The Stockbridge Munsee Tribe of Mohican Indians
The Muh-he-ka-ne-ok
NEW! La page est traduite en francais!

Overview of tribal history

The Mohican homeland

The proud nation of Mohican Indians that once roamed a vast homeland in the woodlands of New England from the ocean to the shores of the Hudson and Housatonic rivers to the west, and from Manhattan Island to Lake Champlain in the north now holds its tribal council on the reservation in Bowler, Wisconsin. Mohican, Wappinger, and other Algonquian Indians banded together in the missionary town of Stockbridge, Massachusetts as they were pushed westward by the European colonists. Brothertown Indians from Pennsylvania and Delaware Munsee Indians later joined this group which underwent 6 major resettlements following the loss of the homeland. The Many Trails symbol represents the travels of the Mohicans far from the council fires of New England to the present day location of north central Wisconsin.

Thanksgiving, in a perhaps romanticized version of the events as told to me by my late grandfather and former tribal historian Elmer Davids, was the result of an invitation to the colonists to join the indian's annual harvest feast to give honor and thanks to the Great Spirit for the gifts of the warm months and to seek the benevolence of the Great Spirit for the forthcoming cold winter months. Sadly, the Mohican (Mahican) language and customs have been in large part lost and forgotten. This is attributable to the contact and influence of the European settlers and missionaries which for our tribe occured much earlier than was the case for tribes west of the Mississippi.

Van Cortlandt Park, in the north Bronx has a history area describing Indian Field, which is an athletic field built on a burial site of Stockbridge Indians who were ambushed and killed by British soldiers during the Revolutionary war. A plaque was put up there in 1906.

Mahican words

Most of these mahican words were conributed by Carl Masthay, editor of Schmick's Mahican Dictionary available from:

The American Philosophical Society
104 South Fifth Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106

Note: Most Algonquian scholars prefer to spell the name of our tribe mahican or mahikan.

Onayo Uske-kateek! Good New Year!

aquai hello nohhum my grandmother
nomasis my little grandmother nemoghhome my grandfather
machom grandfather mnohti bag of peace
squau-tho-won belts of wampum un-nuh-kau-kunmessenger, runner
Wauntheet MonnitoowShining Spirit tpochgo night
onaquega evening nameesfish
pachkenumdark gemezeeat
tahaso coldmenachk drink
achwahndowaganlovepachanit is snowing
Nia ktachwahnenI thee lovem'sauneehsnow
kschittau hotwastachquaamtree
nachk handwenannotongue
mahkwa bear siipo river
mattape sit downPachtamawas God
akiearth mbei water
soganahn rainkshachchen wind
geshoch sunanakusak stars
staufire wachtshu hill
nemanau mantah heart
mkhook-que-thoth owl woh-weet-quau-pee-chee counselors
wunneetit is good we-ku-wuhmwigwam, house
wnahktukookland at the end of the river (Mahican name for Stockbridge; also spelled Wanachquaticock) quin'a month'eeHow are you?
komeekha come in, be at home muh-he-con-nukgreat waters (sea)
Wneeweh: I thank you (contributed by Debra Winchell)

Woodland Indian Customs

The Mohicans were woodland Indians and lived in wigwams and longhouses, and not in tepees like the plains indians did. Wigwam means "bark-dwelling" in Mahican and was made of a frame of wood poles covered by bark and rush mattings. They slept on spruce boughs covered with deerskins and blankets. Woodland indians used corn husks, quillwork, feathers, beads and paint to decorate deer skin clothing, baskets and other ornaments. Common designs were plants, flowers, and semicircles depicting walking trails in the forest using the colors blood-red, white, blueberry and coal black. Corn, beans and squash "the three sisters" were food staples, augmented by hunting in the forest and maple sugaring each year in the spring. Women's roles included planting and harvesting crops, and men spent much of their time away, hunting, fishing and trapping. Children were never spanked or hit and were allowed considerable autonomy. Spirituality prior to missionary contact involved belief in a good Great Spirit and an evil spirit or trickster. A number of feasts and fasts were observed, including the harvest feast now known as Thanksgiving.

Archeology, Prehistory, Paleoindian Links

The Stockbridge-Munsee Mohicans

                    The Native Circle is a website mainly
       __           devoted to the Mohican Indians. It has a
     /    \         page about our tribe's symbol:Many Trails
  NATIVE CIRCLE     >>-----> see it here if you
     \ __ /         use a  text browser. This wonderful
                    site, maintained by Debbie Lonesome Dove
                    of Mohican ancestry, has links to
                    Stockbridge musicians, and links to sites
                    of interest to Native Americans.

Delaware Indians-the Munsee connection

A group of Munsee Indians (Wolf Sachem of the Delaware Indians) settled near the White River in Indiana joined the band of Stockbridge Indians which was composed of Mohicans along with some Brothertown and Wappinger Indians ...this group became the Stockbridge-Munsee band of Mohican Indians...of which I am an enrolled member!!!

1999 Mohican Powwow

Powwow information wigwam: enter here!!!

The Mohican Homeland in the 1990s

Wisconsin Links

The Last of James Fenimore Cooper ??!!

For more info on North American Indians:

BraveArrow's Native American links

Mohican Contact Information

Stockbridge-Munsee Community
N8467 Moh He Con Nuck Road
Bowler, WI 54416
Tel. (715) 793-4111
Fax: (715) 793-1307

nota bene

BraveArrow is my Indian name, given to me by my mother at birth. Mom is known as DeeDee on the rez. Altho I am Mohican and enrolled on the tribal scrolls, the above information has not been officially endorsed by the tribal council. I have made every effort to portray my people, the Mohicans, as accurately as possible and welcome feedback that may improve the site. I am indebted to my godmother and tribal elder Aunt Dot for her suggestions which have greatly impacted the content of this site.
Many thanks to Dr. Carl Masthay for his assistance with Mahican words and pointing out various other corrections and oversights.

Thanks for stopping by!!


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Last updated on 12/Feb/2001