Hannibal Fogg

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Hannibal Garrett Fogg (born 25 January 1861, disappeared 9 May 1926), was an English explorer, author, soldier and spy.[1]



He was educated at Wellington College and at Balliol College, Oxford, from where he was sent down.[2] Other accounts suggest he was rusticated and chose not to return. Through family contacts, he secured a commission with the Royal Engineers.[3]

Fogg disappeared[4] in 1926, while on an expedition in Manchuria. No reliable account of his disappearance is known to survive.[5]


Fogg was the author[4] of numerous books and academic monographs. They include The Pain of Silence (1887), Lost Years (1890) Adam & Charles Black, Twixt Hell and Marshland (1902), Ballads of Hope (1907) Adam & Charles Black, Perfidious Albion (1911), The Development of Shaolin Martial Arts in 13th Century China Monograph (1920) and Myth and Magic in the Ainu Community (1920).


In 1921, Hannibal Fogg was accused of spying for Kaiser Wilhelm II, and was imprisoned.[6] Fogg's biographers have alleged that Fogg had "made enemies in the British political establishment" and had been made a "scapegoat" while asserting that he had met the Kaiser on two occasions, once in Munich and once Austria.[7] What is often overlooked is the role that Fogg may have played in liasing on behalf of his friend the Sultan of Morocco and Kaiser Wilhelm during the latters ill advised visit to Tangiers in 1905,[8] during which the Kaiser raised tensions between Germany and France by stating his support for Moroccan Independence.


  1. ^ Historical Dictionary of British Intelligence, p. 48, by Nigel West, 2005 Scarecrow Press
  2. ^ Balliol College: A History, p. 255, by John Jones, 1997 OUP
  3. ^ British Intelligence: Secrets, Spies and Sources, p. 232, by G. Macklin, 2008 National Archive
  4. ^ a b Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XXII, p. 274
  5. ^ Travels in Mongolia and China, p. 11, by Y. Akiko, 2001 Columbia University Press
  6. ^ Spies of the First World War: Under Cover for King and Kaiser, p. 236, by James Morton, 2009. National Archive
  7. ^ http://www.hannibalfoggsociety.org/HFS/Biography.html
  8. ^ Spies of the First World War: Under Cover for King and Kaiser, p. 237, by James Morton, 2009. National Archive

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