Geography of Andhra Pradesh
A little over a third of the geographical area is tilled under agriculture and 22 per cent of the area is under forest cover. Forests occupy 63,814 Sq. Kms with rich flora and fauna. The State has a coastline of 974 kilometres. The Krishna and Godavari rivers account for 84 per cent of the total riparian water resources of the state. Major and medium irrigation schemes utilise 55 per cent of the total state irrigation potential. Andhra Pradesh boasts of some of the the best sun kissed beaches in the country. Quite similar to some other beaches of the country, the beaches of Andhra Pradesh truly have golden sands against a backdrop of bright blue waters of the Bay of Bengal. (Interactive map of Andhra Pradesh)
Although the interior is mountainous, Andhra Pradesh is largely on a coastal plain drained by the Penner, Krishna, and Godavari rivers. Andhra Pradesh can be broadly divided into three regions, namely Coastal Andhra, Telangana and Rayalaseema.
Coastal Andhra occupies the coastal plain between Eastern Ghats ranges.
Telangana lies west of the Eastern Ghats on the Deccan plateau. The Godavari and Krishna rivers rise in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Maharashtra and flow east across Telangana to empty into the Bay of Bengal in a combined river delta.
Rayalaseema lies in the southeast of the state on the Deccan plateau, in the basin of the Penner River. It is separated from Telangana by the low Erramala hills, and from Coastal Andhra by the Eastern Ghats.
Nearly three quarters of this population live in rural areas. The Krishna and Godavari rivers together irrigate thousands of square kilometres of land, and create the largest perennial cultivable area in the country. Andhra Pradesh leads in the production of rice (paddy) and is called India’s Rice Bowl.
The important crops of the state are rice, sugarcane, peanuts, and cotton. The main ores available in the region are coal, chrome, and manganese. The State has a major port of international dimensions, facilities and standards at Visakhapatnam and a satellite launch center is on Sriharikota island. Gas striking in the Krishna-Godavari basin has opened up unimaginable possibilities for the rapid development of Andhra Pradesh.
Andhra Pradesh falls under the semi-arid region of peninsular India and has a typical tropical climate of hot summers but relatively pleasant winters, especially in the plains of the interior. South-west and north-east Monsoons are the two important periodic winds which are the important sources of rain. The south-west monsoon is spread over the period commencing from June and ending with September and north-east monsoon from October to December.
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