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An ethnic Albanian boy jogs on a dusty road in the Kosovo village of Devetak, of Kosovo's capital Pristina. An ethnic Albanian boy jogs on a dusty road in the Kosovo village of Devetak, 80 km (49.7 miles) west of Kosovo's capital Pristina, June 5, 2005. REUTERS/Hazir Reka

Inside Kosovo

An insider's look at the people and places that define Kosovo.  Slideshow 

    Kosovo independence declaration deemed legal

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    A Kosovo Albanian woman walks past a graffiti in the ethnically divided town of Mitrovica, December 9, 2007.

    Credit: Reuters/Hazir Reka

    THE HAGUE | Thu Jul 22, 2010 5:44pm EDT

    THE HAGUE (Reuters) - Kosovo's unilateral secession from Serbia in 2008 did not violate international law, the World Court said Thursday in a decision with implications for separatist movements everywhere.

    The non-binding, but clear-cut ruling by the International Court of Justice is a major blow to Serbia and will complicate efforts to draw the former pariah ex-Yugoslav republic into the European Union.

    It is likely to lead to more states following the United States, Britain and 67 other countries in recognizing ethnic-Albanian dominated Kosovo, which broke away after NATO intervened to end a brutal crackdown on separatism by Belgrade.

    It may also embolden breakaway regions in countries ranging from India and Iraq to Serbia's war-torn neighbor and fellow former Yugoslav republic Bosnia to seek more autonomy.

    "The court considers that general international law contains no applicable prohibition of declaration of independence," Judge Hisashi Owada, president of the ICJ, said in the clear majority ruling delivered in a cavernous hall at the Hague-based ICJ.

    "Accordingly it concludes that the declaration of independence of the 17th of February 2008 did not violate general international law."

    Serbian President Boris Tadic insisted Kosovo remained part of Serbia, a statement which, alongside the unequivocal nature of the ruling, threw confusion over Serbia's path toward EU membership, seen in the West as a way to stabilize the Balkans.

    "Serbia will never recognize the unilaterally proclaimed independence of Kosovo," Tadic said.

    News of the court's decision prompted celebrations in the Kosovo capital Pristina, where people drove through the streets waving Kosovo, U.S. and British flags and shouting "USA, USA!."

    U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said everyone should move beyond the issue of Kosovo's status and seek cooperation.

    Kosovo Foreign Minister Skender Hyseni said the ruling would compel Serbia to deal with it as a sovereign state.

    "I expect Serbia to turn and come to us, to talk with us on so many issues of mutual interest, of mutual importance," Hyseni told Reuters. "But such talks can only take place as talks between sovereign states."

    In the flashpoint northern Kosovo town of Mitrovica, Albanians fired bullets in the air and let off firecrackers while Serbs gathered in their part of town and international forces blocked bridges across the river dividing the two sides.

    In Serbia the Orthodox Church, which has deep roots in Kosovo, rang church bells and led prayers.

    Serbia's dinar currency hit all-time lows, forcing the central bank to intervene for the second day in a row.

    CLEAR RULING, CLEAR OPPOSING SIDES

    Serbia lost control of Kosovo in 1999 when a 78-day NATO bombing campaign ended a two-year war between Serbia and ethnic Kosovo Albanians, and put in place a U.N. administration and a NATO-monitored ceasefire.

    The reaction of Serbia's ally Russia to the ruling contrasted sharply with that of the United States, a reminder of Cold War tensions and of the risk of a continued impasse in the region, one of the poorest corners of Europe.

    Russia's Foreign Ministry said the court's decision did not provide a legal basis for Kosovo's independence since it only referred to the declaration of independence and did not address the legality of consequences such as statehood or recognition.

    Analysts said the ruling left little room for doubt.

    "I don't think anyone was expecting that. It is a clear, strong and unambiguous statement in favor of Kosovo's independence," said Marko Prelec of think tank the International Crisis Group.

    "It will strengthen Kosovo's position vis a vis Serbia in the international scenes and weaken Serbia's position. There will be many more recognitions now."

    FAULTLINES

    The ruling was being watched closely by other nations grappling with calls for secession from within their borders.

    "This is bad news to a number of governments dealing with separatist movements," said Edwin Bakker, researcher at the Clingendael Institute of International Relations. "This ruling brings Kosovo's entry in the U.N. much closer."

    Georgia filed a lawsuit in 2008 against Russia at the same court, saying that Russia's incursion into South Ossetia and Abkhazia amounted to ethnic cleansing. Spain, which has its own regions seeking greater autonomy, has said it will not recognize an independent Kosovo.

    "The decision of the International Court once more confirms the right of Abkhazia and South Ossetia to self-rule," said Sergei Bagapsh, president of the Russian-backed breakaway Georgian region of Abkhazia.

    In the Balkans, the ruling could fortify separatist sentiments in the Serb half of Bosnia, another former Yugoslav republic which remains divided along ethnic lines.

    (Additional reporting by Fatos Bytyci in Pristina, Ivana Sekularac and Aleksandar Vasovic in Belgrade, Arshad Mohammed in Washington and Willam Maclean in London; edited by Philippa Fletcher)

    Comments

    Jul 22, 2010 11:27am EDT

    Great article. Now if only we, as citizens of the world and of our individual nation-states, can find a way to give the World Court and the UN more authority to act to ensure and enforce the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which most of the worlds nations are signers.

    timwilliamson Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 1:20pm EDT

    timwilliamson – you’re either ignorant or just malinformed.

    The whole purpose of the UN and its various “international” organizations is control and eventual one-world-government, as called under the NWO.
    I can tell you of hundreds, if not thousands of examples where people have suffered and continue to suffer and yet the UN does nothing.

    Only one case in point: the biggest ethnicity without their own country: the Kurdish people have been persecuted for centuries by various authorities in Turkey, Iraq and Iran with no reaction by the UN.

    pesheff Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 1:47pm EDT

    Kurds never had a state of their own and there are no countries around there to give them freedom… you can only get your freedom by fighting not by courts… Yugoslavia was a man made country and fractured as usual…

    otherwise may be there can be Sioux Country can be established at the middle of USA… or what about Northern Ireland… or what about spain… or maybe northern italy…

    commandante Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 2:03pm EDT

    How about the USA declares independence from the UN? How about Texas declares independence from the USA?

    …Or, better yet…

    How about we start reading the best of the past (our constitutions, state and federal), put them back into operation as written, thereby governing our government, thereby initiating prosperity, peace and liberty that others around the world would envy and emulate, and thereby avoid all the worst of humanity’s past?
    Just a thought.

    andrewhorning Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 3:21pm EDT

    Funny, I almost remember something about how a large section of the US seceded and yet there was this…. oh wait…. repressed.

    Rfairb Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 6:46pm EDT

    Great timing,now the south can raise again with the approval of the World Court

    BubbaTheGreat Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 22, 2010 10:07pm EDT

    North Ireland should be able to separate from England. Why not Gaza from Israel as an independent country. This right is must be also for Serb Bosnia and breakaway part of Georgia.

    Hippocracy is explained. USA agenda spread by the this decision.

    D.Jaya Report As Abusive
     
     
    Jul 23, 2010 12:49am EDT

    This is very good news for the Free Vermont movement. Check the current governors race in Vermont. http://www.governorsteele.com I am running as an Independent committed to freeing Vermont from the U.S. Empire. We need your help please make a donation to help us with our cause.

    DennisSteele Report As Abusive
     
     

     

     
     
     
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