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Facts and Stats...


Fuel
Type: Uranium oxide pellets, about 1/4-inch wide by 3/8-inch long.
Fuel Rods: Zirconium alloy tubes, approx. 3/8-inch wide by 14 feet
long, holding 426 pellets each.
Fuel Assemblies: Bundles of 264 rods, about 8 inches square and
14 feet long.
Reactor Core: 193 fuel assemblies, arranged in a circular pattern 10.5 feet across and 14 feet high.
Refueling: Approximately one-third of the assemblies are replaced, on average, every 18 months.
Item: Each of the tiny fuel pellets has the energy of nearly a ton of coal.
If coal was burned instead of uranium, it would take 15 million tons of ore - enough to fill 150,000 railroad cars in a train 1,500 miles long - to equal each core's output.

Reactor
Type: Pressurized water reactor, 45 feet high and 15 feet wide
Manufacturer: Westinghouse
Housing: Carbon steel vessel, six-inch-thick walls
Output: 1,258 Megawatts
Item: One megawatt provides enough power for 500 to 1,000 homes, based on seasonal electricity usage. Each STP reactor can power more than 600,000 homes during the summer peak usage period.


Steam Generators
Size: 72 feet tall, 16 feet wide, 500+ tons
Manufacturer: ENSA
Function: Heat exchangers; four per reactor
Operation: Reactor-heated water flows through 7,585 small tubes in each generator, heating a separate water supply around them into steam.
Item: The steam generators in Unit 1 were replaced in 2000, and the ones in Unit 2 were replaced in 2002.


Reactor Containment Buildings (RCBs)
Size: 200 feet above ground, 41.5 feet underground, 158 feet wide
Outer Wall: Steel-reinforced concrete, four feet thick
Lining: Fully lined with 3/8-inch-thick, carbon steel plates
Inner Walls: Steel-reinforced concrete, totaling eleven feet thick
Foundation: Concrete, 18 feet thick
Houses: Reactor, pressurizer, steam generators, reactor coolant pumps, associated piping and tubing, and support systems.
Item: More than 500,000 cubic yards of concrete and 119 million pounds of steel reinforcing bars are in STP's two reactor containment buildings. The structures can withstand a Category 5 hurricane, a 1.9G earthquake and the impact of a Boeing 767 fully loaded with fuel.


Turbine Generators
Type: High- and low-pressure steam turbines turn generator rotor
Manufacturer: Westinghouse
Operation: Steam indirectly produced by a reactor (see Explore Nuclear) spins blades of one high-pressure and three low-pressure turbines connected to generator rotor. 15 million pounds of steam, pressurized at 1,000 PSI, pass through the turbines every hour.
Generator Rotor: 48 feet long, 5.5 feet wide, 200 tons, magnetized, and rotating at 1,800 RPM
Generator: Hydrogen- and water-cooled, 559 tons (including rotor)
Output: 1,258 megawatts at 25,000 volts
Item: The electricity produced by the generator travels through conductors to the plant's switchyard, and then to the transmission lines of the distribution grid. The flow can be felt by touching the insulating ducts around the three 10-inch conductors, each of which carries more than 400 megawatts.

Cooling Water Reservoir
Surface Area: 7,000 acres (11 square miles)
Embankment: 39 to 52 feet high, 14 miles around
Depth: 45 feet (average)
Volume: Approx. 200,000 acre-feet or 100 billion gallons (enough to fill more than four million swimming pools)
Material: 22 million cubic yards of fill and 1.4 million cubic yards of a soil/cement mixture where used in building the embankment.
Item: The reservoir provides a protected habitat for many species
of fish and birds as well as alligators, some of which exceed 15 feet in length.


Construction
Began: April 1976, with first pouring of concrete for Unit 1 RCB and initial excavation of reservoir
Reservoir: Completed and filling commenced in July 1983
Unit 1 RCB: Completed in August 1983; unit went into commercial operation in August 1988
Unit 2 RCB: Completed in June 1986
; unit went online in June 1989
Labor Force: At peak, about 10,000 contractors worked at site


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