (1947- )
International Master (1979) from
Banfalvi, Sandor (1914- )
Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess (1979). Hw was born Sandor Brilla.
Bang, Erik (1944- )
Correspondence Chess (1979) fron
Banikas, Hristos (1978- )
Banks, Newell W. (1887-1977)
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4 4.Nxe5 Qg5 5.Nxf7?? Qxg2 6.Rf1 Qxe4 7.Be2 Nf3 mate 0-1
Bany, Jerzy (1961)
Baragar, Fletcher (1955- )
Canadian FIDE Master
Barasz, Zsigmond (1877-1935)
Hungarian Champion (with Zoltan Von Balla) in 1911.
Barbero, Gerardo (1961-2001)
Argentine Grandmaster (1988) who died of eye cancer. He was Argentine champion in 1984. He won at
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.d4 g4 6.Bc4 gxf3 7.O-O d5 8.exd5 Bg4 9.Qd2 Na5 10.Bb5+ c6 11.Qxf4 Qd7 (11...Nf6) 12.Qe5+ Ne7 13.Ne4 O-O-O?? (13...fxg2) 14.Bf4 (threatening 15.Qb8 mate) 1-0
Barbulesco, Dan-Catalin (1964- )
Barcza, Gideon (1911-1986)
Hungarian professor of mathematics and Grandmaster (1954). He won the Hungarian championship eight times. He was editor of the chess magazine Magyar Sakkelet. He played on seven Hungarian Olympiad teams. The opening 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 is called the Barcza System.
Kiss - Barcza,
1.e4 Nc6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5 4.Nf3 Bg4 5.Nc3 Bxf3 6.Nxd5 Bxd1 7.Nxc7+ Kd7 8.Nxa8 Bxc2 9.Bf4 e5 10.dxe5 Bb4+ 11.Ke2 Nge7 12.e6+ fxe6 13.Nc7?? (13.Nb6+) 13...Nd4+ 14.Ke3 Nef5 mate 0-1
Barczay, Laszlo (1936- )
Hungarian Grandmaster (1967) and Correspondence Grandmaster (1979). He took 17th place in the 1967 Sousse Interzonal. He took 1st place at the 1967 Asztalos Memorial, 1st at Polanica Zdroj 1969, and 1st at Astor 1982.
Barda, Olaf (1909-1971)
Norwegian International Master (1952) and Correspondence Grandmaster (1953). He won the Norwegian championship six times (1930, 1947, 1948, 1952, 1953, 1957). He took 4th in the first World Correspondence chess championship (1950-1953).
Bardeleben, Curt von (1861-1924)
Strongest German player of the late 19th century, openings
expert, and player of Grandmaster strength.
Against Steinitz, he had a losing position, so he just got up and left
the playing hall without resigning and did not return. Steinitz had to sit and watch the clock to
end the game. Bardeleben did leave a
note on the table that said, “Saw it, went home,” referring to Steinitz’s
combination. Bardeleben was in the habit
of leaving the tournament room, allowing his clock to run out of time, rather
than resign. He committed suicide at the
age of 62 by jumping out of an upper window of his boarding house in
Barden, Leonard (1929- )
British Champion (with Alan Phillips) in 1954. He played on four English Olympiad teams. He has written a chess column for the Guardian since 1956. He has written several chess books.
Bareev, Evgeny (1966- )
Russian Grandmaster (1989) who was World Under 16 Champion in 1982. In 1999 he was ranked 3rd in the world, behind Kasparov and Karpov. His current rating is 2698.
Bareev - Yakovich,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 a6 5.e4 b5 6.e5 Nd5 7.a4 Nxc3 8.bxc3 Qd5 9.g3 Be6 10.Bg2 Qb7 11.O-O Bd5 12.e6 Bxe6 13.Ng5 Bd5 14.Bxd5 Qxd5 15.axb5 e6 16.Re1 Nd7 (16...axb5) 17.Qh5 g6?? (17...e5) 18.Nxe6! (18...gxh5 19.Ng7+ Kd8 20.Re8 mate; 18...c6 19.Nc7+ Kd8 20.b6! Nxb6 21.Nxd5 gxh5 22.Bg5+ Kc8 23.Nxb6+) 1-0
Barendregt, Johan (1924- )
Dutch International Master (1962). He was a medical doctor and lectured in
clinical psychology at the
Barker, Malcolm N.
Malcolm Barker was British Under-18 chess champion in 1949, 1950, and 1951. In the first World Junior Chess Championship, he took 2nd place, behind Boris Ivkov, and ahead of Bent Larsen and Friderick Olafsson. After the tournament, he gave up chess and took up bridge.
Barle, Janez (1952- )
Barlov, Dragan (1957- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1986). He won the Yugoslav championship in 1986. He took 15th place at the 1987 Zagreb Interzonal.
Benjamin – Barlov, Hallsberg 1975
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.c4 Nb6 5.exd6 exd6 6.h3 Be7 7.Nf3 O-O 8.Be3 Bf5 9.Nc3 Nc6 10.Be2 d5 11.b3 Bb4 12.Qc1 dxc4 13.Bxc4 Nxc4 14.bxc4 Bd3 15.a3 Ba5 16.c5 Re8 17.Kd1 b6 18.cxb6 cxb6 19.Ra2 Bc4 20.Rd2 Bb3+ 21.Ke2 Qc8 22.Kf1 Ne7 23.Rb2 Bxc3 24.Rxb3 Qc4+ 0-1
Barnes, Thomas Wilson (1825-1874)
One of the strongest English players in the 1850s. He scored more wins than anyone else against Paul Morphy, defeating him 8 times. He went on a diet and lost 130 pounds in 10 months, causing his death.
Barnes - Owen,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.Qb3 Qf6 8.O-O Nh6 9.e5 Qg6 10.Ba3 dxc3 11.Nxc3 Bxc3 12.Qxc3 b6? (12...Nf5) 13.e6 fxe6 14.Bxe6 Bb7 15.Nh4 Qf6 16.Bxd7+ Kxd7 17.Qh3+ Kd8 18.Rfe1 Re8 19.Rad1+ Nd4 20.Rxd4+ Qxd4 21.Rxe8+ Kxe8 22.Qe6+ (22...Kd8 23.Ba7+ Ke8 24.Bd6+ Kd8 25.Qe7 mate) 1-0.
Barry, Denis (1929-2003)
Former President of the
Barry, John Finan (1873-1940)
John Finan Barry was born in
Bartok, Gyorgy (1933- )
Grandmaster for Chess Composition (1980).
Barua, Dibyendu (1966- )
Basagic, Zlatko (1947- )
Basman, Michael (1946- )
International Master (1980) from
Basman – NN, Paris 1982
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Qe2 Nc6 4.c3 d6 5.d4 Qh4+ 6.Kd1 g5 7.Nf3 Qh5 8.Qb5 g4 9.Qxh5 1-0
Bass, Leonid (1957- )
(1982), now living in the
Battell, Jack Straley (1909-1985)
Former USCF correspondence chess director (1969-1978). In the 1937-38 Marshall Chess Club
Championship, he scored no wins and 11 straight losses, for the worse score in
Marshall Chess Club history. In 1946 he
was the highest rated postal player in the
Baturinsky, Viktor (1914-2002)
president of the
Bauer, Christian (1977- )
French Grandmaster (1997). His FIDE rating is 2641. In 1977, he won the French championship.
Bauer, Johann (1861-1891)
Czech master. In
1887, he won a tournament in
Baumbach, Friedrich (Fritz) (1935- )
German correspondence player who won the 11th World Correspondence Championship, which ended in 1989. In 1970 he won the East German championship. He was awarded the Correspondence Grandmaster title in 1973. He is a chemist and a Ph.D.
Baumstark, Gertrude (1941- )
International Women’s Master (1970). Romanian Women’s Champion in 1967 and 1981.
Becker, Georg Albert (1896-1984)
International Master (1953).
He played for
Becker – Norman-Hansen,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Bd3 Nxe4 7.Bxe4 Nf6 8.Bd3 Be7 9.Qe2 O-O 10.Bg5 g6 11.Bxf6 Bxf6 12.Qe4 1-0
Stepson of Napoleon and Prince and Viceroy of
Bednarski, Jacek (1939- )
Polish International Master (1964). Polish Champion in 1963.
Beechey-Rowland, Frideswide (1843-1919)
First woman to a chess column and the first woman to win a prize as a composer of chess problems (1882). She authored a book called Chess Blossoms in 1883 and Chess Fruits in 1884.
Begin, Menachem (1913-1992)
Former Prime Minister of
Begovac, Franja (1957- )
Beim, Valery (1950- )
Grandmaster originally from Russian and now living in
Beim – Wagman, Aosta 1990
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 c5 4.d5 e6 5.Nc3 Nf6 6.Bxc4 exd5 7.Nxd5 Nxd5 8.Bxd5 Be7 9.Nf3 O-O 10.O-O Nd7 11.Qe2 Qc7 12.e5 Nb6 13.Be4 Be6 14.Re1 Rae8 15.Ng5 Bxg5 16.Bxg5 Bd5 17.Bxh7+ Kxh7 18.Qh5+ Kg8 19.Bf6 1-0
Belakovskaia, Anjelina (1969- )
Woman Grandmaster (1993).
U.S. Women’s Chess Champion in 1995 (with Sharon Burtman), 1996, and
1999. She was born in the
Heaton - Belakovskaia,
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.c4 Bg7 4.g3 O-O 5.Bg2 c5 6.O-O cxd4 7.Nxd4 Nc6 8.Nc2 d6 9.Nc3 Be6 10.b3 Qd7 11.Re1 Bh3 12.Bh1 Ng4 13.Bb2 Qf5 14.f3 Qxc2 15.Qxc2 Bd4+ 16.e3 Nxe3 17.Qf2 (17.Qe4) 17...Nc2 18.Qxd4 N6xd4 19.Rxe7 Nxa1 20.Nd5? (20.Bxa1) 20...Nac2 21.g4 Rfe8 (22.Nf6+ Kf8 23.Rxe8+ Rxe8 24.Nxe8 Kxe8) 0-1
Belamaric, Tanja (1946- )
Master (1967) from
Belavenets, Liudmila (1940- )
Belavenets, Sergey (1910-1942)
Chess champion of
Freymann – Belavenets,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.c4 e5 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.h3 g6 6.d3 Bg7 7.Nd5 f6 8.Be3 Nh6 9.Qd2 Nf7 10.Be2 Be6 11.h4 h5 12.Bd1 a6 13.Ba4 Rb8 14.b4 b5 15.Bb3 Bxd5 16.exd5 Nd4 17.Bxd4 cxd4 18.a4 Bh6 19.Qe2 O-O 20.O-O f5 21.axb5 axb5 22.c5 Re8 23.g3 Qf6 24.Rfd1 e4 25.dxe4 d3 26.Qa2 fxe4 0-1
Beliavsky, Alexander (1953- )
Grandmaster (1975) from
Beliavsky - Stean,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6 8.Qd2 Qxb2 9.Nb3 Nbd7 10.Bd3 b5 11.O-O Nc5? (11...b4) 12.Nxc5 dxc5 13.Bxf6 gxf6 14.Rab1 Qa3 15.Nxb5! (15...axb5 16.Bxb5+ Ke7 17.Rfd1, threatening 18.Qd6 mate; 15...Qxa2 16.Nc7+ Ke7 17.Nxa8) 1-0
Belkhodja, Slim (1962- )
Bellin, Jana Malypetrova Hartston Miles (1947- )
Top British woman player. She is also an anesthesiologist who she says is an appropriate specialization for a chess player - "it's like time trouble, you only have four minutes." Formerly married to Bill Hartston and Tony Miles, top British chess players.
Bellin, Robert (1952- )
British International Master (1977) and British Champion in 1979. He is married to Dr. Jana Malypetrova (Hartston Miles Bellin).
Bellon Lopez, Juan Manuel (1950- )
Spanish Grandmaster (1978).
He was Spanish Champion in 1969, 1971, 1974, 1977, and 1984. He is married to Grandmaster Pia Cramling
Bellon – Ljubojevic, Palma de Mallorca 1972
1.b3 e5 2.Bb2 Nc6 3.e3 g6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nf3 Bg7 6.Nxd4 Nf6 7.Nxc6 bxc6 8.Be2 O-O 9.Nd2 a5 10.a4 Re8 11.O-O Nd5 12.Bxg7 Kxg7 13.Bd3 Nc3 14.Qf3 Ba6 15.Bxa6 Rxa6 16.e4 Qf6 17.Qd3 Raa8 18.f4 1-0
(1978). In 1945, 1955, 1957, 1960, and
1962, she won the
Bely, Miklos (1913-1970)
International Master (1956). He
Benedict, Clare (1871-1961)
Granddaughter of James Fenimore Cooper who moved to
Austrian International Master (1950). Austrian Champion in 1947.
Benini, Clarice (1905-1976)
International Women’s Master (1950). She was a Women’s World Championship Challenger in 1937 and 1949-50.
Benjamin, Joel (1964- )
Winner of the National Elementary (1976), Junior High School
(1978), and High School Championships
Benjamin - Gamboa,
1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.e4 d5 4.e5 d4 5.exf6 dxc3 6.bxc3 Qxf6 7.Nf3 c5 8.Bd3 Bd7 9.Be4 Bc6 10.Qe2 Bxe4 11.Qxe4 Nc6 12.Rb1 O-O-O 13.d4 Rd7 14.Bf4 Qg6?? (14.Bd6) 15.Qxc6+! (15...bxc6 16.Rb8 mate) 1-0
Benko, Pal (1928- )
French-born Hungarian player who won the Hungarian national
championship in 1948 at the age of 20.
He was secretly involved in the 1956 Hungarian revolt. He spent a year and a half in a Hungarian
political prison. The Hungarian Secret Police
once suspected he was a spy because of his coded letters. The coded letters were correspondence chess
games and the code was chess notation.
He was permitted to play first board on
Benko - Sawyer,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 4.c3 a6 5.Bc4 h6 6.d4 d6 (6...b5) 7.Qb3 Na5?? (7...d5) 8.Bxf7+ Kd7 9.Nxe5+! (9...dxe5 10.Qe6 mate) 1-0
Berdichevski, Igor (1964- )
Berea de Montero, Maria (1914-1983)
Woman International Master (1952) from
Berend, Elvira (1965- )
Berg, Emanuel (1981- )
Berger, Johann (1845-1933)
Chess master, author, and educator from
J. Berger – Froelich,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Nf3 d6 4.Bb5 Bg4 5.Nd5 Nge7 6.c3 a6 7.Ba4 b5 8.Bb3 Na5 9.Nxe5 Bxd1?? 10.Nf6+ gxf6 11.Bxf7 mate 1-0
Bergkvist, Nils Valentin (1900-1993)
Bergraser, Volf (1904-1986)
Won the French chess championship in 1957 and 1966. He became a Correspondence Grandmaster at the age of 77 in 1981. He was a doctor.
Handel - Bergraser, Correspondence 1985
1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.d4 Nxd5 4.c4 Nb6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Nge2 Bg4 7.Be3 N8d7 8.b3 Ba3 9.Qd2 Qe7 10.h3 Bh5 11.Ng3 exd4 12.Qxd4 O-O-O 13.Nxh5 Nf6 14.Qf4 Bb2 15.Rd1? (15.Nb5) 15...Bxc3+ 16.Ke2 Nxh5 17.Qf5+ Kb8 18.Qxh5 Qe4 (19.Qxf7 Qc2+ 20.Kf3 Rxd1) 0-1
Bergs, Teodors (1902-1962)
In 1926, he took 2nd in the Latvian Chess
Championship. In 1934, he won the
Berkes, Ferenc (1985- )
Berliner, Hans (1929- )
Computer scientist specializing in Artificial Intelligence
and winner of the 5th world correspondence championship (1965-68). His 3-point margin of victory (14-2) was the
greatest margin of victory ever achieved in a World Championship final round,
and his winning percentage was also the greatest of any World Champion. His game with Yakov Estrin was voted the best
game in the history of correspondence chess.
In 1979 he developed a backgammon-playing program that defeated the
reigning World Backgammon Champion. This
was the first time that a World Champion had ever been beaten by a
computer. He was the first
Berliner - Rott,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 Nf6 3.cxd5 Nxd5 4.e4 Nb6 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Nf3 Bg4 7.d5 Ne5? (7...Bxf3) 8.Nxe5! Bxd1 9.Bb5+ c6 10.dxc6 Qb8 11.c7+ Nd7 12.Bxd7 mate 1-0
Master (1986) from
Bernstein, Ossip (1882-1962)
Russian Grandmaster (1950).
In 1903, he took 2nd (behind Chigorin) in the third Russian
Championship. In 1906, he earned a
Doctorate in law at
O, Bernstein - Unknown,
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Bg4 3.c4 e6 4.Ne5 Bf5 5.cxd5 exd5 6.Qb3 b6? (6...Nc6) 7.e4 Bxe4 8.Bb5+ Ke7 9.Bc6 (and 10.Bxa8) 1-0
Bernstein, Sidney Norman (1911-2004)
He took 1st place in the Marshall Club Championship in 1930, 1939, 1957, and 1958. In 1942, he tied with Fred Reinfeld in the Manhattan Chess Club Championship. He played in the U.S. Championship nine times, from 1936 to 1962. In 1951, his USCF rating was 2358.
Canadian chess player, organizer, and author. International FIDE Aribiter (1975 – at age
21), FIDE Master (1984), and ICCF Grandmaster (1985). He was Canadian Corresponcence Champion in
1978 and 1980. He was North American
Correspondence Champion in 1982. He
Bertin, Joseph (1695-1736)
Chess author. In 1735 he published The Noble Game of Chess, Containing Rules and Instructions for the Use of those who have already a little Knowledge of this Game. It was the first worthwhile chess book in English and, at the time, only available at Slaughter’s Coffee House (founded by John Slauter in 1692). Bertin had 19 rules to follow during play. One of them was: to free your game, take off some of your adversary’s men, if possible for nothing.
Bertok, Mario (1929- )
Yugoslav International Master (1957).
Beshukov, Sergei (1971- )
Russian Grandmaster. His FIDE rating is 2470.
Beukes, Reuben (1985-2007)
In 2002, he
Bhat, Vinay (1985- )
Bhend, Edwin (1931- )
Swiss International Master (1960). Swiss Champion in 1966.
International Master from
Bielicki, Carlos (1940- )
Argentine International Master (1959) who was Junior World Champion in 1959.
Bigelow, Horace Ransom (1898-1980)
In 1923, he took last place in the 9th American
Chess Congress in
Bilek, Istvan (Aug 11, 1932 - )
Bilek - Bachtiar, Beverwijk 1966
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bc4 g6 7.Nxc6 bxc6 8.e5 Nh5 9.Qf3 e6 10.exd6 Qxd6 11.O-O Bb7 12.Rd1 Qc5 (12...Qb4) 13.Qd3 Qe7 14.Bg5 f6 15.Be3 Kf7 16.Qd7 (16...Bc8 17.Bxe6+ Kg7 18.Qxc6 Bb7 19.Qc4 Rd8 20.Rxd8 Qxd8 21.g4) 1-0
Bilguer, Paul Rudolf von (1815-1840)
Author of the Handbuch des Schachspiels, the most influential chess book for over 90 years. The first edition was completed in 1843, after his death at the age of 24, by Baron Tassilo Heydebrand von der Lasa . Von der Lasa also edited the next four editions. He was an Army Lieutenant and one of the seven German Pleiades.
Binet, Alfred (1857-1911)
French psychologist who began the first intelligence quotient (IQ) tests. Alfred Binet conducted the first serious psychological study of the game of chess in 1894. He studied blindfold chess players as a subset of his investigations into memory. He wrote Psychologie des grands calculateurs et joueurs d’echecs.
Binham, Timothy (1956- )
Finnish International Master (1983). Finnish Champion in 1984.
Bird, Henry Edward (1830-1908)
An accountant and strong amateur player from
Bird - Em Lasker,
1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.c3 dxc3 4.Bc4 cxb2 5.Bxb2 Qg5 6.Nf3 Qxg2 7.Rg1 Bb4+?? (7...Qh3) 8.Ke2 Qh3 9.Bxf7+ Kd8 10.Bxg7 Ne7 11.Ng5 Qh4 12.Ne6 mate 1-0
Birnboim, Nathan (1950- )
Israeli International Master (1978). Israeli Champion in 1976 and 1980.
Bischoff, Klaus (1961- )
German Grandmaster. His FIDE rating is 2560. In 2003, he became the first German Internet Champion.
Bisguier, Arthur (1929- )
American Grandmaster (1956).
Winner of the U.S. Junior Championship in 1946 and 1949, U.S.
Championship in 1954, winner of three U.S. Opens (1950, 1956, 1959), and
Donovan - Bisguier,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.a3 d6 6.e3 Bf5 7.exd6 Bxd6 8.Be2 Qf6 9.Nd4?? (9.Nc3) 9...Nxf2 10.Kxf2 Bc2+ 11.Nf3 Bxd1 12.Rxd1 Ne5 13.Nbd2 Ng4+ 14.Kg1 Bxh2+ (15.Nxh2 Qf2+ 16.Kh1 Qxe2) 0-1
Biyiasas, Peter (1950- )
Canadian Grandmaster (1978) who later moved to the
Bjelica, Dimitrije (1935- )
Yugoslav chess journalist and master that may have played
the greatest number of games at one
time. In 1982 he played 301 games at
once, winning 258, drawing 36, and losing 7 in nine hours. He is a former champion of
Blackburne, Joseph Henry (1841-1924)
English player of grandmaster strength. He learned the game at age 19. He won the British championship in 1868. His nickname was the Black Death, given to
him by a comment in the tournament book of
Blackburne - Fleissig,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.Qe2 Bc5 6.c3 b5 7.Bc2 d5 8.exd5 Qxd5? (8...Ne7) 9.d4 Bd6 10.Bb3 Qe4 11.Qxe4 Nxe4 12.Bd5 1-0
Blackmar, Armand (1826-1888)
Music professor, music publisher, and amateur chess
player. He established a music house in
Blake, Joseph (1859-1951)
Tie for 1st in the 1909 British Championship, but lost the play-off. He was British Correspondence Champion in 1922.
Blatny, Pavel (1968- )
Grandmaster from the
Blau, Max (1918-1984)
Swiss International Master (1953). Swiss Champion in 1953, 1955, 1956, and 1967.
Bledow, Ludwig (1795-1846)
German professor of mathematics (PhD). He founded the first German chess association in 1827. He was the first person to suggest an international chess tournament (in a letter to von der Lasa in 1843). In 1846, he founded of the first German magazine, Deutsche Schachzeitung. He was the founder of the German Pleiades. He was a chess book collector. When he died, he had over 14,000 volumes of chess books, the largest private chess library in the world.
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.c3 Bb6 5.d4 Qe7 6.d5 Qe7 7.Be2 d6 8.h3 f5 9.Bg5 Nf6 10.Nbd2 O-O 11.Nh4 fxe4 12.Nxe4 Nxe4 13.Bxe7 Bxf2+ 14.Kf1 Ng3 mate 0-1
Calvin Blocker was born in
Bloodgood, Claude Frizzel (1937-2001)
Claude Frizzel Bloodgood (born Klaus Frizzel Bluttgutt III)
was born in
Blumenfeld, Beniamin (1884-1947)
Blumenfeld – NN,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Bc5 5.Be3 Qf6 6.Nb5 Bxe3 7.fxe3 Qd8 8.Qg4 g6 9.Qf4 d6 10.Bc4 Ne5 11.O-O Be6 12.Bxe6 fxe6 13.N1c3 Kd7?! (13...Ne7) 14.Rad1 Kc8? (14...Ke7) 15.Qxe5! (15...dxe5 16.Rxd8+ Kxd8 17.Rf8+ Kd7 18.Rxa8) 1-0
Blumin, Boris (1907-1998)
He won the Montreal
City Championship in 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, and 1939. Canadian Chess Champion in 1936 and
1937. He moved to
Bobotsov, Milko (1931- )
First Bulgarian to be awarded the title of International Grandmaster (1961). He was Bulgarian champion in 1958. He played in 8 Bulgarian Chess Olympiads.
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 O-O 5.Be3 d6 6.f3 Nc6 7.Nge2 a6 8.Qd2 Rb8 9.g4 Re8 10.O-O-O b5 11.Ng3 e5 12.Nce2 Nxd4 13.Nxd4 exd4 14.Bxd4 Be6 15.Nf5 Bxf5 16.gxf5 c5 17.Be3 bxc4 18.fxg6 hxg6 19.Bxc4 d5 20.exd5 Nd7 21.b3 Qf6 22.Bf4?? (22.Rde1) 22...Qa1+ (23.Kc2 Qxa2 24.Kc1 Qa1+ 25.Kc1 Qa3+ 26.Kb1 Rxb3+ 27.Bxb3 Qa1+ 28.Kc2 Qb2+ 29.Kd3 Qxb3+ 30.Qc3 Qxc3 mate) 0-1
Boden, Samuel (1826-1882)
English chess player. In 1858, Paul Morphy declared that Boden was the strongest of all English players. Against Morphy, he won 1 game, drew 4 games, and lost 6 games. From 1858 to 1873, he edited a chess column for The Field. He worked for the railway company and was an amateur painter and art critic. He died of typhoid fever.
Schulder – Boden,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.c3 f5 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.d4 fxe4 6.dxe5 exf3 7.exf6 Qxf6 8.gxf3 Nc6 9.f4 Bd7 10.Be3 O-O-O 11.Nd2 Re8 12.Qf3 Bf5 13.O-O-O d5 14.Bxd5 Qxc3+ 15.bxc3 Ba3 mate 0-1
Boensch, Uwe (1958- )
German Grandmaster (1986), born in
Boey, Josef (1934- )
Belgian International Master (1973) and Correspondence Grandmaster (1975). He took 2nd place in the 7th World Correspondence Championship, 1972-1975. In the 8th World Correspondence Championship, 1975-1980, he placed 11th-12th. He did not play in the 9th World Correspondence Championship, but took 7th place in the 10th World Correspondence Championship, 1978-1984.
Bogart, Humphrey (1900-1957)
Before becoming a movie star, Humphrey Bogart hustled
strangers at 5-minute chess for 50 cents a game in chess parlors in
Bogdanovic, Rajko (1931- )
International Master (1963) from
Bogdanovski, Vlatko (1964- )
Bogoljubow, Efim (1889-1952)
Grandmaster (1951), born in Kiev, who once spent over two
hours over his 24th move against Steiner, Berlin 1928, and then chose a move
that lost a piece. In 1928 he defeated
Max Euwe in a match in the
Bogoljubow – Meister, France 1951
1.e4 d6 2.Nf3 Nd7 3.Bc4 g6 4.Bxf7+ Kxf7 5.Ng5+ Kf6 6.Qf3+ 1-0
Bogoljubow - Prokes,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.e4 h5 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Nh3 d6 7.Bg5 Qd7 8.exd6 Bxd6 9.Be2 f6 10.Bf4 Nce5 11.f3 Nh6 12.Be3 Qf7 13.Nf4 Nxc4? (13...O-O) 14.Qa4+ (and 15.Qxc4) 1-0
Bogatirchuk, Feodor (1892-1984)
Russian International Master (1954) from
Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)
One of the leading players of the 16th century. He was also a poet, soldier and sailor from
Bolbochan, Jacobo (1906-1984)
Former Argentine chess champion (1932 and 1933) who became an International Master in 1965 at the age of 59. Brother of Julio Bolbochan.
Bolbochan, Julio (1920-1996)
Argentine Grandmaster who received the title in 1977 at the
age of 57. He was
Bond - Bolbochan,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be2 e6 7.Be3 Be7 8.Qd3 Nbd7 9.Nf3 b5 10.b4 Bb7 11.O-O-O (11.a4) 11...Rc8 12.h3 Qc7 13.Kb2 O-O 14.g4 Nb6 15.Bxb6 Qxb6 16.a3 Rxc3 17.Qxc3 Nxe4 18.Qb3 Bf6+ 19.Kc1 Nc3 (20.Rd2 Qb6 21.Re1 Nxe2+ 22.R1xe2 Qxf3) 0-1
Boleslavasky, Isaac (1919-1977)
Soviet International Grandmaster (1950). He was a Candidate in 1950 (tied for first) and 1953 (10th-11th). He was Bronstein second in 1951. He was Smyslov’s second in 1956. He was Petrosian’s second in 1963, 1966, and 1969. He played in 11 USSR Championships. His daughter married Grandmaster David Bronstein.
Boleslavsky – Lilienthal,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.Nxe5 Qe7 4.d4 f6 5.Nd3 dxe4 6.Nf4 Qf7 7.Nd2 Bf5 8.g4 Bg6 9.Bc4 Qd7 10.Qe2 Qxd4 11.Ne6 Qb6 12.Nxe4 Nd7 13.Bf4 Ne5 14.O-O-O Bf7 15.N4g5 fxg5 16.Bxe5 Bxe6 17.Bxc7 1-0
Bologan, Viorel (1971- )
Grandmaster (1991) from
James Michael Bolton was born in
Bonch-Osmolovsky, Mikhail (1919-1975)
Soviet national master (1951). Soviet chess judge.
Boncourt, M (1770-1845)
Strong French master who drew a match with Szen in 1835. For a time, he was the hidden operator in Maelzel’s The Turk automaton. He almost revealed how The Turk worked when he sneezed during a game. This prompted Maelzel to install a noisy spring to cover up any future coughs and sneezes.
Bondarevsky, Igor (1913-1979)
Soviet Grandmaster (1950) and Correspondence Grandmaster
(1961). He played in the
Sliwa – Bondarevsky, Hastings 1960
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Be7 4.Nf3 Nf6 5.Bg5 h6 6.Bh4 O-O 7.cxd5 Nxd5 8.Bxe7 Qxe7 9.Qb3 Nxc3 10.Qxc3 b6 11.Rc1 Ba6 12.g3 Nd7 13.Bg2 Rac8 14.Nd2 c5 15.Qa3 cxd4 16.Rxc8 Rxc8 17.b4 Qxb4 0-1
Bonin, Jay (1955- )
International Master (1985) who has won the New York State Championship, the Manhattan Chess Club Championship, and the Marshall Chess Club Championship, all in the same year (1997). He also won the New York State Championship in 1982.
Bonner, Gerald (1941- )
Scottish Champion in 1967, 1970, and 1972.
Book, Eero Einar (1910-1990)
Finnish International Master (1950) and engineer. He won the Finnish national championship six times (1931, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1945-46, and 1963) and won the Nordic Championship in 1947. He was given the title Emeritus Grandmaster in 1984.
Book – Heidenheimo,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Nxe4 4.Qh5 Ng5 5.d4 Ne6 6.d5 g6 7.dxe6 gxh5 8.exf7+ Ke7 9.Bg5+ Kd6 10.O-O-O+ Kc5 11.Rd5+ Kxc4 12.b3+ Kb4 13.Rb5+ Ka3 14.Nb1+ Kxa2 15.Ra5+ Ba3+ 16.Rxa3 mate 1-0
Borisek, Jure (1986- )
Borisenko, Georgi (1922- )
Ukranian Correspondence Grandmaster (1965). He played in eight Soviet championships. He took 2nd place (behind Zagorovsky) in the 4th World Correspondence Championship, 1962-1965. In 1966 he was awarded the Correspondence Grandmaster title.
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Nf3 O-O 5.Bg5 h6 6.Bh4 c5 7.e3 cxd4 8.Nxd4 Nc6 9.Bd3 d5 10.cxd5 exd5 11.O-O Bxc3 12.bxc3 Ne5 13.Rb1 b6 14.Bb5 Bd7 15.f4 Neg4 16.Re1 Re8 17.Qf3 g5 18.fxg5 Ne4 19.g6 f6 20.h3 Nd2 21.Qxd5+ 1-0
Borochow, Henry (1898- )
U.S. Master Emeritus. He won the California State Championship in 1930 and 1931. In 1932, he took 6th in the Pasadena International Tournament (won by Alekhine). He won the Western Championship. He was a Vice President of the U.S. Chess Federation.
Borochow – Fine,
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 Nc6 4.c4 Nb6 5.d5 Nxe5 6.c5 Nbc4 7.f4 e6 8.Qd4 Qh4+ 9.g3 Qh6 10.Nc3 exd5 11.fxe5 1-0
Botsari, Anna-Maria (1972- )
Woman Grandmaster from
Botterill, George (1949- )
British International Master (1978). Welsh Champion in 1973 and 1974. British champion in 1974 and 1977.
Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995 )
6th world chess champion (1948-1957, 1958-60, 1961-1963) who
was the only man to win the title three times.
He has played every world champion of this century and the early trainer
of Karpov and Kasparov. He has a PhD (1951) in Electrical Engineering and now
works on computer chess programs. He
received $5,000 for winning his first world championship. In 1970 he gave up tournament chess in order
to concentrate on the development of chess computers. He learned chess at age 12. By age 15 he was one of the strongest players
Mazel - Botvinnik,
1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 e6 3.e4 c5 4.f4 Nc6 5.Nf3 d5 6.e5 Ng4 7.cxd5 exd5 8.Qb3 Nb4 9.a3? (9.h3) 9...c4 10.Qa4+ Bd7 11.Qd1 Qb6 (threatening 12...Qf2 mate; if 12.Qe2 Nd3+ 13.Kd1 Qb3 mate) 0-1
Bourdon, Eli (1907-1980)
Eli Bourdon was born in
Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahe de La (1795-1840)
French master and strongest chess player of his time. He learned chess in
Jouy – Bourdonnais, Paris 1836
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.Ne5 Qh4+ 6.Kf1 f3 7.Nxf7 Nc6 8.d4 Bg7 9.c3 Nf6 10.Nxh8 d5 11.exd5 Ne4 12.Qe1 g3 13.Bd3 fxg2+ 14.Kxg2 Bh3+ 15.Kg1 Nxd4 16.Qxe4+ Qxe4 17.Bxe4 Ne2 mate 0-1
Dutch International Master (1954) and mathematics teacher. He was appointed the first official coach of the Royal Dutch Chess Federation. From 1956 to 1968, he was editor of Losbladige Schaakberichten. He came in 2nd place in the 1957 and 1967 Dutch Championships. He later became a Grandmaster in Correspondence Chess.
Donner – Bouwmeester,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Be2 e5 7.Nb3 Be7 8.f4 O-O 9.f5 Qb6 10.Bg5 Nxe4 0-1
First Grandmaster from
First editor of Chess Life magazine and business
manager of the US Chess Federation.
Author of Profile of a Prodigy.
Editor and publisher of Chessworld magazine. He has a PhD in Communications from NYU. In 2007, he became president of the
Norwegian Champion in 1919, 1920, 1923, and 1925.
Breyer, Gyula (Julius) (1893-1921)
Hungarian of Grandmaster strength, he set a new blindfold
record of 25 opponents (won 15, drew 7, lost 3) in 1921 in
Breyer - Ballai, Pistyan 1912
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 f5 4.d4 fxe4 5.Nxe5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.Nxd5 Nxd5 8.Qh5+ g6 9.Nxg6 hxg6? (9...Nf6) 10.Qxg6+ Kd7 11.Bxd5 Qe8 12.Bf7 Qe7 13.Bg5 Ne5 14.Qf5+ (14...Kc6 15.Qxe4+ and 16.Bxe7) 1-0.
Brinck-Claussen, Bjorn (1942- )
Nordic Champion in 1963. Danish Champion in 1966, 1970, and 1977.
Brinckmann, Alfred (1891-1967)
German International Master (1953). He authored several chess tournament books.
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nf6 5.Ng3 e5 6.Nf3 exd4 7.Nxd4 Bc5 8.Qe2+ Be7 9.Be3 O-O 10.O-O-O Qc7 11.Ndf5 Be6 12.Nxe7+ Qxe7 13.Bg5 h6 14.Nf5 Qb4 15.Rd4 Qc5 16.Nxh6+ gxh6 17.Bxf6 Qf5 18.Qf3 1-0
Broadbent, Reginald (1906- )
Took 1st place in the British Championship in 1947 (lost the play-off) 1948, and 1950.
Brodsky, Michail (1969- )
Grandmaster from the
Bronstein, David (1924-2006)
Grandmaster (1950) and winner of the first Interzonal in
1948 at Saltsjobaden who survived an
assassination attack during the tournament.
On the last day Bronstein was playing Tartakover. Suddenly, a Lithuanian
made a lunge at Bronstein to kill him.
Several spectators grabbed him.
He wanted to murder all Russians because he claimed the Russians were
responsible for sending his sister to
Bronstein - Tomic, Vinkovci 1970
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 g6 4.c3 Qb6 5.Ba4 Bg7 6.O-O e5 7.Na3 Nge7 8.b4 cxb4 9.Nc4 Qc5 10.d3 bxc3 11.Rb1 c2 (11...Nd4) 12.Qxc2 Nd4? (12...a6) 13.Nxd4 (13...Qxd4 14.Be3; 13...exd4 14.Ba3 Qh5 15.Nd6+) 1-0
Bronstein – I.
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Nf6 5.Bc4 Nxd5 6.O-O Be6 7.Bb3 Bd6 8.c4 Ne7 9.d4 Ng6 10.c5 Be7 11.Bxe6 fxe6 12.Re1 O-O 13.Rxe6 Bxc5? 14.Qb3 Bxd4+ 15.Nxd4 Qxd4+ 16.Be3! 1-0
Bronstein, David (1879-1940)
Original name of Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary. He was the commissar for war who created the
Red Army and came to power with Lenin.
He spent much of his time during World War I playing chess in
Browne, Walter Shawn (1949- )
Browne - Polstein,
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Ng3 Bg6 6.N1e2 e5 7.dxe5 Qa5+ 8.Bd2 Qxe5 9.Bc3 Qc7 10.Qd2 f6 11.O-O-O Ne7 12.Nf4 Bf7 13.Qe3 Nd7 (13...Qb6) 14.Nf5 Ne5? 15.Bxe5 (15...fxe5 or 15...Qxd5 16.Nd6+; 15...Nxf5 16.Bxc7+ Nxe3 17.fxe3 Bxa2 18.b3) 1-0
V. Bhat – Browne, San Francisco 2000
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bb5+ Bd7 4.Bxd7+ Nxd7 5.O-O Ngf6 6.Qe2 e6 7.b3 Be7 8.Bb2 O-O 9.c4 a6 10.d4 cxd4 11.Nxd4 Re8 12.Nc3 Qa5 13.Rad1 Rac8 14.Kh1 Bf8 15.f4 Qh5 16.Qe3 Qxh2+ 0-1
Bruce, Rowena (1919-1999)
The only player to have played two world champions in a
tournament on the same day. In the
Bruehl, Hans (John) Moritz von (1736-1809)
Hans (John) Moritz von Bruehl was born on December 19, 1736
First Swiss Grandmaster. His FIDE rating is 2480.
Trachsel - Brunner,
1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.e3 Bb4 5.Qc2 O-O 6.Nd5 Re8 7.Be2 e4 8.Ng1 Bd6 9.a3 Nxd5 10.cxd5 Qg5 11.g3 Qxd5 12.f3? (12.Bc4) 12...Nd4 13.exd4 exf3 (14.Nxf3 Qxf3) 0-1
Women’s Grandmaster (1985). European Junior Women’s Champion in 1980. World Junior Women’s Champion in 1982.
Brynell, Stellan (1962- )
British Correspondence Champion in 1983, 1984, and 1985.
Bu, Xiangzhi (1985- )
Third youngest Grandmaster ever. In 1999, he became a GM at the age of 13
years, 10 months, 13 days. His FIDE
rating is 2645, ranked #64 in the world.
He was born Dec 10, 1985 in
Buck, Charles Francis (1841-1918)
Born in Durrheim, Grand Duch of
Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821-1862)
Winner of the first modern chess tournament, the Ries Divan
knockout tourney of 1849. He spent his
time writing History of Civilization in England, which he published in
1857 (volume 1). He was a British
historian who studied 19 languages (he could speak seven languages and read
twelve languages). He had a library of
over 22,000 books. He died of typhoid
Buckle - Unknown,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Nc3 e5 4.Bc4 Nc6 5.d3 Nge7 6.Bg5 Bg4 7.Nd5 Nd4 8.Nxe5 Bxd1?? (8...dxe5) 9.Nf6+ gxf6 10.Bxf7 mate 1-0
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1976). In 1975, he tied for 1st place at the Kostic Memorial in Vrsac.
Bukic – Damjanovic,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Bb7 5.Bg2 Be7 6.Nc3 Ne4 7.Bd2 O-O 8.d5 f5 9.Qc2 Bf6 10.Nxe4 fxe4 11.Qxe4 exd5 12.Qc2 Re8 13.O-O a5 14.cxd5 Rxe2 15.Rfe1 Rxe1+ 16.Rxe1 d6 17.Ng5 Bxg5 18.Bxg5 Qxg5 19.Qxc7 Nd7 20.Qxd7 1-0
Buoncompagni (Boncompagni), Giacomo (1548-1612)
Duke of Sora and Arce, and leading patron of chess in the
17th century. He was the illegitimate
son of Pope Gregory XIII (Ugo Buoncompagni of
International Master (with two GM norms) who took last place in the 1969 U.S. Chess Championship, with 4 draws and 7 losses. He was a medical doctor and a former chess teacher to Bobby Fischer at the Manhattan Chess Club. He played chess in over 20 countries and 47 of the 50 states. In 1993 he won the Georgia State Championship.
1.e4 d6 2.d4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.f4 Nf6 5.Nf3 c5 6.Bb5+ Bd7 7.e5 Ng4 8.e6 fxe6 9.Ng5 Bxb5 10.Qxg4 Bd7 11.Nxh7 Kf7 12.Ng5+ Kg8 13.Nxe6 cxd4 14.Qxg6 Bxe6 15.Qxe6+ Kf8 16.Ne4 1-0
Burgess, Graham (1968- )
FIDE master. In 1994, he set a world record for playing marathon blitz chess. He played 500 games in three days.
Burn, Amos (1848-1925)
One of the world’s top ten chess players between 1886 and
1912. He was a cotton broker and a sugar
Burn – Owen,
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Be3 Bg7 5.Be2 O-O 6.h4 Nc6 7.h5 e5 8.hxg6 fxg6 9.Nf3 Ng4 10.Bc4+ Kh8 11.Ng5 Bh6 12.Qxg4 Bxg4 13.Rxh6 Kg7 14.Rxh7+ 1-0
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 4.c3 d5 5.Nxe5 dxe4 6.Qa4 Qd5 7.f4 Bd7 8.Nxd7 Kxd7 9.O-O Nf5 10.b4 a5 11.Kh1 axb4 12.Bxc6+ bxc6 13.Qxa8 Bc5 14.Qxh8 Ng3+ 15.hxg3 Qh5 mate 0-1
Butnorius, Algimantas (1946- )
Bykhovsky, Avigdor (1955- )
Russian Grandmaster. His FIDE rating is 2457.
Bykova (Bikova), Yelizavyeta (1911-1989)
Women’s World Champion from 1953 to 1956, and from 1958 to 1962. From 1956 to 1958 she lost her title to Olga Rubtsova. In 1962 she lost her title to Nona Gaprindashvili. She was USSR Women’s champion in 1947, 1948, and 1950. She earned the Women’s Grandmaster title in 1976.
Byrne, Donald (1930-1976)
Winner of the 1953 US Open.
He was on three US Olympiad teams (1962, 1964, 1968). He was an associate professor of English at
Byrne, Robert (1928- )
Grandmaster (1964) and a graduate of Yale who became a philosophy teacher, then gave it up to become a chess professional. He won the 1972 U.S. Championship and was third place finisher at the 1973 Leningrad Interzonal (behind Karpov and Korchnoi). As a result, he became only the third American (after Fischer and Benko) to ever qualify for the Candidates. He was 45 at the time. He is a chess correspondent for the New York Times.
R. Byrne -
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Nf3 Ngf6 6.Bd3 b6 7.Qe2 Be7 8.Bf4 Bb7 9.O-O-O Qc8 10.Ne5 h6 11.h4 a6 12.Rh3 Bd6 13.Rg3 Bf8 14.Re1 Qd8? (14...Nd5) 15.Nxf7! (15...Kxf7 16.Ng5+ Ke8 17.Bg6+ Ke7 18.Qxe6 mate) 1-0
Cabot, Godfrey Lowell (1861-1962)
Godfrey Cabot was born in
Cabrilo, Goran (1958- )
Cafferty, Bernard (1934- )
British Boys’ Champion in 1952 and British Junior Champion in 1954. He was British Correspondence Champion in 1960 and 5-time British Lightning Champion from 1964 to 1969. He took part in every British championship from 1957 to 1970. Former editor of the British Chess Magazine.
Cafferty – Corbin,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.Qb3 Qe7 8.O-O Bb6 9.Ba3 d6 10.Bb5 Be6 11.Qa4 Bd7 12.cxd4 a6 13.Nc3 Qf6 14.e5 Qg6 15.exd6 cxd6 16.Rfe1+ Kd8 17.Nd5 Ba5 18.Bxc6 Bxe1 19Rxe1 1-0
Calvi, Ignazio (1797-1872)
Italian chess master and chess problem composer who stayed
Calvo Minguez, Ricardo (1943-2002)
chess historian, medical doctor and International Master (1973) who was
censured by FIDE for writing articles that were critical of the world chess
federation. He played for
Calvo - Korchnoi,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Bd3 Bc5 6.Nb3 Ba7 7.c4 Na6 8.O-O Qh4 9.N1d2 Nge7 10.c5 Ne5 11.Be2 b6 12.f4 N5c6 13.Nc4 bxc5 14.g3 Qh6? (14...Qh3) 15.f5 Qf6 16.fxe6 Qxe6 17.Nd6+ Kf8 18.Bc4 1-0
Campomanes, Florencio (1927- )
First non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995). He played Board 2 for the
Campora, Daniel (1957- )
Argentine Grandmaster (1986). He was Argentinian champion in 1986 and 1989. He led the Argentine team at the 1984 Chess Olympiad.
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 d6 5.d4 Bd7 6.O-O Be7 7.Re1 exd4 8.Nxd4 O-O 9.Bxc6 bxc6 10.Qf3 Re8 11.e5 Ng4 12.e6 1-0
Canal, Esteban (1896-1981)
Peruvian International Master (1950) who received an
honorary Grandmaster title in 1977 at the age of 81. Canal lived in
Canal - Unknown,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.Bg5 Bb4 6.Bd3 Nc6 7.Ne2 O-O 8.O-O Be7 9.Re1 Nb4 10.Ng3 Nxd3 11.Qxd3 c6 12.Nh5 Be6 13.Nf4 h6 (13...Ng4) 14.Bxh6 gxh6 15.Rxe6 fxe6? (15...Nd6) 16.Qg6+ Kh8 17.Nxe6 1-0
Capablanca y Graupera, Jose Raoul (1888-1942)
Cuban-born, Capablanca was American-educated and sent to a
private school (Woodycliff School of South Orange) in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 4.c3 a6 5.Ba4 f5 6.d4 fxe4 7.Ng5 exd4 8.Nxe4 Nf6 9.Bg5 Be7 10.Qxd4 (10.Bxc6+) 10...b5 11.Nxf6+ gxf6 12.Qd5 bxa4 13.Bh6 Qd7 14.O-O Bb7 15.Bg7 O-O-O 16.Bxh8 Ne5 17.Qd1 Bf3! 18.gxf3 Qh3 (threatening 19...Rg8+) 0-1
Cardoso, Ruth (1934-2000)
Ruth Cardose was born in
Carlsen, Magnus (1990- )
Norwegian child prodigy, born Nov 30, 1990, who gained the
Grandmaster title (2004) at the age of 13 years, 3 months and 27 days. He became the 2nd youngest GM in
chess history, behind only Sergey
Karjakin. He was trained by
Carlsen – Ibraev, Calvia 2004
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 c5 5.dxc5 Bxc5 6.Nf3 Qb6 7.e3 Qc7 8.b3 b6 9.Bb2 Bb7 10.Nb5 Qd8 11.O-O-O O-O 12.Ng5 Re8 13.h4 e5 14.Nd6 Bxd6 15.Rxd6 h6 16.Qf5 Nc6 17.Rxf6 1-0
Horatio Caro (KAH-ro) was an was born in
1.Nf3 d5 2.d4 Bf5 3.c4 c6 4.Qb3 Qc8 5.cxd5 cxd5 6.Nc3 e6 7.Bf4 a6 8.Na4 Ra7 9.Nb6 Qd8 10.Bxb8 Qxb8 11.Qa4+ Ke7 12.Rc1 g5 13.Ne5 Nh6 14.Nc8+ 1-0
Carr, Neil (1968- )
Youngest player to beat a grandmaster in a clock simultaneous exhibition. In 1978 at the age of 10 he beat a grandmaster. He won the World under-14 championship.
Carroll, Charles (1737-1832)
The last survivor of the 56 signers of the Declaration of
Independence (he represented
Carroll, Lewis (1832-1898)
Author of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865)
and Through the Looking-Glass (1872),
the story of
Caxton, William (1438-1491)
The first English printer.
He is the publisher of the second book to be printed in English, The
Game and Playe of the Chesse, in
1475. The book consisted of 72 pages,
with no illustrations and printed in
Caze, M. (1650-1710)
Author of the first manuscript on the King’s Gambit, in
1706. It was his opinion that accepting
the King’s Gambit would lead to a forced draw.
He was the first to propose a type of random chess, by moving the king
and queen around in the back rank. He
also wanted to take away the advantage of the first move by playing the pawn
only one square up. He was the first to
record chess games played by other players, then reprint them. He recorded the games of the best chess
Cebalo, Miso (1945- )
Cessolis, Jacobus de (1275-1322)
Dominican monk who wrote De Moribus Hominum ed de Officiis
Nobilium Super Ludo Scaccorum (On the Customs of Men and Their Noble
Actions with Reference to the Game of Chess).
This is the best known of all chess moralities, written around
1300. The moralities deal with all sorts
and conditions of men, allegorically represented in their various ranks by
chess pieces. In 1474 William Caxton
translated the French version into English and printed it under the title The
Game of Chess. It was the second
book printed in the English language (Caxton translated and published a history
Chadwick, Henry (1824-1908)
Chajes, Oscar (1873-1928)
Oscar Chajes (KHAH-yes) was born in
He won the 1975-76
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.Qe2 Nc6 6.e5 Nd7 7.e6 fxe6 8.Nf3 d5 9.Bb5 Nxd4 10.Nxd4 Bxd4 11.h4 c6 12.Bd3 e5 13.h5 e4 14.hxg6 hxg6 15.Rxh8+ Bxh8 0-1
Charbonneau, Pascal (1983- )
Charles, Ray (1930-2004)
Blind musician (born Ray Charles Robinson) who learned chess in 1965 after being busted twice and hospitalized for heroin addiction. He learned chess in the hospital where he went cold turkey after 17 years of drug use. He used a peg set made for the blind. He appeared on the cover of Chess Life in September 2002 and was interviewed by Larry Evans. Ray Charles stated that chess was his favorite game. One of his chess opponents was Willie Nelson, who mentioned Ray Charles’ chess skills at his funeral. He also played chess with Dizzy Gillespie. In the film, Ray, there is a scene of Ray Charles playing chess in the hospital with the doctor while recovering from his addiction. He died of liver disease.
Ray Charles – Larry Evans, Reno 2002
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bc5 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.Qe2 O-O 8.Be3 Bxe3 9.Qxe3 Re8 10.f3 d5 11.Qd3 a5 12.O-O-O Ba6 13.Qd2 Bxf1 14.Rhxf1 dxe4 15.Qxd8 Raxd8 16.Rxd8 Rxd8 17.Rd1 Rxd1+ 18.Kxd1 exf3 19.gxf3 Kf8 20.Kc1 Be7 21.Kd2 Ke6 22.Ke3 Nd5+ 23.Kd4 Nxc3 24.Kxc3 Kd5 0-1
Charlick, Henry (1845-1916)
Henry Charlick was born in
Charousek, Rudolf (1873-1900)
Chess master born in
Charousek – Makovets,
1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d6 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.Bc4 Bb6 7.d4 Bg4 8.fxe5 dxe5 9.Bxf7+ Kf8 10.Ba3+ Ne7 11.O-O exd4 12.Qb3 g6 13.Bxg6 1-0
Chaucer, Geoffrey (1342-1400)
His romantic poem, Book of the Duchesse, written in 1369, has many references to chess. Chaucer was the first person to use the word checkmate, derived from Arabic. He introduced the word “fers” as the name for the queen chess piece.
Chaude de Silans, Chantal (1919-2004)
French chess player
and countess. In 1934, at the age of 15,
she won the ladies championship of
Chauvenet, Louis Russell “Russ” (1920-2003)
Chekhov, Valery (1955- )
Russian Grandmaster .
In 1975 he won the World Junior Championship. He became an IM in 1975 and a GM in
1984. He teaches chess at a children’s
Chekhov – Razuvaev,
1.Nf3 c5 2.c4 g6 3.d4 Bg7 4.e4 Nc6 5.dxc5 Qa5+ 6.Bd2 Qxc5 7.Nc3 Nf6 8.Be2 d6 9.O-O O-O 10.h3 Be6 11.Na4 1-0
Chekhover, Vitaly (1908-1965)
Soviet International Master (1950). He played in the
Cheparinov, Ivan (1986- )
Grandmaster (2004) from
Chess master and author of 18 chess books. He learned chess at the age of 12 from his
father. He played in the U.S.
Championship in 1942 and 1944 and played in numerous
Chernin, Alexander (1960- )
Russian Grandmaster. He was European Junior Champion in 1979-1980. He tied for 1st place in the 1985 USSR Championship, but lost the play-off. In 1985, he tied for 4th-5th at the Tunis Interzonal. He became an IM in 1984 and a GM in 1985.
Cheron, Andre (1895-1980)
French champion in 1926, 1927, and 1929 and one of the great
endgame analysts and study composers of all time. He played Board 1 for
Cheron - Polikier,
1.d4 g6 2.e4 Bg7 3.Nf3 d6 4.Nc3 Nd7 5.Bc4 Nf6? (5...Nb6) 6.e5 dxe5 7.dxe5 Nh5 8.Bxf7+ Kxf7 9.Ng5+ Kg8 10.Qd5+ (10...e6 11.Qxe6+ Kf8 12.Qf7 mate) 1-0
In 1927, he won the Boston Chess Championship. He was a former Harvard College Champion. He wrote a chess column in The Christian Science Monitor.
Chiburdanidze, Maya (1961- )
Six-time World’s women champion for 13 years, from 1978 until her defeat by Xie Jun of China in 1991. Her coach had been Eduard Gufeld. She was USSR women’s champion at 15, won the women’s Interzonal at 16, defeated three of the best women in the world (Alexandria, Akhmilovskaya, and Kusnir) in matches at 17, and world champion (defeating Gaprindashvili) at age 17, the youngest of any world champion in chess. She was awarded the title of International Woman Master in 1974 at the age of 13, making her the youngest title holder in the history of chess up to that time. She didn’t even have a FIDE rating.
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bb4 6.f3 O-O 7.Be3 e5 8.Nb3 d5 9.Bc5? (9.Bd2) 9...Bxc5 10.Nxc5 d4 11.Ne2 Qa5+ (and 12...Qxc5) 0-1
Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)
Founder of the Russian school of chess. He was the first public chess worker,
organizer, and journalist in
Schlezer - Chigorin,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 f5 3.exf5 Nc6 4.Bb5 Bc5 5.Bxc6 dxc6 6.Nxe5 Bxf5 7.Qh5+ g6 8.Nxg6 hxg6 9.Qxh8 Qe7+ 10.Kd1 Bxf2 11.Qxg8+ Kd7 12.Qc4 Re8 (threatening 13...Qe1+ 14.Rxe1 Rxe1 mate) 0-1
Chigorin – Walbrodt,
1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Nxe5 Bd6 5.Qe2 Qe7 6.Qxe4 f6 7.d4 fxe5 8.fxe5 c6 9.Bc4 Bc7 10.O-O Be6 11.Bg5 Qxg5 12.Bxe6 Nh6 13.Bc8 1-0
Chikvaidze, Alexander (1932- )
Replaced former cosmonaut Vitaly Sevastianov in 1986 as
President of the Soviet Chess Federation.
He was a Georgian career diplomat who served as former Ambassador to
Christiansen, Larry (1956- )
Larry Christiansen was born in
Christiansen - Karpov, Wijk aan Zee 1993
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3 Ba6 5.Qc2 Bb7 6.Nc3 c5 7.e4 cxd4 8.Nxd4 Nc6 9.Nxc6 Bxc6 10.Bf4 Nh5 11.Be3 Bd6? (11...Bc5) 12.Qd1 (threatening 13.Qxd6 and 13.Qxh5) 1-0
Churchill, Lord Randolph (1849-1895)
Winston Churchill's father was elected vice president of the
British Chess Federation in 1885. Lord
Tennyson was the President of the British Chess Federation. He took chess lessons from Zukertort and
William (Wilhelm) Steinitz. He was the
co-founder of the Oxford University Chess Club.
He was one of the financial backers of the great 1883
Cifuentes-Parada, Roberto (1957- )
Ciocaltea, Victor (1932-1983)
Romanian chess player who became an International Master in 1957 and took 21 years to become a Grandmaster in 1978. He won the Romanian championship 8 times during 1952-1979.
Hutemann - Ciocaltea,
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 g6 4.h3 Bg7 5.Nf3 Nh6 6.Bd3 O-O 7.O-O f6 8.Bf4 Nf7 9.e5 fxe5 10.Bxe5 Nxe5 11.dxe5 Nd7 12.Re1 Nc5 13.b4 Ne6 14.Ne2 Rxf3 15.gxf3 Ng5 16.f4 Nxh3+ 17.Kg2 Qf8 18.Kg3? (18.Qd2) 18...Bxe5 (19.fxe5 Qxf2 mate) 0-1
Ciric, Dragoljub (1935- )
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bc4 e6 7.a3 b5 8.Ba2 Bb7 9.Qe2 Nbd7 10.O-O Rc8 11.Bg5 h6 12.Bh4 Qb6 13.Rad1 Be7 14.Kh1 g5 15.Bg3 Ne5 16.f4 gxf4 17.Rxf4 Rg8 18.Bh4 Ng6 19.Rxf6 Nxh4 20.Rxf7 Rxc3 21.bxc3 Rxg2 22.Qh5 Bxe4 23.Rxe7+ 1-0
Clarke, Peter (1933- )
English player who placed 2nd in five British Championships. He played on 8 English Chess Olympiad teams. He was British Correspondence Champion in 1977. He became a Grandmaster in Correspondence Chess in 1980.
Clarke – Toran, Hastings 1956
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.f4 e5 7.Nf3 Nbd7 8.Bc4 Be7 9.a4 O-O 10.Qe2 b6 11.O-O Bb7 12.fxe5 dxe5 13.Bg5 Nh5 14.Rad1 Bc5+ 15.Kh1 Qc7 16.Rxd7 Qxd7 17.Nxe5 Qc7 18.Nxf7 g6 19.Nd5 Bxd5 20.Bxd5 Ra7 21.Nd6 Kg7 22.Rxf8 1-0
Cochrane, John (1798-1878)
Scottish master and lawyer who spent half his life in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 Nxd4 4.Nxe5 Ne6 5.Bc4 c6 6.O-O Nf6 7.Nc3 Bb4 8.f4 Qa5 9.Nxf7 Kxf7 10.f5 Qc5+ 11.Kh1 Qxc4 12.fxe6+ Qxe6 13.Qh5+ g6 14.Qh4 Bxc3 15.bxc3 Rf8 16.Bh6 1-0
Lewis Cohen never lost a game in the National Elementary Championships, scoring 40-0. He was the 1974 and 1975 Junior High School champion.
Colle, Edgar (1897-1932)
Collijn, Ludwig (1878-1939)
Swedish author and organizer. He was President of the Swedish Chess Association from 1917 to 1939. He organized and directed the 1937 Stockholm Chess Olympiad. He, and his brother Gustaf (1880-1968), wrote Larobok i Schack, a book on openings and endings.
Collins, John (Jack) W. (1912-2001)
Chess teacher to Bobby Fischer, Robert Byrne, William
Lombardy, Donald Byrne, Sal Matera, Ray Weinstein, Lisa Lane, and Rachel
Crotto. He has won the U.S. Correspondence
Chess Championship (1943), the Marshall Chess Club Championship (1953), and the
New York Championship (1952). He was the
first postal chess editor of Chess Review.
He reached the finals of the first ICCF World Chess Championship in
1953. His first house was on
Commons, Kim (1951- )
Conquest, Stuart (1967- )
Cook Eugene Beauharnais (1830-1915)
The foremost American problemist of his day. He had many of his chess problems published
Designer (along with John Jacques) of the
Cooke, H. I.
Author of the first chess book written by a woman, The
ABC of Chess, by a Lady. It appeared
Corzo, Juan (1873-1941)
Juan Corzo was born in
Cox, James R.
Winner of the first New York State Championship in 1878.
Cozio, Carlo Francesco (1715-1780)
Italian Count of Montiglio and Count of Salabue. He was the author of a two volume chess book, Il giuoco degli scacchi o sia Nuova idea di attacchi, difese e partiti del Giuoco degli Scacchi, published in 1740. The Ruy Lopez variation 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 is called Cozio’s Defense.
Cramer, Fred (1912-1989)
Former USCF Membership chairman and USCF President
(1961-1964). In the 1970s, he was the
FIDE vice-president. He was Bobby
Fischer’s manager during the 1972 World Championship Match. He was a lighting contractor. He got involved in chess when he provided
better lighting to the 1953 US Open in
Cramling, Pia (1963- )
Skripchenko - P. Cramling,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Qb6 6.e5 Bc5 7.Be3 Nd5 8.Nxd5 exd5 9.Nf5 Qxb2 10.Bxc5 Qc3+ 11.Ke2 Qxc5 12.Nd6+ Kf8 13.f4 Nc6 14.Kf3 (14.Qd3) 14...f6 15.Nxc8 (15.c4) 15...fxe5 16.fxe5 Nxe5+ 17.Kf4?? (17.Ke2) 17...Rxc8 18.Kxe5 Re8+ 19.Qf3 Qe7 (threatening 29...g6 mate) 0-1
Crisan, Alexandru (1962- )
Grandmaster (1997) from
Crittenden, Kit (1935- )
Crotto, Rachel (1958- )
In 1972 she was one of the youngest girls ever to play in
the U.S. Women's championship, at age 13.
She was U.S. Women’s Champion from 1977 to 1979. She took 12th-13th
place at the 1979
Crum, John (1842-1922)
First Scottish chess champion. He won the event, held in
Csom, Istvan (1940- )
Istvan Csom (Chom) was born in
Cunningham, George (1909-1993)
George Cunningham was born in
Curdo, John Anthony (1931- )
John Anthony Curdo was born on
Cvitan, Ognjen (1961- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1987). In 1981 he won the World Junior (Under 20) Championship, ahead of Nigel Short and Salov. His name is pronounced Og-nhien Cvhie-than. His highest rating has been 2633, ranked 69th in the world in 1994.
Cvitan – Short,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3 c5 5.d5 Ba6 6.Qc2 exd5 7.cxd5 Bb7 8.e4 Qe7 9.Bd3 Nxd5 10.O-O Nc7 11.Nc3 Qd8 12.Nd5 Ne6 13.Ne5 Nc6 14.f4 Nxe5 15.fxe5 Be7 16.Qe2 h6 17.Qh5 Rf8 18.Bxh6 gxh6 19.Rxf7 Rxf7 20.Rf1 Ng5 21.Bc4 Kf8 22.Rxf7+ Nxf7 23.Nf6 1-0
Czerniak, Moshe (1910-1984)
International Master (1952) and
Czerniak - Constantinou, Lugano 1968
1.e4 c5 2.b3 Nf6 3.e5 Nd5 4.Bb2 d6 5.exd6 exd6 6.Na3 Nc6 7.Nc4 Nf6 8.Nf3 Be7 9.d4 O-O 10.d5 Nb4 11.Ne3 Re8 12.Be2 Bd7 13.O-O Bf8 14.Re1 Ne4 15.a3 Na6 16.Bxa6 bxa6 17.Qd3 Rb8 18.Nf1 Bf5 19.Qxa6 c4 (19...Re7) 20.Qxc4 Rc8 21.Qd4 Rxc2? (21...Qd7) 22.Ne3 (23...Rxb2 24.Nxf5, threatening 25.Qxb2 and 25.Rxe4) 1-0
Dadian (Salome Dadian de Mingrelie) (1848-1913)
Prince of Mingrelia and sponsor of the 1903
Dake, Arthur (1910-2000)
Arthur Dake became a bridge toll collector, then a highway
auto controller, and finally an automobile inspector for the state of
Dake - Schmitt, Seattle 1949
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.f3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nb6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.Nc3 O-O 8.f4 Nc6 9.d5 Nb8 10.Nf3 e6 11.Bc5 Re8 12.d6 N6d7 13.Ba3 cxd6 14.Bxd6 Qb6 15.Qd2 e5 16.Bc4 exf4? (16...Bh6) 17.Bxf7 Kxf7 18.Ng5+ (18...Kg8 19.Qd5+ Kh8 20.Nf7+ Kg8 21.Nh6+ Kh8 22.Qg8+ Rxg8 23.Nf7 mate) 1-0
Dal Verme, Giancarlo (1908-1985)
Count Giancarlo dal Verme was born in
Daly, Harlow Bussey (1883-1979)
Harlow Daly was born in
Damiani, Petrus (Peter) (1007-1072)
Cardinal bishop of Ostia, Italy who wrote to Pope Alexander II in 1061 urging the pope to forbid chess from the clergy and to punish a bishop in Florence for wasting his time playing chess in the evenings. Damiani associated the game with frivolity and the sin of gambling.
Damiano, Pedro (1480-1544)
Portuguese apothecary (pharmacist) from Odemira who came
from a Jewish background. He may have
left Portugel for
Damjanovic, Mato (1927- )
Croatian Grandmaster, born on March 3, 1927 in
Damjanovic – Tudev,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 d6 5.Bxc6+ bxc6 6.d4 exd4 7.Nxd4 c5 8.Ne2 Bb7 9.Nbc3 f5 10.exf5 Bxg2 11.Rg1 Bb7 12.Nf4 Qf6 13.Ne6 Rc8 14.Qe2 Kd7 15.Be3 Qxf5 16.Nxc5+ dxc5 17.O-O-O+ Bd6 18.Rxg7+ Kc6 19.Qc4 Qf6 20.Rf7 Qg6 21.Ne4 Rb8 22.Bxc5 1-0
Damljanovic, Branko (1961- )
Branko Damljanovic was born in
Damsky, Yakov (1934- )
Chess journalist, chess master, and international chess arbiter. He is the author of The Batsford Book of Chess Records.
Danek, Libor (1969- )
Czech Correspondence Grandmaster (1999).
Danielian, Elina (1978- )
Danielian, Oganes (1974- )
Danielsen, Henrik (1966- )
Grandmaster (1996) from
Dao Thien Hai (1978- )
Grandmaster (1996) from
Darga, Klaus Viktor (1934- )
Klaus Darga was born on February 24, 1934 in
Darin, Bobby (1936-1973)
Born Walden Waldo Cassotto, he was one of the most popular rock and roll American teen idols of the late 1950s. In late 1972, he planned the Bobby Darin International Chess Classic. It would have been the richest chess tournament ever, and he was putting up $25,000 of his own money, but he died before it could take place. Darin was a chess enthusiast. The Bobby Darin Show featured a weekly chess problem. He played chess his whole life, including the day before he died on the operating table during surgery to replace a heart valve. He taught his wife, Sandra Dee, to play chess. While he worked, she played chess with the cast or crew, and was very good, defeating most of her opponents.
Dato’ Tan Chin
Former Malaysian Chess Association President and first chess sponsor in
Dautov, Rustem Hazitovic (1965- )
David, Alberto (1970- )
Davidson, Jacques (1890-1969)
Dutch chess player, considered the first Dutch chess
professional. For awhile, he was a
traveling salesman for a publisher of encyclopedias. In 1921 and 1924, he took 2nd
place in the Dutch championship, behind Max Euwe. In 1921, he finished 1st at
Davies, Nigel Rodney (1960- )
Nigel Davies was born on July 31, 1960 in
Dawson, Thomas (1889-1951)
British problemist who composed over 6,000 chess
problems. He specialized in fairy chess
and, in 1912, he invented the grasshopper (upside down queen) – it moves like a
queen but must hop over a piece and land on the next square beyond. In 1915, he wrote Retrograde Analysis, the first chess book on the subject. In 1925, he invented the Nightrider. He was president of the British Chess Problem
Society from 1931 to 1943. He worked in
Canadian International Master (1972). In 2004 he won the first Canadian Senior (over 50 years old) Chess Championship with a perfect 5-0.
1.Nf3 d5 2.e4 c6 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Ng5 Nf6 5.Bc4 e6 6.O-O Qd4 7.Qe2 Nbd7 8.d3 exd3 9.Bxd3 Ne5 10.Rd1 Nxd3 11.Be3 Nf4 12.Qf3 Nh3+ 13.gxh3 Qe5 14.Rd8+ Ke7 15.Rad1 1-0
De Armas, Asela (1954)
Woman International Master (1978) from
De Blasio, Massimo (1960- )
In 2001, Massimo De
In 1979, he was awarded the International Master title. In 1985, he was awarded the Grandmaster
title. In 1983, he won the Canadian Open
Championship. In 1986, he won the World
Open and $21,000, at that time a record for a Swiss system tournament. He was
De Firmian -
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.f4 Bg7 5.Nf3 c5 6.Bb5+ Bd7 7.e5 Ng4 8.e6 fxe6 9.Ng5 Bxb5 10.Nxe6 Bxd4 11.Nxb5 Qa5+ 12.Qd2 Bf2+ 13.Kd1 Qa4 (13...Ne3+) 14.Qe2 Kf7 15.b3 Qa6 16.Ng5+ Kg7 17.Qxe7+ Kh6 18.Nf7+ (18...Kg7 19.Nxd6+ Kh6 20.Nf5+ gxf5 21.Qg5 mate) 1-0
Dutch psychologist and chess master who did the first psychological enquiry into the minds of chess players. His 1965 book, Thought and Choice in Chess, showed the different abilities of masters and amateurs. He found that masters can recall 93% of all the pieces on a board of a chess position from a game (not random) after looking at it for 4 seconds. Experts remembered 72% and weaker chess players were able to recall only 51% of the pieces. When random positions were shown, all levels of players recalled the same percentage of pieces. This suggested that masters were able to use some form of chunking, or pattern-matching, that allowed them to recall the positions. He played on the Dutch Olympiad team in 1936, 1937, and 1939.
De la Paz Pardomo, Frank (1975- )
De la Riva Aguado, Oscar (1972- )
Oscar de la Riva Aguado was born in Bracelona, Spian on July
15, 1972. He won the Spanish Under-16
championship in 1986, 1987, and 1988. He
De la Villa Garcia, Jesus Maria (1958- )
Spanish Grandmaster (1999). In 1985 and 19988, he won the Spanish Chess Championship. From 1997 to 2003 he was the technical director of the Spanish Chess Federation. His best Elo rating was 2525 in 1996.
de Riviere, Jules (1830-1905)
Leading French master of his day. He was a frequent opponent of Morphy and they were good friends. Morphy pawned his watch that was given to him by the Brooklyn Chess Club to de Riviere, who loaned Morphy a large sum of money. Morphy never paid de Riviere back. Morphy and de Riviere set out to write a book on chess openings, but they never completed or published the book.
de Vere, Cecil (1845-1875)
Cecil Valentine Brown, later known as Cecil de Vere, was
born in February 14 (Valentine’s Day), 1845.
In 1857, at the age of 12, he was taught who to play chess by a strong
Burn - de Vere,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.Bd3 Bd6 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.O-O Nf6 7.Re1+ Be6 8.Bf5 O-O 9.Bxe6 fxe6 10.Rxe6 Ne4 11.c4 Rxf3 12.gxf3 Qh4 13.Rxd6? (13.fxe4) 13...Qxf2+ 14.Kh1 Nxd6 15.cxd5 Re8 16.Bd2 Re2 0-1
Founder and President Emeritus of Chess Collectors International. He is the owner of the largest collection
of chess sets in the world. He owns the
only Faberge chess set in existence, perhaps the most valuable chess set in the
world. His chess sets were exhibited at
the Karpov-Kasparov World Championship match at the Macklowe Hotel in
Deepan, Chakkarvarthy (1987- )
Deepan Chakkravarthy J is a Grandmaster (2006) from
Degraeve, Jean-Marc (1971- )
French Grandmaster (1998). In 1987, he won the French junior championship and was the European Under-16 champion. He represented France in the 2000, 2002, and 2004 Men’s Chess Olympiads. His best Elo rating was 2602 in 2001.
Delchev, Alexander (1971- )
Eugene Delmar was born in
Managing director of the United States Chess Trust, the charitable
arm of the United States Chess Federation.
She administers the Samford Fellowship (current
A onetime boxer and boxing manager (won three successive
Golden Gloves bouts by knockouts). He
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.Nc3 Nc6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 d5 6.Qa4 Qd7 7.cxd5 Nxd5 8.Nxd5 Qxd5 9.Nb5 Qd7 10.Bd2 e5 (10...a6) 11.O-O-O Bc5? (11...a6) 12.Bg5 Qf5 13.Nc7+ Kf8 14.Rd8+ Nxd8 15.Qe8 mate 1-0
Dervishi, Erald (1979- )
Deschapelles, Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton (1780-1847)
Probably the strongest player in the world from 1800 to
1824. He claimed to have mastered chess in four days of study. He lost his right arm fighting the Prussians
in Napoleon’s army. He gave up chess and
took up whist when he could no longer beat his opponents at odds. George Perigal, after interviewing him,
wrote: "M. Deschapelles is the greatest chess player in
DiCamillo, Attilio (1917-1962)
He played in three U.S. Chess Championships. He took 10th-11th place in 1944. He took 13th-16th place in 1946. He took 12th-13th place in 1957-58.
In 1900, Didier
finished in last place out of 17 players at
Diemer, Emil Josef (1908-1990)
German master who contributed to the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit,
1.d4 d5 2. e4 dxe4 3.f3 or 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.e4. In 1935/36 and 1936/37 he took first place in
the Premier Reserves Major Tournament at
Diemer – NN,
1.d4 d5 2.a3 a6 3.Nc3 e6 4.e3 c5 5.dxc5 Bxc5 6.b4 Be7 7.Bb2 Bf6 8.Nf3 b5 9.e4 Qc7 10.e5 Bxe5 11.Nxb5 1-0
Diesen, Mark (1957- )
International Master (1976),
Diez del Corral, Jesus (1933- )
Spanish Grandmaster (1974). He won the Spanish Chess Championship in 1955 and 1965. He is an accountant by profession.
Ditt, Egon (1931-2005)
FIDE Vice President from 1990 to 1994. FIDE Executive Council from 1994 to 1998. Honorary President of the German Chess Federation. He was treasurer of the European Chess Union.
Divinsky, Nathan (1925- )
Canadian mathematician, chess master, and author. In 1945, he was 3rd in the
Canadian Championship. He played on the
1954 and 1966 Canadian Olympiad chess team.
He was the editor of Canadian
Dizdar, Goran (1958- )
Dizdarevic, Emir (1958- )
Philippe – Dizdarevic, Arandelovac 1985
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 c6 4.f3 Qb6 5.Na4 Qa5+ 6.c3 Nbd7 7.Nh3 e5 8.Bd2 b5 0-1
Djurhuus, Rune (1970- )
Djuric, Stefan (1955- )
Djuric – Szabo, Oberwart 1979
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.Nc3 e6 4.g3 b6 5.e4 Bb7 6.d3 Be7 7.Bg2 O-O 8.O-O d6 9.b3 Nc6 10.d4 d5 11.exd5 exd5 12.cxd5 Nb4 13.dxc5 Nbxd5 14.Nxd5 Nxd5 15.Bb2 Bxc5 16.Ne5 f6 17.Nd3 Rf7 18.Nxc5 bxc5 19.Qh5 Nb4 20.Bxb7 Rxb7 21.Qxc5 Rc8 22.Rad1 Qe8 23.Qf5 Nxa2 24.Rfe1 Qc6 25.Rd6 1-0
Dlugy, Maxim (1966- )
Maxim Dlugy was born in
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 e6 5.Bxc4 c5 6.O-O a6 7.Qe2 cxd4 8.exd4 Be7 9.Nc3 b5 10.Bb3 Bb7 11.Bg5 O-O 12.Rfe1 Nc6 13.Rad1 Nd5 14.Nxd5 Bxg5 15.Nb6? (15.Nc3) 15...Nxd4 16.Nxd4 Qxb6 17.Qg4 Bf6 18.Nxe6 Bc8 0-1
Dokhoian, Yuri (1964- )
(1988). He took 1st at
Dokhoian – Taimanov,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Bb4+ 4.Bd2 a5 5.g3 d5 6.Qc2 Nc6 7.a3 Bxd2+ 8.Nbxd2 dxc4 9.Qxc4 Qd5 10.Bg2 Ne4 11.Qd3 Nxd2 12.Qxd2 O-O 13.Rd1 Ra6 14.O-O Rb6 15.Qc1 Qb5 16.Rd2 f5 17.Rfd1 h6 18.Rc2 Kh7 19.e3 Rd8 20.Ne1 e5 21.d5 Na7 22.Rxc7 e4 23.Qc3 Qxb2 24.Rxg7+ Kh8 25.Qc7 1-0
Dolmatov, Sergei (1959- )
(1982). In 1978 he won the World Junior
Championship. He was a former student of
Botvinnik. In 1989, he tied for 2nd
place in the USSR Championship. He took
1st place at
Kasparov – Dolmatov,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.e3 Be7 5.Bd3 O-O 6.O-O dxc4 7.Bxc4 c5 8.Qe2 cxd4 9.exd4 Nc6 10.Rd1 b6 11.Nc3 Nb4 12.Bg5 Bb7 13.Ne5 Nfd5 14.Bxe7 Qxe7 15.a3 Nf4 16.Qg4 Nbd5 17.Nxd5 Nxd5 18.Re1 Rad8 19.Bd3 f5 20.Qg3 Nf6 21.Rac1 Rxd4 22.Nc6 Bxc6 23.Rxc6 Qd7 24.Bb5 Ne4 25.Qb3 a6 0-1
Donaldson, John Walter (1958- )
International Master (1983) and one of the nicest guys in
chess. In 1983 he was the captain of
Fricano – Donaldson, Milwaukee 2001
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.c4 Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Nc3 O-O 8.Be2 b6 9.O-O Bb7 10.f3 Nh5 11.f4 Nxf4 12.Rxf4 Nxd4 13.Bxd4 e5 14.Rf3 exd4 15.Nd5 Re8 16.Qf1 Bxd5 17.exd5 Qe7 18.Re1 Bh6 19.d6 Qxd6 20.c5 Qxc5 21.Bc4 d3+ 0-1
Donchev, Dimitar (1958- )
Dondis, Harold (1922- )
Harold Dondis was born on
Donner, Johannes (Jan) Hein (1927-1988)
Dutch grandmaster (1959) who won the Dutch championship in
1954, 1957, and 1958. Donner was the
first grandmaster that a Chinese player defeated. At the Chess Olympiad in Buenos Aries in
1978, Liu Wen Che defeated Donner in 20 moves, putting
Enklaar - Donner,
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.f4 Bg7 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be3 Nbd7 7.e5 Ng4 8.Bd2 c5 9.exd6 cxd4 10.Nxd4 Nf2 11.Qe2 e5 12.Qxf2 exd4 13.Nd5 Nc5 14.Ne7+ Kh8 15.Nxc8 Rxc8 16.O-O-O Qb6 17.Re1? (17.Qf3) 17...d3 (18.Kd1 dxc2+ 19.Ke2 Qxd6) 0-1
Dorfman, Josif (Iosif ) (1952- )
Ukrainian trainer and Grandmaster (1978) who was Kasparov’s
second for four World Championships. He
tied for 1st place (with Gulko) in the
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c6 4.Qc2 Nf6 5.g3 Nbd7 6.Bg2 Bd6 7.O-O O-O 8.Nbd2 b5 9.c5 Bc7 10.e4 e5 11.dxe5 Nxe5 12.Nxe5 Bxe5 13.Nf3 Qe7 (13...Re8) 14.exd5 Nxd5 15.Re1 f6 16.Bf4 Qc7 17.Bxe5 fxe5 18.Nxe5 Bf5 19.Qb3 Rad8 20.Rad1 Rfe8 21.Bxd5+ Rxd5 22.Rxd5 Be6 23.Nxc6 (23...Qxc6 24.Rxe6 Qxe6 25.Re5 Qxb3 26.Rxe8 Kf7 27.axb3 Kxe8 28.b4) 1-0
A former British Junior Correspondence Champion. In the 1985-86 British Ladies Correspondence Chess Championship, Nick Down entered as Miss Leigh Strange and won the event. He was later caught and admitted his deception was a prank that got out of hand. He was later banned from the British Correspondence Chess Association.
Dreev, Alexei (1969- )
Russian Grandmaster (1990) who was World Under-16 champion (1983-84). He began to play and study chess at age 6. He was European Junior Champion in 1988. His peak Elo reating was 2705. In 2004, he finished 3rd in the Russian championship.
Dreev - Agnos,
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 g6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.f4 h6 6.Bh4 Nh5 7.f5 Bg7 8.Bc4 Nhf6 9.fxg6 fxg6 10.Nf3 g5 11.Bg3 Nh5? (11...Nb6) 12.Ne5 Nxg3 13.Nf7 Nxh1 14.Nxd6+ Kf8 15.Qh5 (threatening 16.Qf7 mate) 1-0
Dubeck, Leroy (1939- )
United States Chess Federation Secretary from 1966 to 1969,
and President from 1969 to 1972. He
has a Ph.D. in Physics. He was
President, Vice-President or Secretary of the New Jersey State Chess Federation
for over 20 years. He has been a physics
Dubois, Serafino (1817-1899)
Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)
Renowned artist (one of the founders of Dadaism, surrealism,
and cubism) and chess player who used chess themes in many of his
paintings. He gave up work as an artist
in 1923 to concentrate on chess. In 1927
his bride, Lydie, glued all his chess pieces
to the board because he spent his honeymoon week studying chess. They were divorced four months later. He was a French chess master and played for
Duchamp - E. Smith,
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 e6 4.Bc3 b6 5.cxd5 Nxd5 6.Bd2 Ba6 7.Ne5 Nxc3 8.Bxc3 f6 9.e3 fxe5 10.Bxa6 Nxa6 11.Qa4+ Qd7 12.Qxa6 Be7 13.dxe5 O-O 14.O-O c5 15.Rad1 Qc7 16.Qc4 Qc6 17.a4 Rad8 18.f4 Rxd1 g6 (19...a5) 20.Rd6! Bxd6 21.Qxe6+ Rf7 22.exd6 Qd7 23.Qe5 (23...Rf8 24.Qh8+ Kf7 25.Qxh7+ Ke8 26.Qxg6+) 1-0
Dufresne, Jean (1829-1893)
German chess player
and newspaper editor in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Bc4 Nc6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Na5 6.Bb5+ c6 7.dxc6 bxc6 8.Ba4 h6 9.Nf3 e4 10.Qe2 Be6 11.Ne5 Qd4 12.Bxc6+ Nxc6 13.Qb5 Bc5 14.Qxc6+ Ke7 15.Qb7+ Kd6 16.f4 Qf2+ 17.Kd1 Qxf4 18.Qc6+ Kxe5 19.d4 Bxd4 20.Qc7+ 1-0
Dunst, Theodore (1907-1985)
Durao, Joaquim (1938- )
Portuguese chess player; awarded the International Master title in 1975. He has won the Portuguese championship 13 times. He served as Vice President of FIDE.
Durao - Horta,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Bg5 Be7 4.Bd3 O-O 5.Nc3 Nxe4? (5...Nc6) 6.Bxe7 Nxc3 7.Bxh7+ Kh8 8.Qh5 (8...Kg8 9.Bxd8) 1-0
Duras, Oldrich (1882-1957)
Czech champion (1905, 1907, and 1909) and grandmaster (1950) who was one of the world’s top 10 players from 1906 to 1914. During World War I he served in the Austrio-Hungarian army. He gave up chess in 1918 to pursue his career as a civil servant.
Duras - Jes, Pisek 1912
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 Qxd5 5.Nc3 Qh5 6.d4 Bg4 7.Bxf4 Bxf3 8.Qxf3 Qxf3 9.gxf3 Nc6 10.Bxc7 Nxd4 11.O-O-O Ne6?? (11...Bc5) 12.Bb5+ Ke7 13.Nd5 mate 1-0
Russian International Master (1950). In 1909 he defeated the eventual winners
Lasker and Rubinstein at
Dus-Chotimirsky – Sharov,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O d6 5.d4 Nd7 6.Nc3 Be7 7.Be3 O-O 8.Qd2 Bf6 9.Ne2 Qe7 10.Ng3 exd4 11.Nxd4 Nxd4 12.Bxd4 Ne5 13.f4 Ng4 14.Be2 Bxd4+ 15.Qxd4 Nxh2 16.Nh5 f5 17.Kxh2 g6 18.Bc4+ 1-0
Dvoirys, Semen (1958- )
Dyckhoff, Eduard (1880-1949)
German chess club activist and one of the most enthusiastic propagators of correspondence chess. In 1930, he won the Internationaler Fernschachbund (IFSB) world correspondence championship. He took second place in 1929, 1931 and 1936. In 1954, a giant Dychkhoff Memorial Correspondence Tournament was organized with 1,860 chess players from 33 countries. As many as 8,856 games were played in this event. The event was won by Lothar Schmid, who later became a grandmaster in correspondence and over-the-board play.
Dydyshko, Viacheslav (1949- )
Belgian Chess Champion in 1932 and 1935.
Dzindzichashvili, Roman Yakovlevich (1944- )
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Bc5 4.c3 f5 5.d4 fxe4 6.Ng5 Bb6 7.d5 e3 8.dxc6 bxc6 9.h4 exf2+ 10.Kf1 cxb5 11.Qd5 Nh6 12.Qxa8 c6 13.Ne4 O-O 14.Bg5? (14.b4) 14...b4 (threatening 15...Ba6 and mate) 0-1
Chess writer, editor, publisher, and organizer. Author of Chess for Dummies in 1996. He is a FIDE master (1993).
Eastman, George (1903-1975)
He won the Canadian Championship in 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929, 1930, and 1931. He won the Michigan State Championship in 1933, 1938, 1939, 1941, 1946, 1948, 1949, and 1952.
Eaton, Vincent Lanius (1915-1962)
Vincent Eaton was born in
Ebralidze, Archil Silovanovich (1909-1960)
International Master from Soviet
Edmondson, Edmund Broadley Jr. (1920-1982)
Former president (1963-1966) and executive director
(1966-1977) of the U.S. Chess Federation.
From 1970 to 1977, he was a member of the FIDE Bureau. In 1969, he arranged the merger of Chess Life and Chess Review magazines to form Chess
Life & Review. He suffered a
heart attack while playing chess on the beach at
Edward I (1239-1307)
Efimenko, Zahar (1985- )
In 1999, he was the World Under-14 Chess Champion. In 2006, he won the championship of the
Efimov, Igor (1960- )
Grandmaster (1992), born in Soviet Georgia and later moved
Ehlvest, Jaan (1962- )
Grandmaster (1987) born in
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.f4 Be7 7.Bb5+ Bd7 8.e5 dxe5 9.fxe5 Nd5 10.Nxd5 exd5 11.e6 fxe6 12.Nxe6 Bb4+ 13.Bd2 (13.c3) 13...Qh4+ 14.g3 Qe4+ 15.Kf2 Rf8+ (16.Bf4 Qxe6) 0-1
Eichborn, Louis (1812-1882)
Louis Eichborn was
born in 1812. He was a fellow professor
and collegue of Adof Anderssen. In 1851,
Eichborn won 2 games against Anderssen.
In 1852, he won 8 games and drew one game in a match against Adolf
Eidelson, Rakhil (1958- )
Woman Grandmaster from
Eingorn, Vereslav (Viacheslav) (1956- )
Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
Albert Einstein was a good friend of World Chess Champion
Emanual Lasker and they shared an
apartment together in
Ekstrom, Folke (1906-2000)
International Correspondence Master (1971) and International
Master (1950) from Swden. In 1945-46, he
took 2nd place at
El Arousy, Abdul Hameed (1963- )
Egyptian IM. His highest FIDE rating is 2391.
El Gindy, Essam (1966- )
Grandmaster (2008) from
Eliskases, Erich Gottlieb (1913-1997)
Austrian champion (1929 – at the age of 16), International
Master (1950), and Grandmaster (1952) that remained in
Kozelen - Eliskases, Correspondence 1932
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Qe2 Nf6 5.Qb5+ c6 6.dxc6 bxc6 7.Qe5+ Be7 8.Ng5 Nbd7 9.Qf4 O-O 10.Nxe4 Nd5 11.Qf3 Re8 12.d3 Ne5 13.Qg3? (13.Qd1) 13...Bh4 14.Bg5 Bxg5 15.Qxg5 Qxg5 16.Nxg5 Nf3+ 17.Kd1 Re1 mate 0-1
Eljanov, Pavel (1983- )
Grandmaster (2000) from the
Elkies, Noam (1966- )
Chess master and mathematician. He was the youngest professor ever tenured at
Harvard (age 26). In 1981 and 1982 he
placed first in the USA Math Olympiad.
He had a perfect score in 1981.
At age 18, he graduated from
Elo, Arpad Emrick (Aug 25, 1903- Nov 5, 1992)
Elwert, Hans-Marcus (1962- )
Correspondence Grandmaster (1996) from
Emery, Thomas (1896-1975)
Principal benefactor of the American Chess Foundation. He sponsored the Armed Forces Championship (the Thomas Emery Trophy) beginning in 1960, which continues today. He donated over one million dollars to chess during his lifetime.
Emms, John (1967- )
Grandmaster (1995) from
Enders, Peter (1963- )
Grandmaster (1997) from
Endzelins, Lucius (1909-1981)
Correspondence Grandmaster (1959). He tied for 2nd place (with Lothar
Schmid) in the 2nd World Correspondence Championship, held from 1956
to 1959. He won the Australian
championship in 1961. He was born in
Enevoldsen, Jen (1907-1980)
International Master (1950) and International Arbiter (1960)
Englisch, Berthold (1851-1897)
Austrian chess master of grandmaster strength. He won the German championship at
Englisch – Gifford, Paris 1878
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.d3 d6 6.Nc3 Bd7 7.O-O Ne7 8.Bb3 Ng6 9.Ng5 d5 10.Nxd5 Be6 11.Nxe6 fxe6 12.Nxf6+ Qxf6 13.Qg4 Kd7 14.Bg5 Qf7 15.d4 exd4 16.f4 Ne7 17.f5 1-0
Englund, Fritz (1871-1933)
Swedish master who analyzed and played the moves 1.d4 e5, known as the Englund Gambit.
Ensor, Albert (1833- )
In 1873, he won the first complete Canadian Chess
Championship. He had the ill fortune of
being arrested and imprisoned in various countries. In
Eon de Beaumont, Charles D' (1728-1810)
French chess player and male transvestite who was a diplomat for Louis XV. He once beat Philidor in one of Philidor’s blindfold exhibitions.
Grandmaster (1990) from
Epstein, Esther (1954- )
USSR Women’s Vice Champion in 1976 and US Women’s Champion
in 1991 and 1997. In 1972, she was a
Women’s International Master (WIM) in chess at 18. Her husband is Grandmaster Alexander
Ivanov. She works as a Systems Manager
Erenska-Barlo (Radzewska), Hanna (1946- )
Woman Grandmaster from
Italian lawyer who,
in 1750, wrote an 110-page chess book called Sopra il giuoco degli scacchi osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo autore
Modenese (Practical observations on the game of ches by an anonymous author
Erdos, Viktor (1987- )
Erenburg, Sergey (1983- )
Ermenkov, Evgenij Petkov (1949- )
Ermenkov – Miagmarsuren, Valetta 1980
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Nc3 a6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 e6 6.f4 Qc7 7.Be2 Nc6 8.Be3 Nf6 9.O-O Bd7 10.Qe1 Nxd4 11.Bxd4 Bc6 12.Bf3 Be7 13.Qg3 O-O 14.Rae1 Ne8 15.Kh1 Rc8 16.Qh3 b5 17.a3 a5 18.e5 b4 19.axb4 axb4 20.Ne4 d5 21.Nf6+ gxf6 22.Qh6 Bb5 23.exf6 Bc5 24.Be4 1-0
Ernst, Sipke (1979- )
Ernst, Thomas (1960- )
Grandmaster (1991) from
Eslon, Jaan (1952-2000)
Swedish master who was the first winner at
Eslon – Clarke, Islington 1972
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f6 4.d4 Nxd4 5.Nxd4 exd4 6.O-O a6 7.Bc4 b5 8.Bxg8 Rxg8 9.Qh5+ g6 10.Qd5 1-0
Espig, Lutz (1949- )
German Grandmaster (1983). He won the East German Chess Championship in 1969, 1971, and 1988. His best Elo rating was 2505 in 1990.
Espig – Mohring,
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.g3 d5 4.Bg2 Be7 5.O-O O-O 6.d4 Nbd7 7.Qc2 c5 8.cxd5 Nxd5 9.Nc3 Nb4 10.Qb3 cxd4 11.Nxd4 Qb6 12.Be3 Nc5 13.Qc4 Bd7 14.a3 Nc6 15.b4 Ne5 16.Qa2 Ng4 17.bxc5 Bxc5 18.Rab1 Qd8 19.Nc6 Bxc6 20.Bxc5 Bxg2 21.Kxg2 1-0
Estrin, Yakov (1923-1987)
In 1962, Estrin tied for 1st place in the USSR Correspondence Championship. Estrin took 3rd in the 6th World Correspondence Championship (1968-1971) and was the 7th Correspondence Chess World Champion (1972-1975). He was awarded the Correspondence Grandmaster title in 1966 and the Grandmaster title in 1984. He was a paratrooper, lawyer, and chess professional. He played in the World Correspondence Championship finals five times.
Estrin - Okley, Correspondence 1966
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.c4 Nb6 4.d4 d6 5.f4 dxe5 6.fxe5 Nc6 7.Be3 Bf5 8.Nc3 e6 9.Nf3 Qd7 10.Be2 Rd8 11.O-O bg4 12.Ng5 Nxc4 13.Bf2 Bxe2 14.Qxe2 Be7 15.Qh5 g6 16.Qh6 Nxd4 17.Qg7 Rf8 18.Nxh7 Qc6? (18...Nxb2) 19.Bxd4 Rxd4 20.Nxf8 (20...Nxe5 21.Nxg6 fxg6 22.Qxe5) 1-0
Euwe, Machgielis (Max) (1901-1981)
Former FIDE President (1970-1978) who was twice world
champion - 1935-37 (5th official world champion) and for one day in
1947. In July 1947, the FIDE Congress,
Euwe - Abrahams,
1.d4 b5 2.e4 Bb7 3.f3 a6 4.c4 bxc4 5.Bxc4 e6 6.Nc3 d5 (6...Nf6) 7.Qb3 Nc6 8.exd5 Nxd4 9.Qxb7 Rb8 10.Qxa6 Ra8 11.Bb5+ Ke7 12.d6+ (12...cxd6 13.Bg5+ Nf6 14.Qb7+ Qd7 15.Qxd7 mate) 1-0
Evans, Larry Melvyn (1932- )
American Grandmaster (1957). Best Blackjack player of any
Grandmaster. He lives in
Evans - Bisquier,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bg5 c5 5.cxd5 cxd4 6.Qxd4 Be7 7.e4 Nc6 8.Qe3 exd5 9.Bxf6 Bxf6 10.exd5+ Ne7 11.d6 Qxd6 12.Bb5+ Bd7 13.Rd1 Bxc3+ 14.bxc3 Qxd1+ 15.Kxd1 Bxb5 16.Nf3 O-O-O+ (16...Bc4) 17.Kc1 Nc6 18.Qc5 Bd3 19.Ne5 Rhe8 20.Nxf7 (20...Rd7 21.Nd6+, winning the exchange) 1-0
Evans, William Davies (1790-1872)
A captain in the mercantile marine and amateur chessplayer. He went to sea in 1804 at the age of 14, and
later became a steamer ship captain in
1819. He discovered the Evans Gambit
(1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4) in 1824 while at sea. He first played it against Alexander
McDonnell in 1826 and won. In 1845
Evans took part in the first chess game played by telegraph. He may have also founded the first chess
Evdokimov, Alexander (1985- )
Grandmaster (2005) from
Evseev, Georgy (1962- )
Grandmaster in Chess Solving (1991). He won the world championship in chess solving in 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1999.
Ezra, Abraham ibn (1092-1167)
Spanish rabbi of
Factor, Samuel (1892-1949)
Samuel Factor (Faktor) was born September 22, 1892 in
Fagan, Louisa Matilda (1850-1931)
Winner of a chess tournament in
Fahrni, Hans (Oct 1, 1874 – May 28, 1939)
Fahrni was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1874. In 1892 he was joint Swiss chess champion (with Corrodi). He was the first master to play 100 opponents simultaneously. It took place in 1911 at Munich. His score was 55 wins, 39 draws, and 6 losses in seven and a half hours. He took 1st place at San Remo in 1911. In 1916, suffering from psychosis, he was hospitalized. He was released, but following a relapse, he was hospitalized again. In 1921 he was diagnosed with catatonic schizophrenia. He spent the rest of his life traveling between hospitals and chess tournaments. In 1922, he was the first to write a chess monograph on the opening 1.e4 Nf6, calling it Alekhine’s Defense. He died in 1939 in Ostermundingen, Switzerland.
Fahrni – Post, Barmen 1905
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 e6 4.Bf4 c5 5.Nc3 a6 6.cxd5 exd5 7.e3 Nc6 8.Bd3 Bg4 9.Be5 Nxe5 10.dxe5 Nd7 11.Be2 Bxf3 12.Bxf3 Nxe5 13.Bxd5 Qd7 14.O-O Be7 15.f4 Nc6 16.Bxf7+ Kd8 17.Qb3 Kc7 18.Nd5+ Kb8 19.Nb6 Qf5 20.Be6 1-0
Fairhurst, William Albert (1903-1982)
Editor of the Chess Amateur. Scottish Champion 11 times between 1932 and 1962. British Champion in 1937. Commonwealth Champion in 1951. He was awarded the International Master title in 1951. He moved to New Zealand in 1970. He played for Scotland and New Zealand in the chess Olympiads. He was an eminent civil engineer (PhD in Civil Engineering) and bridge designer.
Falkbeer, Ernst (1819-1885)
Austrian player who contributed to the King’s Gambit. In 1855 he gave the game between Anderssen and Kieseritzky played in 1851 its name of the Immortal Game. In 1856 he was one of the top five players in the world. From 1857 to 1859, he wrote a chess column for the London Sunday Times. From 1863 to 1867 he edited The Chess Player’s Magazine with Lowenthal. From 1877 to 1885, he wrote a chess column for the Neue Illustrierte Zeitung.
Falkbeer – Zytogorski, London 1856
1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bc4 Qh4 4.Qe2 Bb4+ 5.c3 dxc3 6.bxc3 Bc5 7.Nf3 Qh5 8.g4 Qxg4? 9.Bxf7+ Kf8 10.Rg1 Qh3 11.Rg3 1-0
Hungarian Grandmaster (1976). In 1981 he tied for 1st (with Portisch) in the Hungarian championship. In 1986 he won the Hungarian championship. He has a degree in economics.
British women’s chess champion at Hastings in 1933 (in 1932, she took 12th place). She was a servant of maharaja Sir Umar Hayat Khan. The British men’s champion was Mir Sultan Khan, also a servant of Sir Umar Khan.
Federov, Alexei (1972- )
Grandmaster from Belarus. His FIDE rating is 2611.
Fedorowicz, John (1958- )
American Grandmaster (1986) who was U.S. Junior co-champion in 1977 and champion in 1978. He won the U.S. Open in 1981 and the New York Open in 1989. He took 3rd in the 1984 and the 1987 US Championship. He is a four-time World Open champion. He is known as “the Fed.”
Fedorowicz - Gomez, Candas 1992
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Bb4+ 4.Bd2 c5 5.Bxb4 cxb4 6.g3 O-O 7.Bg2 d6 8.O-O Qe7 9.a3 bxa3 10.Rxa3 Nc6 11.Nc3 Nb4 12.Qd2 b6 13.Na4 Na6 14.Rfa1 Ne4 (14...d5) 15.Qe3 f5 16.Nc3 Nxc3 17.Qxc3 Nb8 (17...Nc7) 18.Ne1 (18...d5 19.cxd5 Bb7 20.Rxa7) 1-0
Feigins, Movsa (1908-1950)
Latvian Champion in 1932.
Ferrantes, Giovanni (1903-1995)
Editor of the Italian monthly chess magazine L’Italia Scacchistica for 46 years (1946 to 1992). He died in 1995.
Fernandez Garcia, Jose (1954- )
Spanish Grandmaster (1986). His FIDE rating is 2456.
Fernandez Garcia – Torres, Seville 1994
1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 e6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 Be7 6.Bf4 a6 7.Nxc6 dxc6 8.Qxd8+ Bxd8 9.O-O-O Ne7 10.Bd6 O-O 11.Ba3 Re8 12.Rxd8 1-0
Field, Ted (1953- )
Sponsor of the New York leg of the 1990 Kasparov-Karpov world championship match. He produced THREE MEN AND A BABY, COCKTAIL, OUTRAGEOUS FORTUNE, and CLASS ACTION. He bought Panavision for $52.5 million and sold it for $150 million. He is heir to the Marshall Field department store fortune and founder and chairman of Interscope Records. His worth is estimated to be over $600 million. In 1991 he won the Koltanowski medal.
Filip, Miroslav (1928- )
Czech grandmaster (1955). He won the championship of Czechoslovakia in 1950, 1952, and 1954. He was a Candidate in 1956 and 1962, the first Czech to make it to the Candidates. He played on 12 Czech Chess Olympiad teams. He is a lawyer with a doctor in jurisprudence.
Filippov, Valerij (1975- )
Grandmaster from Russia. His FIDE rating in 2621.
Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)
US Grandmaster (1950) and one of the best chessplayers in the U.S. in the 1930s. He took first place in 23 of the 27 important events in his chess career. During World War II he was employed by the Navy to calculate where enemy submarines might surface based on positional probability. He was also a translator who could speak French, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Yiddish, and German. He later did research on Japanese Kamikaze attacks. He gave up chess to become a psychoanalyst (PhD in psychology). In 1956 the National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis published his work, The Psychology of the Chess Player. The book is a Freudian account of the game of chess. The king is held to represent the father, while the queen is the mother. The other pieces are taken to be phallic symbols. Fine won 8 U.S. Opens but never the U.S. Closed Championship. He was the only player to have a total plus score in his games against world champions without being a world champion himself.
Buerger - Fine, Margate 1937
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.c4 d5 4.Bg5 Bb4+ 5.Nc3 dxc4 6.Qa4+ Nc6 7.e4 Bd7 8.Qc2 h6 9.Bh4 g5 10.Bg3 g4 11.O-O-O? (11.Nd2) 11...gxf3 12.d5 exd5 13.exd5 Ne7 14.Bxc4 Bd6 15.Rhe1 fxg2 16.Rd3 Kf8 17.Rf3 Ng6 18.Rfe3 Kg7 19.f4 Bxf4 20.Qf2 Ng4 (and 21...Nxe3) 0-1
International Master from Michigan. In 2005, he tied for 1st at the National Open. He is a former U.S. Junior Champion. He is the highest rated IM in the United States and now has three GM norms. His USCF rating is 2649. Ben’s father played Bobby Fischer in 1963. His brother, Mark, is a USCF master. His wife, Kelly, qualified for the 2006 US Championship. Ben became a master at the age of 14,a Life Master at the age of 15, a Senior Master at 16, and an International Master at 20.
Finegold – Gelfand, Amsterdam 1989
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 c5 5.dxc5 Qc7 6.Nf3 Bxc5 7.Bg5 a6 8.e3 Be7 9.Be2 b6 10.O-O Bb7 11.Rfd1 d6 12.Rd2 Nbd7 13.Rad1 O-O-O 14.b4 h6 15.Bf4 e5 16.Bg3 g5 17.a4 Rdg8 18.a5 bxa5 19.c5 g4 20.cxd6 Bxd6 21.Rxd6 gxf3 22.Bxa6 Bxa6 23.Rxa6 axb4 24.Ra8+ Nb8 25.Qf5+ 1-0
Fink, Adolf Jay (1890-1956)
Chess problem composer and landmark figure in California chess. He became interested in chess after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. He played chess while camping on the hills and seeking refuge from the earthquake and fires. He won the California State Championship in 1928, 1929, and 1945.
Finkel, Alexander (1975- )
Grandmaster from Israel. His FIDE rating in 2453. He is a leading chess author and a leading contirbuter to ChessBase magazine. He graduated from Tel-Aviv Univerisity law school in 2004.
Finkelstein, Milton (1920-2001)
Former President of the Marshall Chess Club.
Finn, Julius (1871-1931)
New York State chess champion in 1901 (first prize was $40), 1907, and 1908 (winning the Rice Trophy for winning the State Chess Championship three time). At one time, he was director of the Manhattan Chess Club. In 1921, he was the referee for the Lasker-Capablanca World Chess Championship in Havana. In 1924, he was one of the organizers of the New York International of 1924. In 1927 he was President of the 1927 New York International. He performed many blindfold exhibitions (as many as 12 boards) and demonstrations in the early 20th century.
Finn, Kate (1870-1932)
First British ladies champion, which she won in 1904 at Hastings, and won again in 1905 at Southport.
Fischer, Robert (Bobby) (1943-2008)
11th world chess champion (1972-1975). The youngest national junior champion (13),
the youngest American chess champion ever (14), the youngest grandmaster up to
that time (15 years, 6 months, 1 day), and the youngest Candidate for the World Championship ever (15). Fischer once withdrew from a chess tournament
because a woman was playing in the event (she was
Donald Byrne - Bobby Fischer,
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.d4 O-O 5.Bf4 d5 6.Qb3 dxc4 7.Qxc4 c6 8.e4 Nbd7 9.Rd1 Nb6 10.Qc5 Bg4 11.Bg5 Na4 12.Qa3 [12.Nxa4 Nxe4] 12...Nxc3 13.bxc3 Nxe4! 14.Bxe7 Qb6 15.Bc4 Nxc3 16.Bc5 Rfe8+ 17.Kf1 Be6! 18.Bxb6 Bxc4+ 19.Kg1 Ne2+ 20.Kf1 Nxd4+ 21.Kg1 Ne2+ 22.Kf1 Nc3+ 23.Kg1 axb6 24.Qb4 Ra4 25.Qxb6 Nxd1 26.h3 Rxa2 27.Kh2 Nxf2 28.Re1 Rxe1 29.Qd8+ Bf8 30.Nxe1 Bd5 31.Nf3 Ne4 32.Qb8 b5 33.h4 h5 34.Ne5 Kg7 35.Kg1 Bc5+ 36.Kf1 [36.Kh1 Ra1+ 37.Kh2 Bg1+ 38.Kh3 Na7] 36...Ng3+ 37.Ke1 Bb4+ [or 37...Re2+ 38.Kd1 Bb3+ 39.Kc1 Ba3+ 40.Kb1 Re1 mate] 38.Kd1 Bb3+ 39.Kc1 Ne2+ 40.Kb1 Nc3+ 41.Kc1 Rc2 mate 0-1
1.d4 nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.O-O dxc4 8.Bxc4 Bd6 9.Bb5 e5 10.Bxc6 exd4 11.exd4 bxc6 12.Bg5 Re8 13.Qd3 c5 14.dxc5? (14.Rfe1) 14...Bxh2+ (and 15...Qxd3) 0-1
Mother of Bobby Fischer who was born in
Fishbein, Alexander (1968- )
Grandmaster from New Jersey. His FIDE rating is 2516.
Fiske, Daniel Willard (1831-1904)
Daniel Willard Fiske was born in New York in 1831. From 1852 to 1859, he was the librarian to the Astor Library in Manhattan. In 1857, he was the champion of the New York Chess Club. He organized the First American Congress in 1857 and published the first American chess magazine Chess Monthly (co-edited by Paul Morphy). The magazine began in January, 1857, and ended in May, 1861. In 1861 he was appointed as an Attaché to the American Embassy in Vienna. In 1859, he was elected General Secretary of the American Geographical Society. He had a fascination with Iceland and donated his 1,200 chess books to the National Library of Reykjavik. He wrote The Book of the First American Chess Congress (1859) and Chess in Iceland (1905). In 1868, he became the first librarian of Cornell University and was also professor of North European Languages (he taught Old Icelandic, German, Swedish, and Danish). In 1880, he married Jennie McGraw, daughter of multi-millionaire John McGraw, lumber merchant. She died a year later from tuberculosis. In her will, she gave Daniel Fiske $300,000, her brother $550,000, and much of the rest of the money (several million dollars) to Cornell University. Due to University by-laws, Cornell could not accept the full amount of McGraw’s gift. When Fiske realized that the University had failed to inform him of this restriction, he launched a legal assault to reacqire the money, known as The Great Will Case. In 1883, he severed all connections with Cornell University and moved to Florence, Italy. He became a book collector and dealer. He first visited Iceland in 1885. In 1900, he founded the Reykjavik Chess Club. He was the editor of the first Icelandic chess magazine in 1901. It was published in Venice, Italy. On September 17, 1904, he died at Frankfort-on-theMain, Germany.
Flamberg, Alexander (1880-1926)
Polish master. In 1910 he won the Warsaw championship ahead of Rubinstein. He also defeated Bogoljubov in a match with 4 wins and 1 draw. In 1914 he was interned during the Mannheim tournament by Germany after the declaration of war against Russia. Flamberg was not Russian and was probably released in 1916.
Flamberg – Bogoljubov, Triberg 1915
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nf3 Bb4 6.Be2 c6 7.O-O Qb6+ 8.d4 Nxc3 9.bxc3 Bxc3 10.Ba3 Bxa1 11.Qxa1 h6 12.Bd6 Na6 13.Nh4 Nc7 14.a4 Ne6 15.Nf5 Rg8 16.a5 Qd8 17.Qa3 Ng5 18.Bxe7 Qc7 19.Nd6+ Kxe7 20.Nb5+ 1-0
English Grandmaster (1987). He now lives in France.
Maclean – Flear, Oxford 1979
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O b5 6.Bb3 Bb7 7.d4 Nxd4 8.Nxe5 Nxb3 9.axb3 Nxe4 10.Re1 Bd6 11.Qd4 O-O 12.Nc3 Bc5 0-1
Hungarian chess master. When playing chess, he used his Hungarian surname Forgacs. He won the 1907 Hungarian Championship.
Forgacs – Leussen, Barmen 1905
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7 4.Bc4 c6 5.c3 Be7 6.Qb3 Ngf6 7.Bxf7+ Kf8 8.Ng5 Nb6 9.dxe5 Nfd5 10.Ne6+ Bxe6 11.Bxe6 Bg5 12.f4 Bxf4 13.O-O dxe5 14.g3 Qf6 15.gxf4 exf4 16.Na3 h5 17.Be3 f3 18.Bc5+ Ke8 19.Bf5 1-0
In 1960 he played 52 games simultaneously blindfolded in Budapest – a world record. He won 31 games, lost 18 games, and drew 3 games in 12 hours of play. He became an International Master in 1963 and an Honorary Grandmaster in 1980. While returning from the Kasparov-Korchnoi match in London to a chess tournament in Rams gate, he became involved in a car accident. He and his wife died in the crash.
Flesch – Humor, Budapest 1960
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.d4 g4 5.Bxf4 gxf3 6.Qxf3 Qf6 7.Nc3 Ne7 8.Nb5 Na6 9.Bxc7 Bg7 10.Nd6+ Kf8 11.Qxf6 Bxf6 12.Bxa6 bxa6 13.Rf1 Ng8 14.e5 1-0
Flohr, Saloman (1908-1983)
Czech/Soviet Grandmaster (1950). In 1937 Salo Flohr was nominated by FIDE to be the official candidate to play Alekhine for the World Championship. Arrangements were started for a match with Alekhine, but the plans were dropped when Flour’s adopted homeland of Czechoslovakia was annexed by Germany in 1938. Flohr became a refugee for a second time and went to Russia. He was orphaned in World War I and was taken as a child refugee to Bohemia. He won the Hungarian championship 9 times and played in 11 Olympiads for Hungary. He married a ballerina.
Flohr - Gig, Liberia 1934
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 d5 5.cxd5 Qxd5 6.e3 O-O 7.Nge2 c5 8.Bd2 Qd8 9.a3 cxd4 10.Nxd4 Ba5 11.Be2 Bb6 12.Nf3 Nc6 13.O-O Qe7 14.Rfe1 e5 15.Ng5 h6?? (15...Qd8) 16.Nd5! (16...Q any 17.Nxf6+ and 18.Qh7 mate) 1-0
Flores, Rodrigo (1913- )
Born in Santiago, Chile. At 12 he played in the Chilean Championship and finished fourth. He won the Chilean championship 3 times. He was the winner of the 1946-47 Marshall Chess Club championship.
Foleys, Jan (1908-1952)
Czech International Master (1950). He won the Czechoslovakian championship in 1940 and 1943. In 1951 he qualified for the interzonal tournament to be held at Saltsjobaden in 1952, but died of leukemia before it took place.
Fominyh, Alexander (1959- )
Grandmaster from Russia. His FIDE rating is 2518.
Foot, Eliza Campbell
First president of the Women’s Chess Club of New York, the
only women’s chess club in
Scottish professor of Oriental languages and the author of
various articles and books on chess history.
He taught in
Forintos, Gyozo (1935- )
Hungarian Grandmaster (1974). Forintos (pronounced Four’-in-tot) won the Hungarian championship in 1968-69. He is an economist. His daughter married English GM Tony Kosten.
Forintos – Adorjan,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.Qb3 dxc4 6.Qxc4 O-O 7.e4 Na6 8.Qa4 c5 9.d5 Qb6 10.Bxa6 bxa6 11.O-O e6 12.Bg5 Bd7 13.Qc2 Rab8 14.Rab1 exd5 15.Bxf6 Qxf6 16.Nxd5 Qd6 17.Rfd1 Rfe8 18.b3 a5 19.a4 Qc6 20.Qc4 Bc8 21.Nd4 1-0
Forsberg, Bruno Christian (1892-1961)
Marshall Chess Club Champion in 1920-21.
Foster, Ursula (1927-2004)
Very active correspondence and tournament chess player in
Fox, Albert Whiting (1881-1964)
Former champion of the Manhattan Chess Club and the Brooklyn Chess Club. He took 10th-11th place at Cambridge Springs in 1904.
Fox, Maurice (1898-1988)
Ukrainian born chess player who moved to
Foygel, Igor (1947- )
Igor Foygel was born in
Fraenkel, Henrich (1897-1986)
Chess author, who wrote under the pen name of Assaic (Caissa spelled backwards). He wrote a weekly chess column for the New Statesman.
Franco Ocampos, Zenon (1956- )
Franklin, Benjamin (1706-1790)
Wrote the first chess article published in
Fred, Autos (1917-2003)
King of Prussia and an enthusiastic chess player who played
a correspondence game with his early tutor, Voltaire, by royal courtier between
Frenklakh, Jennie (1980- )
USCF chess master at 16.
In 1991 she won the California Elementary Scholastic Championship. In 1993, she won the U.S. Junior Championship
for players under 13 and represented the
Fressinet, Laurent (1981- )
Frey, Kenneth (1950- )
Hernandez – Frey, Bled 2002
1.c4 e6 2.Nf3 d5 3.cxd5 exd5 4.d4 Nf6 5.Nc3 c6 6.e3 Bf5 7.Bd3 Bxd3 8.Qxd3 Bd6 9.O-O O-O 10.Bd2 Nbd7 11.h3 Qe7 12.Rfe1 Ne4 13.Rac1 f5 14.Na4 g5 15.Re2 g4 16.hxg4 fxg4 17.Ne5 Bxe5 18.dxe5 Nxe5 19.Qc2 Nf3+ 0-1
Freymann, Sergey von (1882-1946)
In 1987, he founded the softare company ChessBase.
Fries, Victor (1956-2005)
American International Master (1982) from
Winner of the first Junior Chess Championship in the
Friend, Bernard (1920- )
Chess player from
From, Martin (1828-1895)
Danish player who popularized 1.f4 e5, From’s Gambit. He was a prisoner inspector by profession.
Mollastrom – From, Copenhagen 1862
1.f4 e5 2.fxe5 d6 3.exd6 Bxd6 4.Nf3 Nh6 5.e4 Ng4 6.g3 Nxh2 7.Rxh2 Bxg3+ 8.Ke2 Bxh2 9.Nxh2 f5 10.Bg2 fxe4 11.Bxe4 Qh4 12.Qh1 O-O 13.Bd5+ Kh8 14.Qg1 Qh5+ 15.Bf3 Rxf3 16.Nxf3 Bg4 17.d3 Nc6 18.Bf4 Rf8 19.Bg3 Rxf3 20.Ke1 Qh6 21.Nc3 Nb4 0-1
Frydman, Achilles (1905-1940s)
Polish master from Lodi. He took 5th place in the 1935 Polish championship, behind Tartakower, Nadir, Pauline Frydman, and H. Friedman. He also played in the 1937 Poland chess championship in Curate. He had just been released from a mental asylum and had been warned not to play chess for awhile. In the 15th round of the 21 round event, he lost his game to Miguel Nadir and suffered a nervous breakdown. Frydman could not finish the tournament. Reuben Fine, in his book, The Psychology of the Chess Player, stated that Achilles Frydman had run through the hotel without any clothes, shouting “Fire!” George Koltanowski, in one of his columns, wrote that Frydman insisted in walking around in the lobby naked. A Polish newspaper column reported that A. Frydman had caused many difficulties for the tournament management and for the players. Gideon Stahlberg had the room next to Frydman and could not sleep because Frydman would yell “check” and “checkmate” all night long. Najdorf blamed two losses on Frydman’s interruptions (Frydman would run to the phone after every move and make a long distance phone call). Xavier Tartakower took first place in this event and Achilles Frydman finished in 20th place (out of 22) with 6.5 points. In 1938, during a tournament in Lodz, Achilles Frydman showed up naked to play Tartakower. A. Frydman was later put in a mental asylum in Kocborowo. Achilles Frydman died in the 1940s, probably a victim of the Holocaust.
Achilles Frydman – Schaechter, Jurata, Poland 1937
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 g6 5.d4 exd4 6.Bg5 f6 7.Bf4 Bb4+ 8.c3 dxc3 9.Nxc3 Bxc3+ 10.bxc3 d6 11.Rb1 Qe7 12.Qd5 Qd7 13.Bb3 Ne5 14.Bg3 Nh6 15.Rd1 Qe7 16.O-O Nhf7 17.Nxe5 Nxe5 18.f4 Nc6 19.e5 dxe5 20.fxe5 f5 21.Bh4 1-0
Frydman, Paulin(o) (1905-1982)
Polish International Master (1955) from Warsaw who played in seven Chess Olympiads for Poland (1928, 1930, 1931, 1935, 1937, 1939). After participating in the chess Olympics in Buenos Aires, he stayed in Argentina after the outbreak of World War II. In 1936, he took equal 6th at Bad Podebrady, Czechoslovakia, behind Flohr, Alekhine, Foltys, Pirc, and Stahlberg. He won the Warsaw championship in 1931, 1932, 1933, and 1936. He took 2nd place in the 1926 Polish championship (behind Przepiorka) and 2nd-4th (with Najdorf and H. Friedmann) in the 1935 Polish championship (won by Tartakower). Achilles Frydman took 5th place.
P. Frydman – Guimard, Buenos Aires 1941
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Nbd7 6.Nxf6+ gxf6 7.Bh4 c6 8.Qh5 Bb4+ 9.c3 Be7 10.Nf3 Nf8 11.Bc4 Ng6 12.Bg3 O-O 13.h4 Kh8 14.Ng5 1-0
P. Frydman – Vidmar, Ujpest 1934
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 c6 4.cxd5 cxd5 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Bf4 e6 7.e3 Be7 8.Bd3 O-O 9.O-O a6 10.Rc1 Bd7 11.Ne5 Rc8 12.a3 Na5 13.Qf3 b5 14.Qh3 Nc4 15.Nxd5 g6 16.Nxe7+ Qxe7 17.Bxc4 Rxc4 18.Rxc4 bxc4 19.Bg5 1-0
Ftacnik, Lubomir (1957- )
Slovak Grandmaster (1980). He has a degree in solid state physics. In 1976 he took 2nd place in the World Junior Championship. Czech champion in 1981, 1982, 1983, and 1985.
Hertweck - Ftacnik, Baden-Baden 1987
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.Bg5 Bg7 4.Nbd2 d5 5.e3 O-O 6.Be2 c5 7.c3 Qb6 8.Qb3 Nc6 9.Bxf6 Bxf6 10.Qxd5 Qxb2 11.O-O cxd4 12.cxd4 Be6 13.Qc5 Rac8 14.Qc1? (14.Qb5) 14...Nxd4 (15.Qd1 Qxa1 16.Qxa1 Nxe2+ 17.Kh1 Bxa1) 0-1
Furman, Semyen (1920-1978)
Soviet Grandmaster (1966) and coach who was Karpov’s chief trainer since 1969. He played in 13 USSR Championships. He was 3rd in 1948. He died three months before Karpov’s world championship match with Korchnoi in 1978. He was 57. He learned chess when he was 15.
Khalilbeili - Furman, Tbilisi 1956
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 c5 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Nf3 Nc6 6.g3 c4 7.e4 dxe4 8.Ng5 Qxd4 9.Bf4 Bb4 10.Ngxe4?? (10.Qxd4) 10...Qxe4+ 0-1
Hungarian chess champion in 1941 and International Master in 1969. He later moved to Canada and represented Canada in the interzonal at Portoroz in 1958. He took last place win 1 win, 2 draws, and 17 losses. He almost beat Fischer at Portoroz, but lost during time pressure. He played for Canada in two Chess Olympiads in 1958 and 1970. His highest rating was 2530, ranked #62 in the world in 1943.
Fuster – Negyesy, Budapest 1947
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 c6 4.cxd5 cxd5 5.Nc3 Nc6 6.Bf4 e6 7.e3 Be7 8.Bd3 O-O 9.O-O Nh5 10.Be5 f6 11.Ng5 fxe5 12.Bxh7+ Kh8 13.Nf7+ 1-0
Grandmaster from Germany. His FIDE rating is 2531.
Newspaperman from Philadelphia, chess archivist and author of Chess Tournament Crosstables (four volumes), Chess Tournaments- A Checklist (two volumes), Chess Personalia A Biobibliography, and other books.
Russian chess player and the 1999 World Junior Chess Champion. He won the 37th World Junior Championship in Yerevan, Armenia.
Gallagher, Joseph (1964- )
British-born Grandmaster from Switzerland. His FIDE rating is 2544. He won the British championship in 2001. He won the Swiss championship in 2005.
Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941- )
The first woman to achieve the men's International Grandmaster title, in 1978. She became the first woman to win a "men's" chess tournament when she tied for first place at Lone Pine in 1977. She has had a perfume named after her in Russia. A Tbilisi perfume factory sold the perfume in a bottle shaped like a chess Queen. She maintained her maiden name after marrying her husband Chichikadze. She was the Women’s World Chess Champion for 16 years, from 1962 to 1978. In 1962 she won the title by defeating Elizaveta Bykova with a score of 9-2. In 1978 she lost to Maya Chiburdanidze, who as 17.
Mardle - Gaprindashvili, Hastings 1964
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e6 5.Be3 Nf6 6.Nd2 e5 7.Nxc6 dxc6 8.f3 Be7 9.Bc4 O-O 10.O-O Nh5 11.Nb3 Bg5 12.Bc5 Qf6 13.Bxf8 Be3+ 14.Kh1?? (14.Rf2) 14...Ng3+ (15.hxg3 Qh6 mate) 0-1
Garcia, Gildardo (1954- )
Grandmaster from Columbia. His FIDE rating is 2453.
Garcia Gonzales, Guillermo (1953-1990)
Cuban Grandmaster (1976) and three-time Cuban champion (1974, 1976, 1983) who took 2nd place in the 1988 New York Open. His $10,000 prize was confiscated by the Department of Treasury, invoking the Trading With the Enemy Act of 1917, because he was Cuban. He died in an automobile accident near Havana.
Garcia Marinez , Silvino (1944- )
Cuba’s first FIDE grandmaster (1975). He was Cuban champion in 1968, 1970, 1973, and 1979-80.
Garcia Palermo, Carlos (1953- )
Argentine Grandmaster (1985). His highest rating was 2550.
Fischer – Garcia-Palermo, Buenos Aires Simul, 1971
1.e4 e5 2.f4 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Bb5+ c6 5.dxc6 Nxc6 6.d3 Nf6 7.dxe4 Qa5+ 8.Nc3 Bg4 9.Qd4 Be7 10.Qa4 Qb6 11.h3 O-O-O 12.Bxc6 Nxe4 13.Bd7+ Rxd7 14.Qxd7+ Bxd7 15.Nxe4 Bc6 0-1
Gashimov, Vugar (1986- )
Gausel, Einar (1963- )
Gavrikov, Viktor (1957- )
Russian Grandmaster (1984). He took 4th-5th in the 1985 Tunis Interzonal. He took 1st in the 1985 USSR Championship. He took 2nd in the 1986 USSR Championship. His FIDE rating is 2565.
Gelfand, Boris (1968- )
Grandmaster (1989) from
Geller, Efim (1925-1998)
One of the top 10 players in the world for over 20
years. He was a six time Candidate
between 1953 and 1971. He became a
Grandmaster in 1952. He played in the
Geller - Hansen, 1978
1.c4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 e6 5.d5 exd5 6.cxd5 Na5 7.e4 b6 8.e5 Ng8 9.d6 f6 (9...Bb7) 10.Nd5 Rb8?? (10...Bb7) 11.Nc7+ Kf7 12.Qd5+ Kg6 13.Nh4+ Kh5 14.Qf3+ (14...Kxh4 15.Qh3 mate) 1-0
Georgadze, Tamas (1947- )
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.Nc3 g6 4.g3 Bg7 5.Bg2 O-O 6.d4 cxd4 7.Nxd4 Nc6 8.O-O d6 9.Bxc6 bxc6 10.Nxc6 Qc7 11.Qa4 Bb7 12.Nd5 Rfe8 0-1
Georgiev, Kiril (1965- )
Bulgarian Grandmaster (1985). He won the Bulgarian championship in 1984, 1986, and 1989. In 1983 he was the World Junior Champion.
Georgiev, Krum (1958- )
Bulgarian Grandmaster (1988). His FIDE rating is 2468.
K. Georgiev – Velimirovic, Athens 2001
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bd7 6.Bc4 e6 7.Bb3 Nc6 8.Ndb5 Qb8 9.Bf4 Ne5 10.Bg5 Nxe4 11.Nxe4 Bxb5 12.f4 Ng6 13.f5 d5 14.fxg6 hxg6 15.c4 dxe4 16.cxb5 Rxh2 17.Rxh2 Qxh2 18.Be3 Qxg2 19.Rc1 Bb4+ 0-1
Gerzadowicz, Stephan (1945- )
Correspondence chess master.
He played in five USCF Absolute Championships and one
First Bulgarian chess champion (1933). He also won in 1934, 1935, and 1936.
Charamian, Tigran (1984- )
Armenian IM now living in
First Romanian Grandmaster (1965). He was world junior champion in 1963. He was won the Romanian championship 9
times. He won the US Open three times
in a row (1979 to 1981). He is a lecturer
in languages at
Ghitescu, Theodor (1934- )
Romanian International Master (1961) and honorary
Grandmaster (1986). He was Romanian
champion in 1963. In the 1960 Chess
Ghitescu – Fischer,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.O-O dxc4 8.Bxc4 Bd6 9.Bb5 e5 10.Bxc6 exd4 11.exd4 bxc6 12.Bg5 Re8 13.Qd3 c5 14.dxc5 Bxh2+ 0-1
Author of the first chess pamphlet (57 pages) by a player
from the Italian school. He had it
Gibaud, Amedee (Aime) (1885- )
French champion in 1928 (6th French Championship,
Gibaud – Lazard, Paris 1924
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nd2 e5 3.dxe5 Ng4 4.h3 Ne3 0-1
Gibson, William (1873-1932)
Nine times Scottish chess champion. He was a lawyer by profession. He first won the Scottish championship in
1907. He won the West of Scotland
Championship 14 times. He won the
Gilberg, Charles Alexander (1835-1898)
Amateur chess player and managing partner of an importing
firm (West India House). He was
president of the Brookyn Chess Club, the Manhattan Chess Club, and the New York
Chess Association. He helped organize
the 5th American Chess Congress in
Gilbert, Ellen E. (1837-1900)
American correspondence player from
Gilman, Arkady (1913- )
One of the strongest active chess players in the world over age 90. He has a FIDE rating of 2237. He still competes in Canadian chess tournaments.
Giorgadze, Giorgi (1964- )
Giorgadze, Tzmaz (1947- )
Gipslis, Aivars (1937-2000)
Latvian grandmaster (1967).
He won the Latvian championship 8 times (1955, 1956, 1957, 1960, 1961,
1964, 1966). He took 3rd
place in the
Klasup – Gipslis,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 c5 5.dxc5 O-O 6.Nf3 Na6 7.a3 Bxc3+ 8.Qxc3 Nxc5 9.e3 a5 10.Be2 a4 11.Nd2 b6 12.O-O Ba6 13.Rd1 Rc8 14.Qb4 Nd5 0-1
Gleizerov, Evgeny (1963- )
Glek, Igor (1961- )
Glennie, Alick E. (1926- )
First person to beat a computer program at chess. He defeated Alan Turing’s chess program,
TurboChamp, in 1952 in
Gligoric, Svetozar (1923- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1951).
In 1938, at the age of 15, he won the Belgrade Chess Club
championship. At the age of 16, he was a
master. During World War II he saw
action as a partisan against the Nazis. In
1957, he was part of a 11-member Yugoslav chess team that gave the first
Gligoric - Toran,
1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.d4 Ndf6 6.Nc5 g6 7.Bc4 Nh6 8.Ne5 e6 9.Qf3 Nf5 10.c3 Bg7 (10...Bxc5) 11.Bg5 O-O 12.Ne4 h5 13.g4 c5 (13...hxg4 14.Nxg4) 14.gxf5 1-0
Godena, Michele (1967- )
Goebbels, Paul Joseph (1897-1945)
In 1933 Dr. Goebbels, German Minister of Propaganda and
Enlightenment, wanted an "All-German Chess League." He created the Grossdeutsch Schachband,
a new German Federation and was its honorary president. In 1933, he barred all Jewish chess players
from official tournaments of the German Chess League, and barred then from
chess clubs and chess playing cafes.
Goebbels sought out players who were of strong National Socialist
persuasion. Otto Zander, President of the
new league, said all Jews would be excluded unless they proved themselves at
the front line of a war. In 1939
Goebbels barred the German women’s champion, Sonja Graf, from playing chess for
Goering, Carl Theodor (1841-1879)
Carl Goering was born in
Gofshtein, Zvulon (1953- )
Goichberg, William (Bill ) (1942- )
Chess organizer and Fide Master (1983). From 1964 to 1967, he was the USCF Rating
Statistician. From 1966 to 1967, he was
co-editor of Chess Life magazine.
He founded the New York City Chess Association in 1964, which became
the Continental Chess Association (CCA)
in 1968. In 1966, he directed the first
USCF rated scholastic tournament. In
1969, hed was the first to have rated chess quads. In 1969, he created the National High School
Championship. In 1973, he organized the
first World Open in
Goldberg, Grigory (1908-1976)
Soviet chess master who was Botvinnik’s second from 1950 to
1953. He founded the chess facility at
Goldin, Alexander (1965- )
USA Grandmaster (1989) who was born in
Goldwater, Walter Delmar (1907-1985)
Former President of the Marshall Chess Club. He was a veteran antiquarian book dealer who
owned and operated the University Place Bookshop in
Goletiani, Rusudan (1980 - )
Winner of the World Chess Championship for Girls Under 14
(1994), Under 16 (1995), and Under 18 (1997).
She was born in Soviet Georgia and won the Soviet Junior Championship
for Girls Under 12 in 1990 at the age of 9.
She was awarded the International Woman’s Grandmaster (WGM) title when
she was 17. She immigrated to the
Golmayo De La Torriente, Manuel (1883-1973)
First Spanish chess champion. He was Spanish champion from 1902 to
1928. He was born in
Becker – Golmayo,
1,d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 Bg7 4.Bg2 d5 5.cxd5 Nxd5 6.e4 Nb6 7.Ne2 e5 8.d5 O-O 9.Nbc3 f5 10.Qb3 Kh8 11.h4 h6 12.f4 c6 13.fxe5 fxe4 14.Nf4 Qe8 15.h5 gxh5 16.Nxh5 e3 17.Nxg7 Qxe5 18.Ne2 Kxg7 19.Bxe3 Re8 20.Kd2 Qxe3+ 21.Qxe3 Nc4+ 0-1
Golombek, Harry (1911-1995)
Three times British Champion (1947, 1949, and 1955). Awarded the Order of the British Empire
(O.B.E.) in 1966 for his services to the game of chess, the first one so
honored. He was a pilot in the Royal
Air Force during World War II. He
1.c4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.e3 e5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.Nf3 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bd6 7.d4 Nd7 8.e4 Qe7 9.Bd3 exd4 10.cxd4 c5 11.e5 cxd4 12.O-O Bb4 13.Bg5 Qc5 14.Rc1 Bc3 15.Bd2 h6 16.Nxd4 Qxd4 17.Bxc3 Qb6 18.e6 Nf6 19.Rb1 Qc7 20.Bb5+ Kf8 21.e7 1-0
Golod, Vitali (1971- )
Golubev, Mikhail (1970- )
Grandmaster from the
Gonzalez, Juan (1917- )
Former champion of
Goodman, David (1958- )
David Goodman won the World Under-18 Championship in 1975. He was awarded the International Master title in 1983. He is currently an AP reporter. He is the author of several chess books.
Gormally, Daniel (1976- )
Gosselin, Gilbert “Gus” F. (1926-2007)
Gus Gosselin was born on November 25, 1926 in
Gossip, George Hatfeild Dingley (1841-1907)
George Gossip was born in
Gottschall, Hermann von (1862-1933)
German chess author and player of International Master
strength. He took 2nd at
Von Gottschall –
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bd3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Bb4 6.Bg5 h6 7.Bxf6 Qxf6 8.O-O Bxc3 9.bxc3 O-O 10.Nd2 dxe4 11.Nxe4 Qd8 12.f4 Ne7 13.Qh5 Qd5 14.Nf6+ gxf6 15.Qxh6 Nf5 16.Bxf5 1-0
Gracia, Delfin Burdio (1934-2005)
Spanish player. President of the International Braille Chess Association (IBCA) from 1992 to 2005. He became an International Arbiter in 1979.
Graf Nenashev, Alexander (1962- )
German Grandmaster. His peak FIDE rating is 2661 and current FIDE rating is 2605.
Graf-Stevenson, Sonja (1914-1965)
Winner of four U.S. Women's Opens and two Closed
Championships (1957 – tied with Gresser, 1964). She was woman champion of her native
Granda-Zuniga, Julio Ernesto (1967- )
Grandmaster (1986) from
Grau, Roberto (1900-1944)
Argentine chess champion in 1926, 1927, 1928, 1934, 1935, 1936, and 1939. He was South American Champion in 1921-22 and 1928.
Greco, Gioacchino (Joachino) (1600-1634)
Italian chess player and the best known of the wandering
chessmen in the early 17th century. Greco learned chess from earlier books and
kept a notebook of tactics, and short and clever games. He made a living selling chess manuscripts of
openings and traps to wealthy patrons (also Cardinals and Archbishops), first
Grefe, John (1947- )
International Master (1975) from
Grefe - Burger,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d5 3.exd5 e4 4.Qe2 Nf6 5.Nc3 Be7 6.Nxe4 O-O 7.Nxf6+ Bxf6 8.Qd1 Re8+ 9.Be2 Qe7 10.d4 Bf5 11.a3 Be4 12.O-O Bxd5 13.Be3 Nc6 14.c3 h6 15.h3 Na5 16.Nd2 Bg5 17.Bxg5 Qxe2 18.Be3 Rxe3! (19.fxe3 Qxg2 mate) 0-1
Computer programmer. In late 1966, as an MIT undergraduate, he began to develop a computer chess program of his own. He had been challenged by Hubert Dreyfus, who criticized the usefulness of Artificial Intelligence and was an anti-computer opponent, that computers would not be able to play chess or be good enough to beat a ten-year-old. An early version was up and running by the end of 1966. MIT was using a computer time-sharing grand called Project MAC (Multiple Access Computing). Greenblatt’s program ran on a PDP 6. He called his creation MAC HACK 6 and programmed it in assembly language. His program was able to beat Greenblatt’s critic, Hubert Dreyfus, which checkmated him in the middle of the board. In 1967, It was the first computer chess program to play in chess tournaments with human players. Greenblatt was offered an MIT degree if he would write a thesis about his chess program, but he never got around to writing a thesis. Greenblatt was the main designer of the MIT Lisp machine. In 1980, Greenblatt founded LMI (Lisp Machines, Inc) to market Lisp machines.
Greenfeld, Alon (1964- )
Israeli Grandmaster (1989), born in
Korchnoi – Greenfeld,
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e6 5.Nb5 d5 6.cxd5 a6 7.N5c3 exd5 8.Be3 Nc6 9.Bd4 Nxd4 10.Qxd4 Qc7 11.e3 Bc5 12.Qa4+ b5 13.Bxb5+ axb5 14.Qxa8 O-O 15.b4 Bxb4 16.O-O Ng4 17.g3 Bb7 18.Nxb5 Qc6 19.Qa4 d4 20.f3 Qh6 21.Qc2 d3 22.Qg2 Nxe3 0-1
Gresser, Gisela (1906-2000)
Winner of the U.S. Women's Championship 9 times (1944, 1948,
1955, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967, and 1969).
She won the 1969 U.S. Women's Championship at the age of 63. Second place went to 55 year-old Mona Karff
(6 times former Champion). She was the
first woman in the
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 d5 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.Nxd5 Qxd5 7.d4 Be7 8.Bxf4 Qe4+ 9.Be2 Qxf4 10.O-O O-O 0-1
Icelandic grandmaster (1994) who won the 1994 World Under-20
Junior Chess Championship, held in
Griffith, Richard Clewin ( 1872-1955)
British chess champion in 1912. He was the co-author (along with J. H. White) of the early editions of Modern Chess Openings.
Grigoriev, Nikolai (1895-1938)
Soviet endgame analyst. In 1936 the French magazine, La Strategie, promoted an end-game competition. Of the 12 awards he shared 1st and 2nd prizes, won 3rd, 4th and 5th prizes; shared 1st and 2nd honorable mentions, and was awarded 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th honorable mentions. He died after an operation to remove his appendix.
19th century chess problem composer. In 1854, he won the first chess problem
competition, held in
Russian Grandmaster from
Arizmendi – Grischuk, Reykjavik 2000
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6 8.d4 Nh5 9.Nc3 O-O 10.Nxg4 Ng3 11.Rh2 Qe7+ 12.Kd2 Re8 0-1
Grivas, Efstratios (1966- )
Grob, Henri (Jun 4, 1904 – Jul 5, 1974)
Swiss International Master (1950). He was Swiss champion in 1939 and 1951. He pioneered eccentric chess openings, such
as 1.g4, sometimes knows as Grob’s Attack.
He was an artist and painter.
Between 1946 and 1972, Grob played 3,614 correspondence chess
games. He won 2,703, lost 430, and dres
481 games. All of the games were played
against readers of Neuern Zurcher Zeitung, a
Grob – W. Fischer, Postal 1966
1.g4 d5 2.Bg2 e5 3.c4 c6 4.cxd5 cxd5 5.Qb3 Ne7 6.Nc3 e4 7.d3 exd3 8.Bf4 a6 9.Rd1 dxe2 10.Ngxe2 Nbc6 11.Bxd5 Nxd5 12.Nxd5 Na5 13.Qe3+ Be6 14.Nc7+ Qxc7 15.Bxc7 1-0
Grossman, Nat (1910- )
Groszpeter, Attila (1960- )
Hungarian Grandmaster (1986). He took 2nd in the 1984 Hungarian championship. His FIDE rating is 2524.
Groszpeter – Burger,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.g3 Ba6 5.Nbd2 Bb7 6.Bg2 d5 7.O-O Be7 8.cxd5 exd5 9.Qc2 O-O 10.Ne5 c5 11.dxc5 bxc5 12.Ndc4 Nc6 13.Nxc6 Bxc6 14.Bg5 Nd7 15.Bxe7 Qxe7 16.Na5 Bb5 17.Bxd5 Rae8 18.Rfe1 Bxe2 19.Bc6 1-0
Gruenfeld, Ernst (1893-1962)
Austrian chess player and Grandmaster (1950). He was one of the top 10 players in the world in the 1920s. He lost a leg in early childhood. He was supposed to have one of the best memories for chess openings than any other player. He introduced the Gruenfeld Defense in 1922. He was German champion in 1923.
Grunfeld - Nagy, Debreczen 1924
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 d5 4.cxd5 Qxd5 5.Nf3 Bg7 6.Bg2 O-O 7.Nc3 Qh5 8.h3 Nc6 9.Ng5 Rd8 10.Bf3 Rxd4 11.Qb3 1-0
Gruenfeld, Yehuda (1956- )
(1980), born in
Grumette, Lina (1908-1988)
Popular West Coast
chess organizer who ran The Chess Set chess club in her
Grundy, James (1855-1919)
Responsible for the most infamous scandal in
Gufeld, Eduard (1936-2002)
Ukrainian Grandmaster (1967), chess coach and trainer, who
played in 8
Gufeld - Klovans,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O d6 6.c3 Bd7 7.Re1 Be7 8.a3 O-O 9.h3 Qc8 10.d4 exd4 11.cxd4 d5 12.Nc3 dxe4 13.d5 Rd8 14.dxc6 Bxh3 15.cxb7 Qg4 16.Nh4 Qxh4 17.bxa8=Q Rxa8 18.g3 1-0
Guimard, Carlos (1913- )
Argentinian grandmaster (1960). He was chess champion of
Guliev, Sarhan (1968- )
Gulko, Boris (1947- )
Grandmaster (1976) and former Soviet champion (1977) who
tried to emigrate from the Soviet Union for over 7 years and was finally
allowed to do so in 1986. We went on a
40 day hunger strike. His wife is one of
the strongest women chessplayers in the world, Anna Akhsumarova. She won the Soviet women's championship twice
and was cheated out of a third victory in 1982 when the result of a game she
won was reversed. Boris refused to sign
a form letter denouncing the defection of Victor Korchnoi in 1979. He was arrested for demonstrating in front
of the Moscow Interzonal in 1982 and beaten up by KGB agents. He was denied entrance to the tournament even
as a spectator. In 1987 he won the World
Open. In 1991 Gulko had to be smuggled
Colin - Gulko,
1.c4 e5 2.e4 Bc5 3.Nc3 d6 4.g3 Nc6 5.Bg2 f5 6.d3 Nf6 7.Nh3 O-O 8.O-O h6 9.Qd2 (9.Na4) 9...fxe4 10.Nxe4 Nxe4 11.dxe4 Be6 12.Kh1 Qd7 13.Ng1 Bxc4 (and 14...Rxf2) 0-1
Friedmann – Gulko,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e5 c5 5.Bd2 Ne7 6.a3 Bxc3 7.Bxc3 b6 8.b4 Qc7 9.Nf3 cxb4 10.Bxb4 a5 11.Bd2 O-O 12.Bd3 Ba6 13.Bxh7+ Kxh7 14.Ng5+ Kg8 15.Qh5 Qxc2 16.g4 Qd3 0-1
Gumpel, Charles Godfrey (1835-1921)
Inventor of the chess automation Mephisto, in 1876, but first displayed in 1878. Gumpel was a manufacturer of artificial limbs.
Gunsberg, Isidor Arthur (1854-1930)
In 1890-1891, Gunsberg played Steinitz for the world’s
championship and lost after 4 wins, 9 draws, and 6 losses. Gunsberg began his chess career as the player
inside the chess automaton Mephisto. He
started playing chess at the Café de la Regence at the age of 12. He took 3rd place at the 6th
American Chess Congress. In 1916, he
sued the Evening News (Alfred William Foster) for libel when they said
that his chess column in the
Bird – Gunsberg,
1.f4 e5 2.fxe5 d6 3.exd6 Bxd6 4.Nf3 g5 5.c3 g4 6.Nd4 Nc6 7.Qa4 Qh4+ 8.Kd1 g3 9.b3 Qxh2 0-1
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ng5 h6 6.Nxf7 Kxf7 7.d4 d5 8.Bxf4 Nf6 9.Nc3 Bb4 10.Be5 Nxe4 11.Bd3 Nxc3 12.O-O+ Kg8 13.Qe1 Ne4 14.Qxe4 dxe4 15.Bc4+ Kh7 16.Rf7+ Kg6 17.Rg7+ Kh5 18.Bf7+ Kxh4 19.Kh2 (threatening 20.g3 or 20.Bg3 and mate) 1-0
Gurevich, Dmitry (1956- )
Grandmaster (1983) who was born in
Gurevich, Ilya (1972- )
Ilya Mark Gurevich was born in
Gurevich, Mikhail (1959- )
Soviet grandmaster (1986).
In 1985 he won the Soviet championship.
In 1991 he immigrated to
M. Gurevich – Geller,
1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 d5 3.d4 Be7 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bf4 c6 6.Qc2 g6 7.e3 Bf5 8.Qd2 Nf6 9.f3 h5 10.Bd3 Bxd3 11.Qxd3 Nbd7 12.Nge2 O-O 13.e4 dxe4 14.fxe4 Nc5 15.Qf3 Ne6 16.O-O-O Nxf4 17.Nxf4 Nh7 18.Kb1 Bb4 19.Nce2 Qe7 20.h4 Rae8 21.e5 Qd7 22.Ka1 Ba5 23.Qb3 Bb6 24.Nxg6 1-0
Gurgenidze, Bukhuti (1933- )
Soviet Grandmaster (1970) from Soviet
Gurgenidze – Dzindzichashvili,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bg5 e6 7.Be2 Be7 8.Nb3 a6 9.Qd2 b5 10.a3 Bb7 11.Rd1 Na5 12.Nxa5 Qxa5 13.e5 b4 14.axb4 Qxe5 15.f4 Qf5 16.g4 Ne4 17.gxf5 Nxd2 18.Kxd2 Bxg5 19.fxg5 Bxh1 20.Rxh1 h6 21.g6 1-0
Guseinov, Gadir (1986- )
Gustafsson, Jan (1979- )
Gutman, Lev (1945- )
Grandmaster (1986). He was Latvian
champion in 1972. He moved to
Igor Ivanov –
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bf4 Bg7 5.e3 O-O 6.Be5 c6 7.Nf3 Bg4 8.Qb3 Nbd7 9.Bg3 dxc4 10.Qxb7 Bxf3 11.gxf3 c5 12.d5 Ne8 13.Bxc4 Nd6 14.Qa6 Rb8 15.Bb3 Rb4 16.O-O c4 17.Bxd6 exd6 18.Qxd6 Rb6 0-1
Gutmayer, Franz (1857-1937)
German chess player who wrote a chess book (Turnierpraxis,
Gyimesi, Zoltan (1977- )
Hahn, Anna (1976- )
Women’s International Master (1995) and Women’s US Champion
for 2003. She won a playoff between Irina Krush and Jennifer
Shahade. She won the Latvian’s Women’s Championship
in 1992. She tied for 2nd place in the
World Girls’ Championship in 1993. She
was born in
Halkias, Stelios (1980- )
Hallmark, A. M.
British Correspondence Champion in 1952.
Winner of the 16th International Correspondene Chess Federation (ICCF) World Championship in 2004. In 1997, he was awarded the title of Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess.
Hanauer, Milton Loeb (1909-1988)
Vice President of the Marshall Chess Club where he had been
a member for over 60 years. He was one
of the top 25 chess players in
Handoko, Edhi (1960- )
Hanham, James Moore (1840-1923)
James Moore Hanham was born in
Hansen, Curt (1964- )
Grandmaster (1985) and the strongest Danish player in the 1990s. He won the European Junior Championship in 1982 and the junior World Championship in 1984. He won the Nordic championship in 1983. He won the Danish championship in 1932, 1984, and 1985.
Hansen – Wicker,
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd2 c5 4.Ngf3 Nf6 5.exd5 Nxd5 6.c4 Nf6 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Be2 Nc6 9.O-O Qc7 10.a3 a5 11.b3 O-O 12.Bb2 e5 13.Qc2 Re8 14.Ne4 Nxe4 15.Qxe4 Bd4 16.Nxd4 1-0
Hansen, Lars Bo (1968- )
Hansen, Sune Berg (1971- )
Grandmaster from Denmakr. His FIDE rating is 2568.
Hanstein, Wilhelm (1811-1850)
German chess player who was one of the Berlin Pleiades. He helped found Berliner Schachzeitung, later to become Deutsche Schachzeitung. He was a civil servant.
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O gxf3 6.Qxf3 Bh6 7.d4 d5 8.exd5 Qf6 9.c3 Ne7 10.Nd2 Bf5 11.d6 Nec6 12.dxc7 Nd7 13.Re1+ Kf8 14.b3 Rc8 15.Ne4 Bxe4 16.Rxe4 Re8 17.Rxe8+ Kxe8 18.c8=Q+ 1-0
Har-Zvi, Ronen (1976- )
Harikrishna, Pentela (Pentyala) (May 10, 1986- )
In 1996, he was the World Under-10 chess champion. In 2004, he was the World Junior Chess
Champion. His Internet Chess Club (ICC)
handle is TomCruise. He became a
Grandmaster in 2001, at the age of 15.
Harkness, Kenneth (Nov 12, 1896- Oct 4, 1972)
First business manager of the US Chess Federation. He was a radio engineer. He helped standardize chess rules, the Swiss
system, and the rating system. From
1952 to 1960, he was the business manager of the US Chess Federation. In 1972, he became an Intenational
Arbiter. He was inducted in the US Chess
Hall of Fame in 1997. He was born in
Harmonist, Max (Feb 10, 1864 – Oct 16, 1907)
German chess master who earned his living as a ballet dancer for the Royal Ballet.
Harmonist – NN,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nf3 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Be7 7.d4 Be6 8.Bd3 O-O 9.h4 f6 10.Ng5 fxg5 11.Bxh7+ Kxh7 12.hxg5+ Kg8 13.Qh5 Rf5 14.g4 Rxg5 15.Bxg5 Bxg4 16.Qxg4 Qd7 17.e6 Qd6 18.Qh3 1-0
Harrington, Dan (1945- )
Dan Harrington was born in
In 1963 he was the first African-American master. He was a scientist at the U.S. Naval
Martin Harrow is a PhD, professor, and Director of Psycholgy
Harrwitz, Daniel (Apr 29, 1823 – Jan 9, 1884)
German master (born in
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Nxg4 Nxe4 7.d3 Ng3 8.Bxf4 Qe7+ 9.Kf2 Nxh1+ 10.Kg1 Bg7 11.Nc3 h5 12.Nd5 hxg4 13.Nxe7 Bd4+ 14.Kxh1 Rxh4+ 15.Bh2 g3 (and 16...Rxh2 mate) 0-1
Hartston, William (Aug 12, 1947 - )
British International Master (1973) who won the British
men's chess championship while his wife, Jana Malypetrova, won the British
women's championship in 1974. He won or tied in the British championship in
1973, 1974, 1975, and 1980. At
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7 4.Bc4 c6 5.O-O h6 6.dxe5 dxe5 7.Bxf7+ Kxf7 8.Nxe5+ Kf6 9.Qd4 Ke6 10.Ng6 Rh7 11.Qc4+ Kf6 12.Nf4 g5? (12...Qe8) 13.Qxg8 gxf4 14.Qxh7 Bg7 15.Bxf4 Nf8 16.Be5+ Kxe5 17.Qxg7+ Qf6 18.f4+ Ke6 19.f5+ (19...Ke5 20.Qg3+ Kxe4 21.Nc3+ Kd4 22.Qf4+ Kc5 23.Ne4+ and 24.Nxf6) 1-0
Winner of the first U.S. Senior Open (open to players age 50
and older), held in 1981 in
Hazeltine, Miron James (Nov 13, 1824 – Feb 24, 1907)
Newspaper chess columnist (New York Clipper) for more
than 50 years (from 1856 to 1907) without missing a single issue until shortly
before his death. He began his first chess
column in the New York Saturday Courier on February 3, 1855. This was probably the first chess column in
Hebden, Mark (Feb 15, 1958 - )
Hecht, Hans-Joachim (Jan 29, 1939 - )
German grandmaster (1973). He was West German chess champion in 1970 and 1973. He was on the German team that won the gold medal in the 1st World Senior Team Chess Championship in 2004. Uhlmann played board 1 and Hecht played board 2.
Hecht – Velimirovic,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 b6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Bb7 5.Nc3 e6 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bf4 e5 8.Nd5 Na6 9.Be3 Be7 10.Bc4 Nf6 11.Nxf6+ gxf6 12.Qh5 O-O 13.Nc3 Nc5 14.Bh6 Ne6 15.O-O-O Qc8 16.Bxe6 fxe6 17.Rd3 1-0
Hector, Jonny (Feb 13, 1964 - )
Heemsoth, Hermann (Dec 21, 1909 – Jan 20, 2006)
German correspondence champion in 1954 and 1969. He became a grandmaster of Correspondence Chess in 1987 at the age of 77.
Heidenfeld, Wolfgang (May 29, 1911 – Aug 3, 1981)
Heidenfeld – Driman,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nf3 Bg4 6.Qe2 Bxf3 7.Qxf3 Nxc3 8.bxc3 c6 9.d4 Nd7 10.Bd3 Be7 11.O-O O-O 12.Qh3 g6 13.Bh6 Re8 14.Rxf7 Nxe5 15.Rg7+ Kh8 16.dxe5 1-0
Hellers, Ferdinand (Jul 28, 1969 - )
Swedish grandmaster (1989). He won the 1984-1985 European Junior Championship. His FIDE rating is 2605.
Hellsten, Johan (1975- )
Helms, Hermann (Jan 5, 1870-Jan 6, 1963)
First dean of American chess. In 1904, at the Cambridge Springs International,
he was the first person to issue daily chess bulletins. He wrote a chess column for 62 years, from
1893 to 1955 in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. This is the record for the longest-running
uninterrupted chess column under the same authorship. He published the American Chess Bulletin from 1904 to 1963, a period of
59 years. He also wrote weekly chess
columns in the New York World Telegram,
the New York Evening Sun, and the New York Times. He died in
Helms - Tenner,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bb6 5.a4 a6 6.a5 Ba7 7.b5 axb5 8.Bxb5 Nf6 9.Ba3 Nxe4 10.Qe2 Nxf2 11.Nxe5 Nd4 12.Nxd7+ Nxe2 13.Nf6 mate 1-0
Henley, Ronals Watson (Dec 5, 1956 - )
American Grandmaster (1982) from
Henley - Gruenfeld, Lone Pine 1981
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.d5 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 6.Nc3 g6 7.e4 Bg7 8.Be2 O-O 9.O-O Re8 10.Nd2 Nbd7 11.a4 Ne5 12.h3 g5 13.Nf3 Nxf3+ 14.Bxf3 Nd7 15.Bg4 Ne5 16.Bxc8 Rxc8 17.Qh5 Nd3 18.Bxg5 Qd7 19.Qf3 (threatening 20.Qxf6 and 20.Qxd3) 1-0
Henry I (1068-1135)
King of England who, in 1106, imprisoned his brother
Richard, Duke of Normandy, in
Grandmaster (1995) from
Hernandez, Roman (Nov 23, 1949 - )
Cuban Grandmaster (1978). He was Cuban Champion in 1981/2. His FIDE rating is 2373.
Tal - Hernandez,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6 5.c4 Bg7 6.Be3 Nf6 7.Nc3 O-O 8.Be2 b6 9.O-O Bb7 10.Qd2 Nxd4 11.Bxd4 e5 12.Bxe5 Nxe4 13.Nxe4 Bxe5 14.Nc3 Re8 15.Rae1 Qf6 16.Qxd7 Re7 17.Qd2 Rae8 18.Nd5 Bxd5 19.cxd5 Qf4 20.Qxf4 Bxf4 21.d6 Rxe2 0-1
Hertneck, Gerald (Sep 18, 1963 - )
Hickl, Joerg (Apr 16, 1965 - )
German Grandmaster (1988). His peak FIDE rating is 2605. In 1987, he took 16th out of 17 at the Zagreb Interzonal.
Hillarp Persson, Tiger (Oct 28, 1970 - )
Chess author from
Hjartarson, Johann (1963- )
Icelandic grandmaster (1985). He was Icelandic champion in 1980 and
1984. In 1989 he lost to Anatoly Karpov
(3 draws, 2 losses, no wins) in the World Quarterfinals Chess Championship
match, held in
Frois – Hjartarson,
1.d4 Nf6 2.g3 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.c4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 d5 6.Bg2 e5 7.Nf3 d4 8.O-O Nc6 9.e3 Bc5 10.exd4 exd4 11.Re1+ Be6 12.Ng5 O-O 13.Nxe6 fxe6 14.Rxe6 d3 15.Bxc6 bxc6 16.Be3 Bd4 17.Nc3 Qd7 18.Qxd3 Qxe6 19.Qxd4 Ng4 20.Re1 Ne5 0-1
Woman Grandmaster from
Hochberg, Burt (1933-2006)
Former Chess Life editor, from 1966 to 1979. He died on May 13, 2006 in
Hodges, Albert Beauregard (1861-1944)
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d3 Be7 5.O-O d6 6.c3 O-O 7.Bb3 Qe8 8.h3 Be6 9.Bxe6 fxe6 10.Qb3 Nd8 11.Ng5 d5 12.f4 exf4 13.Bxf4 Nh5 14.Be3 Rxf1+ 15.Kxf1 Bxg5 16.Bxg5 Qg6 17.Be3 Qg3 18.Qa4 Nc6 19.Bc5 Nf4 20.Qd1 Qxg2+ 21.Ke1 Ne5 0-1
Hodgson, Julian (1963- )
British Grandmaster (1989).
Winner of the 1992 British Championship with an all-time record of 10
out of 11 points. He was the winner of
the 1991 British Championship as well.
He won the British championship again in 2000. In 1995 and 1998 he won the National Open in
Hugne - Hodgson,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 c5 3.Nf3 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e5 5.Nb5 d5 6.cxd5 Bc5 7.d6 Ne4 8.Nc7+? (8.Be3) 8...Qxc7 9.Qa4+ Qc6 0-1
Hoesslinger, Anton (1875-1959)
Hoffer, Leopold (1842-1913)
English chess journalist. He founded
(along with Zukertort) and edited the Chess
Monthly from September 1879 to 1896.
He wrote for the Standard and
the Westminster Gazette. In 1882, he took over Steinitz’s chess column
in The Field when Steinitz moved to
Hooper, David (1915-1998)
British correspondence chess champion in 1944 and
Hope, Bob (1903-2003 )
Got World Chess Champion Bobby Fischer to appear on one of his television specials in 1972. Bob Hope stated that Fischer was the worst guest he ever had to deal with when he (Fischer) appeared on his special. Hope did a skit where he was an annoying kibitzer while Fischer was playing chess.
Chess publisher, author, promoter and International Master
(1950). He won or tied three U.S. Open
titles (1936, 1938, 1943). He was one of
the founders of Chess Review magazine in 1932 and the author of more
than 20 chess books. In 1940 he survived
a car crash that killed his chess partner, Harold Morton (1906-1940). The two had been giving simultaneous chess
exhibitions throughout the country. On
February 17, 1940, a truck collided with the car in which Morton was driving
Horowitz - Unknown,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.Qg4 Qf6 5.Nd5 Qxf2+ 6.Kd1 Kf8 7.Nh3 Qd4 8.d3 Bb6 9.Rf1 Nf6 10.Rxf6 d6 11.Qxg7+ Kxg7 12.Bh6+ Kg8 13.Rg6+ hxg6 14.Nf6 mate 1-0
Hort, Vlastimil (1944- )
Czech grandmaster (1965) and former world championship
candidate who immigrated to
Damjanovic – Hort,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Be2 O-O 6.Nf3 e5 7.d5 Nbd7 8.Bg5 h6 9.Bh4 g5 10.Bg3 Nh5 11.h4 Nxg3 0-1
Hort - Shelandinov,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 dxc6 5.O-O f6 6.d4 exd4 7.Nxd4 c5 8.Nb3 Qxd1 9.Rxd1 Bd6 10.Na5 Bg4 11.f3 O-O-O? 12.e5 1-0
Horvath, Adam (1981- )
Horvath, Csaba (1968- )
Horvath, Jozsef (1964- )
Horwitz, Bernard (1807-1885)
German born painter and chess study composer. He won the first study-composing chess tournament, held in 1862. Along with Josef Kling, he wrote Chess Studies and End-Games in 1851, reprinted in 1884 with 208 endgame studies. He was one of the Berlin Pleiades. He lent his name to the Horwitz Bishops, which are two bishops working in tandem on adjacent diagonals.
Schulten - Horwitz,
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Nf6 3.Nc3 b5 4.Bxb5 Bc5 5.d3 c6 6.Bc4 Qb6 7.Qe2 d5 8.exd5 O-O 9.Ne4 Nxe4 10.dxe4 Bxf2+ 11.Qxf2 Qb4+ 12.Bd2 Qxc4 13.Qf3 f5 14.exf5 Bxf5 15.Qb3 Qf1+ 16.Kxf1 Bd3+ 17.Ke1 Rf1 mate 0-1
Howard, Kenneth Samuel (1882-1972)
Chess problem composer. He won the New York State Championship in 1918.
Howell, James (1967- )
Hracek, Zbynek (1970- )
Grandmaster from the
Hromadka, Karel (1887-1956)
Czech chess champion in 1913 and 1921. He was one of the chief pioneers of the Modern Benoni. His lifetime Elo rating was about 2440.
Abonyi – Hromadka,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bb5 Nd4 5.Ba4 c6 6.O-O Bc5 7.Nxe5 d6 8.Nd3 Bg4 9.Qe1 Nf3+ 10.gxf3 Bxf3 11.e5 O-O 12.exd6 Ng4 13.Qe7 Bxd6 0-1
Huebner, Robert (1948- )
German Grandmaster (1971) and strongest German player since World War II. In 1967 he won the German championship. In 1971 he was playing in a candidates match with Petrosian when he made a mistake in his 7th game. He overlooked a winning move, became demoralized after he saw the mistake, resigned, burst into tears, and withdrew from the match. He said he was bothered by street noises. Petrosian merely turned his hearing aid down. In 1982 he tied in a match with Smyslov in a Candidates match. To break the tie, both players agreed to use a roulette wheel to select a winner. Huebner’s color was black and Smyslov’s color was red. The wheel was spun and it came up green (0). A second spin came up red (3) in Smyslov’s favor. Huebner is a papyrologist and has a PhD. He is also a world-class player in Chinese chess (Xiangqi). He learned how to play chess from his father at the age of 5.
Huebner - Siaperas,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Bxc6 bxc6 5.O-O d6 6.c3 e5 7.cxd4 Qc7 8.Na3 Ne7 9.Nc4 Ng6 10.Nc4 Ng6 11.Bd2 a5 12.Qa4 Ba6 (12...Bg4) 13.Rfc1 Bb5 14.Qc2 Be7 15.Nxa5 Rxa5 16.Bxa5 Qxa5 17.a4 Ba6 18.Qxc6+ (18...Kd8 19.b4 Qxb4 20.Rab1) 1-0
Hug, Werner (1952- )
Swiss International Master (1971). He won the 11th World Junior
Champion in 1971 (played in
Hulak, Krunoslav (1951- )
Croatian Grandmaster (1976). He was Yugoslav chess champion in 1976.
Hulak – Tratar, Pula 2001
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 d6 3.Nf3 g6 4.g3 Bg7 5.Bg2 O-O 6.O-O Nbd7 7.Nc3 e5 8.e4 a6 9.d5 Qe7 10.Bd2 Kh8 11.Ne1 Ng8 12.Nd3 f5 13.Qc2 Ngf6 14.Rae1 Qf7 15.f4 fxe4 16.Nxe4 Nxe4 17.Bxe4 Qg8 18.Bc3 exf4 19.Nxf4 Ne5 20.Bxg6 1-0
Humpy Koneru (1987- )
In 2002, she won the girls’ world junior chess championship
and was the British Ladies Champion..
In 1997, she was the girls’ World Under-10 chess champion. In 1998, she was the girls’ World Under-12
chess champion. In 1999, she was
Hund, Barbara (1959- )
Hund – Vuji, Leon 2001
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.f4 Qc7 7.Bd3 g6 8.Nf3 Nc6 9.O-O Bg7 10.Qe1 b5 11.Qh4 b4 12.Nd1 Qb6+ 13.Be3 Qc7 14.Kh1 Ng4 15.f5 gxf5 16.exf5 h5 17.Bg5 Bf6 18.Bxf6 Nxf6 19.a3 Rb8 20.Ne3 Rg8 21.Rae1 Kd8 22.Bc4 Rg7 23.Nd5 Nxd5 24.Bxd5 Bb7 25.f6 1-0
Huzman, Alexander (1962- )
Hyde, Thomas (1634-1703)
Author of De Ludis Orientalibus (the Book of Oriental
Games) in 1694. This book documented
correspondence games between Venetian and Croation merchants as early as
also wrote Mandragoria,s seu, Historia Shahiludi: vis ejusdem origo,
antiquitas, ususque per totum Orientem cereberrimusi (The Mandragoriad or
History of the Chess game: that is to say its origin, age and use, most famous
throughout the whole orient) in 1694,
the first scientific contribution to the history of chess. He was the first person to establish beyond
doubt that chess originated in
Ibragimov, Iidar (1967- )
Grandmaster now living in the
Iliesco, Juan (1898-1968)
Player born in
Ilincic, Zlatko (1968- )
Ilivitsky, Georgy (1921-1989)
Russian International Master (1955). He took 3rd in the 1955 USSR Championship. He committed suicide in 1989.
Illescas Cordoba, Miguel (1965- )
Spanish Grandmaster (1988). His FIDE rating is 2624. In 2004, he was the Spanish Champion.
Ilyin-Genevsky, Alexander (1894-1941)
The Russian master who had to learn the game twice. He was gassed, then shell-shocked in World
War I, which took away his memory.
Irving Chernev wrote that a bullet entered Ilyin-Genevsky’s brain, which
caused the memory loss. He had
previously been champion of
Rauzer - Ilyin-Genevsky ,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.f3 d5 6.e5 Nfd7 7.f3 Nc6 8.Nxc6 bxc6 9.Bd3 Qh4+ 10.g3 Qh3 11.Qf3 Bc5 12.Be3 O-O 13.Nd2 f6 14.exf6 Re8 15.Nf1 Nxf6 16.Kd2 Bg4 17.Qf2 d4 18.Bxd4 Re2+ 19.Bxe2 Ne4+ 0-1
Ilyumzhinov, Kirsan (1962- )
Elected President of
the International Chess Federation (FIDE) in 1995. He is also the President of the
Inkiov, Ventzislav (1956- )
Bulgarian Grandmaster (1982). He won the Bulgarian championship in 1982. His FIDE rating is 2472. In 1987, he took 13th in the Zagreb Interzonal.
Ionov, Sergey (1962- )
Ioseliani, Nana (1961- )
Former World Women’s Championship challenger. She is a woman’s international grandmaster
(1980) from the
Nemet - Ioseliani,
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.c4 e6 4.Nc3 Be7 5.cxd5 exd5 6.Bg5 c6 7.e3 Bf5 8.Bd3 Bxd3 9.Qxd3 Nbd7 10.O-O O-O 11.Rab1 Ne4 12.Bf4 g5 13.Bg3 f5 14.Ne5 f4 15.exf4 gxf4 16.Bxf4 Rxf4 17.Nxe4 Nxe5 (18.dxe5 dxe4) 0-1
Ippolito, Dean (1979- )
International Master (1999). In 1988, he was the U.S. Junior Open Under-13 Champion (the youngest ever). In 1992, he was the U.S. Amateur Champion. In 1994, he was the U.S. Cadet Champion. In 1996, he was the National High School Champion. In 1997, he was the Marshall Chess Club Champion. He was the New Jersey Open Champion in 2001 and 2002.
Irzhanov, Ruslan (1976- )
Iskov, Gert (1948- )
Danish International Master (1979). He won the Danish Championship in 1975.
Istratescu, Andrei (1975- )
Iturralde, Maria Teresa Mora (1907- )
Women’s World Championship Challenger in 1939 and 1949. She was awarded the Women’s International
Master title in 1950. She was born in
Iuldachev, Saidali (1968- )
Ivan IV Vasilyevich “the Terrible” (1530-1584)
Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969- )
Grandmaster (1988) from the
Ivanchuk - S. Polgar, Roquebrune 1992
1.d4 d5 2.Nf3 c5 3.c4 dxc4 4.d5 e6 5.Nc3 Nf6 6.e4 exd5 7.e5 Nfd7 8.Bg5 f6 9.exf6 gxf6 10.Qe2+ Kf7 11.Nxd5 Bg7 12.Be3 b5 13.O-O-O Qa5 (13...Bb7) 14.Bd2 Qd8 15.Ng5+ fxg5 16.Qh5+ Ke6 17.Bxg5 Qa5 18.Nf4+ (18...Kf5 19.g4+ Ke4 20.Bg2+ Ke5 21.Rd5 mate) 1-0
Ivinisevic, Ivan (1977- )
Ivanov, Alexander (1956- )
Grandmaster (1991) born in
Seltzer – A. Ivanov,
1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 3.Nf3 d6 4.c4 Bg4 5.Be2 Nc6 6.Be3 e5 7.Nxe5 dxe5 8.Bxg4 exd4 9.Bf4 h5 10.Be2 d3 0-1
Ivanov, Igor Vasilievich (1947-2005)
Grandmaster (2004) who defected from the Soviet Union to
Vorotnikov - I. Ivanov,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3 Bb4 4.Bg2 O-O 5.Nge2 c6 6.O-O d5 7.d4 exd4 8.Qxd4 c5 9.Qd1 dxe4 10.Nxe4 Nxe4 11.Bxe4 Qe7 12.Qd3 Re8 13.Bxh7+ Kh8 14.c3 c4 15.Qc2 Qxe2 16.cxb4 Qxf1+ (17.Kxf1 Bh3+ 18.Kg1 Re1 mate) 0-1
Ivanov, Mikhail (1969- )
Ivanov, Sergey (1961- )
Ivanovic, Bozidar (1946- )
Ivins, Walter (1870-1968)
Chess master Emeritus from
Ivkov, Borislav (1933- )
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.c4 dxc4 4.a4 c5 5.Nc3 cxd4 6.Qxd4 Bd7 7.Qxc4 Nc6 8.Bf4 Rc8 9.Rd1 e5 10.Bg3 Nb4 11.Qb3 Qb6 12.Kd2 Be6 13.Qa3 Rxc3 (14.bxc3 Ne4+ 15.Kc1 Na2+; 14.Qxc3 Ne4+; 14.Kxc3 Ne4 mate) 0-1
Izeta Txabarri, Felix (1961- )
Izmailov, Pyotr (1906-1937)
In 1928, he was the
first champion of the
Jacimovic, Dragoljub (1964- )
Jackson, E. Schuyler (1897-1987)
His chess career spanned over 70 years. He played in his first chess tournament in 1913. He won the U.S. Amateur championship in 1942 and 1944. He was a Wall Street broker.
Jackson, Sheila (1957- )
She finished 1st in the British Women’s Champion in 1975, 1977 (lost the play-off), 1978, 1980, and 1981.
Jaenisch, Karl (Carl) Friedrich von (1813-1872)
Russian chess player and analyst. In 1842 he gave the name to the French Defense (1.e4 e6) and the Center Game (1.e4 e5 2.d4) in his book Analyse Nouvelle des ouvertures du jeu des Echecs. He was a major in the Russian army, but resigned his commission to devote himself to chess.
Janjgava, Lasha (1970- )
Janosevic, Dragoljub (1923- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1965). He is only one of three players (the other two are Tal and Geller) who as a plus record against Fischer. He has one win, two draws, and no losses against Fischer.
Tagirov – Janosevic,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Nxe4 dxe4 6.d4 exd3 7.Bxd3 Nc6 8.Nf3 Bc5 9.Bf4 Bg4 10.Qe2 Nd4 11.Qf1 Qd5 12.Nd2 O-O-O 13.Be4 Qxe4+ 14.Nxe4 Nxc2 mate 0-1
Janovsky, Sergey (1960- )
Janowski, Dawid Markyelovich (1868-1927)
Polish chess player of Grandmaster strength and addicted
gambler. In 1901 he won an international
1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d5 4.Nxe5 dxe4 5.Nc3 Nf6 6.Qe2 Nc6 7.Nxf7 Qe7 8.Nxh8 Nd4 9.Qd1 Nf3+ 10.Ke2 Bg4 11.h3 Nd4+ 12.Ke1 Bxd1 0-1
Jansa, Vlastimil (1942- )
Czech Grandmaster (1974) and Czech champion in 1964, 1974, and 1984. He has also played in the Czech national junior soccer team.
Jansa - Ziegler, Gausdal 1990
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.Nc3 a6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 d6 6.Be2 Nf6 7.O-O Be7 8.a4 O-O 9.Be3 b6 10.Bf3 Bb7 11.e5 Bxf3 12.Qxf3 dxe5 13.Nxe6 (13...fxe6 14.Qxa8) 1-0
One of the most active international chess arbiters in the world. She is a former anesthesiologist and avid pilot. She is the mother of John Jarecki. She was the first woman to serve as chief arbiter for any world-championship-cycle match (Karpov-Hjartarson, Seattle 1989).
Jarecki, John (1969- )
The first person to win the National Elementary and National
Junior High Chess Championship in the same year (1980). He won the National Elementary championship
Jefferson, Thomas (1743-1826)
Avid chess player and collector. He collected dozens of chess sets when he
visited Europe or had them sent to his home in
Jenni, Florian (1980- )
Jobava, Baadur (1983- )
Johannessen, Leif Erlend (1980- )
One of two Australian grandmasters (the other is Ian Rogers). He has won the Australian championship 5 times (1984, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2002).
Farrand – Johansen, Hastings 1980
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 exf4 4.Nf3 g5 5.Bc4 g4 6.O-O gxf3 7.Qxf3 Qg5 8.Nd5 Nd4 9.Qd1 Nf6 10.Nxc7+ Kd8 11.d3 Rg8 12.g3 Nh5 13.Bxf7 Nxg3 14.Bxg8 Nxf1+ 15.Kxf1 d5 16.Kf2 Bc5 17.c3 Bg4 18.cxd4 Qh4+ 0-1
Johner, Hans (1889-1975)
Swiss International Master (1950) who won the Swiss championship 12 times from 1908 (tied with his brother, Paul) to 1950 (at the age of 61, 42 years after hisr first championship). He won in 1908, 1923, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1947, and 1950. Hans was once a director of the Zurich Philharmonic Orchestra. He was still playing chess in international tournaments in his 70s.
Johner, Paul F. (1887-1938)
Brother of Hans Johner. In 1911, he won the New York State Chess Championship. In 1916, he won the Nordic Championship. He won the Swiss championship 6 times. He won in 1907, 1908 (with his brother), 1925, 1928 (with his brother), 1930, and 1932 (with his brother). He was a noted violinist.
Jolson, Al (1886-1950)
Al Jolson formed a chess club called the Knight Riders of the Air, consisting of radio stars. Al Jolson was the first movie actor to star in the first, full-length, talking picture, The Jazz Singer, in 1927.
Jones, Ernest (1879-1958)
Psychoanalyst who wrote, The Problem of Paul Morphy, the most famous example of a single case study in the psychoanalytic discipline. It was delivered to the British Psychoanalytical Society in 1930, dealing with the unconscious motives of chess players. His conclusion was that the game of chess was a disguised method of gratifying hostile impulses.
Jones, Stephen L. (1942- )
Stephen Jones was born in
Jones, William (1746-1794)
Judge and linguist who composed the poem Caissa in 1763 and published in 1772. Jones based his poem on Hieronymus Vida’s Scacchia ludus, published in 1527. In the poem Caissa, Mars becomes infatuated with a nymph called Caissa. He gives her a board and chess set, and they play chess together. Jones translated the first Sanskrit reference to chess. In 1790 he wrote On the Indian Game of Chess.
Judd, Max (Maximilian Judkiewich) (1851-1906)
Max Judd (Maximlian Judkiewich) was born in
Junge, Klaus (1824-1945)
German player who was born in
Kaenel, Hans (1952- )
Swiss player who set the world blitz (5-minute game) continuous play record in 1981 after playing 60 hours and 39 minutes. He played 420 games and made 17,286 moves. We won 320 games, lost 79, and drew 31. The average rating of his opponents was 2222. He had played an average of 7.1 games per hour. The most prominent opponent was Victor Kortchnoi whom he won 1, drew 1, and lost 4 games.
Kaidanov, Gregory (1959- )
Grandmaster (1988) who was Russian Boys under-14 champion in
1972. He won the New York Open in
1990. In 1992 he won the World Open, the
US Open, the National Open, and the Novag Grand Prix. He now lives in
Klotz - Kaidanov, 1992
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.e3 Nf6 4.Nc3 c5 5.Nf3 a6 6.a4 Nc6 7.Rb1 Be7 8.Na2 cxd4 9.Nxd4 O-O 10.Nc3 e5 11.Nf3 d4 12.exd4 exd4 13.Nd5 Nxd5 14.cxd5 Bb4+ 15.Bd2 Re8+ 16.Be2 d3 17.dxc6 Bxd2+ 18.Nxd2 Rxe2+ 19.Kf1 Qd4 (threatening 20...Qxf2 mate) 0-1
Kalish, John (1937- )
International Master postal player. Kalish has won the championship of
Kalish – Dunphy,
1.e4 e5 2.f4 Bc5 3.Nf3 d6 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.Bc4 Nc6 6.d3 O-O 7.f5 Na5 8.Bg5 Nxc4 9.dxc4 c6 10.Qd3 Qc7 11.Bxf6 gxf6 12.O-O-O Rb8 13.h4 b5 14.cxb5 cxb5 15.Nd5 Qd8 16.Qd2 Bb7 17.Qh6 Bxd5 18.Ng5 Be3+ 19.Kb1 1-0
Kallai, Gabor (1959- )
Kalme, Charles (1939-2002)
Kaminski, Marcen (1977- )
Kamsky, Gata (1974- )
Grandmaster (1990) who was born in
D. Gurevich – Kamsky, Chicago 1989
1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 c6 3.Nc3 d5 4.d4 e6 5.Qb3 Nbd7 6.g3 Qb6 7.Bg2 Be7 8.O-O O-O 9.Re1 Ne4 10.Nxe4 dxe4 11.Ng5? Qa5 0-1
Kamsky - Zarnicki,
1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Bb4 3.e4 c5 4.f4 d6 5.Nf3 Nf6 6.Bd3 O-O 7.O-O Nc6 8.b3 Bxc3 9.dxc3 Ne8 10.f5 exf5 11.exf5 Ne5 12.Bc2 f6 13.Be4 Nc7 14.Nxe5 fxe5 15.Qh5 Qe8 16.Qh4 Qf7 17.Bg5 d5 18.cxd5 Nxd5 19.f6 g6 20.Bxd5 Qxd5 21.f7+ Rxf7 22.Rfd1 Qc6 23.Rd8+ Rf8 24.Bh6 (24...Rxd8 25.Qxd8+ Kf7 26.Rf1 Ke6?? 27.Rf6 mate) 1-0
Karaklajic, Nikola (1926- )
Serbian International Master (1955), chess trainer and
journalist. He was Yugoslav champion in
1955. He was a disc jockey for
Karaklajic – Fuderer,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7 4.Bc4 Be7 5.dxe5 Nxe5 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Qh5 1-0
Karff, Mona May Ratner (1914-1998)
Played in 18
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 c5 4.Qg4 cxd4 5.Nf3 f5 6.Qg3 Nc6 7.Be2 Bd7 8.Nxd4 Nxd4 9.Bh5+ Ke7 10.Qa3 mate 1-0
Ukrainian Grandmaster, born in
Sinzhuk – Karjakin, Alushta 2000
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.cxd5 Nxd5 5.e4 Nxc3 6.bxc3 Bg7 7.Nf3 c5 8.Rb1 O-O 9.Be2 Qa5 10.Bd2 Qxa2 11.O-O Qe6 12.Qc2 b6 13.d5 Qd6 14.c4 e5 15.dxe6 Bxe6 16.e5 Qc7 17.Bf4 Nc6 18.Rbd1 Rad8 19.Rd6 Nxe5 20.Nxe5 Rxd6 21.Bd3 Rd4 0-1
Karlsson, Lars (1955- )
Swedish Grandmaster (1982). His FIDE rating is 2472. In 1982, he took 11th-13th at the Las Palmas Interzonal.
Karpov, Anatoly (1951- )
The 12th World Chess Champion (1975-1985). The first world champion to win the title
without playing a chess match. He got
the title in 1975 when Fischer refused to defend his title. Anatoly became a
Candidate Master at the age of 11, a Master at 15, an International Grandmaster
at 19, and world champion at 23. In 1978
he was named Soviet Union Sportsman of the Year and was personally decorated by
President Brezhnev. Karpov became World
Champion before he became USSR Champion.
He never scored worse than 4th place while world champion. No Soviet opponent has ever beat him outside
Hostalet - Karpov,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 O-O 5.Qc2 c5 6.a3 Bxc3+ 7.Qxc3 Nc6 8.Bd3 cxd4 9.exd4 d5 10.Ne2 dxc4 11.Bxc4 e5 12.Be3 Ne4 13.Qb3 Qa5+ 14.Kf1 Nxd4 15.Nxd4 exd4 16.f3 dxe3 17.fxe4 Qd2 (threatening 18...Qf2 mate) 0-1
Kashdan, Isaac (1905-1985)
Grandmaster (1954) who founded Chess Review in
1933. He once appeared on Groucho Marx's
"You Bet Your Life" and Groucho called him "Mr. Ash Can"
throughout the show. Isaac Kashdan's
wife was asked to join a harem for 150 English pounds by Umar Khan at an
Olympiad. He edited a chess column in
the Los Angeles Times from 1955 to 1982.
At the 1928 Hague Olympiad, he took the gold medal for the best score on
board 1. He won the
1.d4 d5 2.c4 c6 3.Nc3 dxc4 4.e4 e5 5.Nf3 exd4 6.Bxc4 Bc5 7.Ne5 Qf6 8.Nxf7 dxc3 9.O-O Be6 10.Bg5 Qxg5 11.Nxg5 Bxc4 12.Qh5+ g6 13.Qh3 cxb2 14.Rad1 Nf6 15.Qc3 1-0
Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979- )
World FIDE champion from
1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 d5 3.d4 c6 4.Nf3 Nf6 5.Bg5 h6 6.Bxf6 Qxf6 7.e3 Nd7 8.Qc2 Qd8 9.cxd5 cxd5 10.Bd3 Be7 11.O-O O-O 12.Rac1 a6 13.Rfd1 b5 14.e4 Bb7 15.exd5 b4 16.dxe6 bxc3 17.exd7 cxb2 18.Qxb2 Bxf3 19.gxf3 Bd6 20.Qb7 Qh4 21.Qxa8 Qxh2+ 22.Kf1 Qh3+ 23.Ke2 Rxa8 0-1
Kasparian, Genrikh (1910-1995)
International Grandmaster for Chess Compositions
(1972). He was considered the world’s leading
expert at endgame studies. He won the
first Amenian championship in 1934. He
won the Armenian chess championship 11 times (1934, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1949,
1950, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956) and participated in a few
Kasparov, Garry (1963- )
Originally named Weinstein.
In 1976, he was the strongest player in the world under age 13. He became a grandmaster at 17, the youngest
Soviet champion at 18 and the youngest world champion at 22 years, 210 days. In his first international tournament,
Kasparov - West, Telex 1977
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nc3 e6 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 Bb4 6.e5 Nd5 7.Bd2 Nxc3 8.bxc3 Bf8 9.Bd3 d6 10.Qe2 Nd7 11.Nxe6 Qb6 12.Nc7+ 1-0
1,d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 c5 4.g3 cxd4 5.Nxd4 d5 6.Bg2 e5 7.Nf3 e4 8.Nd4 dxc4 9.Nc3 Bc5 10.Qa4+ Bd7 11.Qxc4 Qb6 12.Be3 Nc6 13.Nc2 Bxe3 14.Nxe3 Na5 0-1
Kass, Carmen (1978- )
In 2004 she was elected President of the Estonian Chess Federation. She happens to be a super-model. She is one of the top ten earning super-models in the world. She has been on the cover of dozens of fashion magazines in the world.
Katz, Gerhard S. (1906-1975)
Gerhard Katz was born in
Kaufman, Larry (1947- )
International Master (1980).
Winner of the American Open in 1966.
He has won state championships in
1.e4 c5 2.c3 Nf6 3.e3 Nd5 4.d4 cxd4 5.Qxd4 e6 6.Nf3 Nc6 7.Qe4 d6 8.Nbd2 Bd7 9.Bd3 dxe5 10.Bb1 f5 11.Qe2 e4 12.Nd4 Nxd4 13.cxd4 Nf4 14.Qf1 Rc8 15.Nb3 Rxc1+ 16.Nxc1 Bb4+ 17.Kd1 Ba4+ 18.b3 Qxd4+ 0-1
Kavalek, Lubomir (1943- )
Winner of an international tournament (
Kavalek - Bilek,
1.e4 d6 2.d4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.Be3 Nd7 5.Nf3 c6 6.a4 Ngf6 7.b3 e5 8.dxe5 dxe5 9.Nd2 O-O 10.Nc4 Ne8? 11.Bc5 1-0
Kazantsev, Alexander (1906-2002)
International Master, Soviet endgame composer, Army colonel,
mechanical engineer, and chemical engineer.
He was also a popular science fiction writer. He was President of the Composition Committee
of the USSR Chess Federation. He published
his first chess composition in 1926, at the age of 20. He published his last composition in 1996, at
the age of 90. In 1946, he proposed a
hypothesis that the Tunguska event in
Keeble, John Frederick (1855-1939)
Chess player from
Keene, Raymond (1948- )
British Grandmaster (1976), author of over 100 chess books, and organizer of many international chess matches. He received the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his chess services in 1985. He was British Champion in 1971. He was the first British player to achieve a FIDE Grandmaster norm (but the second to become a British Gradmaster, after Tony Miles). He has organized three World Chess Championships. He may have written more chess books than any other chess author.
Keene - Fries Nelson,
1.d4 g6 2.c4 Nf6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.cxd5 Nxd5 6.e4 Nb6 7.h3 O-O 8.Be3 Nc6 9.Bb5 Na5 10.Qe2 a6 11.Bd3 Nc6 12.d5 Nb4 13.Bb1 f5 14.Bxb6 cxb6 15.a3 fxe4 16.Bxe4 Bxc3+ 17.bxc3 Nxd5 18.Rd1 e6 19.c4 (19...Nf4 20.Rxd8 Nxe2 21.Rxf8+ Kxf8 22.Kxe2) 1-0
Kempelen, Farkas (1734-1804)
Inventor of the first automation, The Chess Playing Turk, in
1769. He built it for the sole purpose
of entertaining and mystifying the Empress Maria Theresa of
Kempinski, Robert (1977- )
Kengis, Edvins (1959- )
Kennedy, Hugh Alexander (1809-1878)
Former British army captain and leading
Loewe – Kennedy,
1.e4 c5 2.Bc4 e6 3.Nc3 Nc6 4.f4 a6 5.a4 Nge7 6.Nf3 d5 7.Ba2 b5 8.axb5 axb5 9.Nxb5 Nb4 10.Na3 dxe4 11.Ng5 Nf5 12.Qe2 Rxa3 13.bxa3 Nxc2+ 14.Kd1 Nfe3+ 15.Qxe3 Nxe3+ 16.Ke2 Qd3+ 17.Kf2 Ng4+ 18.Kg1 Ba6 0-1
Keres, Paul (1916-1975)
Estonian Grandmaster (1950).
He was Estonian chess champion in 1935.
In the 1930s he played in the tennis championship of
Keres - Arlamowski, Szawno Zdroj 1950
1.e4 c6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Nf3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nf6 5.Qe2 Nbd7?? 6.Nd6 mate 1-0
Dvorzynski - Keres,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 d6 5.d4 b5 6.Bb3 Nxd4 7.Nxd4 exd4 8.Qxd4 c5 9.Qd5 Be6 10.Qc6+ Bd7 11.Qd5 c4 0-1
Kevitz, Alexander (1902-1981)
Keyser, Charles ( -1970)
Former Treasurer and President of the New Jersey Chess
Association who suffered a heart attack and died while playing chess at the
Montclair Chess Club in
International Master (1995) and Southern California Champion
who made his third and final GM norm in
Khairallah, Faisal (1975- )
FIDE master and champion of
Khalifman, Alexander (1966- )
Russian Grandmaster (1990) who became the 1999 FIDE World
Champion. In 1999 he defeated Vladimir
Khalifman - Wahls,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Nf6 5.e5 d5 6.Bb5 Ne4 7.Nxd4 Bc5 8.O-O O-O 9.Bxc6 bxc6 10.Nxc6 Qh4 11.Be3 Bxe3 12.fxe3 Qg5 13.Rf4 Bb7 14.Qxd5 Rad8 15.Qxe4 Rd1+ 16.Kf2 Bxc6 17.Qxc6 Qxe5 18.Qc3 Qb5 19.Na3 1-0
Kharitonov, Andrei (1959- )
Kharlov, Andrei (1968- )
Khasin, Abram (1923- )
During World War II, Khasin lost both legs fighting in the Battle of Stalingrad. He played in five USSR Championships from 1956 to 1965. He became an IM in 1964 and Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess in 1973.
Khasin, Alexander (1951- )
Khenkin, Igor (1968- )
Kholmov, Ratmir (1925- )
Soviet Grandmaster (1960) and Lithuanian champion 10
times. He was once suspended for a year
from tournament play because of conduct unbecoming a chess master (excessive
drinking). His nickname by Soviet
players was Central Defender. He tied
for 1st place (with Spassky and Stein) in the 1963 USSR Chess
Championship. He was never allowed to
play in Western Europe, the
Pedersen - Kholmov,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Bc5 5.Be3 Qf6 6.c3 Nge7 7.Bc4 b6 8.O-O Bb7 9.b4 Nxd4 10.cxd4 Bxb4 11.Qb3 Ba5 12.f3 O-O 13.a4 d5 14.Bd3 c5 15.e5 Qe6 16.dxc5 Qxe5 17.Bc1 bxc5 18.Qxb7 Qd4+ (19.Kh1 Qxd3 20.Rg1 Ng6 or 20...Rfe8) 0-1
Kieseritzky, Lionel (1806-1853)
Former mathematics teacher in
Schulten - Kieseritzky, Paris 1847
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 b5 5.Bxb5 Nf6 6.Nc3 Ng4 7.Nh3 Nc6 8.Nd5 Nd4 9.Nxc7+ Kd8 10.Nxa8 f3 11.d3 f6 12.Bc4 d5 13.Bxd5 Bd6 14.Qe1 fxg2+ 15.Kxg2 Qxh3+ 16.Kxh3 Ne3+ 17.Kh4 Nf3+ 18.Kh5 Bg4 mate 0-1
Kindermann, Stefan (1959- )
Grandmaster (1988) from
King, Daniel (1963- )
English Grandmaster (1989). His FIDE rating is 2526.
Bulgarian Grandmaster (1975). He was Bulgarian champion in 1973 and 1978.
Kishnev, Sergey (1956- )
Klaric, Zlatko (1956- )
Grandmaster (1983) from
Klein, Ernest Ludwig (1910-1990)
British champion in 1951.
Klinger, Josef (1967- )
Austrian Grandmaster (1988). In 1985, he won the Austrian championship. In 1985, he took 3rd in the World Junior Championship. His FIDE rating is 2440. He has become a professional poker player.
Kmoch, Hans (1894-1973)
Chess author and International Master (1950) and International Judge (1951). He was the referee in the Alekhine-Euwe World Championship match in 1935. Euwe chose him as his second in the 1937 rematch. He authored Pawn Power in Chess and about a dozen other chess books. He was the one that coined the D. Byrne-Fischer game in 1956 “the game of the century.” He was a Latin scholar and editor of a literary magazine. He died at the age of 76.
Kmoch – NN,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nge7 4.O-O g6 5.d4 Bg7 6.dxe5 Nxe5 7.Nxe5 Bxe5 8.Bh6 Bxb2 9.Nd2 c6 10.Rb1 Bd4 11.Nc4 Bc5 12.Qd4 1-0
Knaak, Rainer (1953- )
German Grandmaster (1975) who was East German champion in 1973, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1983, and 1984.
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.Bg5 Ne4 6.cxd5 Nxg5 7.Nxg5 e6 8.Qa4+ Bd7 9.Qb3 Qxg5 10.Qxb7 O-O 11.Qxa8 Nc6 12.h4 Qg4 13.Qb7 Rb8 14.dxc6 (14...Rxv7 15.cxb7 and 16.b8=Q) 1-0
Knezevic, Milorad (1936- )
Serbia/Montenegro Grandmaster (1976).
Knoppert, Erik (1959- )
On September 13-16, 1985, Erkc Knoppert, a FIDE chess master
Kochyev, Alexander (1956- )
Russian Grandmaster (1977). He was European Junior Champion in 1975/76. His FIDE rating is 2417.
Kogan, Boris (1940-1993)
International Master (1981).
Soviet Junior Champion in 1956 and 1957.
He was a full time chess teacher in the Soviet Union before emigrating
and coming to the
Kolev, Atanas (1967- )
Kolisch, Ignatz (1837-1889)
In his early years he was the private secretary of the
Russian Prince Urusov. He later became a
wandering chess professional and was one of the top 4 chess players in the
world in the 1860s. In 1867, he won at
Geake - Kolisch,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nc3 Bc5 5.O-O d6 6.d3 Bg4 7.Bxf7+? (7.Na4) 7...Kxf7 8.Ng5+ Ke8 10.Nf3 Nd4 11.Bg5 Qd7 12.Nd5 Nxd5 13.exd5 Bxf3 14.gxf3 Qh3 (threatening 15...Nxf3+) 0-1
Koltanowski, George (1903-2000)
Chess editor for the San Francisco Chronicle for 52
years and author of over 19,000 chess columns.
He moved to
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Bg4 4.dxe5 Bxf3 5.Qxf3 dxe5 6.Bc4 Nf6 7.Qb3 b6 8.Bxf7+ Kd7 9.Qe6 mate 1-0
Koltanowski - Dunkelblum,
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Bf5 5.Bd3 Qxd4 6.Nf3 Qd8 7.Qe2 Nf6 8.Nxf6+ gxf6 9.Bxf5 Qa5+ 10.Bd2 Qxf5 11.O-O-O Qe6 12.Qd3 Qxa2 13.Qd8+ Kxd8 14.Ba5+ Kc8 15.Rd8 mate 1-0
Komarov, Dimitri (1968- )
Grandmaster from the
Komliakov, Victor (1960- )
Konig, Imre (1901-1992)
International Master (1951).
He was born in
Konstantinopolsky, Alexander (1910-1990)
Soviet International Master (1950) and Honorary Grandmaster
(1983) and winner of the first USSR Correspondence Championship (1951). He was one of the leading trainers in the
Kopec, Danny (1954- )
Danny Kopec was born
Kopec - Winston, Columbus 1972
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 4.Nc3 Nf6 5.d4 exd4 6.Nxd4 fxe4 7.O-O Bb4 8.Nd5 O-O 9.Bg5 Be7 10.Nf5 Kh8 11.Bxc6 Nxd5 12.Nxe7 Nxe7 13.Bxe4 Qe8 14.Re1 c6? (14...h6) 15.Bd3 Rf7 16.Qh5 (16...g6 17.Bxg6; 16...h6 17.Bg6; 16...Qg8 17.Bxe7) 1-0
Korchnoi, Viktor (1931- )
Grandmaster (1956) and four times Soviet champion (1960,
1962, 1964, 1970). He was the Dutch
champion in 1977 and the Swiss champion in 1982, 1984, and 1985. He played on six of the
Korchnoi - Mestrovic,
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e4 e5 4.Nf3 exd4 5.Bxc4 Bb4+ 6.Nbd2 Nc6 7.O-O Nh6 8.Nb3 Bg4 9.Bd5 Ne5 10.Qxd4 Nxf3+ 11.gxf3 Bxf3 12.Bxh6 Qd7 13.Qe5+ (13...Qe7 14.Bxf7+ Kxf7 15.Qxg7+ Ke6 16.Nd4+ Kd7 17.Qxe7+ and 18.Nxf3) 1-0
Korn, Walter (1908-1997)
Editor of Modern
Chess Openings and chess contributor to chess publications for 50
years. He was the first FIDE International Judge for Chess Endgame
Korneev, Oleg (1969- )
Koshnitsky, Grigory (Garry) (1907-1999)
Kosic, Dragan (1970- )
Kosten, Anthony (1958- )
Grandmaster now living in
Kostic, Borislav (1887-1963)
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1950).
He won the Baltic Championship in 1913.
He won the
Kotov, Alexander (1913-1981)
Russian Grandmaster (1950) who was awarded the Order of
Lenin for an important invention relating to mortar during World War II. He was
Kotov – Kalmanok,
1.d4 e6 2.e4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 dxe4 5.Nxe4 Be7 6.Bxf6 gxf6 7.Nf3 Nd7 8.Bc4 c6 9.Qd2 b6 10.Qh6 Bf8 11.Qf4 Bb7 12.O-O-O h5 13.Kb1 Be7 14.Qg3 Nf8 15.Rhe1 f5 16.d5 cxd5 17.Bb5+ Nd7 18.Ne5 Qc7 19.Bxd7+ Kd8 20.Qg7 Rf8 21.Ng5 Qb8 22.Bxe6 1-0
B. Gurgenidze -
1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nfe2 Nf6 4.g3 d5 5.exd5 Nd4 6.Bg2 Bg4 7.d3 Nxd5 8.Bxd5? (8.Qd2) 8...Qxd5 9.f3 Qxf3 10.Rf1 Qg2 11.Bd2 Nf3+ 12.Rxf3 Qxf3 13.Ne4 Qh1+ (14.Kf2 Qxh2+ 15.Ke1 f5 wins) 0-1
Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984- )
She became a Woman Grandmaster at age 14 and International Master at age 16. She became an International Grandmaster (WGM) for women in 1998. She is a former world women’s vice-champion.
Kotronias, Vasilios (1964- )
Kouatly, Bachar (1958- )
French Grandmaster (1989). He is the first native Frenchman to be awarded the GM title. He was joint French Champion in 1979. He took last place at the 1982 Toluca Interzonal with 2 wins, 1 draw, and 10 losses. His FIDE rating is 2475.
Kovacevic, Vlatko (1942- )
Croatian GM (1976) and mathematics teacher. His FIDE rating is 2512.
Fischer – Kovacevic, Rovinj-Zagreb 1970
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.a3 Bxc3+ 5.bxc3 dxe4 6.Qg4 Nf6 7.Qxg7 Rg8 8.Qh6 Nbd7 9.Ne2 b6 10.Bg5 Qe7 11.Qh4 Bb7 12.Ng3 h6 13.Bd2 O-O-O 14.Be2 Nf8 15.O-O Ng6 16.Qxh6 Rh8 17.Qg5 Rdg8 18.f3 e3 19.Bxe3 Nf8 20.Qb5 Nd5 21.Kf2 a6 22.Qd3 Rxh2 23.Rh1 Qh4 24.Rxh2 Qxh2 25.Nf1 Rxg2+ 26.Ke1 Qh4+ 27.Kd2 Ng6 28.Re1 Nfg4 29.Bxf4 Nxf4 30.Qe3 Rf2 0-1
Kovalev, Andrei (1961- )
Kozul, Zdenko (1966- )
(1989). His FIDE rating is 2585. In 1982, he became world under-16
champion. In 1989 and 1990 he won the
Kraidman, Yair (1932- )
Israeli Grandmaster (1976). He works in the ministry of finance as an accountant. His FIDE rating is 2320.
Kramer, George (1929- )
U.S. Senior Master. In 1945, he won the New York State Chess Championship. In 1949, he won the U.S. Speed Championship.
Russian Grandmaster (1992) and world champion who defeated
Garry Kasparov in 2000 in the Brain Games World Championship in
Timman - Kramnik, Hoogovens 1999
1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 Bg4 3.Bg2 Nd7 4.c4 e6 5.b3 Ngf6 6.Bb2 c6 7.O-O Bd6 8.d4 O-O 9.Nbd2 a5 10.Ne5 Bh5 11.Re1 a4 12.bxa4 Qa5 13.Qb3 Qxd2 14.Bc3 Qh6 15.Qxb7 Rab8 16.Qxc6 Rb6 17.cxd5 exd5 (18.Qxd7 Nxd7 19.Nxd7 Rc6 20.Nxf8 Rxc3) 0-1
Krasenkow, Michal (1963- )
Polish Grandmaster (1989). His peak FIDE rating is 2702, number 10 in the world.
Kreiman, Boris (1976- )
A refugee from
Krejcik, Josef (1885-1957)
Viennese chess author, player, and journalist. In 1910, he game a 25-game simultaneous
Kreymborg, Alfred (1883-1966)
American Poet, poetic dramatist, and anthologist who wrote over 40 books. In his earlier years. He supported himself as a chess professional for eight years. He later founded a puppet theater.
Kritz, Leonid (1984- )
Krogius, Nikolai (1930- )
Russian Grandmaster (1964) and a sports psychologist (he has
a doctorate in psychology). He served as
a second to Boris Spassky. He was
president of the USSR Chess Federation.
His FIDE rating is 2485. He
captained the Soviet tem in the 1970
Kruppa, Yuri (1964- )
Grandmaster from the
Krupski, Jan (1799-1856)
Author of, Chess Strategy, the first Polish textbook on chess.
Krush, Irina (1983- )
Participated in the 1995 U.S. Women’s Championship at age
11. This is the youngest player ever to
compete in a non-age restricted national chess championship. At the age of
9, she beat a master, the youngest ever to beat a master in rated
play. She took the bronze medal in the
1998 World Girls’ Championship, held in
Krylenko, Nikolai (1885-1938)
Chess enthusiast responsible for persuading the Soviet
government o support chess. He was
Commissar for War in the first Bolshevik government, then Commander-in-Chief of
the Russian armed forces, chief prosecutor for the revolutionary tribunals, and
later Commissar for Justice for the
Kubbel, Avrid (1889-1938)
Chess composer and player.
He sent some of his chess compositions to the foreign press outside of
Kubbel, Leonid (1891-1942)
One of the greatest Russian chess composers. He composed over 300 endgame studies and
2,784 chess studies and problems overall.
He died during the siege of
Chess composer and youngest brother of Avrid and Karl
Kubbel. He died during the siege of
Kuczynski, Robert (1966- )
Kudrin, Sergey (1959- )
Grandmaster (1984) who has won the National Open 7 times,
the New York Open twice, and the North American Open twice. He has a B.A. in computer science and an
M.B.A. in finance. Kudrin grew up in
Kudrin - Jukic,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6 5.Bd3 Nf6 6.O-O Qc7 7.Qe2 d6 8.Nc3 Be7 9.Kh1 O-O 10.f4 b5 11.e5 Ne8 12.Bd2 Nd7 13.Qe4 g6 14.Qxa8 Bb7 15.Ncxb5 axb5 16.Qa5 1-0
Kuhns, Maurice (1859-1949)
Organizer and president of the National Chess Federation
(NCF) from 1926 to 1939. In 1939, the
NCF merged with the
Polish Grandmaster (1980). His FIDE rating is 2430. He was Polish champion in 1978.
In 2000, he won the championship of
Former U.S. Open champion (1925),
J. Corzo – Kupchik,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.c3 d5 4.Qa4 Qd6 5.Bb5 Bd7 6.exd5 Qxd5 7.O-O O-O-O 8.Bc4 Qd6 9.Ng5 Nh6 10.d3 Qg6 11.Be3 Be7 12.Ne4 f5 13.Nc5 f4 14.Nxd7 Rxd7 15.Bd2 f3 16.g3 Qg4 17.Qd1 Rf8 18.Be6 Qxe6 0-1
Kupreichik, Viktor (1949- )
Belorussian Grandmaster (1980) from
Razuvev - Kupreichik,
1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 f5 4.d4 e4 5.Bg5 Nf6 6.d5 exf3 7.dxc6 fxg2 8.cxd7+ Nxd7 9.Bxd8 gxh1=Q 0-1
Kurajica, Bojan (1947- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1974). Winner of the 1965 World Junior Championship. The title is an automatic award to the International Master title, yet he was not even a master. He thus became an International Master without ever being a master.
1.d4 d5 2.c4 dxc4 3.e3 e5 4.Bxc4 exd4 5.exd4 Nf6 6.Nc3 Be7 7.Nf3 O-O 8.O-O Nc6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bd3 Be6 11.Re1 Bc4 12.Bxc4 Nxc4 13.Qe2 1-0
Kushnir, Alla (1941- )
One of the top women’s chess players in the 1960s and
1970s. At one time she was the second-best
woman in the world (behind Gprindashvili).
She left the Soviet Union and settle in
Kutirov, Rolando (1962- )
Kuzmin, Alexei (1963- )
Kuzmin, Gennady (1946- )
Russian Grandmaster (1973).
He played in 9
Skatchkov - Kuzmin,
1.e4 e5 2.d4 exd4 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nf3 c6 5.Qxd4 d5 6.exd5 cxd5 7.Bb5+ Nc6 8.Bg5 Be7 9.O-O O-O 10.Qh4 h6 11.Bd3 hxg5 12.Nxg5 g6 13.Qh6 Ne5 14.Nc3 Neg4 15.Qh4 Nh5 16.f4 Kg7 17.h3 Bc5+ 18.Kh1 Rh8 19.f5 Qxg5! (20.Qxg5 Ng3 mate) 0-1
In 2004, he became a Grandmaster at the age of 14 years, 7
months, 12 days. He was born in the
Kveinys, Aloyzas (1962- )
Lahno, Kateryna (1989- )
International Master and Woman Grandmaster from
Lalic, Bogdan (1964- )
(1988). He is now playing in
Landa, Konstantin (1972- )
Landey, Benjamin M. (1912-1981)
Ben Landey was a
former president of the Massachusetts Chess Association and the New England
Chess Association. He was president of
the Boylston Chess Club. He was a
pioneer in the promotion of chess in
Lane Hickey, Lisa (1938- )
Lange, Max (1832-1899)
German chess player and inventor of the helpmate in 1865 and the Max Lange Attack (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 4.O-O Bc5 5.e5) in 1854. From 1858 to 1864, he was the editor of Deutsche Schachzeitung, the oldest chess magazine still around.
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.O-O d6 5.b4 Nxb4 6.c3 Nc6 7.d4 exd4 8.cxd4 Bb6 9.h3 Na5 10.Bd3 d5 11.exd5 Qxd5 12.Nc3 Qh5 13.Re1+ Kd8 14.Ng5! Qxd1 15.Nxf7+ Kd7 16.Bf5+ Kc6 17.Nd8+ Kd6 18.Bf4 mate 1-0
Lanka, Zigurds (1960- )
Larsen, Bent (1935- )
Danish Grandmaster (1956) who now lives in
Sursock - Larsen,
1.d4 e6 2.e4 c5 3.Nf3 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bc4 Nf6 7.Bg5 Qb6 8.Bxf6 gxf6 9.Ndb5 Ne5 10.Bb3 Rg8 11.O-O a6 12.Nd4? Qxd4! (13.Qxd4 Nf3+ and 14...Nxd4) 0-1
Larsen, Ingrid (1909- )
Women’s World Championship Challenger in 1937, 1939, and 1949-50. She was awarded the Women’s International Master title in 1950. She won the Danish Women’s National Championship 17 times (1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1953, 1956, 1957, 1960, 1965, 1969, and 1983).
Lasa, Tassilo von Heydebrand und der (1818-1899)
Prussian diplomat (part of the Diplomatic Service until
1864), baron, and ambassador who never played in a tournament or match. Yet, in offhand games he beat some of the
world’s best players, including
Von der Lasa – Bledow, 1839
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 Bg7 5.d4 Qe7 6.O-O h6 7.Nc3 c6 8.e5 Qb4 9.Ne4 Bf8 10.Qe2 g4 11.Nd6+ Bxd6 12.exd6 Kd8 13.Ne5 Rh7 14.c3 f3 15.Qe4 Nf6 16.Qxh7 Nxh7 17.Nxf7+ 1-0
Lasker, Berthold (1860-1928)
Older brother of Emanuel Lasker who taught Emanuel how to
play when Emanuel was 11 years old. He
was known as a chess hustler in
Lasker, Edward (Dec 3, 1885 – Mar 25, 1981)
Edward Lasker was
Ed Lasker - George Thomas,
1.d4 f5 2.e4 fxe4 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 e6 5.Nxe4 Be7 6.Bxf6 Bxf6 7.Nf3 b6 8.Ne5 O-O 9.Bd3 Bb7 10.Qh5 Qe7 11.Qxh7+ Kxh7 12.Nxf6+ Kh6 13.Neg4+ Kg5 14.h4+ Kf4 15.g3+ Kf3 16.Be2+ Kg2 17.Rh2+ Kg1 18.Kd2 mate 1-0
Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)
Second world chess champion, from 1894 to 1921, who played
in 8 world championship matches. Emanuel
Lasker took first place at
Burn - Emanuel Lasker, Hastings 1895
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 Nf6 4.Nc3 c5 5.e3 Nc6 6.cxd5 exd5 7.Bd3 a6 8.dxc5 Bxc5 9.O-O O-O 10.Bd2 Re8 11.Rc1 Ba7 12.Ne2 Bg4 13.Bc3 Ne4 14.Ng3 Nxf2 15.Rxf2 Rxe3 16.Nf5 Rxf3 17.gxf3 Bxf5 18.Bxf5 Qg5+ 19.Bg4 h5 20.Qd2 Be3 0-1
Lau, Ralf (Oct 19, 1959 - )
German Grandmaster (1986). He played on the West German Chess Olympiad teams in 1984, 1986, and 1988. His Elo rating is 2468.
Laucks, E. Forry (1897-1965)
Founder (1934) and patron of the Log Cabin Chess Club, based
Lautier, Joel (1973- )
Canadian-born French Grandmaster (1990) who was the youngest
ever World Junior Champion in 1988. His
father is French and his mother is Japanese.
He is President of the Association of Chess Professionals (ACP). He is the highest rated player in
Lautier - Sokolov, Correze 1992
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.Nxd4 Bb4 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.Bd3 d5 8.exd5 cxd5 9.O-O O-O 10.Bg5 c6 11.Na4 h6 12.Bh4 Be7 13.Re1 Be6 14.c3 Re8 15.Bc2 Rb8 16.Qd4 a5 17.Re3 Qc7 18.Rae1 c5 19.Qd3 g5 20.Rxe6! (20...fxe6 21.Qg6+; 20...gxh4 21.Rxf6 Bxf6 22.Qh7+) 1-0
Former executive director of the US Chess Federation. He works at the World Chess Hall of Fame in
Lawson, David (1886-1980)
Author of Paul Morphy The Pride and Sorrow of Chess, published in 1976 when Lawson was 89 years old. His real name was Charles Whipple.
Lazic, Miroljub (1966- )
Leary, Timothy (1920-1996)
Used chess sets as visual props for preparing classes at Harvard to receive the impact of LSD. He said, "Life is a chess game of experiences we play."
Lebel-Arias, Julia (1946- )
Woman International Master (1985) from
Lechtynsky, Jiri (1947- )
Czech Grandmaster (1982). His FIDE rating is 2442.
Lees, David M. (1943-1996)
David M. Lees was born on
Legall, M. de Kermur, Sire de (1702-1792)
French champion in the 18th century. He was the teacher of Philidor.
Legky, Nikolay (1955- )
Grandmaster from the Ujkraine. His FIDE rating is 2453.
Lehmann, Heinz (1921- )
Honorary grandmaster from
Lein, Anatoly (1931- )
Russian Grandmaster (1968) who moved to the
Leko, Peter (1979- )
Hungarian player who became the youngest International
Master in the world at age 12. In 1994,
at the age of 14 years, 4 months, and 22 days, he became the youngest
grandmaster in history. In 1994 he
became the World Junior Champion. In
2001, he was ranked as the 5th strongest chess player in the world. He also became the first Random Chess World
Champion when he defeated Michael Adams in a match. In 2004 he drew with Kramnik in the
Classical World Chess Championship in
Leko – Dovramadjiev, 1991
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.e5 Ng8 8.Bc4 d5 9.exd6 exd6 10.O-O d5 11.Nxd5 cxd5 12.Bxd5 Rb8 13.Bxf7+ Kxf7 14.Qc7 Ra8 15.Re1 1-0
Lemachko, Tatjana (1948- )
Female chess master who defected from the Bulgarian team on
the eve of the last round of the Lucerne Chess Olympiad in 1982 and moved to
Brooklyn player (born on
Lendl, Ivan (1960- )
Czech tennis champion and chess player. His father, Dr. Jiri Lendl, was a Czech junior chess champion who later became a
strong tennis player and president of the Czechoslovakian Tennis
Federation. In 2001, Jiri Lendl played
Kasparov in a charity simultaneous exhibition in the
Lengyel, Levente (1933- )
Hungarian Grandmaster (1964). In 1962, he tied for 1st in the Hungarian Championship, but lost to Portisch in the play-off.
An avid chess player who used "Karpov" as one of his pseudonyms during his exile. He had a chess table made that had a secret compartment for the preservation of illegal Party documents and letters. Lenin later preferred Chekas to chess.
Leonardo da Cutri, Giovanni (1542-1587)
One of the leading 16th century Italian
players. He moved to
Leonhardt, Paul (1877-1934)
Polish-born German player of Grandmaster strength. He was Nordic Champion in 1907.
Lerner, Konstantin (1950- )
Russian Grandmaster (1986). He took 2nd in the 1984 and 1986 USSR Championships.
Lev, Ronen (1968- )
Levenfish, Grigory (1889-1961)
Russian Grandmaster (1950) who was an engineer in the glass
industry. He was
Rabinovich - Levenfish,
1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.Nf3 d6 4.Be2 Nf4 5.Bf1 dxe5 6.Nxe5 Qd5 7.Nf3 Qe4+ 8.Be2 Nxg2+ 9.Kf1 Bh3 10.d3 Nh4+ 11.Ke1 Nxf3 mate 0-1
Levitina, Irina (1954- )
She was the 4-time USSR Women's Champion who was not allowed
to play in the 1979 Women's Interzonal in
Levitina - Jovanovic,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 h6 8.Bh4 Be7 9.Qf3 Nbd7 10.O-O-O Qc7 11.g4 Rb8 12.Bg3 g5 13.e5 Ng8 14.exd6 Bxd6 15.fxg5 hxg5 16.Nxe6 (16...fxe6 17.Bxd6) 1-0
Levitt, Jonathan (1963- )
Levy, David (1945- )
Scottish International Master (1969) who, in 1968, made a $3,000 wager that no chess computer could beat him in ten years. He won his bet from Don Michie, John McCarthy, Seymour Pappert, and Ed Kozdrowicki. He has authored over 50 chess books. He is president of the International Computer Games Association (ICGA). In 1978 he won his wager by defeating Chess 4.7 with 3 wins and 1 draw. He was the first International Master to give up a draw to a computer program. He could have made the bet that no chess computer could beat him in 20 years. It was in 1989 that he finally lost to a computer when Deep Thought defeated Levy by the score of 4 wins and no losses or draws. In 1973, Levy said, “I am tempted to speculate that a computer program will not gain the International Master title before the turn of the century and that the idea of an electronic World Champion belongs only in the pages of a science fiction book.” Computers were IM strength in 1985 (rated over 2400) and world championship strength in 1997, when DEEP BLUE defeated Kasparov in a match.
Maeder - Levy,
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.f3 Nc6 8.Qd2 O-O 9.O-O-O d5 10.exd5 Nb4 11.Bc4 Nxd5 12.Nb3 Nxc3 13.bxc3 Nxa2+ 14.Kb2 Nxc3 15.Qxd8 Nxd1+ 0-1
WBC Heavyweight Boxing Champion who plays chess every day while in training. Another boxer, Dr. Vladimir Klitschko, the WBO Heavyweight World Champion, also plays chess., along with his other boxing brother, Vitali.
Lewis, William (1787-1870)
William Lewis was born in
Soviet Grandmaster (1965) who immigrated to
Liberzon - A. Geller,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 f5 4.Nc3 fxe4 5.Nxe4 d5 6.Nxe5 dxe4 7.Nxc6 bxc6 8.Bxc6+ Bd7 9.Qh5+ Ke7 10.Qe5+ Be6 11.f4 Nh6 12.f5 Nxf5 13.Rf1 Nd4 14.Qc5+ Qd6 15.Qg5 mate 1-0
Lie, Kjetil A. (1980- )
Lilienthal, Andor (1911- )
International Grandmaster (1950) and the oldest grandmaster
in the world. In 1935 he emigrated from
Boros – Lilienthal,
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f4 d5 4.fxe5 Nxe4 5.Qf3 Nc6 6.Nxe4 Nd4 7.Qf4 dxe4 8.Bc4 Bf5 9.c3 g5 10.Bxf7+ Kxf7 11.Qf2 e3 12.Qf1 exd2+ 13.Kd1 dxc1=Q+ 14.Kxc1 g4 15.b4 Qg5+ 16.Kd1 Rd8 0-1
Lim Kok Ann (1920-2003)
Chess patriarch of
Linde, Antonius van der (1833-1897)
Dutch chess historian and chess book collector. The Royal Dutch Library in
Lipke, Paul (1870-1955)
German lawyer and player of Grandmaster strength. He was the foremost blindfold player of his day.
Lipschuetz, Solomon (Samuel or Simon) (1863-1905)
American chess master and first officially recognized
American chess champion. He was born in
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nxc6 bxc6 6.Bd3 d5 7.e5 Ng4 8.O-O Bc5 9.h3 Nxe5 10.Re1 Qf6 11.Qe2 O-O 12.Qxe5 Qxf2+ 13.Kh1 Bxh3 14.gxh3 Qf3+ 15.Kh2 Bd6 16.Qxd6 Qf2+ 0-1
Liss, Eran (1975- )
Litinskaya-Shul, Marta (1949- )
Russian Woman Grandmaster (1976). She was USSR Woman Champion in 1972. She was born Marta Shul.
Liu Wenzhe (1940- )
First Chinese chess
Ljubojevic, Ljubomir (1950- )
Yugoslav Grandmaster (1971). He won the Yugoslav Championship in 1977 and 1982. In 1983, he was ranked 3rd in the world.
Lobron, Eric (1960- )
Loginov, Valery (1955- )
American Grandmaster (1960) and the first American to win an
official world chess championship when he won the World Junior Championship in
1957 with a perfect 11-0 score at
Gerusel - Lombardy,
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 Nc6 5.Nf3 d5 6.a3 Bxc3 7.Qxc3 Ne4 8.Qc2 e5 9.dxe5 Bf5 10.Qa4 O-O 11.Be3 d4 12.Rd1 dxe3 13.Rxd8 exf2+ 14.Kd1 Rfxd8+ 15.Kc1 a6 16.Qb3 Nc5 17.Qc3 Na5 18.e4 Nab3+ (19.Kb1 Rd1+ 20.Ka2 Ra1 mate) 0-1
Lopez de Segura (Sigura), Ruy (1530-1580)
Spanish priest and one of the leading players of his
day. In 1559-60 he went to
Loranth, Alice (?-1998)
Long-time head of the Fine Arts and Special Collections Department of the Cleveland Public Library. She presided over one of the largest chess collections in the world, the John G. White Collection, for 30 years.
Louis IX (1214-1270)
The only French king to be made a saint. Upon the death of his father in 1226, he
became king of
Lovegrove, Walter (1869-1956)
Master emeritus of the US Chess Federation and one of
Loewenthal, Johann (1810-1876)
Hungarian player and one of the top 10 players of the
1850s. In 1848 he came to the
Anderssen - Lowenthal,
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 exd4 4.Bc4 Bc5 5.O-O d6 6.c3 d3 7.b4 Bb6 8.a4 a5 9.b5 Ne5 10.Nxe5 dxe5 11.Qh5 Qf6 12.Ba3 Ne7 13.Nd2 Be6 14.Bxd3 O-O-O 15.Qe2 Ng6 16.g3 Bh3 17.c4 Nf4 0-1
Loyd, Sam (1841-1911)
The most famous American chess composer. As a 16 year old, he served with Paul Morphy as a contributor to Chess Monthly. He modified an Eastern board game and popularized it as Parcheesi. He was known as "The Puzzle King." He served as president of the New York Chess Club and organized the first international tournament on American soil. He composed about 3,000 chess problems. He owned a chain of music stores and was also a magician and ventriloquist. He produced over 10,000 puzzles in his lifetime.
Lputian, Smbat (1958- )
Armenian Grandmaster (1984). His FIDE rating is 2629.
Lucena, Luis Ramirez (1475-1530)
Author of the oldest existing printed book (incunabulim) on
chess (modern chess), Repeticion: de Amores;
Lukacs, Peter (1950- )
Hungarian Grandmaster (1986). In 1980, he won the Hungarian Championship.
Lukov, Valentin (1955- )
Bulgarian Grandmaster (1988). His FIDE rating is 2439.
Lundin, Erik (1904- )
Swedish International Master (1950) and honorary Grandmaster (1983). He was Swedish champion 10 times and played on 9 Swedish Olympiad teams.
Lupu, Mircea-Sergiu (1962- )
Luther, Thomas (1969- )
Lutikov, Anatoly (1933-1989)
Russian Grandmaster (1974). He played in 6 USSR Championships, taking 3rd place in 1968/69.
Lutz, Christopher (1971- )
Lyman, Harry (1915-1999)
Henry (Harry) Lyman was born on