You can now purchase Jimmy's CD/DVD release of Suddenly Last Summer directly from the record label at a very reasonable price: [MORE]


Glaswegian Jimmy Somerville first shot to fame back in 1984 with groundbreaking band Bronski Beat. "Smalltown Boy", their debut single, made the top three in Britain and was a huge hit all over Europe. It not only introduced the world to Jimmy's unusual "falsetto squeal" as he once described it, but confronted them with a lyric addressing the isolation and rejection felt by a provincial gay youth forced into leaving town.

Although not the first pop song to deal with this topic, the chart friendly early 80's electronic dance sound and the everyday ordinariness and honesty of the three performers, made "Smalltown Boy" the biggest obviously gay record there'd ever been.

Bronski Beat went on to have several lively pop dance hits in '84 and '85 including a cover of former gay icon Donna Summer's "I Feel Love", on which they joined forces with Marc Almond.

A year of hit records across Europe and the UK, live performances, outspoken interviews and the pressures of new found fame took its toll and, something of a reluctant star, he left Bronski Beat for a rest. In a matter of months, however, he was back forming the Communards with old friend and keyboardist Richard Coles. Over the next three years the Communards enjoyed a string of hits from their two big selling albums - "Communards" ( 1986 ) and "Red" ( 1987 ).

Jimmy and Richard's material was a mixture of good old fashioned "gay" disco and more bluesy, acoustic, political and social comment songs, both of which made a strong impact in the Thatcherite 80's and perfectly reflected the two sides of Jimmy's personality as well. One moment the Communards were hurtling to the number one spot, a position they held for four weeks in September 1986, with an energetic, hedonistic cover version of the Philly soul classic "Don't Leave Me This Way", the next stunning audiences into silent awe with their touching lament for a loved one lost to Aids, "For A Friend".

At the end of '88 Richard, a former church organist, left to pursue a career in the media as a religious commentator. Jimmy then embarked on a solo career which saw him chalk up another 5 hit singles and two albums; "Read My Lips" ( 1989 ) and "The Singles Collection" ( 1990 ). These included another stirring disco cover of Sylvester's "You Make Me Feel ( Mighty Real )", which made the top five, and Francoise Hardy's "Comment Te Dire Adieu", a duet in French with June Miles Kingston. He also contributed to the Aids awareness project album "Red Hot and Blue", recording a cover of Cole Porter's "From This Moment On".

Jimmy's continued outspokeness on gay issues didn't prevent his records being played and selling in huge quantities. His honesty as a gay performer almost certainly helped to pave the way.

Since he disappeared from the charts in 1991, Jimmy deliberately took time out of his high profile celebrity existence to, as he puts it, live his life to the full as a gay man in the 90's. His subsequent solo material drew, if anything, even more than before on his personal experiences and the periods of both elation and anger he has passed through in the preceding 4 years.

Although he has dabbled in some film work, appearing in Sally Potter's "Orlando" and setting up a gay film company "Normal Films", with Isaac Julien and others, to produce "Postcards From America", which previewed at 1994's New York Film Festival, the singing voice has taken a long holiday.

"In the last few years" says Jimmy, "I've really lived life and discovered myself. I've also discovered what it's like to be a part of a peer group that's been touched by the grief and anger of Aids, which has taken away several close friends. The new songs I've written deal with these very personal experiences of life, love, sex and death."

The album "Dare To Love" was released in June '95 and is a typical rollercoaster mix of upbeat pop dance numbers and more serious songs exploring gay issues. The title track, about a man who loves a younger boy of 16 and is threatened with prison and persecution, is typically upfront and provides a topical link with his earlier material.

"It's still very much a pop album" enthuses Jimmy, "a bit of disco and some jazzy blues but basically just jolly pop, gay pop if you like. I'm not going to come out with a pile of shit about being a mature artist now," he continues, "although I am more pleased with my vocals this time round. I've got more control over them than before and I wasn't scared to let go."

The first single from "Dare To Love" was "Heartbeat", released in January 1995. It entered the UK charts at number 24 and was number one in the USA dance chart. The E-Smoove and the Armand Van Heldon mixes are still being played in clubs today. This was followed by the fabulous cover version of Susan Cadogan's 1975 top four reggae hit "Hurts So Good".

"It seemed such a great song to do," said Jimmy, "it's about putting up with anything, about being brave in the face of emotional and physical abuse and bouncing back."

"Hurts So Good" stormed into the UK charts at number fifteen and was followed by an outstanding Top Of The Pops performance. It was Europe's fourth most played record for four weeks. The next single "By Your Side" was released in late October '95 and was supported by a UK tour.

1996 saw Jimmy and his singers doing PAs around the world including such places as San Fransisco, Beriut, Estonia, Kazakstan, Russia, Canada and throughout Europe.

Jimmy was involved in a project called "Respect" which was organised by the TUC in London, proceeds of the release of a single and a free festival, which was held on July 20th 1996, were donated to the Unite Against Racism campaign. Jimmy and his band also completed a European tour during the summer of '96 covering many of the summer festivals.

Aside from live work, Jimmy has collaborated on singles with the The Weathergirls and Sparks. He has also worked on a BMG project called The Heavens, wrote the title music for British TV series "Glasgow Kiss" and sung the part of a swallow in an children's animation of the Oscar Wilde story "The Happy Prince" filmed by Case Television for Channel 4 UK which was shown on Christmas Day 1996.

In spring '97 Jimmy released a single on various European labels entitled "Safe"- the track was taken from the album "Dare to Love" and was remixed by Todd Terry and DJ Tonka. It reached no. 1 in the Spanish charts and was played around the rest of Europe.

Having left London Records, Jimmy then signed a new deal with Gut Records in the summer of 1997 and a new single "Dark Sky" was released in September 1997. This track is quite different to anything he has done before and included mixes from Sure is Pure, Tony De Vit, Dillon and Dickins and The Only Child.

Jimmy performed at Europride, Paris in June '97 and at the St. Christopher Street Day Parade in Cologne in July '97 with a broken arm - he fell off his bicycle whilst cycling too fast down a hill in Hampstead Heath, London!

He took the words "Easily Broken" from the lyrics of the song "Dark Sky" and wrote them on his plaster for a photo shoot done for the single release:

During the summer of '97 along with writing and promoting, Jimmy appeared live with his backing singers at Summer Rites, London, Mardi Gras in Manchester, Blackpool, Glasgow, Barcelona and many other places.

He helped to raise awareness for the Hannover Lighthouse by performing live at a gala benefit concert and filming a documentary which was televised in Germany. The Lighthouse is a rest place where HIV positive and AIDS patients can stay. Jimmy spent time with patients and doctors and talked about the importance of such places and about their funding. The concert helped raise a contribution towards the funds needed to keep the Lighthouse open.

In the autumn, Jimmy performed at the Astoria in London at the 10th Anniversary Party for the gay newspaper "The Pink Paper" along with The Human League, Kylie Minogue, My Life Story, Heaven 17 and many others. He also sang at the Royal Albert hall at the 1997 Stonewall event.

In early 1998, Jimmy travelled a little further a field to Australia where his single "Dark Sky" was being released on Festival Records, and performed live at The Metro Club in Sydney with Adeva and Frankie Knuckles, and also at the Apollo Dance Festval in Melbourne along with Ultra Nate, Daft Punk, Fluke, BBE, DJ Sneak and Jeremy Healy. Jimmy loved Sydney so much he stayed on for a few weeks holiday. He was then approached to appear as a surprise guest at the famous Sydney Mardi Gras festival and ended up closing the show by arriving on the middle of the stage via a trapdoor dressed only in a Freedom flag! - he sang an acappella version of "Small Town Boy" and a full version of "Never Can Say Goodbye" to an audience which stretched back for miles.Jimmy said it was the most moving live experience he'd ever had!

Safely back at home in London Jimmy spent the rest of 1998 writing new material with friend Sally Herbert (of Banderas) and completed recording and co-producing the album "Manage The Damage" early in 1999 with producer Ash Howes. The first single "Lay Down" was released in May in the UK (and later in France and Australia) and has been remixed by 'Almighty', 'Sounds Of Life', 'Hoop' and 'Bonus'."Something To Live For " was also released at the same time as a first single in other territories and was remixed by 'Sounds Of Life'. The video for 'Something To Live For' was shot in Hamburg where Jimmy and some of the extras wore T-shirts bearing drug names used in combination treatment to coincide with the lyrics of the song. The video for 'Lay Down' was shot in London one sequence being filmed in an amazing derelict ballroom in south London which hasn't changed since the 1800's. Performing at the benefit 'Scotland Rocks For Kosovo' was also a highlight in May.

The album followed in June and is available on the following labels: Gut Records - UK, SPV - Germany, Austria and Switzerland, Musidisc - France, Scandinavian Records - Scandinavia, Blanco Y Negro - Spain, Festival Records - Australia, Planetworks - Greece, Instinct Records - USA, Rock Records - Japan, Next Era - Czech Republic / Slovakia, Records Express - Hungary.

Jimmy said of this release: "The album is a rather eclectic selection of songs which I'm still interpreting for myself."Here I Am" - a song of death, God, an atheist, me and what if? "Girl Falling Down" was written after reading a story in the paper about an everyday tragedy of a girl who's been robbed of any chance to have a life. People, society, the system had let her down. Abuse, violence, fear it's all she'd ever known and still no-one saw, heard, it's like she was invisible. Sadly her story is not unique."Lay Down" a song to the glory of oral...!!!! "Dark Sky"- words of rejection. In all it's a collection of songs about life and love." Throughout 1999 Jimmy has performed all around Europe (Germany, France, Italy, Greece, Denmark & Sweden) including Christopher Street Day in Berlin (July), Europride in Stockholm (July) and Mermaid Pride in Copenhagen (Aug). He also went on a six day whirlwind tour of Australia in September. In November Jimmy performed alongside George Michael, Boy George and Elton John and at The Royal Albert Hall in London for the Stonewall 'Equality Show' where he opened the evening with a version of 'I'm Coming Out' and performed 'For A Friend' with a string quartet.

During the millenium year of 2000 Jimmy continued to perform across Europe and especially in East Germany where he performed an emotional sold out show in Dresden (Jan) for the first time since the wall came down. He also performed at a Baroque Viennese ball (Feb)."Manage The Damage" was released in the USA in January to subsequent wide critical acclaim. To support the release Jimmy embarked on a mini US / Canadian tour in June performing at many of the Pride festivals the highlight of which was San Francisco Pride where he performed in the blistering heat to thousands of people. Other shows included a benefit in aid of the Matthew Shepard Foundation (New York) and one at a gay resort in the semi-open air during a thunderstorm in Florida! The tour also promoted the subsequent release of "Root Beer", an exclusive EP featuring remixes and b-sides from "Manage The Damage".

In August 2000 Jimmy released a new version of 'Why' (Almighty Mixes) on Almighty Records in the UK and played a packed out show at G.A.Y. in London's Astoria. The CD also included a version of 'Can't Take My Eyes Off Of You' which has also been released as part of the 'Queer As Folk 2' soundtrack out now on Channel 4 Records. 'Can't Take My Eyes Off Of You' was also released as a single by Atoll Music in France in March 2001. During 2001 Jimmy was busy as ever with live shows across Europe. February saw a five night stint in Antwerp to crowds exceeding 18,000 at once! In May he performed at the W¸hlheide open air stadium in Berlin to 17,000 vibrant and all dancing Germans - wild! He celebrated his birthday in June with a show for CSD Berlin in the Matrix club where he was overwhelmed with a huge birthday cake after the show which he shared with fans who came from across Germany to help in the celebrations! Warners also released a new compilation 'The Very Best Of Jimmy Somerville, Bronski Beat and The Communards' in the UK going in at #29 in the album charts.

The highlight of 2001 was when Jimmy signed a worldwide deal with Media Records (Germany) at the end of the year. Since then and throughout 2002 he worked with Mauro Picotto, Tom Novy, Pufo, Rolf Ellmer (Jam & Spoon), Felix Gauder, RMB und Soul in studios both in Italy and Germany.

As always recording was interspersed with many live shows including performing with a string ensemble on Valentines day for the 'Poems On The Underground' evening of music and poetry in London. March saw the release of the Warners compilation in Germany and Jimmy travelled to Russia to perform both in Moscow and St was freezing! In May Jimmy travelled to the Expo in Hannover, Germany and performed in front of an estimated 35,000 people as well as to another wild night at the W¸hlheide open air stadium in Berlin.

During the summer Warners released a limited edition version (with bonus CD of remixes / 12" versions) of 'The Very Best Of Jimmy Somerville, Bronski Beat and The Communards' throughout the rest of the world. This was released in Australia in November where Jimmy went for a performance at Perth Pride and the 2002 Sydney Gay Games to perform at both the Opening Ceremony as well as the Welcome Party.

In 2003 Jimmy continued to write and record his new album collaborating with Paul Mac, Sebastian und Marcel Krieg, Tillmann Uhrmacher and continued to work with Felix Gauder as well as with Rosenstolz. PA highlights in this year were Star Night Fever where he played with a 14 piece band and CSD Berlin in front of the Brandenburg Gate and an estimated 500,000 people at the Pride event!

Jimmy also appeared at 'Pride In The Park', London's Mardis Gras on Saturday 26th July which was a huge event with an estimated 65,000 people - Jimmy also sang a duet 'I Feel Love' with Marc Almond after his own set - Jimmy originally dueted this song with Marc Almond whilst with Bronski Beat.

Jimmy parted company with Media Records to join Media's ex-Head of A&R Robin Ewald's new label Jinx Musix. The move was a mutual decision as Robin's vision was the very reason Jimmy signed for Media. This didn't delay the new album which featured collaborations with Rosenstolz / Felix Gauder / Mauro Picotto / Rolf Elmer (Jam n Spoon) and Tillmann Uhrmacher.

The album entitled 'Home Again' has been released in the following territories: Germany, UK, Finland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Italy, Sweden, Hungary, Czech Republic, Greece, Netherlands, Singapore, Middle East, Canada and Russia.

The first track to emerge from the new album was 'It's So Good' written with Paul Mac from Australia who also produced the track. Jimmy spent most of 2004 promoting the new album and embarked on a wealth of live appearances and even went out on tour with Rosenstolz in Germany.

The first commercial single to be released from the album 'Come On' was released in Germany in October 2004. Jimmy wrote and recorded the track with Rosenstolz. A further single 'Ain't No Mountain High Enough' was then released in Germany in January 2005 whereupon further promotion and live dates continued well in to the year.

In 2006 Jimmy performed a couple of exclusive shows in Sydney and Melbourne in Australia both in elaborate theatres. These featured an acoustic set as well as his more well known high-energy dance set, the finale featuring a huge choir. Compared by Bob Downe both shows were a huge success.

Albeit not a direct release from Jimmy the track 'Tell Me Why' by Supermode was released in the summer of 2006 to an incredible response. The track is based upon 'Small Town Boy' although also draws lyrics from the Bronski Beat track 'Why'. A-listed at Radio 1 and staying in the UK top 40 for weeks on end and became one of the songs of the summer. Once again not a direct release from Jimmy a new track 'You & Me' by 'Blue Ray' is also set to emerge which combines 'Why' with the Yazoo track 'Situation'.

Jimmy ended 2006 with a charity show on December 2nd entitled 'It Takes Two' for the Food Chain who provide nutrition services to those living with HIV related illness. Taking place in London's Mermaid venue it will feature performances and duets by Jimmy, Andy Bell (Erasure), Julian Clary, Heather Small (M-People) amongst others.

Jimmy is currently putting the finishing touches to his new album åSuddenly Last Summerπ inspired by and originally recorded on his trip to Australia in 2006. Featuring his unique acoustic interpretation of some classic songs including åSweet Unknownπ / åHushπ and åHanging On The Telephoneπ. Release will be worldwide on digital download via The Orchard at the end of the summer.


All I ever wanted was to be a member of the young generation. Obscenely tight trousers, cap-sleeved T-shirt and floppy hair. Dancing for the nation on a Saturday night, live from exotic locations like Weston-Super-Mare. Shudder at the thought. All I ended up with was being mistaken for a little girl " Och hasn't she got lovely hair, och wit a bonnie wee lassie". Not good when you know you're also a bonnie wee poof. Homo was definitely in my genes and I was in everyone else's [male,girls were pals] before I could even spell sexuality.

It's amazing who's available when you yourself are so unknowingly available. But then most men never look at the mantle-piece when they're stoking the fire. They would dump, then I'd get thumped. Hated school - made my life hell. Was a time when any old sadist could become a teacher. Aparrently, my neice says, I'm the only famous pupil not listed in their books but then protestants are not exactly renowned for their tollerence.† Bunked. No grades. End up selling paint and wallpaper paid for the perms and Saturday nights in satellite city (it's a wonder I'm not crippled, dancing all night in cowboy boots). Fell in with a bad crowd - called themselves friends. With friends like them............I was a very trusting and gullible young thing but a nasty streak lurked within. Things were getting out of hand. It wasnt what I wanted. I used to read and dream about London.† Anywhere else but home really.

Got here in the summer of '79. Only meant to be for the weekend. First stop, Earls Court. Oh my! so many men, a return ticket, two days and so little time [It was a good few years before Hi-Energy]. Home - I'd found it! bought the T-shirt and stayed. Hurt so many people in the process. It hurt me, but I was angry. I was looking after number one. This was my chance to start afresh, find out who I was, I could make up any old shite and who'd know what I was, wanted and needed. Of course, wasn't so romantically simple. Contrary to myth, the streets are not paved with gold. No money, no address and no shame. Fearless puts it mildly. That ginge minge got me by as did my baby face. Hey - gotta do what you gotta do.

Finally got off the 'dilly [as in Picca'] courtesy of the kindness of a stranger. Gave us a room at his house. No strings. There is good out there you know. We were lucky. Good found us. So, here was I in a London address. NW5, Hampstead no less. Got a job. Heals - kitchen accessories, Debenhams - D.I.Y. - I know, wine bars. Apprentice baker. Don't know what possessed me there. Dancing 'til 3 then at my ovens at 5. Not a good combination. I had baked one loaf too many.†

Then it was a loooong period in the national handbag - benefits. Don't regret a single scrounging second. Gave me the time to grow, discover and subvert! It's now the summer of '83. Squatting at Coptic Street by the British Museum. I can still smell the honeysuckle that grew in the courtyard. It was one of the original alternative scene babies.† I lived with and was influenced by some truly wonderful people. Left wing would be an understatement. And of course I had all the makings of a little militant. The Labour party young socialists. The Anti-Nazi League. I wore my heart - or should I say numerous badges on my sleeve. I was never one to keep my tounge in my pocket, I was out† - like truly out there. An angry young gay man. I wanted to right the world. I really believed, and still believe it can be done. Friendships were forged and many of them are still going strong.

† It's now the summer of '83. Met Larry and Steve through Jill. Jill was one of the people I was working with on a community video - funded by the G.L.C "Red Ken funds one-eyed black single lesbian mother creche shock" as the tabloids would have us believe. It was called'Framed Youth [revenge of the teenage perverts]' I had sung [although at that time I didn't really think of myself as being an experienced vocalist, as it was the first time I had ever really sung (I look at it more as my first singing lesson). A song, accompanied only with a drum machine, called "Screaming". They heard, they liked. The monster was born - you can blame Richard Coles for that! - Told me they had some synthesisers, I had an obsessive fascination of synthesised sound, and would I like to come over and mess around. How exciting I thought. It was. I was suddenly part of something I had only ever heard on record before. The world of "Me Giorgio - Utopia" [as in Morrodor] was at my fingertips...Bronski Beat were born.

One album. "The Age Of Consent" a soundtrack for isolated homos everywhere.† 'Smalltown Boy',† 'Why?',† 'Need A Man Blues', not lyrical landmarks but the honesty and straightforward sentiment meant something to so many people. It was exciting and fun. Here i was one minute on the dole, the next at number three in the charts and on top of the pops, an institution, a religious experience on a thursday night at 7 o'clock and I had only done it for a laugh! Then it all went squiffy. A lack of understanding of each other's needs and the realisation, well for me anyway, that to work so intimately our friendships had to be strong plus there was to much intimate history between the others.The chance to support Madonna on the 'Like A Virgin' tour and me saying no and truly pissing everyone off prompted my decision to call it a day. I was not a popular man. Still, needs must.

I had already met Richard Coles a few years previous as we had worked together on 'Framed Youth'. It was Richard who had encouraged me to sing. I was very close to Richard at this point. He made me laugh so much. And who else would hang out with a man with a pink triangle dyed into the middle of his hair! He also saved me from a trampling courtesy of maggies boot boys while demonstrating against pit closures at warrington during the miners strike. Amongst other adventures, the Communards were born. The name was taken from the Paris commune during the Franco/Prussian war. Such were our idealistic beliefs. Control and self-determination should be a right not a privilege. We believed in human rights and still do. The Communards at the time had a very unique live set up. Three poofs and seven hetero women. I can honestly say it was the best laugh in a live situation I've ever had. Three years, two albums and constant touring built up a loyal following. Our success was low key until the release of 'Don't Leave Me This Way'. We had arrived. The song for me from this period has to be 'For A Friend' this was written in response to one of our friends dying from an A.I.D.S. related illness. Mark was also the first person close to us to die. Richard and I were determined to bring the awareness of A.I.D.S issues into the pop arena. No one else was doing it. We were shocked and angry. So as well as music had an political agenda. I'd say we done quite well for two unlikely pop stars . Like all good things leave it on a high. So we called it a day.††

Now it's '89. And I'm on the move again. This time it's solo. 'Read My Lips was created' during a period of intense political involvement and if I think back it was also a period of bereavement. By this time I had known too many people who were sick or who had died. I was still angry. 'Act Up' was born out of frustration and the terrible complacency that I felt surrounded H.I.V. and A.I.D.S. Myself with a group of others decided it was time to do something to challenge this. Direct action and civil disobedience seemed the only way to go. We felt too many people were being denied basic rights. There was still so much discrimination and hysteria. Disinformation was rife. People were dealing with shit. We achieved a lot during Its short life. Action = Life / Silence = Death. 'Read My Lips' the title track is the song that sums this period up. It was also a blast to get up so many people's noses.

A short stay in San Francisco [was made an honorary lesbian only because I couldn't seem to hit it off with the men out there. Picture this - me, rolling drunk in a club, the place is packed and then I hear in that whiny west coast queenie drawl "scuse me but you really are invading my personal space" yeah me and 2,000 other homos ya freak. It was all too much for me but them dykes, what a blast] Returned after 6 months to release ÎThe Singles Collection' with a sleeve to melt any grannie's heart. Loved those airbrushed cheekbones. ' To Love Somebody' tried to drag me into that† "mature artist' camp - Yeuck! Huge hit though. By this time London Records were really getting on my tits. If I was to hear† "can't do that, too gay" one more time. I mean, most of the northern hemisphere knew I was a poof for goodness sake!

So it was one more album with London "Dare To Love" a collection of great songs that could have been treated a lot better, along with the artist. Anyway enough moaning. This was more a reflective period and my voice was also stronger. I felt more of a singer than I had ever done. The title track was me on my way to dealing with all them ghosties I had been keeping locked away. Half me, half someone else, It asks "Where is the crime in love?" Where indeed. Leave London December '96 Free - wahoo! Signed to Gut records in May of '97.††

I've spent the last two years writing, drinking, writing, messin' around, producing, the odd near successful relationship here and there [too greedy me, I don't want the cake , I want the cake shop!], more writing, producing,drinking 'avin' a laugh with my friend Sally Herbert with whom I also live and drive to distraction. 'Manage The Damage' title of our efforts, was all done at home. What a luxury. There is no better place to create than in the environment that gives a feeling of security. No paying ridiculous money for over priced studios. No oppressive vocal booths. Although it's the poor neighbours I felt for, suffering my wailing day in, day out. The only drawback is that it's so easy to say "Och we'll finish it tomorrow hen". But we've had freedom to do our own thing. And also the support of those who believe in us. Been a long time coming. The album is a rather eclectic selection of songs. "Here I am" -† The opening track - A song of death, God, an atheist, me and what if. Hmmmm....make of it what you will. So many of the songs I'm still interpreting for myself. But then there is "Girl Falling Down" written after reading in the paper the story, an everyday tragedy, of a girl who's been robbed of any chance to have a life. People, society, the system had let her down. Abuse, violence, fear it's all she'd ever known and still no-one saw, heard, it's like she was invisible. Sadly her story is not unique. "Lay Down" a song to the glory of oral...!!!! "Dark Sky" words of rejection -† OK,† I was dumped. "My Life" I think that one's about messy Jessy, my alter ego [you don't wanna know about messy but can be seen around the west end in various states of distress quite frequently]. In all it's a collection of songs about life + love, Isn't that what it's all about? So this is my self - penned press release. Goes on a bit I know but I have cut loads out. All the kiss and tell juicy bits, sorry. Whatever became of the 'Young Generation'?

P.S. Confronted those demons - Glasgow smiles better.