Induction Year: 2003
Induction Category: Performer
Phil Rudd (drums; born May 19, 1954), Brian Johnson (vocals; born October 5, 1947), Bon Scott (vocals; born July 6, 1946, died February 19, 1980), Cliff Williams (bass; born December 14, 1949), Angus Young (lead guitar; born March 31, 1955), Malcolm Young (rhythm guitar; born January 6, 1953)
For three decades AC/DC has reigned as one of the best-loved and hardest-rocking bands in the world. Featuring guitarist Angus Young as their visual symbol and musical firebrand, they grew from humble origins in Australia to become an arena-filling phenomenon with worldwide popularity. They did so without gimmickry, except for Angus’s schoolboy uniform, which became mandatory stage attire. From the beginning they have been a straight-ahead, no-frills rock and roll band that aimed for the gut. “We’ve never pulled any punches,” vocalist Brian Johnson has said. “We just play music that’s fun and simple--the way our audience likes it.”
“Cliched as it might be, we’ve always been a good, hard rock ‘n’ roll band,” Angus Young has said of AC/DC.
This uncomplicated approach has given AC/DC a single-minded sense of mission. They’ve never recorded power ballads or gone soft to enhance their commercial appeal. Their unwavering devotion to no-frills hard rock with plenty of bawdy wit has made for a consistency that’s won them the loyalty of millions of fans, who range from working stiffs to the Rolling Stones’ Keith Richards. Another famous fan, author Stephen King, tapped AC/DC to assemble Who Made Who, the 1986 soundtrack album to the film version of his novel Maximum Overdrive.
Angus Young was born into a family of musical siblings. His oldest brother, George Young, belonged to the Easybeats, an Aussie beat group that had a worldwide hit in 1965 with “Friday on My Mind.” Another guitar-playing sibling, Malcolm Young, had the original idea for a no-nonsense rock band built around energetic Angus, who was the brood’s most talented musician. The Young brothers chose the name AC/DC, which implied electricity and a hint of danger. The nascent AC/DC played their first gig at a club in Sydney on New Year’s Eve 1973. The group’s lineup solidified in 1974 when vocalist Bon Scott, drummer Phil Rudd and bassist Mark Evans replaced early members Dave Evans, Rob Bailey and Peter Clack.
Hungry and tirelessly hard-working, AC/DC toured and recorded constantly in the 1970s. Their first four studio albums - High Voltage (1975), T.N.T. (1975), Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap (1976), Let There Be Rock (1977) and Powerage (1978) - were produced by George Young and his Easybeats partner, Henry Vanda. The Vanda-Young tandem captured the band’s raw energy in the studio. At the same time, AC/DC’s songs had a straightforward appeal that made them more of a hard rock than a heavy metal band. The group signed a worldwide contract with Atlantic Records in 1976; as a result, the American reissues of AC/DC’s early work differ significantly from the Australian originals. Let There Be Rock (1977) was the first AC/DC album to be released simultaneously around the world. After its recording, tour-weary bassist Evans left, replaced by Cliff Williams. A live album, If You’ve Want Blood You’ve Got It, came at the end of 1978.
AC/DC’s studio mastery took a giant leap with Highway to Hell (1979), recorded over a six-month period in London instead of Australia. At George Young’s suggestion, they tried a new producer: John Robert “Mutt” Lange (who’d later work with Def Leppard and Shania Twain). Angus sported a pair of devil’s horns on the jacket, which contributed to disapproval of AC/DC in some fundamentalist quarters. The band headlined its first European tour as Highway to Hell hit the British Top Ten and reached #17 in America. These triumphs were followed by tragedy when singer Bon Scott died of asphyxiation following a drinking binge on February 19, 1980.
Though devastated, Malcolm and Angus quickly began working up new material as a form of therapy. “I just rang up Angus and said, ‘Do you wanna come back and rehearse?’” Malcolm Young told Rolling Stone. “This was about two days afterward.” After auditioning new vocalists, they settled on Brian Johnson, a native of Newcastle, England, whose gruff, aggressive vocals helped AC/DC successfully enter a dramatic new phase of its career. The group rebounded with Back in Black, whose title and all-black cover paid silent tribute to Scott. The music rocked with a determined authority that catapulted AC/DC into a class with Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple and the Rolling Stones. Because they were younger than those bands, AC/DC bonded with a youthful audience that kept them on top throughout the 1980s. Back in Black was an instant classic that ranks as the sixth best-selling rock album of all time, having sold 19 million copies in the U.S. and 41 million worldwide. The album gave AC/DC a series of anthems that have formed the backbone of their live show: “You Shook Me All Night Long,” “Back in Black” and “Hells Bells,” which began with the tolling of a two-ton bell.
Building on their momentum, AC/DC followed Back in Black with For Those About to Rock (We Salute You), whose title track is performed live as cannons detonate. A decade of hard work was rewarded when For Those About to Rock (We Salute You) became AC/DC’s first #1 album in America, selling a million copies in its first week of release. Having ascended to the top of the hard-rock realm, AC/DC headlined 1984’s Monsters of Rock in Donnington, England and 1985’s Rock in Rio in Brazil, where they performed for an audience numbering nearly half a million. More albums followed on a dependable schedule - Flick of the Switch (1983), Fly on the Wall (1985), Who Made Who (1986) and Blow Up Your Video (1988) - each of which yielded a few new AC/DC classics to the expanding canon. The Razor’s Edge (1990) even contained an uncharacteristic hit single, “Moneytalks.”
In 1991 came The Razor’s Edge, whose opening track, “Thunderstruck,” was one of AC/DC’s strongest in years. It was based on a real-life experience: a lightning bolt struck the small plane in which Angus Young was flying, which nearly crashed as a result. A live recording, prosaically entitled Live, appeared in 1992 and was made available as a double disc and an abridged single disc. While not as prolific in the studio or omnipresent on the road in the 1990s, AC/DC continued to deliver when they did tour and record: in 1995 with Ballbreaker and in 2000 with Stiff Upper Lip. In 1997, during the five years between studio albums, the box set Bonfire was released.
Though their choruses were as infectious as anything on radio, AC/DC were fundamentally the antithesis of a Top Forty band. Thus, they’ve cracked the U.S. singles charts only three times: “You Shook Me All Night Long” (#35), “Back in Black” (“#37) and “Moneytalks” (#23). Their albums, on the other hand, have been all gone gold or platinum. In the America, AC/DC’s best-sellers are Back in Black (19 million copies sold), Highway to Hell (6 million), Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap (6 million), Who Made Who (5 million), Live (whose single and double-disc configurations have sold a combined 5 million), For Those About to Rock We Salute You (4 million), and The Razor’s Edge (4 million). AC/DC moved from Atlantic to Sony in late 2002, and 2003 began with a major reissue program and the promise of a new studio album.
Thirty years on, AC/DC continues to give the fans what they want. Through it all, they’ve never lost the common touch - the sense that the band and their audience were interchangeable, and that both were celebrating the joyful jolt of electricity provided by good, hard, uncompromising rock and roll.
July 6, 1946: AC/DC vocalist Bon Scott is born.
October 5, 1947: AC/DC vocalist Brian Johnson is born.
January 6, 1953: Malcolm Young, rhythm guitarist for AC/DC, is born.
March 31, 1959: Angus Young, lead guitarist for AC/DC, is born.
December 31, 1973: Scottish-born brothers Angus and Malcolm Young perform their first show together at a Sydney, Australia, nightclub. They will select the name AC/DC for their band.
February 1975: AC/DC releases its first album, High Voltagec>, in its Australian homeland. The group’s second Aussie album, T.N.T., will be released before the year is out.
April 1976: AC/DC play their first live shows in England. The outing is dubbed the Lock Up Your Daughters Tour and includes an appearance at the Reading Rock festival.
October 1976: Having signed a worldwide contract with Atlantic Records, AC/DC’s first American album - High Voltage, a compendium of their first two Australian albums - is released.
November 1976: AC/DC’s third album, Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap, is released everywhere but the United States, where it will not see the light of day until 1981.
June 1977: AC/DC begins a marathon summer tour, opening for Black Sabbath in Europe, as a new album, Let There Be Rock, is released. Cliff Williams replaces Mark Evans on bass.
May 1978: AC/DC’s unleashes its fifth album, Powerage, followed less than half a year later by the group’s first live album, If You Want Blood You’ve Got It.
June 10, 1978: “Rock ‘n’ Roll Damnation” becomes AC/DC’s first British hit single, reaching #24.
July 1979: AC/DC issues its breakthrough album, Highway to Hell, which becomes their first to sell over a million copies.
February 19, 1980: Bon Scott, original vocalist for AC/DC, dies in London of asphyxiation after an all-night drinking binge. He is replaced in April by Brian Johnson.
August 23, 1980: AC/DC’s Back in Black enters the Billboard chart for what will be a 131-week run. To date, the album has sold 19 million copies in the U.S.
September 6, 1980: AC/DC cracks the U.S. Top Forty with “You Shook Me All Night Long.”
August 1981: AC/DC headlines the Monsters of Rock Festival in Donnington, England.
November 1981: For Those About to Rock (We Salute You), featuring the anthemic title track, is released. It will be the first and only AC/DC album to top the U.S. chart - which it does for three weeks.
October 1984: AC/DC’s tenth anniversary is celebrated with the release of ’74 Jailbreak, a five-track mini-album that collects archival early songs unreleased in the U.S.
May 1986: AC/DC’s Who Made Who - a compendium of new and classic tracks, and the official soundtrack for the Stephen King film Maximum Overdrive - is released.
February 1988: Blow Up Your Video, which reunites AC/DC with producers Harry Vanda and George Young, is released. “Heatseeker” becomes a sizable British hit, reaching #12.
December 8, 1990: “Moneytalks,” AC/DC’s biggest American hit, enters the Top Forty, where it will peak at #23. It’s from the album The Razors Edge, released in September.
August 1995: AC/DC releases Ballbreaker, their first studio album in five years. It marks the return of drummer Phil Rudd, who’d last played with them on 1983’s Flick of the Switch.
November 1997: The box set Bonfire, by AC/DC, appears. Containing live and unreleased material, it pays tribute to AC/DC’s early years, when the late Bon Scott was their singer.
February 29, 2000: Stiff Upper Lip is released. The album, their first in five years, is among the strongest albums of their career.
December 2002: AC/DC signed a new deal with Sony Music, which commences with a comprehensive reissue series.
March 10, 2003: AC/DC is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at the eighteenth annual induction dinner. Steven Tyler of Aerosmith is their presenter.
You Shook Me All Night Long
For Those About to Rock We Salute You
Highway to Hell
Back in Black
Let There Be Rock
Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap
Whole Lotta Rosie
“AC/DC: Hell Ain’t a Bad Place to Be”
Richard Bunton. New York: Omnibus Press, 1982.
“AC/DC Shrugs Off a Death and Rocks On.”
David Fricke. Rolling Stone (October 30, 1980): 17-18.
AC/DC (Monsters of Metal)
Tim Holmes. New York: Ballantine Books, 1986.
AC/DC: The World’s Heaviest Rock
Martin Huxley. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.
“AC/DC: Their History, Collectibles and Discography.”
Melissa and Chris Tesch. Goldmine (April 5, 1991): 8-16+.
Highway to Hell: The Life and Times of AC/DC Legend Bon Scott
Clinton Walker. Portland, OR: Verse Chorus Press, 2001.