Ancient Egyptian Glass Technology

Glass-making technology initially began in Egypt with the manufacture of small beads in the pre-dynastic era. There is little or no evidence of glass technology until the XVIII Dynasty. The technology was a result of the process of firing clay pots. The sand and slag utilized in making clay pots melted together to make glass. Early examples of glass manufacture were in the form of beads made from the glass nuggets. It was determined that when metal oxides were added to the glass nuggets, various color hues resulted. The foundattion for this technology may have been in the development of bronze technology, adding different elements to copper to make bronze. There is also early evidence for glass blowing.


Chats on Old Glass, by R. A. Robertson. Dover Publications Inc. New York

Ancient Glass, by Frederic Neugurg. Barrie & Rockliff London

Glass, by George Savage. G.P. Putnam’s Sons

By: Joel R. Siebring

Archaeology of Egypt History Hieroglyphs
Religion Daily Life Links