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Website World Maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated


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Present climate Present climate 1951-2000
Abstract Abstract
Citation Citation
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Climate shifts Climate shifts 1901-2100
Abstract Abstract
Citation Citation
Maps Maps
Movies Movies
Data Data

Data Contact
 Markus Kottek
 Franz Rubel
FCKW

     
     

World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated

Abstract

The most frequently used climate classification map is that of Wladimir Köppen, presented in its latest version 1961 by Rudolf Geiger. A huge number of climate studies and subsequent publications adopted this or a former release of the Köppen-Geiger map. While the climate classification concept has been widely applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects, a well-documented update of the world climate classification map is still missing. Based on recent data sets from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia and the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) at the German Weather Service, we present here a new digital Köppen-Geiger world map on climate classification for the second half of the 20th century.

Citation

Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.

Maps

Download the world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the present period 1951-2000 at this site.

Data

Download underlying data of the world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the present period 1951-2000 at this site.


Observed and projected climate shifts 1901-2100 depicted by world maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification

Abstract

In a previous paper we presented an update of the highly referenced climate classification map, that of Wladimir Köppen, which was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961. This updated world map of Köppen-Geiger climate classification was based on temperature and precipitation observations for the period 1951-2000. Here, we present a series of digital world maps for the extended period 1901-2100 to depict global trends in observed climate and projected climate change scenarios. World maps for the observational period 1901-2002 are based on recent data sets from the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia and the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) at the German Weather Service. World maps for the period 2003-2100 are based on ensemble projections of global climate models provided by the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. The main results comprise an estimation of the shifts of climate zones within the 21st century by considering different IPCC scenarios. The largest shifts between the main classes of equatorial climate (A), arid climate (B), warm temperate climate (C), snow climate (D) and polar climate (E) on global land areas are estimated as 2.6 - 3.4 % (E to D), 2.2 - 4.7 % (D to C), 1.3 - 2.0 (C to B) and 2.1 - 3.2 % (C to A).

Citation

Rubel, F., and M. Kottek, 2010: Observed and projected climate shifts 1901-2100 depicted by world maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Meteorol. Z., 19, 135-141. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0430.

Maps

Download world maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the period 1901-2100 at this site.

Movies

View movies of sliding 25-years means of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the observed period 1901-2000 as well as for the projected period 1976-2100 at this site.

Data

Download underlying data of the world maps of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification for the period 1901-2100 at this site.


Contact

Dr. Markus Kottek
Carinthian Government
Carinthian Institute for Climate Protection (KIKS)
Flatschacher Strasse 70
A-9020 Klagenfurt am Wörthersee, Austria
Tel: +43 (0)50 536 - 31573
Fax: +43 (0)50 536 - 31500
Email: markus.kottek@ktn.gv.at
Web: http://www.kiks.ktn.gv.at

Prof. Dr. Franz Rubel
Biometeorology & Mathematical Epidemiology Group
Institute for Veterinary Public Health
University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
Veterinärplatz 1
A-1210 Vienna, Austria
Tel: +43 (0)1 25077 - 3532
Fax: +43 (0)1 25077 - 3590
Email: franz.rubel@vetmeduni.ac.at
Web: http://www.vu-wien.ac.at/oeffentliches-veterinaerwesen/