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Friday, Apr 23rd 2010

Call Centre Workers in Northern Ireland, Stream and Invest NI

The news that between 450 and 600 jobs are to go in Derry at call centres operated by US-owned outsourcing firm Stream has come as another blow to the economy of Northern Ireland. According to the local press, Stream’s decision to cut back on its Derry operation stems from the loss of an important Post Office contract to rival firm Convergys. Stream Northern Ireland’s Managing Director Jeff Jennings told the BBC that these are “tough times for the call centre sector”. The illusion is maintained that in the cut and thrust of the open market Stream had no choice but to “shed” jobs in Derry.

According to the Derry Journal, Stream International have received £2.32 million worth of Invest NI assistance since 2000, including £1.2 million in taxpayer’s money which was paid to the company for several projects, including a number of job creation programmes.

The most recent payment was a £60,000 award in 2007 £32,000 of which was used to hire a “Business Improvement Agent”, who by all accounts saved Stream £1 million.

In the light of Stream International’s recent decisions Alastair Hamilton, Chief Executive of the neo-liberal quango, Invest NI, confirmed to SDLP leader Mark Durkan, that Stream was in a position to apply to the EU-funded Short-term Aid Scheme which, according to Durkan, “can assist a small number of core staff to be retained by companies facing severe short-term difficulties, as a bridge out of those”. (Incidentally, Hamilton’s predecessor as Chief Executive at Invest NI earned £160,000 in 2008.)

Should Stream International fail to hold to its promises of job creation, Invest NI is in a position to claw back some of the public money that has been thrown at the company but according to the quango this option is not yet on the table.

Call Centres in Northern Ireland

In the UK an estimated 750,000 people work in call centres and over 17,000 workers are employed in the sector in Northern Ireland constituting 2 per cent of the population.

Call centres are notoriously exploitative and authoritarian working environments. Research has shown that call centre work is more stressful than work in other fields. In early 2001, the TUC set up a short-term hotline for call centre workers. Among the 500 staff who called many spoke about bullying, long hours, impossible sales targets and general job dissatisfaction. The calls documented employers in the industry using various techniques to drive up the exploitation of staff. Some call centre workers are forced to work under constant surveillance. Workers also complained of suffering from “acoustic shock” (damage to hearing caused by sudden loud noises during calls) that had left them suffering from depression and other health problems. The most stressful aspect of the job is on the caller operator’s emotions. Workers are required to remain constantly pleasant and attentive callers while under intense pressure to meet sales targets within strict time limits. Only Union activism has tempered exploitation and even humiliation by management in Call Centres. One Union activist in England tells of how in one company sales and service mangers and team leaders came up with “this wonderful idea of making dunce’s hats for sales and service advisers which they were forced to wear if they did not make a sale within an hour’s period.”  Pressure on the part of the Union ensured that the hats were gone within 24 hours.

In relation to salaries, conditions in Northern Ireland call centres are the worst in the UK. Northern Ireland call centre workers receive salaries over 26 per cent below the overall average. Wages in call centres in Northern Ireland are 15 per cent lower than Wales, 14 per cent lower than Scotland and 13 per cent lower than the lowest English region. Even the East Midlands, England’s lowest paid region, has salary levels more than 14% higher than Northern Ireland’s. According to International recruitment firm Beeswax, the average salary paid to an entry-level customer service agent in Belfast, for example, is £13,000 per annum, while a team leader would expect £19,000. In 2008 R. Scott Murray, CEO of Stream International earned $418,923.00 (£253,000), including bonuses and other compensation.

Stream International (Again)

While Mark Durkan may believe that Stream is “facing severe short-term difficulties” and Stream NI’s Jeff Jennings bemoans the current state of the sector, Stream’s US-based headquarters is much more upbeat about the business. In mid August Stream Global Services, Inc., and EGS Corp., the indirect parent company of eTelecare Global Solutions, jointly announced that they have combined. The deal will be completed later this year. As a result of this combination, Stream Global Services expects to generate revenues approaching $1 billion for the year ending December 31, 2010 and maintain financial sponsorship from a group of equity and hedge funds - institutions that collectively manage over $50 billion in investments.

Call Centre Jobs - the Way Forward?

Beyond crucial questions of terms and conditions of work, there is the broader question of whether the setting up of call centres should be touted as a model of economic development, here and around the world.

According to the Communist Party of the Philippines, call centres “cannot help develop the economy, and in fact worsen … imperialist exploitation … , mainly through the exploitation of cheap labor. They thwart genuine economic progress founded on the development of the country’s basic industries. Just like the massive exodus of migrant workers to other countries, rising employment in call centres merely obscures a backward economy, the lack of genuine national industrialization and widespread unemployment in the country.”

Although the issues here are somewhat different to those of a third world country like the Philippines, we also have to ask whether call centres should be encouraged to set up here by quangos such as Invest NI, which are in the business of giving tax payers’ money to fantastically rich multinationals.

Justin O’Hagan is a a member of the Workers’ Party’s Ard Comhairle and Northern Regional Executive

Photo of a Newry Call Centre courtesy of the BBC


We welcome and encourage lively discussion from the public about articles on Irish Left Review. You can leave a comment using the form at the bottom of the page. Please read through the existing comments before posting your own.

  1. Comment by: Terence Whelan

    Mar 9th 2010 at 19:03

    I currently work in one of these call centres and have done so for two years now. The stress of dealing with difficult customers is a hard thing to control but what gets to me is the treatment of staff by the employers. Unrealistic expectations and extra pressure are loaded on staff and being polite & solving the issues is never enough. The support agent is at the cold front and should be supported well in their job. Support agents are expected to subject customers to a barrage of questions and extract every detail possible from them before they can even ask a question!!.
    But the worst element by far is the ‘Feedback’ sessions’ , here is where any illusions you had about your proficiency are torn to shreds. The criteria by which the calls and emails are judged are ridiculous and often times demoralising. The criteria for the call\email scoring is changed on a regular basis causing stress and confusion for the support agents. It seems like there are a group of people who in order to justify their jobs have to constantly chop & change the rules. These rules are often extremely unrealistic and despite the customer being very satisfied and having given them the right answer you can still fail the call\email!!. Non compliance with these silly rules could see you singled out and possibly layed off. There was also a recent case where an employee almost lost their job based on a complaint from a customer when there wasn’t even a recording of the call to verify what was said!!.
    All this and the fact that the company have used the recession as an excuse to skip a pay review in 2009 makes staying on very hard. Given that the wages are so meagre in the first place this was doubly insulting. Were it not for the fact that work is so scarce I’d be out the door in the morning. The work contract also states that they don’t recognise unions. It’s like they never want you getting too ahead of yourself. For the sake of my mental and physical health I might have to leave soon enough.

  2. Comment by: Justin

    Mar 11th 2010 at 17:03

    Thanks for sharing this Terence. Your description of your working environment makes it easy for me to understand why you might have to leave.

    Your contract may say that the company doesn’t recognise unions but there is a mechanism which forces them to do so.

    According to the statutory trade union recognition provisions of the Employment Relations Act 1999. where a union claim for recognition for collective bargaining purposes cannot be resolved bilaterally with the employer concerned, the union may refer the matter to the Central Arbitration Committee (CAC) for determination.

    The CAC is a statutory body organised on a “tripartite” basis with a chair (and a number of deputy chairs who are academics or lawyers, and two groups of members with experience as employer or worker representatives respectively. The role of the CAC is to declare whether the union should be recognised on the basis that a majority of the workers concerned are members of the union or that a (qualified) majority support recognition in a ballot.

    In other words, if a majority of the workers in a workplace become members of a union, the CAC may force the owners to recognise Unions. And, of course, unionised workers tend to gain better pay and conditions.

    The Communication Workers Union has some information on Call Centres on its website at, includuing occupational health risks associated with the job.

    And the Public and Commercial Services Union (PCS) has a charter for Call Centre workers’ rights at

    Best wishes to you.

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