Coins, Weights, and Measurements mentioned in Dutch Records
Coins, Weights, and Measurements mentioned in Dutch Records


"Numerous coins, weights, and measures are mentioned in the Dutch records. A list of such terms and their values were prepared by A.J.F. van Laer and included as an appendix to The Van Rensselaer Bowier Manuscripts published 1909. However, in the thirty years following publication of that work, Mr. van Laer uncovered much additional information which he noted in his copy of the book. The following charts incorporate material selected from the original list and from the annotations. It should be noted that there were no universal standards in the seventeenth century, as is evident from several of the following terms from which Mr. van Laer cites numerous variations in value." - Charles T. Gehring


Coins

Brabant stuiver 24 pennings
Caroulus guilder 1 and 1/2 guilders
daelder 1 and 1/2 guilders
denier 1/12 stuiver
ducation 3 guilders plus 3 stuivers
duit 1/8 stuiver
florin 20 stuivers
40 groots
goud guilder 1 and 2/5 guilders
28 stuivers
groot 1/2 stuiver
guilder 20 stuivers
40 groots
oortje/oortie 2 duiten
1/4 stuiver
penning 1/16 stuiver
piece-of-eight 2.4 guilders
48 stuivers
8 reals
8 schellings
pond groot, "Flemish pound" 6 guilders
20 schellings
1 York pound
pond Hollands 15 stuivers
pond Vlaamsch "Flemish pound" 6 guilders
20 schellings
1 York pound
real 1/8 piece-of-eight
6 stuivers
1 schelling
rijksdaelder, rixdollar 2 and 1/2 guilders
schelling 6 stuivers
12 groots
1 real
stooter 5 groots
stuiver/stuyver/stiver 1/20 guilder


Weights

Amsterdam ons 1.085 ounces avoirdupois
Amsterdam pond 1 pound, 1.36 ounces avoirdupois
last 4000 pounds


Linear Measures

Amsterdam duim 1.013 inches
Amsterdam roede 13 voeten
12.071 feet
3.6807 meters
Amsterdam voet 11 duimen
11.143 inches
ell 27 inches
geographische mijl1 1115 degree
4 nautical miles
4.611 Statute miles
24,348 feet
Rhineland duim 1.03 inches
0.026 meters
Rhineland roede 12 voeten
12.36 feet
3.7674 meters
Rhineland voet 12 duimen
12.36 inches
0.3139 meters
uugaans or zeemij2 1/20 degree
3 nautical miles
18,261 feet
1500 Rhineland rods
5555 meters
vadam "fathom" 6 feet
1. Van Laer cites from various sources figures in meters of 7420, 7407.41, and "about 7407."
2. Van Laer quotes one source which gives the Holland mile as 5.5556 kilometers and the uurgaans as 5.651 kilometers. He also mentions an old Dutch mile of 5358 meters.


Square Measures

Amsterdam morgen 600 square roeden
2.069 acres
mudde In the western part of Drenthe, the word mudde is used as a square measure of land, equalling 212 and 1/4 square roeden; elsewhere, 160 square roeden.
schepel The land that can be sown with a schepel of rye
Rhineland morgen 600 square roeden
2.103 acres


Liquid Measures

aam/aem 120 mengelen or 37.98 gallons of oil
4 anker
128 mengelen or 40.512 gallons of wine
anker 32 mengelen or 10.128 gallons of wine
32 kans of brandy
kan quart
kwarteel 12 smaltoonen or 62.192 gallons of wine
mengel, mingel 1.266 quarts of oil or wine
1.304 quarts of brandy
1.28 quarts of beer
1.915 quarts of milk
okshoofd "hogshead" 6 ankers
192 mengelen or 60.768 gallons of wine
pijp "pipe" 1/2 vat
2 okshoofden
pot quart
smalton 31.096 gallons of wine
steekkan 16 mengelen or 5.064 gallons of oil or wine
15 mengelen of 4.89 gallons of brandy
16 mengelen or 5.12 gallons of beer
stoop 2 mangelen or 2.532 quarts of wine
1 and 13/19 mengelen or 2.15 quarts of beer
ton "tun" or "barrel" 41.54 gallons of beer
varken "firkin" ca. 1/4 vat
vat "barrel" 717 mengelen or 226.93 gallons of oil
4 okshoofden
728 mengelen or 243.072 gallons of wine
16 mengelen or 7.66 gallons of milk
viertel 6 mengelen or 1.956 gallons of brandy


Dry Measures

hoed, hoet 33.25 bushels of coal
honderd 704.32 bushels of salt
last 36 zakken, 27 midden, or 82.512 bushels of wheat
108 schepels
last of salt 28 heaped up wheelbarrows' full
mudde, mud 4 schepels or 3.056 bushels of wheat
mutsje 1/4 liter
schepel 0.764 bushel wheat
1.29 bushels salt
ship's last 3.72 cubic yards
100.17 cubic feet or 2 and 1/2 tons burden
smalton 1/12 last or 6.876 bushels of wheat
spint 1/4 schepels
vat 4 schepels or 5.16 bushels of salt
vim, vinne 104 to 108 sheaves
zak 3 schepels or 2.292 bushels wheat


from Gehring, Charles T., Translator and editor, New Netherlands Documents, Council Minutes, 1655-1656, Syracuse University Press, 1995.

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