The greater kudu's horns are spectacular and can grow as long as 72 inches, making 2 1/2 graceful twists. These beautifully shaped horns have long been prized in Africa for use as musical instruments, honey containers and symbolic ritual objects.

This chronology highlights important steps in AWF's growth and success over the past 46 years.

Jump to: 1960s | 1970s | 1980s | 1990s | 2000s


AWF concludes its first-ever comprehensive capital campaign--the Campaign to Save Africa’s Heartlands--on June 30, effectively doubling its investment in Africa over five years.

The Lomako Conservation Science Center opens in the remote forests of the DRC, home of the rare bonobo.

AWF President Dr. Helen Gichohi is featured in Milking the Rhino, the first major documentary to explore wildlife conservation from the perspective of people who have lived alongside wildlife all their lives.

AWF launches the Leasing Land for Conservation program in the Kilimanjaro Heartland.


AWF rolls out the Sustainable Economic Resources for Africa (SERA) initiative, an agenda of policy, legislative, and institutional recommendations based on the principles and lessons of the African Heartlands program.

The Livestock for Livelihoods program is launched in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in two Heartlands--Kilimanjaro and Samburu.

The Chiawa Cultural Village, an AWF-supported community enterprise that integrates historical attractions with conservation initiatives, opens on the banks of the Lower Zambezi in Zambia.

The Leopard Conservation Science Project begins in the Kruger, South Africa.

AWF's Conservation Enterprise team opens three new ecolodges that benefit local communities: Satao Elerai Camp in Kenya, Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge in Uganda, and Sabyinyo Silverback Lodge in Rwanda.

The Easements for Education program is launched in the Samburu Heartland.

AWF introduces its first blogs, giving people around the world a chance to follow the stories of conservation directly from the field.


Dr. Helen Gichohi is appointed President of the African Wildlife Foundation. She is AWF's first African president.

The Sanctuary at Ol Lentille opens for business in Laikipia, Kenya. This world-class ecolodge is a one-of-a-kind conservation enterprise.

AWF forms a partnership with The Nature Conservancy that will have a vast impact on the conservation of Africa's savanna and fresh water ecosystems.


AWF helps establish a new protected area in the Democratic Republic of Congo called the Faunal Reserve of Lomako-Yokokala. This is a major win for endangered bonobos and a large benefit to local communities.

AWF completes construction of new park headquarters in the Samburu National Reserve. The new building - along with new staff housing - will improve overall operations of the reserve and improve effective conservation management.

The Mgahinga Gorilla National Park Visitor Center is officially opened, welcoming tourists who come to southern Uganda to trek the endangered mountain gorillas.

Artist John Banovich partners with AWF to create the Lion PRIDE Initiative. The program raises public awareness about the plight of Africa's lions and generates new fundraising opportunities for their protection.


AWF partners with the Mozambican government to restore the magnificent Banhine National Park. Biological surveys and construction of an international research center begin.

AWF helps design and implement the Kenya Land Conservation Trust (KLCT), a new national body which will allow land to be privately held for conservation, thus supplementing the traditional government parks and reserves.

African wild dog research is in full swing in the Samburu Heartland. AWF trains and equips community scouts to monitor wild dogs, one of Africa's most endangered predators, with the goal of increasing wild dog numbers and minimizing conflict with people.

AWF partners with Starbucks Coffee Company, launching a three year project which is aimed at promoting coffee quality, environmental sustainability and natural resource conservation in east Africa.

The Zambezi Heartland team conducts a massive biological survey on the Zambezi River. The team sample fish species, measure water quality, and examine ways to improve fisheries management.


Thanks to a partnership between AWF, USAID, and Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA), a new Visitor Center at Lake Manyara National Park is opened. The center educates visitors about the park's importance and the effort to conserve the natural resources of the area.

For the first time, AWF has accurate data on elephants in the Zambezi Heartland. A large mammal survey shows that the elephant population has increased by 8% from an estimated 21,114 in 2001 to 22,826 elephants.

The highly endangered mountain gorilla population in the Virunga Volcanoes grows by 56 since 1989. The International Gorilla Conservation Program (IGCP) has played a key part in increase. The total population is 700 individuals.


AWF launches the new Congo Heartland in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This brightens the future of many species in DRC, like the endangered bonobo.

The Large Carnivore Research Project begins, focusing on lions and spotted hyena in the Chobe National Park in northeastern Botswana and the eastern Caprivi Strip of Namibia.


The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park is launched with AWF's help, doubling protected area (35,000 sq. kilometers or 13,500 sq. miles) for wildlife and neighboring communities.

Africa's rhinoceros population continues to increase from 13,109 rhinos in 1999 to an estimated 14,770 rhinos, in just two years.

Poachers kill two mountain gorillas in the Parc National des Volcans of Rwanda for their babies. This is the first case in that region in 17 years.

The enormous Limpopo Heartland is established and spans Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe and is larger than the entire country of Switzerland.


Dr. Patrick J. Bergin is appointed to the position of President and Chief Executive Officer of the African Wildlife Foundation.

The Four Corners Heartland (now called Kazungula Heartland) becomes AWF's sixth and largest conservation landscape. It extends across the borders of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe

Tanzania's President, Benjamin Mkapa, declares that the government-owned Manyara Ranch will be protected as a major wildlife corridor and gives the ranch to the conservation trust facilitated by AWF.

Eugène Rutagarama, Director of the International Gorilla Conservation Program, is awarded the Goldman Environmental Prize for his heroic and dedicated work protecting the mountain gorillas during war and conflict.

AWF-colleagues record three sightings of elephants in the Central Kajido District of the Kilimanjaro Heartland for the first time in 30 years.

AWF's Conservation Business Ventures and USAID inaugurate the Koija Starbeds ecolodge in the Laikipia district of Kenya.


The Zambezi Heartland, encompassing parts of Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique, becomes AWF's fifth Heartland.

AWF works with The Nature Conservancy to refine conservation targets and establish a baseline ecological status for each AWF Heartland.

AWF helps form the new Tanzania Land Conservation Trust (TLCT) to secure important wildlife dispersal area. This is the first institution of its kind in Tanzania and is expected to become a regional model.


By late 1999, AWF is operating in four Africa Heartlands: Kilimanjaro, Maasai Steppe, Samburu and Virunga.

AWF's Amboseli Outreach Program is the first conservation group to work specifically with young Maasai warriors, and concentrates on easing tensions between livestock owners and wildlife arising from competition for food and water.

Partnership Options for Resource-Use Innovation (PORI), a project supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) designed to help develop community-based wildlife enterprises in northern Tanzania, becomes the first African Heartland program. Through PORI, AWF works with landowners, park officials and other stakeholders to ensure that wildlife and human communities alike thrive.


AWF marks a new era in African conservation with its African Heartland Program, which will identify and help conserve large landscapes of exceptional natural value.

AWF opens its second Conservation Service Center in Nairobi.

Responding to efforts by AWF and the Amboseli Elephant Research Project, Maasai leaders agree to participate in a plan that compensates owners for livestock killed by elephants outside the parks.

AWF's Tarangire Elephant Project, conducted by Charles and Lara Foley, assesses the Tarangire elephant population and its rebound since widespread poaching was halted in the 1980's.


AWF's "Living with Lions" project examines the co-existence of landowners and animal predators on Kenya's Laikipia plateau.


Despite the civil conflict in Rwanda and although many aid workers leave the region, IGCP personnel remain to protect Virunga mountain gorillas; no gorillas are killed in 1996 and at least nine babies are born in Rwanda alone.

AWF establishes its first Conservation Service Center in Arusha, Tanzania and hires a team of African professionals to begin helping communities that live near wildlife to benefit from their natural resources.

The Charlotte Conservation Fellowship Program, honoring long-time AWF supporter Charlotte Kidder Ramsay, is established to provide scholarships for African conservation students to pursue masters and doctoral degrees.


AWF supports the Cheetah Conservation Fund in Namibia to protect some of the world's remaining 13,000 cheetahs.


AWF begins working with the National Museum of Kenya to conserve game birds on communal lands.

AWF extends its rhino conservation work beyond east Africa to Waterberg National Park, Namibia.


AWF forms the International Gorilla Conservation Program (IGCP) with Flora & Fauna International and World Wide Fund for Nature, a regional strategy to protect mountain gorillas in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda.


AWF's "Only Elephants Should Wear Ivory" campaign runs on television and in print. AWF staff travel throughout Africa to promote a ban on ivory sales.

Commercial imports of elephant products are banned in the United States.

The African elephant is elevated to "most endangered" category by the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).


AWF launches its "Save the Elephants" campaign. 1988 is designated the "Year of the Elephant."


"Gorillas in the Mist," a film about Dian Fossey's work begins shooting in Rwanda. AWF staff act as consultants.


AWF helps construct the Ngulia Rhino Sanctuary in Kenya's Tsavo West National Park providing funding, supplies and housing for the staff.

Dian Fossey is murdered in Rwanda.


The AWF-funded Mountain Gorilla Project reports a growing population and the largest number of births in years.


AWLF officially becomes the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF).


North Yemen bans legal import of rhino horns after diplomatic intervention by AWLF.


AWLF establishes the Mountain Gorilla Project in Rwanda; the project increases protection for the gorillas and ensures that the benefits from international tourism contribute to their survival and to the prosperity of Africans.


AWLF publishes the first of its handbooks on wildlife ecology for wildlife and park personnel.


AWLF begins long-term support of Cynthia Moss' Elephant Research Project; elephant population grows from 400 to 1,000+ over the next 20 years.


AWLF funds the first study of leopards to combat trade in cat skins.


AWLF helps establish the Wildlife Clubs of Kenya to educate youth about the environment.


AWLF unveils "Give a Lion a Home" ad; proceeds are used to expand two African parks.


Dian Fossey's mountain gorilla study receives funding from AWLF, which is joined by the National Geographic Society and other conservation organizations.

An AWLF research grant finances Serengeti Research Institute.


Dian Fossey sets up camp in Congo's Kivu Province to study mountain gorillas, but civil unrest forces her to relocate to Rwanda's Volcano National Park.


The first class graduates from the College of African Wildlife Management, Mweka.

AWLF finances first all-Swahili wildlife newspaper, "Our Heritage".


Perez Olindo, later the youngest director of Kenya's national parks is the first AWLF scholar to earn a degree in the United States.


AWLF builds a conservation education center at Nairobi National Park.


AWLF's first project is to help establish the College of African Wildlife Management at Mweka, Tanzania.


March 20: The African Wildlife Leadership Foundation, Inc. is legally established.

The Heartlands

Explore where AWF does its works:

  1. Congo
  2. Kazungula
  3. Kilimanjaro
  4. Limpopo
  5. Maasai Steppe
  6. Regional Parc W
  7. Samburu
  8. Virunga
  9. Zambezi

Want to Help?

Current Action Opportunities

Want to get involved with AWF's Wildlife Conservation efforts?

Learn more >

Donate Confidently

The African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) has received a 4-star rating from Charity Navigator... More >

The African Wildlife Foundation meets the BBB Wise Giving Alliance's Standards for Charity Accountability...
More >

Donate Securely online. Read our Privacy Policy.
Find out whether it is safe to use your credit card online.