Content management system
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A content management system (CMS) is a collection of procedures used to manage work flow in a collaborative environment. These procedures can be manual or computer-based. The procedures are designed to:
- Allow for a large number of people to contribute to and share stored data
- Control access to data, based on user roles. User roles define what information each user can view or edit
- Aid in easy storage and retrieval of data
- Reduce repetitive duplicate input
- Improve the ease of report writing
- Improve communication between users
In a CMS, data can be defined as nearly anything - documents, movies, pictures, phone numbers, scientific data, etc. CMSs are frequently used for storing, controlling, revising, semantically enriching, and publishing documentation.
 Types of CMS
There are six main categories of CMS, with their respective domains of use:
- Enterprise CMS (ECMS)
- Web CMS (WCMS)
- Document management system (DMS)
- Mobile content management system
- Component content management system
- Media content management system
- Learning Content Management System (LMS)
 Enterprise content management systems
An enterprise content management (ECM) system is concerned with content, documents, details, and records related to the organizational processes of an enterprise. The purpose is to manage the organization's unstructured information content, with all its diversity of format and location.
 Web content management systems
A web content management (WCM) system is a CMS designed to simplify the publication of web content to web sites and mobile devices, in particular, allowing content creators to submit content without requiring technical knowledge of HTML or the uploading of files.
Several web based content management systems exist both in the Open Source and commercial domains. However, this is one area where OSS software have gained dominance over their proprietary counterparts.
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 Document management systems
A document management system (DMS) is a computer system (or set of computer programs) used to track and store electronic documents and/or images of paper documents.
 Component content management system
Using a component content management system, content is stored and managed at the subdocument (or component) level for greater content reuse.