Module 14 - Part
4: Web Resources
Other parts of this module include:
Index | Part
1: Overview | Part
2: Explorations and Exercises | Part
3: Texts and Contexts
The Purpose of Writing:
From Things to Thoughts in the Ancient World
The Role of Alexander
A brief description of Alexander’s military campaign in India, from a Williams College history class Web site.
Alexander as a figure in Eastern mythology, from a site dedicated to Hellenic studies.
The South Asian Narrative Tradition: Indian Story Literature and Animal Fables
A list of Classical Folktales compiled by D. L. Ashliman that names many influential story traditions, among them several sampled in the Anthology. Alphabetically organized, the list begins with Aesop.
A lengthy summary of “Indian Fairy Tales” written about a hundred years ago by Joseph Jacobs. Readers of the Norton Anthology of World Literature will recognize references to the Jataka Tales and the other source materials included in this Web unit.
Another source for the commentary on borrowings from the Jataka in Western literature by Joseph Jacobs.
A comic strip treatment of a story from the Pancatantra, part of a Web site for children with several illustrated stories from the Indian epics and folk tales.
Joseph Jacobs, “A Short History of the Aesopic Fable”
From Horace Mann Academic Middle School in the San Francisco Unified District, an illustrated list of popular Islamic narrative forms, with useful hypertext links.
An annotated list of narrative compilations from different cultures, showing the essential priority of Indian narrative as story materials were translated and traveled from East to West.
A brief note summarizing the links between the Sanskrit original and the European Fables of Bidpai, sketching their complicated transmission over the centuries.
Barlaam and Josaphat
Excerpts from A Guide to the Gods, by Richard Carlyon, and Wisdom and Compassion: the Sacred Art of Tibet, by Marylin M. Rhie and Robert A. F. Thurman, outlining the legend of Buddha.
A Buddhist Web site describes the genesis of Barlaam and Josaphat.
A description of the transmission of the narrative material from India to Greece and of the illustrated manuscript of Barlaam und Josaphat in the Getty Art Museum.
From a Church list of saints for the day of November 27, a description of Barlaam and Josephat.
A link between the story of St. Josaphat and the medieval knight Parsifal, from a Web site devoted to Richard Wagner’s opera, Parsifal.
“Changing Master Narratives in Midstream: Barlaam and Josaphat and the Growth of Religious Intolerance in the Buddhalegend’s Westward Journey,” G. MacQueen, Journalof Buddhist Ethics, 5 (1998) 144-66. An important essay that clarifies the history of the transmission of the Buddha story and offers a critical analysis of the attitudes promoted by the Christian narrative.
Kalila and Dimna
From the online weekly version of the magazine Al Ahram, a review of Bernard O’Kane’s recent Talking toAnimals that traces the transmission and illustration of these animal tales from the Sanskrit Pancatantra (volume A) to middle Persian (Pahlavi) to Arabic.
A well-documented study of the history of the animal fable, emphasizing the importance of the Sanskrit Pancatantra and its appropriation in the Arabic Kalila wa Dimna. Part of work in progress for doctoral thesis at University of Edinburgh by Nafisa Abdelsadek: Persianate Children’s Literature: Social and Political Perspectives.
A seventeenth-century Safavid vase with a design motif of two jackals, inspired by Kalila wa Dimna.
The Thousand and One Nights
An annotated essay about the traditions behind the Thousand and One Nights, by Daniel Beaumont; this is the introduction to his critical study, Slave of Desire: Sex, Love, andDeath in the 1001 Nights (Madison, N.J., 2002).
A short essay describing the relationship between the tenth story of the eighth day of Boccaccio’s Decameron and one of Somadeva’s stories.
The Canterbury Tales
An annotated bibliography of articles discussing the narrative frame in Chaucer’s work, from a course in Chaucer located on the Web site of the College of Liberal and Fine Arts of the University of Texas at San Antonio.
An article by Jane Zatta of Southern Illinois University on “The Pardoner’s Tale and the Unredeemed Dead,” which provides a context for the Tale’s obsessive references to bodily fragmentation in Christian theological debate over the resurrection of the body. Note the reference to the Old Man, “who views death not in terms of bodily resurrection and ascendancy to heaven, but as an entry into earth.”