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   PDEA Home  >  HEU  >  Archaeology  >  Reports  >  Wake County
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Neuse Levee: Excavations of a Late Archaic and Woodland Site in the
Upper Neuse River Basin

Wake County, North Carolina
Excavations at a Crossing of the Neuse River
Federal Project STP-401(1)

By:
Joel D. Gunn and William F. Stanyard
With contributions by
David S. Leigh, Irwin Rover, and Andrea B. Shea


In order to view the following reports, you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader installed.


Full Report (6.7 mb)   

Management Summary and Acknowledgements   
Introduction   
Environmental Setting   

  • Site Setting
  • Physiography
  • Geomorphology
    • Methods
    • Geomorphic and Landscape Setting
    • Alluvial Stratigraphy
    • Geochemical Trends
    • Depositional History
    • Pedogenic History of the Paleo-Levee
    • Summary
  • Soils
  • Climate and Paleoclimate
  • Flora
  • Fauna
    • Riverine Subsistence Resources
    • Upland Subsistence Resources

Cultural Background   
  • Prehistoric Context
    • Pre-Paleoindian Period (before ca. 10,000 B.C.)
    • Paleoindian Period (ca. 10,000-8000 B.C.)
    • Archaic Period (ca. 8000-1000 B.C.)
    • Woodland Perios (ca. 1000 B.C.-A.D. 900)
    • Late Prehistoric Period (ca. A.D. 1000-1500)
  • Historic Context
    • Early Historic Period Native American Occupation
    • Euro-American Settlement
  • Previous Archaeological Research
    • Above the Falls of the Neuse
    • Below the Falls of the Neuse
    • Neuse Fall Line Settlement Patterns

Research Design   
  • Introduction
  • Neuse Fall Line Region Geo-Biophysical Research Design
    • From States to Continua
    • Nut and Fish Oil & Plant Domestication
    • Lithic Analysis Regime: Biface and Core Reduction Stages
    • Lithics and Activities
    • FCR Analysis Regime: Functional Area Identification
    • Ceramic Analysis Regime
    • The Question of External Influences and Internal Continuity
    • Dimensions of Neuse Fall Line Prehistoric Past
  • Research Domains and Questions
    • Chronology
    • Environmental Reconstruction and Resource Availability
    • Material Culture
    • Subsistence
    • Component Seasonality, Function, and Settlement Pattern
    • Social Organization and Inter-Regional Relationships

Research Methods   
  • Background Research Methods
  • Field Methods
    • Site Preparation
    • Backhoe Trench
    • Excavation of Units
    • Unit Excavation Methods
    • Feature Recordation and Excavation
    • Photography
  • Laboratory Methods
    • General Processing
    • Ceramic Artifacts
    • Lithic Artifacts
    • Special Analyses
  • Supporting Activities
    • Visits from OSA and Regional Specialists
    • Permanent Curation
    • Management Summary
    • Public Education Program

Excavation Results   
  • Physical Setting
  • Previous Investigations at Neuse Levee
    • Phase I
    • Phase II
  • Overview of Data Recovery Investigations
    • Lithics
    • Ceramics
    • Features
  • Block, Trench, and Test Unity Results
    • Horizontal Artifact Distributions
    • Vertical Artifact Distributions
  • Site Function and Structure
    • The Woodland Component
    • The Late Archaic Component

Ethnobotany   

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
    • Flotation Samples
    • Botanical/Radiocarbon Samples

Ceramic Analysis   
  • Introduction
  • Regional Ceramics Survey
    • Yadkin Series
    • Deep Creek-Mount Pleasant
    • Net-Impressed
  • Neuse Levee Ceramics
  • Neuse Levee Ceramic Types and Functions
  • Neuse Levee and Wakefield Creek Sites Comparisons
    • Wakefield Comparisons
  • Summary

Lithic Analysis   
  • Flakes
    • Core and Biface Flakes
    • Material
    • Flake Fragmentation
    • Reduction Sequence
  • Summary
Dates   
  • Neuse Levee Botanical/Radiocarbon Samples
  • OCR Analysis
  • Summary
Conclusions   
  • Neuse Levee Stratigraphy
  • Cultural Stratigraphy
  • Sedimentary Sequence
    • Early and Middle Holocene
    • Late Holocene
    • Historic Period
  • Summaries of Special Studies
  • Research Question Conclusions
  • Late Archaic to Late Woodland Scenario
References Cited  

Appendices
Appendix 1: Artifact Inventory   
Appendix 2: Geomorphology Soil Profile Descriptions   
Appendix 3: Geomorphology Data   
Appendix 4: Ceramic Data   
Also see Appendix 1

Appendix 5: Lithic Data
See Appendix 1

Appendix 6: Phytolith Analysis   
Appendix 7: Resumes of Key Project Personnel   




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