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  <<  CHINA  II  >>

Sinkiang - Xinjiang

  53 Mountain Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater

According to our research, the People's Republic of China has 178 ultra-prominent summits.  This is equal to almost 12% of the world's total, and ranks China as #1 in this category.  33 of these summits appear to be directly on the border with a neighboring country:  Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, North Korea, or Vietnam.

In order to best display the data, we are presenting the mountains of China on four lists:

China I - Tibet (Xizang)
China II - Sinkiang (Xinjiang)
China III - Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces
China IV - Central and Eastern China, including Taiwan and Korea

Additionally, there is a  high degree of overlap between the Tibet and Sinkiang lists and the High Asia I (Karakoram) and High Asia II (Central Himalaya) lists.

It is not our intention to make misleading statements about the proper borders in areas
disputed between China, India, Pakistan and Bhutan.  We apologize if for any errors of international borders, and are happy to be notified with corrections.

The four lists that comprise China reflective extensive research into names, elevations and promience values conducted over a period of several years.  China is completely mapped at 1:50,000 scale, but these maps are heavily restricted to the public and we
have unfortunately not had access to much of this information.  Information about source material is in the footnotes below.     

Compiled 2003-6 by Jonathan de Ferranti, Eberhard Jurgalski and Aaron Maizlish.  List ©2006 www.peaklist.org

firest release:  March 12, 2006

Rank
Summit Name
Alt. Names
Province
Country
Elevation
Prominence
Saddle
Latitude
Longitude
ID Code
Elev
(ft.)
Prom
(ft.)
Notes

1 Jengish Chokusu Tomur Feng, Pik Pobeda Xinjiang China/ Kyrgyzstan 7439 4148 3291 42º02'15"N 080º07'30"E AS006 24406 13609 [1]
2 Bogda Shan
Xinjiang China 5445 4122 1323 43º48'06"N 088º19'57"E AS007 17864 13523
3 K2 Chogori, Qogir Feng Xinjiang China/Pakistan 8611 4017 4594 35º52'57"N 076º30'48"E AS010 28251 13179
4 Kongur Shan
Xinjiang China 7649 3585 4064 38º35'39"N 075º18'48"E AS021 25095 11762 [4]
5 Sauyr Zhotasy Muz Tau Xinjiang China, Kazakhstan 3840 3252 588 47º02'57"N 085º34'00"E AN003 12598 10669 [5]
6 Tomort HP Karlik Shan Xinjiang China 4886 3243 1643 43º04'24"N 094º20'48"E AS027 16030 10640
7 Xuelian Feng Snow Lotus Peak Xinjiang China 6627 3068 3559 42º15'42"N 080º53'24"E AS033 21742 10065
8 Chakragil Chagragil Xinjiang China 6760 2934 3826 38º51'57"N 075º06'30"E AS043 22178 9626
9 Muztagh Ata
Xinjiang China 7546 2735 4811 38º16'42"N 075º06'57"E AS067 24757 8973
10 HP Borohoro Shan
Xinjiang China 5248 2576 2672 43º34'45"N 085º07'09"E AS078 17218 8451
11 Altun Shan
Xinjiang/Qinghai China 5830 2528 3302 39º15'03"N 093º41'48"E AS086 19127 8294 [11]
12 Gora Alagordy
Xinjiang China, Kazakhstan 4622 2480 2142 45º02'30"N 080º15'27"E AN008 15164 8136
13 KERTAU
Xinjiang China 3282 2365 917 45º44'33"N 082º45'27"E AN009 10768 7759
14 Nayramadlin Orgil Kujten-Uul, Tavanbogd, Youyi Feng Xinjiang China/Mongolia 4374 2342 2032 49º08'45"N 087º49'09"E AN011 14350 7684
15 Tekilik Shan
Xinjiang China 5450 2316 3134 36º31'18"N 080º18'54"E AS119 17880 7598
16 Gasherbrum I
Xinjiang China/Pakistan 8080 2155 5925 35º43'33"N 076º41'42"E AS153 26509 7038
17 Barkol Shan Barkol Tagh Xinjiang China 4300 2083 2217 43º22'54"N 093º21'21"E AS176 14107 6834
18 Dunheger HP Baytik Shan Xinjiang China/Mongolia 3315 2075 1240 45º11'33"N 090º54'24"E AN019 10876 6808
19 Sulamutag Feng
Xinjiang China 6245 2028 4217 37º54'48"N 087º23'21"E AS192 20489 6653 [19]
20 "Surukwat Kangri"
Xinjiang China 6792 1995 4797 36º17'18"N 076º23'18"E AS205 22283 6545
21 Liushi Shan "Kunlun Goddess" Tibet/Xinjiang China 7167 1946 5221 35º18'57"N 080º54'57"E AS236 23513 6384
22 Ulugh Muztagh Muztag Feng Xinjiang China 6973 1943 5030 36º24'45"N 087º23'06"E AS234 22877 6375
23 HP Yusupu Aleketag Shan
Xinjiang China 6065 1923 4142 38º11'24"N 088º54'30"E AS239 19898 6309
24 Buka Daban Feng Syn Qing Feng Qinghai/Xinjiang China 6860 1922 4938 36º01'27"N 090º51'57"E AS249 22506 6306
25 Ak Tag
Xinjiang China 6748 1920 4828 36º43'27"N 084º36'06"E AS214 22139 6299
26 Huang Guan Shan The Crown Xinjiang China 7295 1919 5376 36º06'30"N 076º12'45"E AS252 23933 6296
27 Heyuan Feng
Xinjiang China 5289 1912 3377 43º26'18"N 086º05'00"E AS289 17352 6273
28 P. 6588
Xinjiang China 6588 1888 4700 42º02'12"N 080º30'15"E AS260 21614 6194
29 Unknown Name
Xinjiang China 4800 1796 3004 42º32'36"N 085º20'39"E AS317 15748 5892
30 KOKTUTAU
Xinjiang China 5324 1737 3587 40º02'21"N 074º49'48"E AS354 17467 5699
31 AYALIKTAG RANGE
Xinjiang China 6130 1728 4402 37º23'18"N 087º36'24"E AS370 20111 5669
32 HP Khrebet Temerliktau
Xinjiang China 3730 1718 2012 43º19'06"N 080º48'06"E AS400 12237 5636
35 Muztagh Tower
Xinjiang China/Pakistan 7276 1710 5566 35º49'36"N 076º21'42"E AS339 23871 5610
34 Teram Kangri I
Xinjiang China/Pakistan 7464 1703 5761 35º34'45"N 077º04'39"E AS377 24489 5587
33 Broad Peak
Xinjiang China/Pakistan 8051 1701 6350 35º48'42"N 076º33'54"E AS376 26414 5581
36 Unknown Name

Xinjiang China 6332 1702 4630 42º17'06"N 081º02'36"E AS725
20774
5584

37 Dahei Shan
Xinjiang China 3963 1692 2271 43º38'57"N 093º55'12"E AS397 13002 5551
38 Lyavirdyr
Xinjiang China 6361 1676 4685 37º33'45"N 075º09'42"E AS413 20869 5499
39 "Mazar Shan"
Xinjiang China 6542 1674 4868 36º27'03"N 076º51'54"E AS409 21463 5492
40 Selik Gulam Muztag Kashitashi Xinjiang China 6691 1660 5031 36º13'00"N 082º02'09"E AS380 21952 5446
41 Unknown Name
Xinjiang China 5716 1646 4070 42º21'06"N 080º37'39"E AS437 18753 5400
42 Mush Muztagh
Xinjiang China 6638 1631 5007 36º02'51"N 080º07'09"E AS452 21778 5351
43 KOGANTAG
Xinjiang/Qinghai China 4800 1611 3189 38º37'54"N 090º38'24"E AS486 15748 5285
44 "Kaimuk Kangri"
Xinjiang China 6953 1601 5352 35º54'48"N 076º53'15"E AS505 22811 5253
45 "Durbin Kangri"
Xinjiang China 6824 1579 5245 35º59'48"N 076º46'06"E AS604 22388 5180
46 Karpogo Sar I Kezhen Xinjiang China 7038 1578 5460 35º55'30"N 076º10'30"E AS528 23090 5177
47 DZHATA
Xinjiang China 3085 1560 1525 48º37'51"N 086º50'21"E AN059 10121 5118
48 "Kataklik Kangri"
Kashmir/Xinjiang China/India 6897 1543 5354 34º56'24"N 078º10'57"E AS579 22628 5062 [48]
49 Gasherbrum II
Xinjiang China/Pakistan 8034 1530 6504 35º45'30"N 076º39'12"E AS583 26358 5020
50 "Burnag Kangri"
Xinjiang China 6821 1529 5292 35º51'33"N 076º50'03"E AS531 22378 5016
51 Karakash Shan
Xinjiang China 6510 1528 4982 35º43'21"N 078º41'15"E AS480 21358
5013 [51]
52 Unknown Name

Xinjiang China 6447 1513 4934 36º41'24"N 077º44'03"E AS663 21151 4964
53 Chung Muztagh Qong Muztag Xinjiang China 6962 1512 5450 35º39'06"N 082º18'45"E AS603 22841 4961

E1 MUZLUKTAG
Xinjiang China 5766 1468 4298 37º20'54"N 086º53'36"E AS667 18917 4816
E2 KOKIRQIN SHAN
Xinjiang China 3698 1467 2231 44º18'36"N 081º59'03"E AN072 12132 4813
E3 Markanta
Xinjiang China 5535 1465 4070 39º20'27"N 074º01'24"E AS669 18159 4806

Sources: 

Data Sources:  This page represents years of compilation by the authors from a variety of sources including direct communication with researchers and from published material, principally 1) various mountaineering literature, 2) Soviet topographic mapping at 1:100,000 and 1:200,000,  3) extensive analysis of SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission) digital elevation data, 4) names and elevations in publications by the China Mountaineering Association and in the geonames database, 5) Chinese Snow Mountain topographic map series, and 6) both commercial and national topographic surveys including the recent Finnish survey of Nepal where applicable.  We have striven to sort through extremely divergent elevation values and toponymy in order to provide a list that best reflects accurate and supportable data.  Notably, we have analyzed all published values against SRTM for reasonableness, and in many cases propose here for the first time, elevation estimates that we believe are more accurate than old survey values.

Names:  We have not been able to determine reliable placenames for a significant number of summits in China.  The tradition in Tibet and China is to give a name to an entire mountain range, and many of the less-famous peaks do not have well-known local names apart from that of their range.  Names in quotation marks are working names for unnamed summits (mostly in the Eastern Karakoram) from an unpublished 1984 study.  Names in capitals are those that we transliterated directly from the cyrillic on the Russian topographic maps, and have not thus far confirm their accuracy or pinyin spelling.  In addition, 28 peaks in China are name unknown, where we feel that the name of the larger range is not descriptive enough.  Submissions of names are welcome.

Saddle and prominence values are derived almost exclusively from SRTM data, with some reliance on Soviet mapping.  It is generally felt that these values are accurate to ±20 meters.

FOOTNOTES

[1] 7439m is the Soviet elevation. Chinese maps give an elevation of 7435m.

[4] Kongur Shan:  Many sources give the elevation of Kongur at 7719m.  The Guide to Mountaineering in China gives 7649m.  Confusingly, the authoritive Chinese Snow Map gives both 7719m and 7649m on different sections of the map.  After some analysis, we have decided to support the 7649m offered in the guide.  Both sources give the elevation of the northeast dome as 7625m. In "Kongur: China's Elusive Summit" Chris Bonington writes that seen from the NE dome "(the main summit) is undoubtedly the highest point on Kongur, though probably by not more than thirty metres or so". Despite clear weather and lack of time, Bonington's party climbed both summits because, on reaching the main summit, they found that they could not be sure that the NE summit was lower. The two summits are ±700m apart; had there been a 94m height difference they would surely have seen clearly that the NE summit was lower.  We have subsequently been informed by summiters that the 7649m is more consistent with GPS readings.

[5]  Sauyr Zhotasy.  According to Adam Helman, this peak appears to be unclimbed, and is one of the candidates for world's most prominent unclimbed summit.

[11] Altitude of 5798 from CMG overruled by SRTM.

[19] 
Chinese maps give an elevation of 6295m, but the Russian map figure of 6245m is more compatible with SRTM.

[48]  "Kataklik Kangri" is our working name for the mountain on the India/Chinese Line of Control.  We used the elevation of 6897m from the Soviet 1:100,000 map.  There are two peaks slightly south that the Russians map shows as lower but which may be similar in height.  The 1934 Visser map puts one of these peaks at 6952m, and the US aeronautical charts, which are generally less reliable, put the other peak variously at 6962m (ONC) or 6974m (TPC).  The mountains are void on the SRTM, but in general SRTM and the Russian survey concur in this area. 

[51] Russian map shows a high point of 6583m.

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