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American Heritage People
The Presidents
Rutherford Hayes

The Nineteenth President • 1877-1881

Rutherford Birchard Hayes

“Striving For A Fresh Start”

Biographical Facts

Birth: Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822

Ancestry: English

Father: Rutherford Hayes
Birth: Brattleboro, Vermont, January 4, 1787
Death: Delaware, Ohio, July 20, 1822
Occupation: Store Owner

Mother: Sophia Birchard Hayes
Birth: Wilmington, Vermont, April 15, 1792
Death: Columbus, Ohio, October 30, 1866

Brother: Lorenzo Hayes (1815-1825)

Sisters: Sarah Sophia Hayes (1817-1821); Fanny Arabella Hayes (1820-1856)

Marriage: Cincinnati, Ohio, December 30, 1852
Wife: Lucy Webb Hayes
Birth: Chillicothe, Ohio, August 28, 1831
Death: Fremont, Ohio, June 25, 1889
Children: Birchard Austin Hayes (1853-1926); Webb Cook Hayes (1856-1934); Rutherford Platt Hayes (1858-1927); Joseph Hayes (1861-1963); George Crook Hayes (1864-1866); Fanny Hayes (1867-1950); Scott Hayes (1871-1923); Manning Hayes (1873-1874)

Religious Affiliation: None

Education: Kenyon College (B.A., 1842); Harvard Law School (LL.B., 1845)

Occupation Before Presidency: Lawyer

Military Service: Major in 23rd Ohio Volunteers (1861); Resigned as Major General In June, 1865

Prepresidential Offices: Solicitor of Cincinnati; United States Congressman; Governor of Ohio

Inauguration Age: 54

Occupations After Presidency: Philanthropist; President of the Slater Fund

Death: Fremont, Ohio, January 17, 1893

Place of Burial: Spiegel Grove State Park, Fremont, Ohio

First Administration

Inauguration: March 3, 1877, The White House (private ceremony); March 5, 1877, The Capitol, Washington, D.C.

Vice President: William A. Wheeler

Secretary of State: William M. Evarts

Secretary of the Treasury: John Sherman

Secretary of War: George W. McCary; Alexander Ramsey (from December 12, 1879)

Attorney General: Charles Devens

Postmaster General: David M. Key; Horace Maynard (from August 25, 1880)

Secretary of the Navy: Richard W. Thompson; Nathan Jr. Goff (from January 6, 1881)

Secretary of the Interior: Carl Schurz

Supreme Court Appointments: John Marshall Harlan (1877); William Burnham Woods (1880)

Congress #45 (October 15, 1877-March 3, 1879):
Senate: 39 Republicans; 36 Democrats; 1 Independent
House: 156 Democrats; 137 Republicans

Congress #46 (March 18, 1879-March 3, 1881):
Senate: 43 Democrats; 33 Republicans
House: 150 Democrats; 128 Republicans; 14 Others

Election of 1876
(The disputed electoral votes of Florida, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Oregon were awarded to Hayes by a commission appointed by Congress)
CandidatesElectoral Vote Popular Vote
Rutherford B. Hayes
185 4,034,311
Samuel J. Tilden
184 4,288,546
Peter Cooper
none 75,973


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