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Currently listed entities

This webpage has been prepared for reference only. Users should consult the Acts as passed by Parliament, which are published in the "Assented to" Acts service, Part III of the Canada Gazette and the annual Statutes of Canada. Users should also consult the regulations, as registered by the Clerk of the Privy Council and published in Part II of the Canada Gazette, available in most public libraries.

Several of the listed entities are known under different names. As well, some spellings of names may differ. Click on the name for a description of the entity, all different names and spellings, and the date when the entity was added to the list.


Abu Nidal Organization (ANO)

Also known as
Fatah Revolutionary Council, Revolutionary Council, Revolutionary Council of Fatah, Al-Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-the Revolutionary Council, Black June, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims, Black September, Egyptian Revolution, Arab Fedayeen Cells, Palestine Revolutionary Council and Organization of Jund al Haq

Description
Established in the 1970s, the Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) is an international terrorist organization founded by Sabri al-Banna (a.k.a. Abu Nidal).  The main goal of the ANO is the destruction of Israel and the creation of an independent Palestinian state.  The ANO has utilized many methods to further its cause, including bombings, hijackings, assassinations and armed attacks against civilians.  In total, it has carried out over 90 terrorist attacks in 20 countries, killing approximately 300 people and wounding hundreds more.

Date listed
2 February, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)

Also known as
Al Harakat Al Islamiyya (AHAI), Al Harakat-ul Al Islamiyya, Al-Harakatul-Islamia, Al Harakat Al Aslamiya, Abou Sayaf Armed Band (ASAB), Abu Sayaff Group, Abu Sayyef Group and Mujahideen Commando Freedom Fighters (MCFF)

Description
Founded in the early 1990s, the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) is a militant organization based in the southern Philippines.  It seeks a separate Islamic state in Mindanao for the country's Muslim minority.  ASG activities include bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, and extorting from companies and wealthy businessmen.  Its targets are primarily security forces, foreign priests and religious figures, and Christian populations.  ASG ideology is not solely predicated on demands for regional autonomy; it also espouses many of the broad objectives of Al Qaida.

Date listed
12 February, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Al Jihad (AJ)

Also known as
Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ)

Description
Al Jihad (AJ) was formed in the late 1970s in Egypt as a violent offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood.  Its objectives are to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace it with an Islamic state, and to attack United States and Israeli interests in Egypt and abroad.  AJ tactics have historically been targeted at high-level Egyptian government officials, as well as at US and Israeli interests in Egypt and abroad.  AJ activities have included the assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1981, involvement in an Egyptian Embassy bombing in Islamabad in 1995, and the two 1998 United States Embassy bombings in Africa.  The group has links with Osama bin Laden, Al Qaida, and the Vanguards of Conquest, and is a signatory to the 1998 fatwa (religious decree) against the United States and Israel. 

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Al Qaida

Description
Founded in the 1980s, Al Qaida is the central component of a network of Sunni extremist groups.  It functions as an umbrella organization with branches in the Middle East, Africa, and Central Asia.  Al Qaida is committed to overthrowing secular governments in Islamic countries and using force to eliminate all Western influences in these countries.  Al Qaida activities include, but are not limited to, suicide attacks, simultaneous bombings, kidnappings, and hijackings.  The Al Qaida network has been directly or indirectly associated with the 1998 bombings of two United States embassies, and the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole.  It was directly involved in the World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks of September 11, 2001.   

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Al Shabaab

Also known as
Harakat Shabaab al Mujahidin, al Shabab, Shabaab, the Youth, Mujahidin al Shabaab Movement, Mujahideen Youth Movement, MYM, Mujahidin Youth, Hizbul Shabaab, Hisb’ul Shabaab, al-Shabaab al-Islamiya, Youth Wing, al Shabaab al-Islaam, al-Shabaab al-Jihad, the Unity of Islamic Youth, the Popular Resistance Movement in the Land of the Two Migrations

Description
Al Shabaab is an organized, but shifting, Islamist group dedicated to establishing a Somali caliphate, waging jihad against the enemies of Islam, and removing all foreign forces and Western influence from Somalia. It is today the strongest, best organized, financed and armed military group in Somalia, and it controls the largest stretch of territory in Southern Somalia. Al Shabaab has carried out suicide bombings and attacks using land mines and remote controlled roadside bombs, as well as targeted assassinations against Ethiopian and Somali security forces, other government officials, journalists and civil society leaders. The group is believed to be closely linked with Al Qaida and has recently formally pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden and his terrorist network.  

Date listed
5 March, 2010

 

Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade (AAMB)

Also known as
Al-Aqsa Intifada Martyrs' Group, Al-Aqsa Brigades, Martyrs of al-Aqsa group, Al-Aqsa Martyrs Battalion and Armed Militias of the Al-Aqsa Martyr Battalions

Description
The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade (AAMB) is an armed Palestinian group associated with the Fatah organization.  It emerged following the Palestinian-Israeli clashes in September 2000.  AAMB objectives include the removal of the Israeli military and settlers from the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem, and the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state.  The AAMB conducts armed attacks, bombings, and suicide bombings to achieve its objectives. 

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya (AGAI)

Also known as
Islamic Group, (IG)

Description
Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya (AGAI) is a militant Egyptian movement that strives to overthrow the current Egyptian government, through force, and replace it with an Islamic state.  The AGAI specializes in armed attacks against government and security officials, Western tourists and any others believed to be opponents of an Islamic state in Egypt.  In 2006, the group announced its merger with Al Qaida. The group is a signatory to the 1998 Fatwa (religious decree) against the United States and Israel.

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Al-Ittihad Al-Islam (AIAI)

Description
Al-Ittihad Al-Islam (AIAI) is an Islamic organization that engages in terrorism in Somalia and Ethiopia.  Guided by the goal of creating a theocracy based on Islamic law, the AIAI seeks to unify all Muslims in the region under the banner of creating a 'greater Somalia'.  To achieve this objective, the AIAI is committed to using indiscriminate terror tactics, including the targeting of foreigners and political leaders of foreign states.  The AIAI is believed to have operational links with Al Qaida.

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Ansar al-Islam (AI)

Also known as
Partisans of Islam, Helpers of Islam, Supporters of Islam, Soldiers of God, Kurdistan Taliban, Soldiers of Islam, Kurdistan Supporters of Islam, Supporters of Islam in Kurdistan, Followers of Islam in Kurdistan

Description
Ansar al-Islam (AI) is a radical Sunni para-military group composed of Iraqi Kurds, Arabs and others.  The group was established in September 2001 as a result of the merger of several Kurdish Sunni groups.  It follows the same extremist interpretation of Islam as Al Qaida.  AI activities include kidnappings, murders, and armed attacks. 

Date listed
17 May, 2004

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Armed Islamic Group (GIA)

Also known as
Groupe islamique armé

Description
The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) is a radical Sunni group based in Algeria.  The GIA's primary objective is to overthrow the Algerian government and replace it with an Islamic state.  The group employs a variety of methods and tactics in its attacks, including bombings, shootings, hijackings and kidnappings.  The GIA is known to have targeted intellectuals, journalists and foreigners, both within and outside of Algeria.  The group has links with terrorist organizations throughout the Middle East and Central/Southern Asia, including Al Qaida. 

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Asbat Al-Ansar ("The League of Partisans")

Also known as
Osbat Al Ansar, Usbat Al Ansar, Esbat Al-Ansar, Isbat Al Ansar and Usbat-ul-Ansar

Description
Asbat Al-Ansar is a Lebanon-based Sunni extremist group composed primarily of Palestinians with links to Al Qaida and other Sunni extremist groups.  The group's goals include eliminating perceived anti-Islamic and pro-Western influences in Lebanon and establishing a radical Islamic regime in the country.  Asbat Al-Ansar activities include armed attacks against Lebanese and Western government officials, bombing public and religious places, and killing senior members of rival groups.

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Aum Shinrikyo

Also known as
Aum Shinri Kyo, Aum, Aum Supreme Truth, A. I. C. Comprehensive Research Institute, A. I. C. Sogo Kenkyusho and Aleph

Description
Aum Shinrikyo / Aleph is a religious organization founded in Japan in 1987.  The sect's beliefs are based on a selection of principles from Tibetan Buddhism, apocalyptic aspects of Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction, the Zen masters, Isaac Asimov's science fiction, and the Judeo-Christian concept of Armageddon.  The sect's primary objective is to catalyze a nuclear Armageddon.  Aum Shinrikyo / Aleph is responsible for the 12 deaths and the hospitalization of over 5,000 persons resulting from a sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway system on March 20, 1995.  It has also been accused of detaining members against their will, extortion, kidnapping members who decided to leave, and murdering members who refused to turn over all their possessions or to return to the sect. 

Date listed
10 December, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC)

Also known as
Autodéfenses unies de Colombie and United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia

Description
The Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC) is a right-wing terrorist organization in Colombia which acts as an umbrella organization for like-minded paramilitary groups.  Guided by its objective of countering the influence and activity of left-wing guerrilla organizations, the AUC has come into conflict with rival terrorist groups from the National Liberation Army (ELN) and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).  The AUC is closely linked to the drug trade as the revenue from illegal narcotics smuggling is integral to its operations.  In order to achieve its goals, the AUC has employed a variety of tactics, including assassinations, intimidation, torture, and kidnapping.

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Babbar Khalsa (BK)

Description
Babbar Khalsa (BK) and Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) are entities of a Sikh organization that aims to establish an independent Sikh state called Khalistan (Land of the Pure) in the area that is presently the Indian state of Punjab.  BK and BKI continue to be among the most powerful militant Sikh groups.  Ideologically, members of BK and BKI follow in the path of their historical namesake Babbar Akalis, and vow to avenge the deaths of Sikhs killed in defense of the faith.  BK and BKI activities include armed attacks, kidnapping, assassination and bombings. 

Date listed
18 June, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Babbar Khalsa International (BKI)

Description
Babbar Khalsa (BK) and Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) are entities of a Sikh organization that aims to establish an independent Sikh state called Khalistan (Land of the Pure) in the area that is presently the Indian state of Punjab. BK and BKI continue to be among the most powerful militant Sikh groups. Ideologically, members of BK and BKI follow in the path of their historical namesake Babbar Akalis, and vow to avenge the deaths of Sikhs killed in defense of the faith. BK and BKI activities include armed attacks, kidnapping, assassination and bombings.

Date listed
18 June, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN)

Also known as
National Liberation Army and the Army of National Liberation

Description
The Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), founded in 1964, is the second-largest leftist rebel group in Colombia after the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).  The ELN's principal aim is to 'seize power for the people' and establish a revolutionary government.  The group believes foreign involvement in Colombia's oil industry violates the country's sovereignty and foreign companies are unfairly exploiting Colombia's natural resources.  ELN activities include kidnapping, hijacking, bombing, extortion and guerrilla warfare.  The ELN targets many of its attacks at the Colombian oil industry.  While its activities have been limited to Colombia, it has acted against Canadian interests by kidnapping a Canadian employee of Occidental Petroleum and attempting to assassinate the Canadian manager of a Texas oil company in Bogota.  ELN has close ties with the FARC.  Both ELN and FARC are members of the Simon Bolivar Guerrilla Coordination Board.

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA)

Also known as
Basque Homeland and Liberty, Euzkadi Ta Azkatasuna, Euzkadi Ta Askatasanu, Basque Nation and Liberty, Basque Fatherland and Liberty and Basque Homeland and Freedom

Description
The Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) was formed in 1959 and is headquartered in the Basque provinces of Spain and France.  It has been responsible for attacks on Spanish and French interests domestically and abroad.  ETA is the most powerful of the Basque terrorist groups, with the stated objective of creating an independent Basque state that would contain the six Basque provinces of Spain and France, as well as the Navarra province of Spain.  ETA activities include bombings, assassinations and kidnappings.  The ETA is said to have killed over 800 people and carried out some 1,600 terrorist attacks since its formation. 

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC)

Also known as
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People's Army (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo, FARC-EP), National Finance Commission (Comisión Nacional de Finanzas) and Coordinadora Nacional Guerrillera Simon Bolivar (CNGSB)

Description
Established in the 1960s, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is Colombia's oldest, largest, and best-equipped leftist insurgency group.  FARC is guided by its goal of overthrowing the current government in Colombia and replacing it with a leftist, anti-American regime that would force all United States interests out of Colombia and Latin America.  FARC activities include bombings, hijackings, assassinations and the kidnapping of Colombian officials and Westerners.  Both FARC and Ejército de Liberación Nacional are members of the Simon Bolivar Guerrilla Coordination Board.

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar

Also known as
Gulabudin Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin Khekmatiyar, Gulbuddin Hekmatiar, Gulbuddin Hekmartyar, Gulbudin Hekmetyar, Golboddin Hikmetyar, and Gulbuddin Hekmetyar

Description
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of the group Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin (HIG), espouses an extreme Islamic anti-Western ideology with the objective of overthrowing the Afghani administration, eliminating all Western influence in Afghanistan, and creating an Islamic state.  In late 2002, Hekmatyar joined forces with Al Qaida and the Taliban to form an anti-Western, anti-Afghan government alliance.  Since 2002, Hekmatyar has reportedly established a base, recruited new members and initiated mobile training camps with Al Qaida and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan, with the goal of carrying out terrorist activities in Afghanistan.

Date listed
24 May, 2005

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Hamas (Harakat Al-Muqawama Al-Islamiya) ("Islamic Resistance Movement")

Description
Hamas, the Arabic acronym for the group Harakat Al-Muqawama Al-Islamiya, which also means "Zeal", is a radical Sunni terrorist organization that developed from the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood in 1987.  It uses political and violent means to pursue the goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in Israel.  Since 1990, Hamas has been responsible for several hundred terrorist attacks against both civilian and military targets.  Hamas has been one of the primary groups involved in suicide bombings aimed at Israelis in the course of the intifada that started in September 2000.

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Harakat ul-Mudjahidin (HuM)

Also known as
Al-Faran, Al-Hadid, Al-Hadith, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Harakat ul-Mujahideen, Harakat al-Mujahideen, Harkat-ul-Ansar, Harakat ul-Ansar, Harakat al-Ansar, Harkat-ul-Jehad-e-Islami, Harkat Mujahideen, Harakat-ul-Mujahideen al-Almi, Holy Warriors Movement, Movement of the Mujahideen, Movement of the Helpers, Movement of Islamic Fighters and Al Qanoon

Description
Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HuM) is a Pakistan-based radical Kashmiri Islamic organization seeking Pakistani rule for the Indian territory of Kashmir, in addition to calling for a war against America and India.  To achieve these objectives, the HuM employs various methods that include hijacking, kidnapping and executing foreigners and Indian government officials.  The group has links with Al Qaida, and is also a signatory to the Al Qaida issued 1998 fatwa (religious decree) against the United States and Israel.

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Faction of the Hezb-e Islami, Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin (HIG)

Description
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's faction of the Hezb-e Islami, Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin (HIG), espouses a radical Islamic anti-Western ideology with the objectives of overthrowing the Afghani administration, eliminating all Western influence in Afghanistan, and creating an Islamic state.  HIG activities include killings, torture, kidnappings, attacking political figures, and targeting civilians, journalists, foreigners, and foreign aid workers.  The group has formed links with Al Qaida and the Taliban. 

Date listed
23 October, 2006

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Hizballah

Also known as
Hizbullah, Hizbollah, Hezbollah, Hezballah, Hizbu'llah, The Party of God, Islamic Jihad (Islamic Holy War), Islamic Jihad Organization, Islamic Resistance, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, Ansar al-Allah (Followers of God/Partisans of God/God's Helpers), Ansarollah (Followers of God/Partisans of God/God's Helpers), Ansar Allah (Followers of God/Partisans of God/God's Helpers), Al-Muqawamah al-Islamiyyah (Islamic Resistance), Organization of the Oppressed, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, Revolutionary Justice Organization, Organization of Right Against Wrong and Followers of the Prophet Muhammed

Description
Hizballah, meaning "Party of God", is a radical Islamic terrorist organization based in Lebanon.  The objectives of Hizballah, as derived from its February 16, 1985 political manifesto, include removing all Western influences from Lebanon and from the Middle East, as well as destroying the state of Israel and liberating all Palestinian territories and Jerusalem from what it sees as Israeli occupation.  It rejects the possibility of a negotiated peace.  Hizballah operates principally in Lebanon, but has also been active in Europe, North and South America, and Africa.  Hizballah has been responsible for car bombings, hijackings, and kidnappings of Western and Israeli/Jewish targets in Israel, Western Europe and South America. 

Date listed
10 December, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)

Description
The International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF) was founded in 1984 in the United Kingdom as an international branch of the All India Sikh Students' Federation (AISSF) with centres in several countries, including Canada.  The ISYF is a Sikh organization whose aim is to promote Sikh philosophy and the establishment of an independent Sikh nation called Khalistan.  Since 1984, its members have been engaged in terrorist attacks, assassinations and bombings primarily against Indian political figures, but also against moderate members of the Sikh community.  The ISYF collaborates and/or associates with a number of Sikh terrorist organizations, including Babbar Khalsa (BK).

Date listed
18 June, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Islamic Army of Aden (IAA)

Also known as
Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan (IAAA), the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army (AAIA), Aden Islamic Army, Islamic Aden Army, Muhammed's Army / Army of Mohammed and the Jaish Adan Al Islami

Description
The Islamic Army of Aden (IAA) is a Yemen-based organization advocating the overthrow of the Yemeni government and the creation of an Islamist theocracy.  Combating Western influences not only in Yemen but also within the Islamic world, the IAA opposes the use of Yemeni ports and bases by the United States and other Western countries.  It has called for the expulsion of Western forces from the Gulf of Aden.  Guided by these goals, the IAA has used violent tactics in order to achieve its objectives, including the 2000 attack on the American navy destroyer USS Cole, and the targeting of foreigners and political representatives of foreign states.  The IAA has links with other terrorist groups, including Al Qaida.

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)

Description
The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is a terrorist organization whose primary goal is to overthrow the government of Uzbekistan.  The IMU has employed kidnapping, armed attacks against government installations, cross-border incursions, and coordinated efforts with other terrorist groups, such as Al Qaida.  The IMU has attacked Westerners and declared its intention to strike at Western interests in Central Asia.

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

Also known as
Jaish-i-Mohammed (Mohammad, Muhammad, Muhammed), Jaish-e-Mohammad (Muhammed), Jaish-e-Mohammad Mujahideen E-Tanzeem, Jeish-e-Mahammed, Army of Mohammed, Mohammed's Army, Tehrik Ul-Furqaan, National Movement for the Restoration of Pakistani Sovereignty and Army of the Prophet

Description
Founded in early 2000, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) is an Islamic extremist group based in Pakistan.  The group seeks Pakistani rule for the Indian states of Kashmir and Jammu, and has declared war against the United States.  Guided by these objectives, JeM is committed to using indiscriminate terror tactics in order to achieve its objectives, including targeting attacks against foreigners and political representatives of foreign states. 

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Jemaah Islamiyyah (JI)

Also known as
Jemaa Islamiyah, Jema'a Islamiyya, Jema'a Islamiyyah, Jema'ah Islamiyah, Jema'ah Islamiyyah, Jemaa Islamiya, Jemaa Islamiyya, Jemaah Islamiyya, Jemaa Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiah, Jemaah Islamiyah, Jemaah Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiya, Jamaah Islamiyah, Jamaa Islamiya, Jemaah Islam, Jemahh Islamiyah, Jama'ah Islamiyah, Al-Jama'ah Al Islamiyyah, Islamic Group and Islamic Community

Description
The Jemaah Islamiyyah (JI) is a terrorist organization dedicated to the establishment of an Islamic state in Southeast Asia incorporating Indonesia, Malaysia, the southern Philippines, Singapore and Brunei.  Since its inception, the JI has been responsible for a series of bank robberies, hijackings and bombings of civilian targets.  The JI has emerged as the most extensive transnational radical Islamic group in Southeast Asia.  The JI has established links with Al Qaida.

Date listed
2 April, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Kahane Chai (KACH)

Also known as
Repression of Traitors, the State of Yehuda, the Sword of David, Dikuy Bogdim, DOV, the Judea Police, Kahane Lives, the Kfar Tapuah Fund, State of Judea, the Judean Legion, the Judean Voice, the Qomemiyut Movement, the Way of the Torah, and the Yeshiva of the Jewish Idea

Description
The Kahane Chai (Kach) is a right-wing, anti-Arab, terrorist group whose overall aim is to restore the biblical state of Israel by expanding the borders of Israel to include the occupied territories and parts of Jordan.  To this end, the group intimidates and threatens Palestinians and mounts sustained political pressure on the Israeli government.  Its activities include armed violence, bombing, disturbing public speeches, engaging in physical confrontations with law enforcement officials, and threatening Israeli government officials.  Kach is known to have links both to other members of the "Kahanist Movement" and to other Jewish extremist splinter groups.

Date listed
24 May, 2005

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK)

Also known as
Kurdistan Workers Party, Partya Karkeren Kurdistan, Kurdistan Labor Party, Kurdistan Freedom and Democracy Congress, KADEK, Kurdistan People's Congress, Kurdistan Halk Kongresi (KHK), People's Congress of Kurdistan, Kongra-Gel

Description
Founded in Turkey in 1974 by Abdullah Ocalan, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK / KADEK) is a Kurdish political party whose main goal is the creation of an independent Kurdish state in southeast Turkey and in northern Iraq, a region that is part of the traditional territory of the Kurdish people.  To arrive at this goal, the PKK / KADEK has led a campaign of guerrilla warfare and terrorism, especially in Turkey and in northern Iraq.  Their activities include attacking the Turkish military, diplomats and Turkish businesses at home and in some western European cities.  They have also been known to bomb resorts and kidnap tourists in an attempt to destabilize tourism in Turkey.

Date listed
10 December, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LJ)

Also known as
Lashkar-i-Jhangvi, Lashkar-e-Jhangvie, Laskar-e-Jhangvi, Lashkare Jhangvi, Lashkar-e-Jhangwi, Lashkar-i-Jhangwi, Jhangvi Army, Lashkar-e Jhangvi, Lashkar Jhangvi, Lashkar-e-Jhanvi (LeJ), Lashkar-i-Jangvi, Lashkar e Jhangvi, Lashkar Jangvi, Laskar e Jahangvi

Description
Founded in the late 1990s, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LJ) is a Sunni organization based in Pakistan.  The LJ's goal is to transform Pakistan into a Sunni state. The LJ's terrorist acts, including bombings and assassinations, have traditionally targeted individuals or groups of the Shiite Islamic community in Pakistan. Since September 11th 2001, members of the LJ have also been involved in attacks against Christians and foreigners in Pakistan. This group has links with the Taliban and Al Qaida.

Date listed
18 June, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT)

Also known as
Lashkar-e-Toiba, Lashkar-i-Toiba (LiT), Lashkar-i-Taiba (Holy Regiment), Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LT) (Army of the Righteous), Lashkar-e-Taibyya, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (Army of the Pure and Righteous), Lashkar-e-Taiba (Righteous Army), Lashkar-Taiba (Army of the Good), Lashkar e Toiba, Lashkar e Taiba, Lashkar-E-Tayyaba, Lashkar e Tayyiba

Description
Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) (Army of the Pure), is a Pakistan-based, radical organization established in the late 1980s operating in the Indian states of Kashmir and Jammu.  The LeT's objective is to end India's rule of Kashmir and Jammu.  The LeT's activities include suicide bombings and armed attacks on civilians, government officials, and the Indian security forces.  In addition to having links with Al Qaida, the LeT has links with the Taliban and other Islamic extremist groups throughout the Middle East, Chechnya, and the Philippines. 

Date listed
18 June, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

Also known as
The Tamil Tigers, the Eellalan Force, the Ellalan Force, the Tiger Movement, the Sangilian Force, the Air Tigers, the Black Tigers (Karum Puligal), the Sea Tigers, the Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS), the Women's Combat Force of Liberation Tigers (WCFLT)

Description
Founded in the 1980s, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) is a Sri Lankan-based terrorist organization that seeks the creation of an independent homeland in the north and northeastern part of Sri Lanka, a region it has called "Tamil Eelam".  Its war against the government of Sri Lanka has been fought on three fronts: a political campaign, guerrilla warfare, and a terrorist campaign.  The LTTE uses a variety of terror tactics in order to achieve its objectives, including armed attacks on political, economic, religious and cultural targets.  The LTTE's campaign has included plans to create Tamil-only northern and eastern provinces, and to this end it has violently expelled non-Tamils from these regions.  The LTTE also endeavours to eliminate moderate Tamils and other Tamil militant groups that compete with it for influence and power within the Sri Lankan Tamil community.

Date listed
8 April, 2006

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Mujahedin e Khalq (MEK)

Also known as
Sãzimãn-i Mujãhidn-i Khalq-i Irãn (Holy Warrior Organization of the Iranian People) / Sazman-i Mojahedin-i Khalq-i Iran (Organization of the Freedom Fighters of the Iranian People) /Sazeman-e Mojahedin-e Khalq-e Iran(Organization of People's Holy Warriors of Iran) / Sazeman-e-Mujahideen-e-Khalq-e-Iran, Mujahedin-e-Khalq(MEK), Mojahedin-e Khalq Organization(MKO), Mujahiddin e Khahq, al-Khalq Mujahideen Organization, Mujahedeen Khalq, Modjaheddins khalg, Moudjahiddin-é Khalq, National Liberation Army of Iran (NLA) (the military wing of the MEK) / Armée de Libération nationale iranienne(ALNI) and People's Mujahidin Organization of Iran (PMOI) / People's Mujahedin of Iran(PMOI) / Organisation des moudjahiddin du peuple d'Iran(OMPI) / Organisation des moudjahidines du peuple

Description
Formed in the 1960s, the Mujahedin-e-Khalq(MEK) is an Iranian terrorist organization that is currently based in Iraq.  MEK's principal objective is the overthrow of the existing Iranian regime.  Its aim is to install a new government under the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), a political coalition of Iranian opposition groups affiliated with MEK.  To achieve their objectives, the MEK has used physical force, including armed attacks. 

Date listed
24 May, 2005

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)

Also known as
PLF-Abu Abbas Faction, Front for the Liberation of Palestine (FLP)

Description
The Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) is a small, armed splinter group allied to the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).  Its objective is the destruction of the state of Israel and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.  First founded in 1961 by Ahmad Jibril, the group operates primarily in Europe, Israel, Lebanon and other areas in the Middle East.  During its most active period, it is known to have conducted several high-profile attacks, including the October 1985 hijacking of the Italian cruise ship, Achille Lauro.

Date listed
13 November, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)

Also known as
Islamic Jihad Palestine (IJP), Islamic Jihad - Palestine Faction and Islamic Holy War

Description
Founded in the late 1970s, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) is a terrorist organization that operates primarily in Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and other areas of the Middle East, including Lebanon and Syria.  It is committed to the destruction of Israel and the establishment of an Islamic state in Palestine.  From 1986 to the present, the PIJ has been responsible for numerous terrorist attacks against Israeli targets within Israel, southern Lebanon and the occupied territories.  PIJ attacks have included assaults with knives, daggers, axes, grenades, car bombs, and, particularly after 1994, the use of suicide bombers. 

Date listed
27 November, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command (PFLP-GC)

Also known as
Al-Jibha Sha'biya lil-Tahrir Filistin-al-Qadiya al-Ama

Description
Established in 1968, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command (PFLP-GC) is a nationalist, Palestinian organization whose aim is the destruction of the state of Israel and the establishment of a Palestinian state.  The PFLP-GC has conducted some of its most imaginative attacks inside Israeli territory using hot-air balloons and motorized hang-gliders.  Other PFLP-GC activities include the bombing of a Swissair jet flying to Tel Aviv, and armed attacks against international peacekeeping forces and civilians. 

Date listed
13 November, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)

Also known as
Al-Jibha al-Sha'biya lil-Tahrir Filistin

Description
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) is a nationalist Palestinian organization whose aim is the destruction of the state of Israel and the establishment of a Palestinian state.  The PFLP's terrorist activities began on July 23, 1968 but have increased in frequency and scope since 2001.  PFLP activities include car bombings, the assassination of an Israeli Cabinet Minister, suicide bombings, and armed attacks against Israeli citizens. 

Date listed
13 November, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC)

Also known as
Groupe salafiste pour la prédication et le combat

Description
The Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC) is a Sunni extremist group and breakaway faction of the Armed Islamic Group (GIA), which seeks to establish an Islamic government in Algeria.  Its targets include foreigners, Western interests in Algeria, Algerian military, police and government interests.  To achieve its objectives, the GSPC employs a number of tactics, including: kidnappings; raids on military, police, and government convoys; armed assaults; bombings; and suicide bombings.  The GSPC has close ties with other terrorist groups outside of Algeria and has expanded its activities outside of the country. In 2007, the GSPC announced that it had formally changed its name to Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Sendero Luminoso (SL)

Also known as
Shining Path, Partido Comunista del Peru en el Sendero Luminoso de Jose Carlos Mariategui, Communist Party of Peru on the Shining Path of Jose Carlos Mariategui, Partido Comunista del Peru, Communist Party of Peru, The Communist Party of Peru by the Shining Path of Jose Carlos Mariategui and Marxism, Leninism, Maoism and the Thoughts of Chairman Gonzalo, Revolutionary Student Front for the Shining Path of Mariategui, Communist Party of Peru - By Way of the Shining Path of Mariategui, PCP - por el Sendero Luminoso de Mariategui, PCP and PCP-SL

Description
Established in 1980, the Sendero Luminoso (SL) is a splinter group of the Communist Party of Peru whose objective is to destroy existing Peruvian institutions and replace them with a communist peasant revolutionary regime which would eliminate foreign influence from the country.  Its area of operations is limited to Peru, with most of its activities in rural areas, but some of its attacks have taken place in the capital, Lima.  Its tactics include indiscriminate bombing campaigns, political assassinations, and armed attacks against civilians and foreign interests in Peru. 

Date listed
12 February, 2003

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Vanguards of Conquest (VOC)

Description
Based in Egypt, the Vanguards of Conquest (VOC) is a radical armed wing of the Al Jihad.  Its objectives are to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace it with an Islamic state, and to attack United States and Israeli interests in Egypt and abroad. The VOC has been involved in terrorism, including attempted assassinations against the Egyptian Interior Minister, Prime Minister and President.  The VOC has released 'assassination lists' that include civilians.

Date listed
23 July, 2002

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

World Tamil Movement

Description
The World Tamil Movement, created in 1986, is the leading front organization for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Canada.  The various offices of the WTM in Canada transfer funds to bank accounts in Sri Lanka destined to support the terrorist activities of the LTTE.  The leadership of the WTM acts at the direction of leaders of the LTTE.  WTM representatives canvas areas in Canada with large Tamil populations demanding large donations on behalf of the LTTE.  Refusals to contribute often lead to threats and intimidation. 

Date listed
13 June, 2008

Date reviewed
20 November, 2008

 

Note
The two-year review of the list was completed pursuant to subsections 83.05(9) and 83.05(10) of the Criminal Code.