Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change is vital in order to reduce the impacts of
climate change that are happening now and increase resilience to future impacts. The UNFCCC
webpages on adaptation highlight the range of issues that are being addressed by Parties
under the various Convention bodies, including
Successful adaptation not only depends on governments but also on the active and sustained
engagement of stakeholders, including national, regional, multilateral
organizations, the public and private sectors (private
sector initiative), civil society and other relevant stakeholders.
A fact sheet on the need for adaptation can be found here and an overview of the main adaptation issues is
provided in the boxes below.
Enhanced action on adaptation under
the Bali Action Plan
Action Plan, adopted at COP 13 in Bali, December 2007, identifies adaptation as one
of the key building blocks required for a strengthened future response to
climate change to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the
Convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012.
Most recently in Copenhagen, Parties decided to extend the mandate
of the AWG-LCA and requested it to present the outcome of its work to COP 16 in Mexico.
In addition, the COP took note of the
Copenhagen Accord, in which Heads of State, Heads of Government, Ministers and other
heads of delegations stress the need to establish a comprehensive adaptation programme.
The signatories agree that enhanced action and international cooperation on adaptation is
urgently required and that developed countries shall provide adequate, predictable and
sustainable financial resources, technology and capacity-building to support the
implementation of adaptation action in developing countries. Funding for adaptation
will be prioritized for the most vulnerable developing countries, such as the LDCs, SIDS and
The AWG-LCA will continue its work drawing on its report to COP 15 (FCCC/AWGLCA/2009/17,
contains adaptation text as of 15 December 2009) and work undertaken by the COP on the
basis of that report (FCCC/CP/2010/2,
contains adaptation text as of 18 December 2009).
work programme on impacts vulnerability and adaptation to
- Understanding vulnerability, fostering adaptation
The objective of the Nairobi work programme (2005-2010) is to help all countries
improve their understanding and assessment of the impacts of climate change
and to make informed decisions on practical adaptation actions and
Decisions on implementing adaptation include Decision 5/CP.7, 2001, implementation of Article 4.8 and 4.9 of the
Convention and Decision 1/CP.10, 2004, the Buenos Aires programme of work on adaptation
and response measures, to assist in implementing Article 4 of the Convention.
Responding to a request from Parties, an interface
on adaptation funding was developed to assist the implementation of Decision
1/CP.10 and provide information on options available for funding adaptation
National Adaptation Programmes of Action
Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) provide an important way to prioritise
urgent and immediate adaptation needs for Least Developed
Countries (Article 4.9). The
NAPAs draw on existing information and community-level input. A database of all
priority adaptation projects sorted by country and sector is available online at the
UNFCCC Least Developed
Countries (LDC) portal.
Local coping strategies
Community-based adaptation can greatly benefit from knowledge of local coping strategies. The
secretariat has developed a local coping strategies database to facilitate
the transfer of long-standing coping strategies and knowledge from communities which have
adapted to specific hazards or climatic conditions, to communities which may just be starting
to experience such conditions as a result of climate change.
Developing countries require international assistance to support adaptation (Articles 4.4, 4.8 and
4.9). This includes funding, technology transfer and capacity
Funding for adaptation is provided through the financial
mechanism of the Convention, currently operated by the Global Environment
Facility (GEF) and the Adaptation Fund Board (AFB).
Funding opportunities include:
- the GEF Trust Fund, including support for vulnerability and adaptation
assessments as part of national communications;
- the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)
under the Convention;
- the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF)
under the Convention;
- The Adaptation Fund (AF) under
the Kyoto Protocol and managed by the AFB.