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Andorite

Formula:
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
System:OrthorhombicColour:Dark grey.
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Name:Named for Andor von Semsey (1833-1923), Hungarian mineral collector.


Ramdohrite-Lillianite Group.
The name andorite was later split up into two distinct species - Andorite IV (= andorite s.s.) and Andorite VI.

Classification of Andorite

IMA status:Discredited
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.23-40

2 : Sulphides
E : Sulphosalts (S : As,Sb,Bi = x), Sulphosalts with predominant Fe and Cu and x = 2.0
23 : Uchucchacuaite - Roshchinite series
Dana 7th edition ID:3.4.15.4
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.22

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Andorite

Type Locality:Baia Sprie mine (Felsöbánya mine), Baia Sprie (Felsöbánya), Maramures Co., Romania
Year of Discovery:1892

Physical Properties of Andorite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Dark grey.
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
None
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):5.33 - 5.37 g/cm3

Crystallography of Andorite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 12.99Å, b = 19.14Å, c = 4.3Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.679 : 1 : 0.225
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,069.10 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Stout prismatic and striated [001]; thick tabular {100}, or less commonly thin tabular {010}. Massive.
Twinning:Reported on {110}.

Optical Data of Andorite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Weak
Colour in reflected light:White

Chemical Properties of Andorite

Formula:
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
Essential elements:Ag, Pb, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Ag, Pb, S, Sb
Common Impurities:Cu,Zn,Fe

Relationship of Andorite to other Species

Related Minerals - Strunz Grouping):

- +
2/E.23-10Uchucchacuaite
AgMnPb
 
3
Sb
 
5
S
 
12
2/E.23-20Fizélyite
Pb
 
14
Ag
 
5
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
?
2/E.23-30Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
2/E.23-50Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.1Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.4Gladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
5.7.5Lindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Pb
 
2
Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi
 
2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Pb
 
14
Ag
 
5
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
?
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
AgPb
 
2
Bi
 
3
S
 
7
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
(Ag,Cu)
 
2
Pb
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
13
5.7.41Berryite
Pb
 
3
(Ag,Cu)
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Pb
 
7
(Cu,Ag)
 
2
Bi
 
6
S
 
17
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.44Cupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
3.4.15.1Lillianite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
3.4.15.7Roschinite
3.4.15.8Fizélyite
Pb
 
14
Ag
 
5
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
?

Other Names for Andorite

Synonyms:
SundtiteWebnerite
Other Languages:
German:Andorit
Russian:Андорит
Spanish:Andorita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Andorite

Reference List:Krenner (1892), Mat. Termés. Ért.: 11: 119.

Krenner (1894), Zs. Kr.: 23: 497.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 457-459.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1971): 551-560.

American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 219-220.

Internet Links for Andorite

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    Localities for Andorite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Rinconada Department
        • Pirquitas Ag-Sn Deposit
    No reference listed
    • Salta
      • Puna de Jujuy
    Peralta & Sureda (1992); 4 Congreso Nacional y 1 Congreso Latinoamericano de Geologia Economica 116-125, Cordoba.
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • East Gippsland Shire
        • Omeo
          • Mt Wills Mining District
            • Sunnyside
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
    No reference listed
    [MinRec 32:473]
    [MinRec: 21:98; 32:479]; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:248
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Huanchaca
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
      • Chayanta Province
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
      • Cornelio Saavedra Province
        • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
          • Machacamarca
    Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
    Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
      • Potosí City
    [MinRec 32:465]
    Dana 7:I:459.
      • Rafael Bustillo Province
        • Llallagua
    Mineralogical Record (2006): 37: 117-162.
      • Sud Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    Federico Ahlfeld y Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    [MinRec 32:480
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Red Lake Gold District
          • Balmertown
    Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp94-99
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Zhaoqing Prefecture
        • Gaoyao Co.
          • Changkeng-Fuwang Au-Ag deposit
    Huaying Liang, Ping Xia, Xiuzhang Wang, Jingping Cheng, Zhenhua Zhao, and Congqiang Liu (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 304-318.
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
    Mineralogical Magazine (1987), 51, 743.
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Qingchengzi ore field
    Chen Jiangfeng, Yu Gang, Xue Chunji, Qian Hui, He Jianfeng, Xing Zhi, and Zhang Xun (2005): Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 48(4), 467-476.
    Colombia
     
    • Antioquia Department
      • Titiribí District
    Alba Nury Gallego and Masahide Akasaka (2005) Mineralogical study of El Zancudo silver-gold deposit, Antioquia, Colombia; JAMP, 2005.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Zemek, V.: Příspěvek k chemickému složení rudních minerálů jižní části kutnohorského rudního revíru. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2002, roč. 10, s. 283-289.
        • Příbram
          • Třebsko
    [MinRec 22:209-212]
      • Plzeň Region
        • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
    Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
    Ecuador
     
    • Azuay Province
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:210-227
    Fiji
     
    • Viti Levu
      • Tavua Gold Field
        • Vatukoula
    Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
    Finland
     
    • Länsi-Suomen Lääni
      • Kisko
    No reference listed
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
    Wittern, Journée (1997): \"Mineralien finden in den Vogesen\", von Loga (Cologne), pp. 36-37.
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Langeac
          • Marsanges
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Mercoeur
          • Chazelles-Haut (Chazelle)
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
    • Brittany
      • Morbihan
        • Pontivy
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
    • Corsica
      • Haute-Corse
        • Bastia
          • Macinaggio
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mouthoumet
            • Palairac
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
      • Hérault
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Ussel
    [MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Inventaire Mineralogique de la France numero 7. Aveyron pages 190 - 191
    • Pays de Loire
      • Vendée
        • Les Herbiers
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs,(2), 3-13
        • Valgaudemar
          • Pelvoux Mt.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Hausach
          • Adlersbach valley
    No reference listed
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Freiberg District
          • Bräunsdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greece
     
    • Attikí (Attica; Attika) Prefecture
      • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium) District
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Stazzema
            • Ponte Stazzemese
    Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
    The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aqmola Oblysy (Akmola [Tselinograd] Oblast')
      • Aksu ore field
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Mexico
     
    • Mexico
      • Mun. de Temascaltepec
        • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
    Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
    Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
      • Castrovirreyna Province
        • Castrovirreyna District
    American Mineralogist 87:753-764
    • Lima Department
      • Oyon Province
    E. Oudin et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 166-169.
    Romania
     
    • Maramures Co.
      • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Baia Sprie (Felsöbánya)
    Math. és Term.Tud.Ért.(1893) 11, 119-122
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Saha Republic (Sakha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Tyry River
    Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
        • Indigirka River Basin
          • Ust'-Nera
    American Mineralogist, Volume 79, pages 763-767, 1994
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Dal'negorsk (Dalnegorsk; Tetyukhe; Tjetjuche; Tetjuche)
    Min. Rec. vol 32, pp10-30 (2001); Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Western Slovenské Rudohorie Mts
        • Chyžné
    Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Prešov Region
      • Northern Slanské Mts
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    Sweden
     
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
    No reference listed
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Malcantone
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 38
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
      • Pamir Mts
        • Pamir Silver District
          • Bazardara ore cluster
    Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Alpine Co.
    MinRec 22:29-42
      • Inyo Co.
    www.mineralsocal.org
    • Colorado
      • Conejos Co.
        • Platoro District (Ute District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Montana
      • Silver Bow Co.
        • Butte District
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Sylvania District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Cortez District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Broken Hills District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
    Rocks & Minerals. Nov. 1999
    Dana 7:I:459.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • White Pine Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Am Min 50:1498-1500
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Ward District
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washington
      • King Co.
        • North Bend
          • Bear Basin
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.43
      • Stevens Co.
        • Orient District
          • Heidegger Hill
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.44,61
    Mineral and/or Locality
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