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Table of contents


Places

Use English forms when they are in common use: Cologne, Leghorn, Lower Saxony, Lyons, Marseilles, Naples, Nuremberg, Turin. And English rather than American—Rockefeller Centre, Bar Harbour, Pearl Harbour—unless the place name is part of a company name, such as Rockefeller Center Properties Inc. But follow local practice when a country expressly changes its name, or the names of rivers, towns, etc, within it. Thus Almaty not Alma Ata; Chemnitz not Karl-Marx-Stadt; Chennai not Madras; Côte d'Ivoire not Ivory Coast; Mumbai not Bombay; Myanmar not (alas) Burma; Nizhny Novgorod not Gorky; Yangon not (alas, alack) Rangoon;and St Petersburg not Leningrad.

Zaire has now reverted to Congo. In contexts where there can be no confusion with the ex-French country of the same name, plain Congo will do. But if there is any risk of misunderstanding, call it Congo-Kinshasa. The other Congo should always be Congo-Brazzaville. The river is now also the Congo. The people of either country are also Congolese.

Do not use the definite article before Krajina, Lebanon, Piedmont, Punjab, Sudan, Transkei, Ukraine. But it is the Caucasus, the Gambia, The Hague, the Maghreb, the Netherlands—and La Paz, Le Havre, Los Angeles, etc.

Do not use the names of capital cities as synonyms for their governments. Britain will send a gunboat is fine, but London will send a gunboat suggests that this will be the action of the people of London alone. To write Washington and Moscow now differ only in their approach to Havana is absurd.

Although the place is western (or eastern) Europe, euphony dictates that the people are west (or east) Europeans.

SOME PLACENAMES

Abkhazia

Argentina (adj and people Argentine, not Argentinian)

Ashgabat

Azerbaijan

Baden-Württemberg

Baghdad

Bahamas (Bahamian)

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Basel

Belarus

Beqaa

Berlin Wall

Bermuda, Bermudian

Bophuthatswana

Bosporus

Brittany, Breton (but Britannia, Britannic)

Cameroon

Cape Town

Caribbean

Cassel (not Kassel)

Chechnya

Cincinnati

Colombia (South America)

Columbia (university, District of); British Columbia

the Comoros

Côte d'Ivoire (not Ivory Coast), Ivorian

Cracow

Czech Republic; Czech Lands

Dar es Salaam

Dhaka

Djibouti

Dominica (Caribbean island)

Dominican Republic (part of another island)

Dusseldorf (not Düsseldorf)

El Salvador, Salvadorean

the Gambia

Gaza strip

Gettysburg

Gothenburg

Grozny

Guatemala City

Gujarat, Gujarati

Gurkha

Guyana (but French Guiana)

Gweru (not Gwelo)

Hanover

Harare

Hercegovina

Hong Kong (unless it is part of the name of a company which spells it as one word: Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation)

Issyk-Kul

Jeddah

KaNgwane

Katmandu

Kazakhstan

Kirgizstan

Kolkata

Krajina

Kuwait City

KwaNdebele

KwaZulu-Natal

Kwekwe (not Que Que)

Luhansk

Luxembourg

Lyons (not Lyon)

Macau

Mafikeng

Marseilles (not Marseille)

Mauritania

Mexico city

Middlesbrough

Mpumalanga (formerly Eastern Transvaal)

Mumbai (not Bombay)

Myanmar (not Burma)

Nagorno-Karabakh

Nizhny Novgorod

New York City

North Rhine-Westphalia

Nuremberg

Odessa

Ouagadougou

Panama City

Philippines (the people are Filipinos and Filipinas)

Phnom Penh

Pittsburgh

Putumayo

Pyrenees, Pyrenean

Quebec, Quebecker (but Parti Québécois)

Quebec City

Quezon City

Reykjavik

Rheims

Romania

Rwanda, Rwandan (not Rwandese)

St Antony's (college)

St Petersburg

Salonika (not Thessaloniki)

Salzburg

Sao Paulo (Brazilian city)

Sebastopol

Sindh

Srebrenica

Sri Lanka

Strasbourg

Suriname

Taipei

Tajikistan

Tehran

Teesside

Tigray, Tigrayan

Transdniestria

Uffizi

Uzbekistan

Valletta

Württemberg

Yangzi

Yugoslavia

Zepa

Zepce

Zurich (not Zürich)



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