in landscape architecture, an issue of water controlled or contained primarily for purposes of decoration, especially an artificially produced jet of water or the structure from which it rises.
Fountains have been an important element in the design of gardens and public spaces since ancient times. An early example is preserved in the carved Babylonian basin (c. 3000 bc) found at Tello, the ancient Lagash in Mesopotamia. An Assyrian fountain discovered in the gorge of the Comel River consists of basins cut in solid rock and descending in steps to the stream. Small conduits led the water from ... (100 of 1186 words)
Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
Water forced by pressure through a narrow exit so that it bubbles and jets out forms a fountain. The basin, often ornamental, into which the water flows is also part of the fountain. Because of the controlled, repetitive movement of the water, decorative fountains are often considered to be mobile sculpture and are therefore commonly designed by architects and sculptorswho work in collaboration with hydraulic engineers. They can be divided into two types: those in which the essential feature is the shape, volume, and directed fall of the water jet and those in which the jet is secondary to the sculptured water source.
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