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Michelle Addington
Smart Materials

Phil Ayres
Digital Representations / Analogue Realisations

Sarah Bonnmaison & Christine Macy
Architecture and Movement

Nat Chard
Indeterminate drawings

Erik Conrad
Embodied Space for Ubiquitous Computing

Gheorghe Dan
Living in Limnos, Betwixt and Between: A Trans-Reality Balkan Odyssey

Karmen Franinovic
Enactive Encounters in the City

Cassandra Fraser
Designing Matter and Responsive Metallobiomaterials

Matt Gorbet, Susan Gorbet, Rob Gorbet
Solar Collector

Pip Greasley
Vocal Voids

Sean Hanna
Responsive Material / Responsive Structure

Peter Hasdell
Second Nature: Natural - digital synthesis

Pavel Hladik
Moving Structure

Donald E Ingber
The Architecture of Life

Susan Kozel & Gretchen Schiller
passus: A Choreographic System for Kinaesthetic Responsivity

Maja Kuzmanovic & Nik Gaffney
Structured Growth and Grown Structures

Jim Lutz
Breaking the Architectural Sound Barrier: How New Audio Technologies are Reshaping Space

Kate Richards
‘Bystander’ – a responsive, immersive ‘spirit world’ environment for multiple users

Val Rynnimeri
Natura Naturata: The Civic Stewardship of Urban Nature

Sema Sgaier
Responsive Cells to Responsive Individuals: The Concept of Fate Through the Lens of Genetics

Mark Shepard
Tactical Sound Garden Toolkit

Diana Slattery
DomeWorks: Perception, Reflection, and Projection in the Dome of Consciousness

Charles Stankievech
‘Get out of the room…’ …Get into the head: Headphones and Acoustic Phenomenology

Tristan d’Estrée Sterk
Shape Control In Responsive Architectural Structures

John Storrs Hall
Utility Fog: The Stuff that Dreams Are Made Of

Melody Swartz
Cell Migration and Pattern Formation Guided by Dynamic Microenvironments

Jordi Truco Calbet
The HybGrid

Gisèle Trudel
Abstract Realism

Steven Vogel
So What Would Nature Do?



Architecture and Movement
Sarah Bonnemaison and Christine Macy
Dalhousie University
http://architectureandplanning.dal.ca/architecture/visitors/faculty/bonnemaison.shtml http://architectureandplanning.dal.ca/architecture/visitors/faculty/macy.shtml

Let’s face it, the idea of a responsive architecture is simply fascinating. The façade of Jean Nouvel’s Institut du Monde Arabe comes immediately to mind, especially the way its lenses respond to changing light levels; likewise, the Medina umbrellas by Bodo Rasch which unfold at sunrise to shade the courtyard for morning prayer. But does our fascination lie in the actual movement of these elements -- the lenses, the umbrellas? Could we not detect a deeper curiosity for the very idea of movement in architecture? In fact, elements in a building do not actually need to move in order to speak about motion. We can think about the way the potential of movement was depicted in the tendrils of Art Nouveau, or the memory of motion in the grotesque earth-like pillars of Antonio Gaudi, or the mechanisms of movement in the designs of the Futurists and the Constructivists. The very idea of movement in a building is what gives it vitality and liveliness and when elements actually move, we can see this as an extension of the original idea.

This past summer we recorded dancer’s movements using the magic wand of motion-capture — tracing them in three-dimensional space. Looking closely at their paths on the computer, we see how they curl into small spirals, open up into large arcs, twist into curves and fold back upon themselves. As we translate these paths into architectural structures, we materialize movement and reveal the inner workings of a dancer’s motion into tangible, habitable structures we call Gestures. The power to portray movement in architecture, is the subject of reflection for this essay.


Bonnemaison and Macy’s design partnership Filum, is a research-based practice focusing on ephemeral architecture and the form-finding and fabrication of tensile structures. Their recent work explores the role of motion-capture technologies in architectural design. They are also architectural historians and critics. Macy and Bonnemaison co-authored Architecture and Nature: Creating the American Landscape (Routledge, 2003), Bonnemaison is currently working on a book about installations by architects and Macy is completing a visual history of dams in the United States (W.W.Norton Press forthcoming). They are both on the architectural faculty of Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.


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