2010 Iowa State Fair
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  1. When was the first Iowa State Fair held?
    The first Iowa State Fair was held October 25 to 27,1854 in Fairfield, twenty years before America’s great westward movement began.
  1. How old are the Fairgrounds?
    The Fair moved to its present site at East 30th and East University in 1886. Therefore, the Fairgrounds are 124 years old in 2010.
  • How many acres make up the Fairgrounds?
    Approximately 445, including 160 acres of beautiful, wooded Campgrounds, which are open April to October.
  1. What are future Iowa State Fair dates?
    The 2010 Fair will run August 12-22, 11 days as usual. The Fair traditionally ends two weeks before Labor Day.

    Future dates:
    2011 - August 11-21
    2012 - August 9-19
    2013 - August 8-18
    2014 - August 7-17
    2015 - August 13-23
    2016 - August 11-21
    2017- August 10-20

  1. What year was the Iowa State Fairgrounds named to the National Register of Historic Places?
  1. Where are the Fair’s time capsules located and when are they to be opened?
    Time capsules are located east and west of the Anne and Bill Riley Stage. The first time capsule was buried to mark the Fair’s 100th birthday in 1954 and is slated to be opened in 2054; the other, buried in 1986 to commemorate the 100th birthday of the Fair’s current location and will be opened in 2086.
  1. Who was Baby Mine?
    Baby Mine was a 4 foot, 1,160 pound baby elephant that 15,000 Iowa children helped purchase for the Fair.  The kids sent in nearly $1,000 in nickels and dimes, The Register and Tribune, the Iowa State Fair Board and others assumed the rest of the $3,600 cost. Baby Mine debuted at the 1929 fair and 25,000 children showed up the first day of the Fair to greet him.
  1. How many railway locomotive collisions have taken place at the Iowa State Fair?
    Three train collisions were presented in 1896, 1922 and 1932.
  1. When was the first Iowa State Fair cookbook published?
    1983 and 14 editions have been printed to date. A new cookbook is now published every other year, with the next book set to debut at the 2010 Fair.
  1. In what year did Fair attendance first top 1 million?
    In 2002, Fair attendance was 1,008,174.  The Fair has surpassed the 1 million mark each year since 2002. 
  1. By the numbers in 2008:

    People who rode the DART State Fair Buses: 207,085
    Number of places to purchase a corn dog at the Fair: 21
    Number of rides down the Giant Slide: 103,296
    Number of people who rode the Sky Glider: 178,441
    Number of people who rode Ye Old Mill: 56,916

  2. What is the weight of the Heaviest Pigeon on record?
    2 lbs, 5 oz. in 2008. 

    Other records include:
    Big Boar                                  1259 lbs., 2008
    World Super Bull                  3404 lbs., 2009
    Giant Ram                              479 lbs., 1999
    Largest Rabbit                       19.06 lbs., 1998

Weights have been recorded since 1991.

  1. How many food classes are judged annually?
    The Iowa State Fair features the largest state fair foods department with nearly 900 classes.
  1. What species are represented in the Paul R. Knapp Animal Learning Center?
    Beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine, sheep, meat goats, chicken, turkeys, ducks, ostriches and horses.  
  1. How many cows are milked daily during the Fair in the milking parlor?
    24 cows on average (many more during the first weekend when Dairy Cattle are showing).
  1. When was the Avenue of Breeds first located in the Swine Barn?
    1985.  Prior to its current location in the Swine Barn, the Avenue of Breeds was located in the Cattle Barn.  Today the Avenue represents 55 breeds and 125 animals.
  1. How many buildings are located at Little Hands on the Farm?
    Seven buildings; the Start Barn, Grain Bin, Poultry Barn, Tractor Shed, Sheep Barn, Dairy Barn and Grocery Store.
  1. Since 1930 how many locations has the Fabrics and Threads Department called home?
    Six buildings. 1930-1949 Exhibition Building; 1950-1958 Balcony of Agriculture Building; 1959-1964 Education Building; 1965-1997 East End of Grandstand; 1998-2001 West End of Grandstand; 2002-current Upper Level of the Varied Industries Building.
  1. What year did the Clearfield Lions start providing shuttles to and from the Iowa State Fair Campgrounds?
  1. How many bales of hay can fit into the Paul R. Knapp Animal Learning Center?
    It would take 96,075 bales of hay to fill the building from top to bottom. That is $480,375 worth of hay!
  1. What has been the largest Fair attendance?
    In 2008, the attendance was a record-breaking 1,109,150.
  1. What is the theme of the 2010 Fair?
    "Non Stop Fun "
  1. What was the hottest temperature recorded at the Fair?
    108 degrees on Older Iowans' Day, August 16, 1983
  1. What nationally known magazines have covered the Fair?
    USA Today, The National Geographic Traveler, CNN,  Redbook Magazine, Time, ESPN, Newsweek,  The Wall Street Journal, Gourmet, Chicago Tribune, People, Midwest Living, HBO, Better Homes and Gardens, Los Angeles Time and countless others.
  1. Who holds the record for attracting the largest Grandstand crowd?
    In 1972 Sonny and Cher attracted 26,200 in two shows.
    In 1975 the Beach Boys drew 25,400 in one show.
    In 1970 Johnny Cash attracted 25,300 in two shows.
    In 1974 Chicago played to 24,700 in one show.
    In 1982 the Oak Ridge Boys drew 23,500 in two shows.
  1. What happens to the butter from which the Butter Cow is sculpted?
    It is frozen and stored during the year and reused for three or four Fairs. Butter sculpture has been part of the Fair since 1911. It takes an estimated 600 pounds of butter and 16 hours to craft the Butter Cow.
  1. In addition to the Butter Cow, another companion sculpture also graces the Agriculture Building coolers. Name five creations from past years.
    1996: Grant Wood's famous "American Gothic" (honoring Iowa's Sesquicentennial)
    1997: Elvis Presley
    1998: An American eagle
    1999: Her own version of Leonardo DaVinci's "The Last Supper"
    2000: Christian Peterson sculpting "The Gentle Doctor" statue (Petersen was Duffy's mentor and teacher.)
    2001: John Wayne
    2002: Peanuts Gang
    2003: Harley-Davidson motorcycle (in honor of the company's 100th anniversary)
    2004: Birthday cake in honor of the Fair's Sesquicentennial and an Iowa barn
    2005: Tiger Woods
    2006: "Mr. State Fair" Bill Riley (in honor of his 60th Fair) and Superman (Norwalk, Iowa, native Brandon Routh)
    2007: Harry Potter
    2008: Olympic gymnast Shawn Johnson and a tribute to four Iowans who changed the face of the world’s agriculture:  Etta May Budd, George Washington Carver, Henry Wallace and Norman Borlaug.  
    2009: Tribute to the 40th anniversary of Neil Armstrong’s walk on the moon
    2010: 50th anniversay of Dr. Seuss’ Green Eggs and Ham

    All butter sculptures are exhibited in a 40-degree showcase cooler in the Agriculture Building.

  1. About how many exhibits are entered annually?
    In 2008, more than 16,940 people entered 58,966 exhibits in various categories ranging from cattle to needlepoint to vegetables. A total of $397,066.90 was paid in premiums to winning exhibitors.
  1. About how many concessionaires and exhibitors operate on the grounds?
    Approximately 600 exhibitors and concessions operate daily during the Fair. This includes nearly 200 food stands (cotton candy to corn dogs), 300 exhibitors (farm machinery to hot tubs), and 200 merchandise booths (t-shirts to tools).
  1. Which United States presidents have visited the State Fair?
    Herbert Hoover and Dwight Eisenhower in 1954, Gerald Ford in 1975, Jimmy Carter in 1976 (as a candidate) and George W. Bush in 2002; Ronald Reagan broadcast from the Fair as sports director for WHO radio in the 1930s.
  1. What year did Sarah Pratt become the Fair's fourth butter sculpter?
    In 2006, after approximately 15 years of apprenticing with her predecessor Duffy Lyon.
  1. What entertainers have performed at the Fair a whopping 10 or more times?
    Lou Christie tops the list with 13 Grandstand appearances (1981, 1982, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005). Christie performed on the Anne and Bill Riley stage in 2008 and the Walnut Stage in 2000. He also appeared at the Blue Ribbon Weekend in 1992. Alabama has performed at the Fair ten times (1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1998).
  1. How are members of the Fair Board elected?
    They are elected annually by delegates from Iowa's 106 county fairs.
  1. Chainsaw carver Brian Ruth crafted five stunning wood sculptures from what naturally occuring materials on the Fairgrounds in 1998?
    Storm-damaged trees.
  1. What famous country star appeared in the Grandstand as a replacement for Ricky Van Shelton in 1990?
    Garth Brooks. Brooks returned to the Grandstand in 1991 and 1993.
  1. What is the name of the famous novel written by Iowan Phil Stong about the Iowa State Fair?
    "State Fair." Three motion pictures with the same title have also been filmed. The Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical adaptation of "State Fair" that debuted at the Civic Center of Des Moines during the 1995 Fair officially opened on Broadway in March, 1996.

    Fun fact: Phil Stong was former butter sculptor Duffy Lyon's uncle.

  1. Who starred in the first film version of this novel?
    Will Rogers and Janet Gaynor, with Lew Ayres, Louise Dresser
  1. How long has Hog Calling been an Iowa State Fair tradition?
    The first Hog Calling competition was held in 1926.
  1. When was the first State Fair Queen Pageant (in its current format) held?
  1. Approximately how many types of food can be purchased "on-a-stick" at the Fair?
    More than 50 foods are on a stick. The list includes pickle, pork chop, corn dog, corn on the cob, cotton candy, veggie dog, turkey drumstick, fried pickle, hot bologna, Monkey Tails, honey, deep fried candy bar, deep fried hot dog , chocolate covered cheesecake, Potato Lollipop, pineapple, Chicken Lips, Cornbrat, salad, hard-boiled egg. Click here for more!
  1. How old is Ye Old Mill?
    This honest-to-goodness tunnel of love was built circa 1921. It was completely rebuilt for the 1996 Fair thanks, in part, to a donation from Bank of America (formerly Boatmen's Bank).
  1. How many Fairs have been cancelled?
    Five. There was no Fair in 1898 due to the World's Fair in Omaha and the Spanish-American War. The Fair was also a wartime casualty from 1942-1945.
  1. If you unrolled all the toilet tissue stockpiled for the Fair, how many miles would it stretch?
    1,818 miles (That's 5 trips to Chicago from Des Moines, or one trip to Los Angeles!)
  1. What happens to the animal bedding following the Fair?
    An average 1,600 tons of manure-laden bedding is hauled away each year from the Fair to be land-applied to several hundred acres of prime farm land.
  1. Name the three entertainers who first appeared at the Fair on a free stage and then performed in the Grandstand.
    John Michael Montgomery (free stage in 1993, Grandstand in 1995 and 1997)
    Bryan White (free stage in 1995, Grandstand in 1997 and 1998)
    Trick Pony (free stage 2001, Grandstand in 2002 and 2003)
  1. When did the original State Fair Museum open?
    The Ralph H. Deets Historical Museum, located across from Pioneer Hall, opened in 1982. The Richard L. Easter Musem Complex, including the Richard O. Jacobson Hall and Kenyon Gallery, opened in 2005.
  1. What was the budget of the first Iowa State Fair in 1854?
    In 1854, the budget was $323.
  1. How many people work for the Iowa State Fair?
    While approximately 59 people are employed year-round by the Iowa State Fair, the roster swells to more than 1400 employees during the Fair itself. Workers hired independently by exhibitors and concessionaires total approximately 1000.
  1. What's the origin of Grandfather's Barn?
    The barn was part of the original farmstead purchased in 1886 by the State of Iowa for the Fair's permanent home. The Barn was closed from 1989 until 1994 when a generous donation by Vermeer Manufacturing, Pella, helped completely rebuild it.
  1. What is the name of the organization charged with raising money for Fairgrounds renovation?
    Since 1993, the Blue Ribbon Foundation has been closing the gap on the funds needed to restore the Fair's classic buildings and grounds. More than $50 million has been raised, pledged or committed and numerous projects completed to date. More than two-thirds of that total has been appropriated by the Iowa legislature.
  1. How many ribbons are handed out during the Fair?
    Approximately 45,000 ribbons, rosettes and banners are awarded annually to winners.  In 2008, 44,940 ribbons, rosettes and banners were awarded and 5,422 of them were first place awards.
  1. Approximately how many pork chops do the Iowa Pork Producers sell during a Fair?
    Pork lovers gobble down approximately 5-6,000 chops daily during the Fair's 11-day run. In 2003, the Pork Producers served their one-millionth customer.
  1. What Iowan and world famous fashion designer, at the age of 2, was named the Iowa State Fair's "healthiest city boy"?
    In the early 1930's, Roy Halston Frowick was deemed the "healthiest city boy" at the Fair. A Des Moines native, Halston's career took off as a hat designer; Jackie Kennedy wore one of his pillbox hats to her husband's inauguration. Other celebrities to wear his fashion creations include Elizabeth Taylor, Betty Ford, Ali MacGraw, Lauren Bacall and Liza Minelli.
  1. Who wrote "Hawkeye Fair" for the Iowa State Fair?
    Karl King. The famous bandmaster, who composed nearly 400 marches, waltzes, overtures and serenades, also led the band at the Fair for 10 days every year from 1921-1959.
  1. What are the lyrics to the song "Our State Fair" from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical titled "State Fair"?
    Our State Fair is a great State Fair,
    Don't miss it, don't even be late.
    It's dollars to doughnuts that our State Fair,
    Is the best State Fair in our state!

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