India's Supreme Court rejected the petition to defer the Allahabad High Court's impending verdict on Ayodhya over the Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid title suit issue. The SC has not set any date for the delivery of the verdict by the Allahabad High Court. The High Court will give its verdict on Friday, Sept 30, 2010, which the government fears may trigger another wave of communal riots.
Boys fly a kite as paramilitary soldiers patrol a road in Ayodhya September 22, 2010.
Subscribe to The Economic Monitor
Subscribe to The Economic Monitor to get the day's most relevant news, data and anlaysis .
The centuries-old Babri mosque in Ayodhya, northern India, was demolished on December 6, 1992 by some Hindu mobs, which triggered one of the worst riots that killed about 2,000 people.
The 47-acre (19-hectare) site, one of the tightly guarded places in India, is currently cordoned off with barbed wire and steel fencing.
Hindu organizations represented by the Hindu Mahasabha, Muslims by Babri Masjid Action Committee and another trust by name Nirmohi Akhara are the major litigants in the 60-year-old court case.
Here is a chronology of major events in the dispute ever since the construction of the mosque in the early 16th century.
1528: Babri Masjid built in Ayodhya with blessings from the then Mughal ruler Babar by one of his nobleman Mir Baki. The Hindus say the mosque was built after razing an 11th century temple of Lord Rama in the area which they believe was his birthplace.
1859: Following seven years of communal riots and violence over the site, the British rulers erect fencing to separate Hindu and Muslim worshipping areas.
1949: Idols of Ram, Sita and Laxman found inside the mosque allegedly placed by Hindus on the night of Dec 22-23. The government declares the premises disputed and locks the gates.
1950: Gopal Singh Visharad files the first title suit seeking court permission to offer worship at the disputed site, followed by another by Paramhans Ramchandra Das. Worshipping was allowed but inner gates remain locked.
1959: Nirmohi Akhara, a trust files the third title suit seeking direction to hand over the charge of the disputed site from the receiver, claiming to be its custodian.
1961: Fourth suit was filed by Muslim Central Board of Wakf for declaration and possession of the site.
1984: A group of Hindus form a committee led by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad to 'liberate' the birth place of Lord Rama and build a temple there. BJP leader LK Advani begins his campaign.
1986: A district judge orders to open the gates of the disputed area, permitting Hindus to worship there. Muslims set up the Babri Masjid Action Committee in protest.
1989: Another suit is filed for declaration and possession and VHP joins the row.
1990: VHP volunteers partially damage the mosque.
1991: Riding on the popular wave in favor of the construction of Ram temple, BJP comes to power in the state of Uttar Pradesh where the disputed site is located and forms the provincial government.
Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid is demolished by 'kar sevaks', or those who volunteered to offer services for a religious cause.
1993: Central government steps in and takes over control of the entire 67-acre land in and around the disputed site.
1994: Supreme Court orders status quo on all cases till the title suit is settled.
1998: BJP forms the government at the national level for 13 days.
1999: BJP forms a coalition government at the centre which lasted for 13 months.
2000: The BJP government comes to power again at the Centre and lasted full term.
2002: Allahabad high court bench begins hearing the title suit case.
2009: The Liberhan Commission is set up to investigate the case of mosque's demolition and submits its report after 17 years.
July 26, 2010: High court special bench completes hearing arguments from both sides, reserves verdict.
Sept 17: The Lucknow bench of Allahabad high court rejects a plea seeking to defer the Sept 24 verdict over the title dispute.
Sept 24: High court's verdict on the title suit case is postponed.
Sept 28: Supreme Court rejects the petition to defer the Allahabad High Court's verdict on Ayodhya.
Sept 30: Allahabad Hight gives its verdict, divides the disputed land equally to three major parties -- Hindus, Muslims and the trust Nirmohi Akhara. Muslim organizations said they would move the Supreme Court and some Hindu groups also said they would appeal to the apex court.