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Afghanistan

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ARTICLE
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Britannica World Data
Official nameIslamic Republic of Afghanistan (Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān [Dari]); Da Afghanestan Eslami Jamhuriyat (Pashto)1
Form of governmentIslamic republic1 with two legislative bodies (House of Elders [102]; House of the People [249])
Head of state and governmentPresident
CapitalKabul
Official languagesDari; Pashto2
Official religionIslam
Monetary unit(new) afghani (Af)
Population estimate(2009) 28,150,000
Total area (sq mi)249,347
Total area (sq km)645,807

1From promulgation of new constitution on Jan. 26, 2004.

2Six additional locally official languages per the 2004 constitution are Uzbek, Turkmen, Balochi, Kafiri (Nuristani), Pashai, and Pamiri.

ARTICLE
from
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

Area: 249,347 sq mi (645,807 sq km). Population (2005 est.: 23,867,000). Capital: Kabul. About two-fifths of the people belong to the Pashtun ethnic group; other ethnic groups include Tajiks, Uzbeks, and Ḥazāra. Languages: Pashto, Persian (both official). Religions: Islam (official; predominantly Sunni); also Zoroastrianism. Currency: afghani. Afghanistan has three distinctive regions: the northern plains are the major agricultural area; the southwestern plateau consists primarily of desert and semiarid landscape; and the central highlands, including the Hindu Kush, separate these regions. Afghanistan has a developing economy based largely on agriculture; its significant mineral resources remain largely untapped because ... (100 of 26591 words)

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Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

Afghanistan - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11)

The country of Afghanistan lies at the heart of central Asia. In ancient times it was crossed by trade routes connecting lands to the east and west. More recently Afghanistan has been devastated by decades of nearly constant warfare. The capital is Kabul.

Afghanistan - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up)

The mountainous country of Afghanistan lies in south-central Asia. It is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Iran, and Pakistan. A panhandle on the northeast, the Wakhan Corridor, connects it with China. Its southernmost part is separated from the nearest sea, the Arabian Sea, by 300 miles (480 kilometers) of Pakistani territory.

LINKS
External Web Sites
The topic Afghanistan is discussed at the following external Web sites.
Afghanistan Online
CIA - The World Factbook - Afghanistan
Library of Congress Country Study: Afghanistan
U.S. Department of State: Afghanistan
BBC News: Afghanistan
Afghanistan Online - The Role of Afghanistan in the fall of the USSR
Lonely Planet - Afghanistan
Mongabay.Com - Afghanistan
National Geographic - Travel and Cultures - Afghanistan
Atlapedia Online - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
How Stuff Works - Geography - Geography of Afghanistan
Afghana.com - Afghanistan
U.S. Department of State - Consular Information Sheet - Afghanistan
Consular information sheet on this Asian country. Covers entry and exit requirements, medical facilities, road conditions, and customs regulations.
Ethnologue Report for Afghanistan
Information on the various languages and dialects spoken in this Asian country.
Embassy of Afghanistan in Washington, D.C.
Embassy of Afghanistan in Ottawa
Fact Monster - Afghanistan War

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