Country Profile: Kingdom of Denmark
Organization of the UNFCCC Process
Climate Change and the Philippines
Overview of RP-Denmark Bilateral Relations
Filipinos in Denmark
Profile of H.E. Lars Lokke Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
Profile of Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
Profile of H.E. Per Stig Moller, Minister for Foreign Affairs

Country Profile: Kingdom of Denmark



Official Name

Kingdom of Denmark


National Capital



National Day

5 June 1849, Constitution Day



Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaelland and Fyn)


Land boundaries

68 km



5,500,510 (July 2009 est.)


Population growth rate

0.28% (2009 est.)


Ethnic groups

Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali



Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2%



Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)

note: English is the predominant second language




Government type

constitutional monarchy


Head of State

Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972)


Head of Government

Prime Minister Lars Lokke RASMUSSEN (since 5 April 2009)


Foreign Minister

Mr. Per Stig Moller


Legislative branch

unicameral Parliament


Judicial branch

Supreme Court (judges are appointed for life by the monarch)




GDP (purchasing power parity)

$204.1 billion (2008 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP)

$37,200 (2008 est.)


GDP - real growth rate

-1.2% (2008 est.)


Inflation rate (consumer prices)

3.4% (2008 est.)


Exports – commodities


machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills


Exports – partners

Germany 18%, Sweden 14.5%, UK 8.2%, Norway 5.7%, US 5.3%, France 4.8%, Netherlands 4.6% (2008)


Imports – commodities

machinery and equipment, raw materials and semi-manufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods


Imports – partners

Germany 20.9%, Sweden 14%, Netherlands 6.7%, Norway 6.3%, China 5.7%, UK 5.1% (2008)



Danish kroner


Exchange rates

Danish kroner (DKK) per US dollar - 5.0236 (2008 est.)





Diplomatic Relations with RP

28 September 1946


Bilateral Trade

US $ 146,150,557  (2008)


Balance Trade

US $ -80,013,727 (2008)


Foreign Direct Investments (FDI)



Tourist Arrivals

11,890 (2008)

International Organization participation:

ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G-9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MONUC, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WEU (observer), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC


Organization of the UNFCCC Process
Conference of the Parties

The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the “supreme body” of the Convention. It is the highest decision-making authority and composes of all the countries that are Parties to the Convention. The COP is responsible for keeping international efforts to address climate change on track. It reviews the implementation of the Convention and examines the
commitments of Parties in light of the Convention’s objective, new scientific findings and experience gained in implementing climate change policies. A key task for the COP is to review the national communications and emission inventories submitted by Parties. Based on this information, the COP assesses the effects of the measures taken by Parties and the progress made in achieving the ultimate objective of the Convention.

The COP meets every year, unless the Parties decide otherwise. The COP meets in Bonn, the seat of the secretariat, unless a Party offers to host the session. Just as the COP Presidency rotates among the five recognized UN regions - that is, Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Eastern Europe and Western Europe and Others – there is a tendency for the venue of the COP to also shift among these

The COP also serves as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (MOP). This body, the COP/MOP, will meet during the same period as the COP.

Subsidiary bodies

The Convention established two permanent subsidiary bodies: the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI). These bodies give advice to the COP and each has a specific mandate. They are both open to participation by any Party and governments often send representatives who are experts in the fields of the respective bodies.

As its name suggests, the SBSTA’s task is to provide the COP with advice on scientific, technological and methodological matters. Two key areas of work in this regard are promoting the development and transfer of environmentally-friendly technologies, and conducting technical work to improve the guidelines for preparing national communications and emission inventories. The SBSTA also carries out methodological work in specific areas, such as the LULUCF sector, and adaptation and vulnerability. In addition, the SBSTA plays an important role as the link between the scientific information provided by expert sources such as the IPCC on the one hand, and the policy-oriented needs of the COP on the other. It works closely with the IPCC, sometimes requesting specific information or reports from it, and also collaborates with other relevant international organizations that share the common objective of sustainable development.

The SBI gives advice to the COP on all matters concerning the implementation of the Convention. A particularly important task in this respect is to examine the information in the national communications and emission inventories submitted by Parties in order to assess the Convention’s overall effectiveness. The SBI reviews the financial assistance given to non-Annex I Parties to help them implement their Convention commitments, and provides advice to the COP on guidance to the financial mechanism (operated by the GEF). The SBI also advises the COP on budgetary and administrative matters.

The SBSTA and SBI work together on cross-cutting issues that touch on both their areas of expertise. These include capacity building, the vulnerability of developing countries to climate change and response measures, and the Kyoto Protocol mechanisms.

The SBSTA and the SBI have traditionally met in parallel, at least twice a year. When they are not meeting in conjunction with the COP, the subsidiary bodies usually convene at the seat of the secretariat.


The work of the COP and each subsidiary body is guided by a Bureau, elected by Parties to the Convention usually at the start of each session of the COP. To ensure continuity, the elected Bureaux serve not only at sessions of the COP and subsidiary bodies but during inter-sessional periods as well.

The COP Bureau consists of 11 members: two are nominated by each of the five UN regional groups and one place is reserved for a representative of small island developing states. The members include the COP President, seven Vice-Presidents, the Chairpersons of the two subsidiary bodies, and a Rapporteur. The position of COP President is typically held at ministerial level. He or she is responsible for presiding over the work of the COP and facilitating agreement among Parties. The Vice-Presidents provide support to the President and may be called upon to consult on specific issues. The Rapporteur is responsible for the report on the session. The positions of the President and the Rapporteur are formally required to rotate among the five UN regional groups, while the positions of the subsidiary body Chairpersons are subject to an informal rotation.

The Bureau is elected for one year, although its members may be re-elected for a second term.

The Bureaux of the SBSTA and the SBI consist of a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and a Rapporteur, who perform similar functions to their counterparts on the COP Bureau and usually serve for two years.

The COP, SBSTA and SBI Bureaux will also serve the Protocol, but only members representing Parties to the Protocol will be able to sit on the Bureaux when Protocol issues are being discussed.

Consultative Group of Experts (CGE)

The Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Non-Annex I Parties (CGE) was set up by COP 5 in 1999 to help improve the process of preparing national communications from non-Annex I Parties under the Convention. It meets twice a year, in conjunction with sessions of the subsidiary bodies, and also holds workshops to gather regional expertise. It is composed of five experts from each of the developing country UN regions (Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean), six experts from Annex I Parties, and three experts from organizations with relevant experience.

The CGE reports to the SBI.

Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) works to support the development and implementation of national climate change adaptation strategies in the least developed countries.

CDM executive board

The CDM executive board supervises the CDM under the Kyoto Protocol and prepares decisions for the COP. It undertakes a variety of tasks relating to the day-to-day operation of the CDM.

The CDM’s executive board is made up of ten members, including one from each of the five official UN regions, one from the small island developing states, and two members each from Annex I and non-Annex I Parties. Each member of the executive board is accompanied by an alternate, from the same constituency.

Financial mechanism: The Global Environment Facility

The multi-billion-dollar GEF was established by the World Bank, UNEP and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in 1991 (with a pilot phase up to 1994) to fund certain developing country projects that have global environmental benefits, not only in the area of climate change, but also in biodiversity, protection of the ozone layer and international waters.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The IPCC, established by UNEP and WMO in 1988, is not an institution of the Convention but it provides important scientific input to the climate change process.

The current structure of the IPCC consists of three Working Groups: Working Group I addresses the science of climate change; Working Group II deals with impacts, vulnerability and adaptation; and Working Group III with mitigation. In addition to the three Working Groups, the IPCC also includes a Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

The IPCC is best known for its comprehensive assessment reports, incorporating findings from all three Working Groups, which are widely recognized as the most credible sources of information on climate change.

Joint Working Group and Joint Liaison Group

A Joint Working Group of the Bureaux of the SBSTA and the IPCC meets regularly to ensure coordination and exchange information on the activities of the two bodies.

A Joint Liaison Group (JLG) of the UNFCCC, CBD and UNCCD secretariats was established in 2001 with the aim of enhancing collaboration between the three conventions. Through the JLG, the three secretariats share information on the work of their conventions and identify possible joint activities and any potential conflicts. One of the first activities of the JLG, for example, will be to hold a joint workshop on
forests and forestry, an area of common interest to the three conventions.


A secretariat staffed by international civil servants provides support to all the institutions of the climate change process.

Source: Office of European Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs


Climate Change and the Philippines
The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented in 2007 compelling scientific evidence of global warming and the necessity for urgent and comprehensive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.

The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to evaluate the risk of climate change caused by human activity.

From reports of the IPCC and other scientific studies, various effects of climate change to the Philippines include:

1. Temperature increase that will melt ice caps in Greenland and Polar Regions which will, in turn, raise sea level by a few meters. A one meter increase in sea level could affect the living conditions in 64 of the Philippines’ 81 provinces. President Macapagal-Arroyo, in her speech at the high-level dialogue on climate change, held in the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 18 June 2009 termed it as follows: “As a nation made up of over 7,000 islands, rising seas due to global warming takes on a whole new meaning. Florida may lose some coastline, we lose a nation;”
2. Oxfam International noted that agricultural yields are forecast to drop to about 10 percent for 1 degree rise in temperature;
3. In view of warmer sea surface temperatures, stronger typhoons and cyclones are being seen all over the world; and
4. The country’s high diversity of species is also specifically vulnerable as even a slight change in temperature could cause the disappearance of many species. The country’s coral reefs, home to algae and hundreds of species of fish, are under immediate threat from a warming of ocean temperature.

According to the World Bank study published last July 2009, the Philippines leads the list of nations ‘most in danger of facing frequent and more intense storms’.


Five Climate Threats and the 12 Countries Most at Risk




Rising Sea Level





















Sri Lanka

















All low-lying islands states
























Prior to the 15th Conference of Parties in Copenhagen to be held in December 2009, there are four (4) rounds of formal negotiations: 1st round in Bonn, 29 March - 8 April 2009; 2nd round also in Bonn, from 1 to 12 June 2009; 3rd round in Bangkok, from 28 September to 9 October 2009; and 4th round in Barcelona, from 2 to 6 November 2009.

An informal intersessional consultation was also held last 10-14 August 2009 in Bonn.

Two Track Negotiations

In preparation for the 15th Conference of Parties (COP-15) in December in Copenhagen, the ongoing climate change negotiations is on a two-track path.

The first track of negotiations is taking place in the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action (AWG-LCA), with Malta as chair and Brazil as Vice-Chair. Mandated by the Bali Action Plan that resulted from the 13th Conference of Parties in 2007, the AWG-LCA is envisioned to reach an agreed outcome and adopt a decision on the main issues of shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, technology development and transfer, and financing. The goal is to enable a full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012 in order to reach an agreed outcome in COP-15.

The second track of negotiations is taking place in the Ad Hoc working Group on Further Commitments under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) which is currently chaired by Antigua and Barbuda, with Norway as Vice-Chair. The mandate of AWG-KP was established in December 2005 to discuss the future commitments of Annex 1 Parties under the Kyoto Protocol.

The agreed outcome in Copenhagen shall incorporate the results of the two Working Groups.

View of UNFCCC Executive Secretary on the outcome of COP-15 in Copenhagen

The four political prerequisites, according to Mr. Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, to reach a successful outcome in Copenhagen are the following: clarification on the targets for industrialized countries; on the nationally appropriate mitigate action of developing countries; on how to generate support for mitigation and adaptation in developing countries; and lastly, on the governance structures to manage the generated support.


The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC) is an international environmental treaty that resulted from the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), informally known as the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. The treaty is aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.

The treaty as originally framed set no mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual nations and contained no enforcement provisions; it is therefore considered legally non-binding. Rather, the treaty included provisions for updates (called "protocols") that would set mandatory emission limits. The principal update is the Kyoto Protocol.

Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international environmental treaty with the goal of achieving "stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system." The Kyoto Protocol establishes legally binding commitment for the reduction of four greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulphur hexafluoride), and two groups of gases (hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons) produced by "annex I" (industrialized) nations, as well as general commitments for all member countries. As of January 2009, 183 parties have ratified the protocol, which was initially adopted for use on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan and which entered into force on 16 February 2005. Under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized countries agreed to reduce their collective green house gas (GHG) emissions by 5.2% from the level in 1990. National limitations range from the reduction of 8% for the European Union and others to 7% for the United States, 6% for Japan, and 0% for Russia. The treaty permitted the emission increases of 8% for Australia and 10% for Iceland.

Kyoto includes defined "flexible mechanisms" such as Emissions Trading, the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation to allow annex I economies to meet their GHG emission limitations by purchasing GHG emission reductions credits from elsewhere, through financial exchanges, projects that reduce emissions in non-annex I economies, from other annex I countries, or from annex I countries with excess allowances.

In October 2003, the Philippines ratified the Kyoto Protocol.

Signing and Entry into Force of the UNFCCC

On June 12, 1992, 154 nations signed the UNFCCC, which upon ratification committed signatories' governments to a voluntary "non-binding aim" to reduce atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases with the goal of "preventing dangerous anthropogenic interference with Earth's climate system." These actions were aimed primarily at industrialized countries, with the intention of stabilizing their emissions of greenhouse gases at 1990 levels by the year 2000; The parties agreed in general that they would recognize "common but differentiated responsibilities," with greater responsibility for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the near term on the part of developed/industrialized countries, which were listed and identified in Annex I of the UNFCCC and thereafter referred to as "Annex I" countries.

On September 8, 1992, US President George Bush transmitted the UNFCCC for advice and consent of the U.S. Senate to ratification. The Foreign Relations Committee approved the treaty and reported it (Senate Exec. Rept. 102-55) October 1, 1992. The Senate consented to ratification on October 7, 1992, with a two-thirds majority vote. President Bush signed the instrument of ratification October 13, 1992, and deposited it with the U.N. Secretary General.

According to terms of the UNFCCC, having received over 50 countries' instruments of ratification, it entered into force March 21, 1994. Since the UNFCCC entered into force, the parties have been meeting annually in Conferences of the Parties (COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The Philippines was among the first countries to sign and ratify the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).  RP signed the Convention in June 1992 and ratified it on 2 August 1994. 


The Convention divides countries into three main groups according to differing commitments:

Annex I Parties include the industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian Federation, the Baltic States, and several Central and Eastern European States.

Annex II Parties consist of the OECD members of Annex I, but not the EIT Parties. They are required to provide financial resources to enable developing countries to undertake emissions reduction activities under the Convention and to help them adapt to adverse effects of climate change. In addition, they have to "take all practicable steps" to promote the development and transfer of environmentally friendly technologies to EIT Parties and developing countries. Funding provided by Annex II Parties is channelled mostly through the Convention’s financial mechanism.

Non-Annex I Parties are mostly developing countries. Certain groups of developing countries are recognized by the Convention as being especially vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change, including countries with low-lying coastal areas and those prone to desertification and drought. Others (such as countries that rely heavily on income from fossil fuel production and commerce) feel more vulnerable to the potential economic impacts of climate change response measures. The Convention emphasizes activities that promise to answer the special needs and concerns of these vulnerable countries, such as investment, insurance and technology transfer.

The 49 Parties classified as least developed countries (LDCs) by the United Nations are given special consideration under the Convention on account of their limited capacity to respond to climate change and adapt to its adverse effects.

Source:    Office of European Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs


Overview of RP-Denmark Bilateral Relations
Diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Denmark were established on 28 September 1946.  Since 1979, the Philippines has maintained a resident envoy in Stockholm, Sweden, where we maintain diplomatic links with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway and Finland) as well as with the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). H.E. Ambassador Elizabeth P. Buensuceso is the Philippines’ non-resident envoy to Denmark, while H.E. Ambassador Borge Petersen, who is based in Malaysia, is Denmark’s non-resident envoy to the Philippines. Vice Consul ad honorem, Birgitte Boye Nielsen is the Philippine Honorary Consul in Copenhagen, Denmark.
Our relations with Denmark have always been cordial and friendly, nurtured by a shared commitment to the ideals of democracy and human dignity. Despite differences in political and social structures, we have found common causes in both regional and international affairs.
The Philippines enjoys strong maritime relations with Denmark as major companies like A.P. Moller-Mærsk continue to hire and train Filipino seafarers for their many ships and vessels plying international wters. Known for being a highly enterprising county that is heavily dependent on trade, Denmark has proven to be an eager investor in the Philippines, particularly in the area of sustainable energy and other eco-friendly solutions technology.
In the Philippines, quest to reduce its dependence on oil for energy and to meet the country’s projected growth in energy demand, the Philippines continues to successfully tap its renewable energy resources. The Philippine Embassy in Oslo continued to promote said energy thrust in 2008.
The Philippines began to develop alternative energy sources in 1973 when the first oil crisis occurred. At that time, the Philippines’ energy needs were 97% dependent on oil. Now, this dependence has been whittled down to an impressive 21%. Moreover, today the country sources 18.4% of its energy needs from renewable but finite sources such as geothermal energy. Biomass, which utilizes wood, rice husks, straw, and sugar cane, is also a major source of energy. Hydroelectric power constitutes about 5%. The Philippine government continues to tap running rivers as sources of energy for areas that are far from big markets and for small rural and isolate communities while solar energy is being explored for isolated villages. 94% of the country’s major villages are now electrified as major investments and development aid in the field of renewable energy continue to pour into the country from countries such as Denmark.
In recent years, Denmark has been a significant ally of the Philippines in the harnessing of its renewable energy resources, particularly in the field of wind energy, making the Philippines the first Asian country to utilize wind power technology in the region.
Denmark is regarded the world over as the leading expert on wind power technology and through DANIDA, Denmark’s aid agency, the country was able to share said expertise with the Philippines through the transfer of knowledge and technology in 2003 when Phase I of the Northwind Bangi Bay Project was started, putting in place 15 wind turbines manufactured by Vestas, Denmark’s leading producer of high technological wind power solutions. After ironing out some areas of misunderstanding between Northwind and Vestas, Phase II is currently underway. Vestas is now in the process of putting in place five (5) more wind turbines in Bangi Bay. Minister and Consul General Evelyn D. Austria-Garcia of Oslo PE has been designated as Process Agent to help expedite Phase II of said project.
Water Sustainability & Efficiency
According to the 2006 UN Human Development Report, the world is facing a global crisis on water which could hinder progress on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) if current practices and situations are not checked and/or corrected.
Through Philippine Government Agencies such as DENR and its attached agency, the National Water Resources Board, as well as the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA), the current Administration is seeing to it that water cleanliness, sustainability, availability and its efficient distribution are met. Post continues to promote this priority, particularly since Denmark prides itself in its world-leading, eco-friendly, sustainable water technologies. These efforts have lead to enhanced cooperation activities with, and investments from foreign agencies and/or companies.
Several Danish companies, such as Sustain Water AS and SustainAgri AS, involved in water sanitation and sustainability technology currently have investments in the Philippines and have been instrumental in the transfer of Danish knowledge and technology on the subject matter. Sustain Agri AS, in particular, has conducted several water sanitation and sustainability seminars in the Philippines, the most recent being in Cagayan de Oro last February 2008. Meanwhile, Sustain Water AS, with main offices situated in Odense, Denmark, established a Representative Office at Ayala Heights, Balara, Quezon City in August 2008.

Value in US Dollars


Total Trade



Trade Balance

















79, 112, 649



-32, 749,997





-3, 170, 034






Source DTI, Tradelinephil

Philippine Products for Promotion to Denmark

• Woodcraft, Christmas décor

• Garments (apparel and clothing accessories, leather footwear)

• Costume jewelry

• Bamboo/rattan garden furniture

• Processed fruits

• Processed oriental food products

• Information technology

Prospects for Philippine Products

• Has highly industrialized economies, high standard of living and purchasing power, with a per capita income of US$27,965.00 in year 2000.

• As Denmark’s economic prospects continue to be favorable (low interest rates), imports will continue to rise faster than exports, consumer products and private consumption strengthens and production growth requires higher import of raw materials --- an opportunity for RP export products.

• Extension of GSP privileges that will facilitate market access of some RP export products to the market.

• A member of the European Union which in turn provides access to a combined export market of 500 million consumers.

Portrait of the DANISH ODA Partner

The development cooperation program between Denmark and the Philippines began in 1972 with the provision of project-type concessional loans by the Danish government. Projects funded by the Danish government, through the Danish International Development Agency (Danida), included water supply systems, cement, plants, a specialized ship, cold storage facilities, agricultural plants and machinery, dairy and sugar plants, communication and energy projects.

In 1988, the Danish government extended grants to the Philippines. This grant support was utilized for water supply and environmental projects. As the allocation for grants was fully utilized, Danida shifted back to providing concessional financing to development projects in the Philippines. In 2004, the Philippines and Denmark signed a framework agreement, setting the general terms and procedures, institutional arrangements and financial terms for bilateral cooperation.

RP-Denmark 2004 Framework Agreement

Under the framework agreement, Danida made available an indicative amount of USD 40 Million for financing of mutually approved development projects for 2004 – 2006. Eligible projects include:

(a) commercial contracts above SDR 2 Million that are not financially viable;
(b) projects worth below SDR 2 Million; and
(c) industrial projects in poorly developed areas.

However, the Danish government expressed interest on the following sectors/activities where Danish technology is most competitive:

• various infrastructure;
• water supply;
• waste/garbage treatment and handling;
• health;
• renewable energy particularly wind turbines;
• education; and
• general environment matters.

The Danish mixed credit is partially tied with at least 50% Danish origin while other foreign and local contractors may execute the remaining 50% of the contract. The mixed credit offers free or low interest rates to loans with 8-15 years maturity period. Capital goods, related training and technical assistance could be financed under the mixed credit scheme. It has a grant element of at least 35%, which is achieved through Danida’s payments of interests during the construction and repayment period, the export premium to the Danish Export Credit Fund and a bank margin of about 0.2% per annum. The eligible borrowers will pay a management fee of maximum 0.375% flat and commitment fee of 0.25% per annum on the undisbursed loan amount. No counterpart funds will be required as 100% of the contract can be financed by the loan, although only 85% could be provided for industrial projects.

Projects of eligible borrowers/guarantors (i.e. Department of Finance, Government Financed Institutions and Government Owned and Controlled Corporations) that would be financed under the Framework will undergo the usual review process of NEDA/ICC Secretariat as well as the Danida Mixed Credit Secretariat.

Source: NEDA-Public Investment Staff as of 18 October 2006

 Projects with Denmark:

Exchange of Notes on the Phase III of the Danish Assistance to the Pasig River Rehabilitation Programme

The Project aims to improve the living conditions in and around the Pasig River by improving water quality in the Pasig River System and improving the surrounding environment.

Project Agreement between the Government of the Philippines and the Government of Denmark on the Negros Water Supply and Sanitation Project

Denmark agreed to support an amount of DKK 62.1 million (approximately Php290 million/approximately US$11 million) to support on a grant basis the implementation of the Negros Water Supply and Sanitation Project, covering the five towns of Bago, Cadiz, LA Castellana and Talisay of Negros Occidental and the town of Bayawan of Negros Oriental. The projects shall have a duration of 3 years and 3 months.

The overall development objective of the project is to improve the living conditions including the improved health situation of the target population in the five Water Districts of the above-mentioned towns, through clean drinking water and improved hygiene awareness and sanitary conditions.

Signed Agreements:

Undertaking between the Philippines and Denmark Concerning the Recognition of Certificates under Regulation I/10 of the 1978 STCW Convention, as Amended

The Undertaking was amended in accordance with the procedures referred to in Regulation I/10 of the Annex to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (SICW) 1978, as amended in 1995. It was also in consideration of MSC Circular 950 on Guidance on Arrangements between Parties to the STCW Convention, approved by the Maritime Safety Committee of the International Maritime Organization during its 73rd session in May 2000.

It was signed on 3 August 2001 and was ratified on 10 December 2001.

Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and Capital

The Agreement was signed on 16 December 1966, ratified on 7 August 1973 and entered into force on 1 January 1974. The revised Agreement was signed on 30 June 1995, ratified on 15 January 1996 and entered into force on 24 December 1997.

Agreement on the Waiver of Non-Immigrant Visa Requirements

Exchange of Notes was signed on 20 December 1966, entered into force on 1 January 1967 but was terminated by FSC 187-81 dated 21 July 1981.

Air Transport Agreement

The Transport Agreement was signed on 8 May 1969, entered into force on 30 May 1969 and was registered with ICAO on 30 September 1970.

Agreement on the Danish Loan to the Philippines

The financing was signed on 19 March 1971 and entered into force on 19 March 1971.

Agreement between the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas with the Philippines as Guarantor and the Government of Denmark on Danish Government Loan to the Philippines

The Agreement was signed on 31 October 1985 and entered into force on 31 October 1985.

Financing Agreement

It was signed on 30 October 1989 and entered into force on 30 October 1989.

Investment Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Denmark

The Agreement was signed on 26 September 1997, ratified on 13 November 1997 and entered into force on 19 April 1998.

Source: Office of European Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs


Filipinos in Denmark

There is an estimated number of 6,000 Filipinos in Denmark. The Filipino community is largely comprised of professionals working in various fields such as health, energy, engineering, and shipping, to name a few. Like their counterparts in Norway, former Filipinos who have acquired Danish citizenship still affiliate themselves with the Filipino Community. Over 1,630 Filipinos are currently working on board Danish vessels while a good number of Filipinos serve in the private homes of diplomatic officials or as staff members of diplomatic mission in the Nordic region. A total of 2,127 Filipinos were granted residency permits last 2007. Au pairs comprise more than half of this number.

While there is a standing ban on the deployment of Philippine au pairs imposed by the Philippines, some Filipinos are able to obtain employment in the region with the help of relatives. A good number of Filipino au pairs obtain their visas from Hong Kong or Singapore where they were previously employed as domestic helpers. There is currently no official category in the Philippines for au pairs that would allow deployment of such workers by the Department of Labor and Employment. An au pair by definition is not an employee.

According to the latest statistical report of the Danish Immigration office, Filipinos granted residency permits as au pairs in Denmark numbered 1,510 in 2007, 555 more than in 2006. From 2002 to 2007, the number of Filipino au pairs in Denmark has risen exponentially, sometimes by over 200% yearly despite the Philippine ban on au pairs. Of the au pair demographic in Denmark, Filipinos comprise 68% of all au pairs in the country today compared to 2002 when Filipino au pairs comprised merely 11% of the total. The country having the next largest number of au pairs in Denmark is Ukraine but at merely 5% of the total au pair population in the country, Filipinos still largely dominate the au pair system in Denmark. Post believes that a re-evaluation of the country’s current ban on au pairs needs to be undertaken.

There is a negligible number of Filipino nurses in Denmark and no agreement exists between the Philippines and Denmark concerning the recruitment and entry of health workers. Based on data from Statistics Denmark, while lumps healthcare workers together with other job card scheme applicants and professional specialists, Denmark approved a total of 23 Filipino professional applicants in 2007. From 2002 to 2007, the total number of Filipino professionals allowed entry and work in Denmark amounts to a dismal 75. Lack of language proficiency is one of the main hindrances to employment aside from Denmark’s strict and restrictive immigration policies.

However, the Danish Government recently instituted thirteen (13) initiatives, through its Ministry of Employment, to promote Denmark as a good place to work and attract foreign workers. Given its aging population and its shortage of labor, the government launched the above-mentioned initiatives to tempt skilled foreign workers to apply for the many vacancies in both the public and private sector.

Under these new initiatives, the Immigration Service will be required to fast track labor permits for successful applicants and the DKK450,000 (USD90,000) annual salary requirement for potential new immigrants will be reduced. Newly arrived foreigners will be required to provide for themselves and will be offered exactly the same working conditions as Danish nationals.

As part of the 13 initiatives, a portal (www.workimport.dk) giving foreign jobseekers access to job vacancies in Denmark has been set up. Other initiatives include easier access to tax cards and the institution of hotlines for Danish enterprises wishing to hire overseas labor.

Source:   Office of European Affairs, Department of Foreign Affairs


Profile of H.E. Lars Lokke Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
Born 15 May 1964
Married to Sólrun Løkke Rasmussen; 3 children
Master of Laws, University of Copenhagen, 1992

Political career

2009- Prime Minister of Denmark
2007-2009 Minister for Finance
2001-2007 Minister for the Interior and Health
1998-2001 County Mayor of Frederiksborg County
1998 Vice Chairman of the Liberal Party
1994 Member of the Folketing for the Frederiksborg County Constituency
1986-1997 Member of Græsted-Gilleleje Municipal Council
1986-1989 National Chairman of the Young Liberals


1994 Author of 'Foreningshåndbogen' (The Association Manual)
1997 'Hvis jeg bli'r gammel' (If I Get Old)
2006 'Løkkeland - Lars Løkke Rasmussens Danmark (Løkkeland - Lars Løkke Rasmussen's Denmark)

Source: Office of European Affairs
Department of Foreign Affairs


Profile of Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
Queen Margrethe is the fifth generation of the Glücksburg monarchy in Denmark.

She is the great granddaughter of Frederik VIII and following the change to the Act of Succession in 1953 she is the "finest" of his descendants because she is sovereign and the descendant of the eldest son of every generation since Christian IX. Moreover, she is the great great granddaughter of Queen Victoria on her mother's side.

Queen Margrethe married the French count Henry de Laborde de Montpezat in 1967, and they have two sons, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim.

Queen Margrethe has a comprehensive education ranging from archaeology to governance and economics. She does not reveal her political views but in her new year addresses to the nation she features ethical and cultural issues upon which she feels strongly.

The queen is endowed with considerable artistic and cultural abilities.

In her youth archaeology was her passion; in recent years she has been active in many artistic fields, including fine art, church textiles, ballet costumes, and designs for the stage.


Profile of H.E. Per Stig Moller, Minister for Foreign Affairs
Born 1942

Son of former Minister for Finance Poul Møller and journalist Lis Møller. Both former MPs.

1961                               Graduated from 'Gymnasium' (Upper secondary school)

1967                               M.A. (in Comparative Literature, University of Copenhagen)

1973                               Ph.D.

Political Career

1960 - 1961                     National chairman of the Union of Conservative Gymnasium Students

1961 - 1962                     Vice-chairman of the Conservative Students' Association

1970 - 1972                     President of the Students' Union

1983 - 1989                     Chairman of the Popular Education Association (FOF)

1984 -                               MP for the Danish Conservative Party

1985 - 1989                     Member of the executive committee of the Danish Conservative Party

1993 - 1998                     ditto

1987 - 1990                     Member of the Council of Europe

1994 - 1997                     ditto

1998 - 2001                     ditto

1990 - 1993                     Minister for the Environment in the Poul Schlüter Government

1994 - 2001                     Member of the Foreign Policy Committee

1994 - 1996                     Chairman of the Security Policy Committee

1997 - 1998                     Chairman of the Danish Conservative Party

1997 - 1998                     Political leader of the Parliamentary Danish Conservative Party

1998 - 2001                     Foreign policy spokesman

From 27 November 2001    Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Anders Fogh Rasmussen Government

Parliamentary candidate for the Danish Conservative Party in Gentofte constituency from 1983 and since 1987 in Frederiksberg Slot constituency.